Implementation of RPOA in SE Asia - Successes, Challenges and NeedsPresentation Transcript
SOMBOON SIRIRAKSOPHONSEAFDEC / SecretariatCoral Triangle Fishers Forum, 18-20 June 12Novotel Lami Bay, Suva, Fiji
SEAFDEC’s Role on Sustainable FisheriesAddressing IUU Fishing and TraceabilitySEAFDEC Initiatives to Combat IUUFishingNeeds to Achieve Fisheries Sustainabilityand Combating IUU fishingWays Forward on
Established since 1967 Promotion of fisheries development through research, training and information disseminationDuring 1967-2000, Four key areas: Capture fishery technology, Post-harvest technology, Aquaculture, and Fisheries management; 10 ASEAN Countries plus Japan are Members ASEAN-SEAFDEC Strategic Partnership of FGC Develop the Regionalization of the CCRF
During 2001-2010>ASEAN-SEAFDEC Ministers adopted 2001 RES and PoAMain programs were: HRD to promote; responsible fisheries & aquaculture, utilization of fish and fishery products, quality & safety standards Innovative fisheries management: strengthening SSF management, through community and co-management Food safety and quality assurance system, handling at sea Improvement of fisheries statistics Stock assessment and enhancement Strengthening joint ASEAN-SEAFDEC harmonized approaches and common positionsAwarded Margarita Lizárraga Medal for the biennium 2006-2007.
During 2011- onwards > Required emerging issues and changing of environment ASEAN-SEAFDEC Ministers adopted 2011 RES and PoA SEAFDEC Program Framework that linked to IUU are focused Continued promotion of sustainable fisheries for food security including quality and safety standards and assurance system Traceability system of aquaculture and capture products through the supply chain Improving management concepts and approaches for sustainable fisheries Strengthen fisheries governance, and Required adjustment of national policy framework to combat IUU fishing
Increasing seriousness of IUU Fishing in ASEAN and SEAFDEC Meetings (ASWGFi, AFCF) Due to: Overfished Increasing of Fish demandOccurrence of IUU fishing: Within the Region Foreign Vessels from outside the Region Import of IUU product IUU fishing in highseas
Effective Fisheries management- MCS- Double Flagged- fishing licensing- boat registration- Data collection- Statistical system Cambodian boats Trad province Licensed boat (Pattani)-
① Strengthening Sub-regional cooperation/collaboration for development of MCS networks and management of trans-boundary species In Gulf of Thailand: Vietnam, Cambodia, Thailand and Malaysia In Andaman Sea: Myanmar, Indonesia, Thailand and Malaysia
② Identified Key Issues of Fisheries Management in the sub-region Catch Data/ Effective fishing logbook system Artisanal fisheries/ small-scale fisheries Commercial fisheries, Large-scale fisheries Across-border fish landing / fishing Port Inspection/ Port Monitoring system Surveillance system Enhancing local market Awareness building at community and local government Fishing licensing/ Boat registration Awareness Campaign
③ Improving and Strengthening Vessel Registration and Fishing Licensing System as a Management Tool To support development of regional vessel records, To support the MCS Network through information sharing
④ Capacity Building to Address the IUU Fishing in the Region Building the awareness on IUU fishing Technical Consultation/ Expert Consultation Regional training to trainers on the anti-IUU fishing including MCS to fisheries officers Support MCs on development and Implementation of the NPOA-IUU fishing Provide platform for ASEAN-SEAFDEC MCs to discuss for Regional Approach to all International Fish-Trade related issues including IUU fishing Issue.
⑤ Using of VMS/BBO for Fisheries Management and against IUU Fishing
2011 ASEAN-SEAFDEC Resolution and Plan of Action RES7: Promote effective management of fishing capacity and use of responsible fishing technologies and practices, recognizing the movement towards replacing the “open access” to fisheries resources with “limited access”; RES8: Foster cooperation among ASEAN Member Countries and with international and regional organizations in combating IUU fishing; and RES10: Strengthen knowledge/science-based development and management of fisheries through enhancing the national capacity in the collection and sharing of fisheries data and information.
Adaptation of National Policy Framework• Improve fisheries statistic framework;• Effective Fisheries Management;• Promote of co-management/ community-based management.Sub-regional cooperation: MCS, data/information sharingHarmonized Traceability System/CatchDocumentations for both commercial andsmall scale fisheries
CatchCDS: TransferCatchDocumentationScheme CagingSDP: CDSStatistical DocumentProgram ProcessingCERTIFICATES:parts of the Scheme Export SDP Import
Purposes of Traceability System/ CatchDocumentations Scheme (CDS) to monitor the international trade in fish- product; to identify the origins of fish imported into or exported from …. to determine whether fish imported into or exported from …are legally fishing to gather catch data for the scientific evaluation of the stocks.
Better integration of commercial and artisanal/ SS-fisheries into CDS (RFMOs Members) or SDP. Guidelines for smooth operation may required Sharing experience for best practice on developing of logbook or landing data system./ Thinking of new device for better tracking such as electronic tag Link the issue to Licensing system Capacity building
Link to life fish trade within the region: Exploring on ASEAN Catch certification to facilitate intra- regional trade of fish and fisheries product; Link to SSF and domestic market: requires a national policy framework for establishment of Community-based and co-management; Awareness building: through ICT.