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Anti-IUU Measures in FAO Regional Fisheries Livelihood Programme project in Timor Leste
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Anti-IUU Measures in FAO Regional Fisheries Livelihood Programme project in Timor Leste



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  • The website is a tool to
  • From all over the internet we pull it together in one location, often times we provide multiple sources of the same data; e.g. 3 weather maps, 3 sea surface temp, 2 wind and wave height
  • Data for the fishermen
  • Explain Price per talin ($1) as opposed to price per kg. The price is always a dollar, but a talinwieghs 760g in Bobonaro and 300g in Dili.Local perspective on taxonomy as opposed to Rome (Eschmeyer’s) taxonomy, when we asked locals to contribute data according to Rome’s perspective we got very little, when we asked them according to their own taxonomy we got data. Recording local names and prices with GPS camerareliable data collection by FMimage vouchers for data
  • Explain the bathymetry project, Main points: working through the ChefeSucco to identify participants, equipment is loaned to the fishers as long as they participate in the project. Fishermen agree to contribute data in exchange for training. This is the start of developing a positive relationship between the fishers and department of fisheries. “We put a GPS Sounder on artisanal boats and configure them so they automatically record a new depth reading every time the boat moves 3 meters …
  • “This is own of the outputs of the community mapping …
  • Explain about Tara Bandu, having the traditional systems documented and recognized by Ministry of Justice
  • Main points:Explain very thin bandwidth designed for areas with poor internet connectivity.There are menu option available here that are not on the front page, MCS, Import/Export Part of the system is to measure performance of those entering the data, how recently? how many records of what type? boat, price, etc..
  • Originally implemented in Aceh
  • Explain the SPOT strategy. Main message points are:Very cheap, enlisting the small scale fishers to help monitor for illegal fishing.Changing the VMS business model from let me put this on your boat so I can track you” to “let give this to you so you have a way to call for help and in exchange you will report illegal fishing, which is also to your advantage.”Improving safety at sea for small scale fishers.Biggest fans of the project were the fishermen’s families.


  • 1. 18 June, 2012Mario Pereira, Crispen Wilson
  • 2. The Problems: • Data was not being gathered in any systematic manner. • Many of the government agencies were isolated ,entering and reentering data. • Data was being lost due to viruses, hard drive crashes, theft.
  • 3. The objectives:  Offsite backups data and virus protection  A shared data system accessible across ministries  Workloads can be distributed to districts  Performance matrics for government staff  Increase transparency and service to stakeholders
  • 4. Has 2 interfaces Public page
  • 5. Reported accident at sea
  • 6.  Data entry page (NDFA staffs and related counterparts)
  • 7. Community-based IUU program
  • 8. Timor Leste Issues Suspected they are losing natural resources every day due to illegal fishing. Infrequent patrols by Navy, Marine Police. Lack of incentive for fishermen to cooperate with authorities. No IUU list. No system in place to determine whether large commercial vessels have license to fish in the area. No data collected from commercial vessels regarding fish catch in Indonesian and surrounding waters.
  • 9. Changing the business model Who pays the fee? Why should fishers’ allow themselves to be monitored? Other benefits that can be delivered to the fishers, improved safety, collecting management data, documenting fishing patterns, etc..
  • 10. Strategy to engage the fishermen in helpingto combat illegal fishing Equipping the fishermen with real time satellite transmitters. These transmitters automatically record the location of the boat every ten minutes. They have two user activated buttons. The instructions to the captains are: if your sinking, press button #1 to call for Help, and press button #2 to report illegal fishing
  • 11. Intended outcomes Have illegal fishers from other countries view every artisanal boat as having the potential to report them.  Gain a measure of how many our fishers are illegally fishing in other countries waters.  Build partnerships between the fishers and the Dept of Fisheries, Marine Police, Military.  Collect management data
  • 12. Benefits Fishermen Natural Resource Governmental Management Agencies Abilitythey arefor help  Get to seeand how  Engaging the report when to call in fishers go where fishermen to trouble. much time they illegal fishing will add If they are pulled into spend between locations. tremendously to the countries capacity to foreign port then likely they have been  Catch data/distance patrol its waters. Saves time, fuel, boats. arrested for illegal fishing and are not dead.  travelled. CPUE This is the start of  This is the start of building a cooperative If the boat is overdue, their families can see building a positive working relationship with fishers. relationship between governmental where they are and agencies and boat be assured the boat is captains. OK.
  • 13. Thank you
  • 14. Collected data for bathymetric analyses.