What is Plagiarism?• Webster’s Dictionary defines plagiarism as: – to steal and pass off (the ideas or words of another) as ones own : use (anothers production) without crediting the source – to commit literary theft : present as new and original an idea or product derived from an existing source
Examples• Copying and pasting text from online encyclopedias• Copying and pasting text from any web site• Using photographs, video or audio without permission or acknowledgement• Using another student’s or your parents’ work and claiming it as your own even with permission• Using your own work without properly citing it!• Using someone else’s ideas without citing them From: Mirka, 2004, The Plagiarism Trap. Powerpoint Presentation.
More Examples!!• Quoting a source without using quotation marks-even if you do cite it• Citing sources you didn’t use• Getting a research paper, story, poem, or article off the Internet• Turning in the same paper for more than one class without the permission of both teachers (this is called self-plagiarism)• Can you think of more? From: Mirka, 2004, The Plagiarism Trap. Powerpoint Presentation.
How to Avoid Plagiarism• Use your own words and ideas• ALWAYS give credit to others for their work by using citations• When using someone else’s exact words, put quotation marks around the text and use a citation• When paraphrasing or summarizing someone else’s work, use a citation• Cite, cite, cite
How to Cite a Source• Use MLA citations for English classes – MLA stands for Modern Language Association• Use an in-text citation• Create a Works Cited page
In-text Citations• After a summary, paraphrase, or quote, include an in-text citation – (AuthorLastName page#)• Example – “She was going to live so as to go to the good place.” (Twain 23)• More help? – Visit Purdue OWL
Works Cited Page• After ensuring you have proper in-text citations, you need to create a Works Cited Page• Works Cited Page – Last page of the paper – Full citation required for each and every source cited in text – NOT a bibliography • Only cite sources actually cited in the paper
Works Cited Page Example Works Cited"Blueprint Lays Out Clear Path for Climate Action." Environmental Defense Fund. Environmental Defense Fund, 8 May 2007. Web. 24 May 2009.Clinton, Bill. Interview by Andrew C. Revkin. “Clinton on Climate Change.” New York Times. New York Times, May 2007. Web. 25 May 2009.GlobalWarming.org. Cooler Heads Coalition, 2007. Web. 24 May 2009.Gowdy, John. "Avoiding Self-organized Extinction: Toward a Co-evolutionary Economics of Sustainability." International Journal of Sustainable Development and World Ecology 14.1 (2007): 27-36. Print.An Inconvenient Truth. Dir. Davis Guggenheim. Perf. Al Gore, Billy West. Paramount, 2006. DVD.Leroux, Marcel. Global Warming: Myth Or Reality?: The Erring Ways of Climatology. New York: Springer, 2005. Print.Nordhaus, William D. "After Kyoto: Alternative Mechanisms to Control Global Warming." American Economic Review 96.2 (2006): 31-34. Print.---. "Global Warming Economics." Science 9 Nov. 2001: 1283-84. Science Online. Web. 24 May 2009.Uzawa, Hirofumi. Economic Theory and Global Warming. Cambridge: Cambridge UP, 2003. Print. Adapted from Purdue OWL owl.english.purdue.edu/owl/resources/747/12/
Works Cited Page• Things to notice – “Works Cited” is centered at the top of the page • No extra caps, underline, bold, italics – Sources are in alphabetical order – First line is to the margin, all others in same citation are one tab in
Works Cited Page• More Things to Remember – Second source with the same author is indicated with three dashes (---) – Entire page should be double spaced • No extra spaces between sources• More in-depth information at the Purdue OWL
How does this all connect?• By learning to properly cite sources, you can avoid plagiarism• It does not matter if plagiarism is purposeful or accidental• ANY plagiarism will result in consequences – Zero on the assignment – Possible school disciplinary action – Possible legal action
Final Thoughts http://unionresearch.schools.officelive.com /plagiarism.aspx