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Passive

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  • 1. passive De lijdende vorm @meestergijs meestergijs.nl
  • 2. passive De lijdende vorm My dad and I are playing cricket at the moment.
  • 3. passive De lijdende vorm Cricket is being played at the moment.
  • 4. passive De lijdende vorm Het gaat er niet om wie of wat iets doet….
  • 5. passive De lijdende vorm Het gaat er niet om wie of wat iets doet…. ..maar wat er met iemand of iets gebeurd.
  • 6. passive De lijdende vorm The ball is being thrown….
  • 7. passive De lijdende vorm What’s the difference? He has made this car from scratch. This car has been made from scratch. A thief stole my bike yesterday. My bike was stolen yesterday.
  • 8. passive De lijdende vorm What’s the difference? He has made this car from scratch. This car has been made from scratch. A thief stole my bike yesterday. My bike was stolen yesterday.
  • 9. passive De lijdende vorm Je hebt actieve en passieve zinnen. Met een actieve zin beschrijf je wat het onderwerp doet. Met een passieve zin beschrijf je wat er met het lijdend voorwerp/meewerkend voorwerp gebeurd. Active: He cleans his room every week. Passive: His room is cleaned every week (by him).
  • 10. passive De lijdende vorm In een passieve zin is het dus niet belangrijk wie iets doet of gedaan heeft, maar wat er gedaan wordt of gebeurd is. I destroyed a 500-year old vase in a museum. A 500-year old vase was destroyed in a museum (by me). In de tweede zin gaat het duidelijk niet om mij, maar de vaas die nu kapot is.
  • 11. passive De lijdende vorm De passive in al haar vormen De passive komt in alle werkwoordstijden voor. Hieronder een paar voorbeelden: The shop is closed by me. simple present I was dragged onto the streets by a bouncer. simple past The tests are being made by our pupils. Present continuous Ideas were being created while having breakfast. past continuous The house has been lived in since 1978. present perfect The car had been cleaned before it was sold last year. past perfect
  • 12. passive De lijdende vorm Hoe herken je een passive? De lijdende vorm in het Engels heeft altijd 2 elementen aanwezig: 2. Een voltooid deelwoord thrown 1. Het werkwoord to be The ball is thrown. The ball was thrown. The ball is being thrown. The ball was being thrown. The ball has been thrown. The ball had been thrown.
  • 13. passive De lijdende vorm Exercise 1: Herken de Passive. Zet achter de zin een A voor Active of een P voor passive. 1.The tests are being made by our pupils. 2.He is doing his homework. 3.That book has been in our family for decades. 4.He is chosen to participate in the Summer Olympics. 5.We were buying new clothes when we bumped into Dean. 6.I was told that there were would be a place to park my car. 7.My father is known for his designs. 8.Our room was being cleaned while we were playing videogames.
  • 14. passive De lijdende vorm Exercise 1: Herken de Passive. Zet achter de zin een A voor Active of een P voor passive. 1.The tests are being made by our pupils. P 2.He is doing his homework. A 3.That book has been in our family for decades. A 4.He is chosen to participate in the Summer Olympics. P 5.We were buying new clothes when we bumped into Dean. A 6.I was told that there were would be a place to park my car. P 7.My father is known for his designs. P 8.Our room was being cleaned while we were playing videogames. P
  • 15. passive De lijdende vorm Simple Present (passive = am/is/are + volt.deelw. active verb) Active sentence He cleans the room every day. Passive sentence The room is cleaned every day.
  • 16. passive De lijdende vorm Simple Past (passive = was/were + volt.deelw. active verb) Active sentence He cleaned the room last Sunday. Passive sentence The room was cleaned last Sunday.
  • 17. passive De lijdende vorm Present Continuous (passive = am/is/are + being + volt.deelw. active verb) Active sentence He is cleaning the room right now. Passive sentence The room is being cleaned right now.
  • 18. passive De lijdende vorm Past Continuous (passive = was/were + being + volt.deelw. active verb) Active sentence He was cleaning the room, when she slipped and fell. Passive sentence The room was being cleaned, when she slipped and fell.
  • 19. passive De lijdende vorm Present Perfect (passive = have/has + been + volt.deelw. active verb) Active sentence He has cleaned the room three times since last week. Passive sentence The room has been cleaned three times since last week.
  • 20. passive De lijdende vorm Past Perfect (passive = had + been + volt.deelw. active verb) Active sentence I had cleaned the car before it was sold last year. Passive sentence The car had been cleaned before it was sold last year.
  • 21. passive De lijdende vorm 6-STAPPENPLAN van Active  Passive 1. Zoek het lijdend voorwerp (of meewerkend voorwerp) in de actieve zin. (onderstreep) The mechanic has repaired the cars. 2. Zet voorop in de nieuwe zin. The cars … 3. Zoek het werkwoordelijk gezegde = persoonsvorm + andere werkwoorden uit de actieve zin (onderstreep) The mechanic has repaired the cars. 4. Bepaal de tijd van het werkwoordelijk gezegde uit de actieve zin. has repaired = present perfect 5. Zet om volgens bovenstaand schema. has repaired = have (cars = meervoud) been repaired 6. Herschrijf de zin, laat het onderwerp uit de oorspronkelijke zin weg. The cars have been repaired.
  • 22. passive De lijdende vorm voorbeelden
  • 23. passive De lijdende vorm Exercise 2: Zet de onderstaande zinnen in de passive. 1.Our cat eats little birds. 2.My father sold the car two days ago. 3.Kate has eaten my sandwich. 4.The police caught the thief. 5.They built this house a few years ago. 6.Mary is buying a new computer now. 7.He paints his room every year.
  • 24. passive De lijdende vorm Exercise 2: ANSWERS 1.Little birds are eaten. 2.The car was sold two days ago. 3.My sandwich has been eaten by Kate. 4.The thief was caught. 5.This house was built a few years ago. 6.A new computer is being bought now by Mary. 7.His room is painted every year.
  • 25. passive De lijdende vorm @meestergijs meestergijs.nl

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