Unit3 Zolboo

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Unit3 Zolboo

  1. 1. Unit 3 <br />The present perfect <br />The present perfect continuous tense<br />G.Zolboo<br />
  2. 2. when we talk about a period of time that continues from the past until now , we use the present perfect.<br />Бид өнгөрсөнөөс одоог хүртэл үргэлжилж байгаа үйл явдлын тухай ярихдаа одоо төгссөн цагийг хэрэглэнэ.<br />The present perfect tense<br />
  3. 3. Present perfect simple tense (form)<br />
  4. 4. The present perfect tense<br />Present perfect simple is have has + past participle. The past participle often ends in- end , but many important verbs irregular .<br />Одоо төгссөн цаг нь have has араас өнгөрсөн цагийн 2- р хэлбэрээр бичигдэнэ.Өнгөрсөн цагийн 2- р хэлбэр нь [ed ] төгсгөлтэй байх боловч ихэнх чухал үйл үг нь дүрмийн бус хэлбэртэй байна.<br />
  5. 5. Present perfect<br />
  6. 6. Present perfect simple timeline<br /> This month<br />
  7. 7. The present perfect tense<br />We use present perfect for actions in the past which have a connections to the present. The time when these actions happened is not important.<br /> For example :<br /> I have already seen this move.<br />( Яг хэзээ нь тодорхой бус )<br />
  8. 8. The present perfect tense<br />We use the present perfect for recently completed actions.<br /> For example :<br /> We have just finished our home work.<br />( Дөнгөж саяхан дууссан үйл явдлыг илэрхийлнэ )<br />
  9. 9. The present perfect tense<br />We use present perfect for actionsbeginning in the past and still continuing. <br /> For example :<br /> He has been translator for 7 years.<br />( Өнгөрсөнд эхлээд одоо хүртэл үргэлжилж байгаа, цаашид үргэлжилж болох үйл явдлыг илэрхийлнэ. )<br />
  10. 10. The present perfect continuous tense <br />The present perfect continuous tense is used to talk about an actions that started in the past and continued until recently or that continue into the future.<br />Одоо төгсөн үргэлжилж байгаа цаг нь өнгөрсөнд эхэлсэн үйл явдал болон саяханыг хүртэл үргэлжилсэн эсвэл цаашид ч гэсэн үргэжлэх үйл явдлын тухай ярихад хэрэглэнэ. <br />
  11. 11. Present perfect continuous (form)<br />
  12. 12. The present perfect continuous<br />Actions that started in the past and continue in the present.<br /> For example :<br /> I have been reading that book all month.<br />( Сүүлийн нэг бүтэн сарын турш үргэлжилсэн үйлдэл .)<br />
  13. 13. The present perfect continuous<br />Action that have just finished but we are interested in the result .<br />For example :<br />He is the dirty. Because he has been playing football.<br />( Үр дүн нь харагдаж байгаа .)<br />
  14. 14. Time words<br />Time expressions used with Present perfect and Present perfect continuous : just, ever , never, already, yet, always, how long, so far, recently, since, today, this week, month, etc.<br />
  15. 15. Time words<br />Ever never <br />We use ever in questions and statement. <br />Have you ever visited Prague?<br />We use never in statement.<br />I have never visited America.<br />
  16. 16. Time words<br />Just<br />We use just in statements to show that an action finished only a few minutes earlier.<br /> A: Have you finished homework?<br /> B: Yes I have just finished .<br />
  17. 17. Time words<br /> yet already<br />We use already in statement and questions.<br /> Have you done the washing up already?<br /> Yes, I have . I’ve already done it.<br />We use yet in questions and negatives.<br /> Have you done the ironing yet?<br /> No, I haven’t done the ironing yet.<br />
  18. 18. Time words<br /> For since<br />We use for the express duration. <br /> I’ve worked here for seven years.<br />We use since to state a sharing point.<br /> I’ve worked state since 1992.<br />
  19. 19. Exercise time<br />Put the verbs in bracket into the correct tense.<br />We ….( alwayswant ) to see the pyramids.<br />He ….( not ravel ) by boat in last summer.<br />Marie …. ( learn ) English for 2 years.<br />I saw Tom yesterday but I…. ( notsee ) him today.<br />I….( try ) to stop smoking since 1998.<br />How long….( youwait ) here?<br />
  20. 20. Exercise time<br />Correct answer<br />We have always wanted to the see the pyramids .<br />He has not traveled by bout in last summer.<br />Marie has been learning English for 2 years.<br />I saw Tom yesterday but I haven’t seen him today.<br />I have been trying to stop smoking since 1998.<br />How long have you been waiting her ?<br />
  21. 21. Exercise time<br />Underline in correct word.<br />A: Have you talked to Helen?<br /> B: Yes ,I‘ve everjust called her .<br />Gary hasn’t been abroad forsince last summer.<br />They have alreadyyet bought a computer.<br />Jim is in holiday. He has gone going to Italy.<br />Have you been playplaying tennis?<br />She has been paintedpainting ceiling.<br />
  22. 22. Exercise time<br />Correct answer.<br />A: Have you talked to Helen?<br /> B: Yes ,I‘ve just called her .<br />Gary hasn’t been abroad since last summer.<br />They have already bought a computer.<br />Jim is in holiday. He has gone to Italy.<br />Have you been playing tennis?<br />She has been painting ceiling.<br />

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