Reported Speech<br />
Direct Speech: gives the exact words someone said. We use inverted commas in Direct Speech.E.g. “it’s a nice day” he said....
Reported Speech: gives the exact meaning of what someone said but not the exact words. We do not use  inverted commas in R...
    Reported commands are often reported with infinitives. We use tell when we add who we are speaking to (tell + person +...
   Дам ярианы хэлбэр нь ихэвчлэн үйл үгийн тодорхой бус төлөвтөй байна.Үгүйсгэсэн хэлбэр нь үйл үгийнхаа өмнө орно.<br />Ж...
Reported Speech(positive/negative statements : present to past)<br />
Reported questions ; Wh-questions (using the verb to be)<br />Энэ нь асуултандаа he/she/it + asked болж өөрчлөгддөг. Үйл ү...
Tenses change in Reported Speech as follows <br /><ul><li>Present simplePast simple</li></ul>E.g. “She plays the piano ,” ...
<ul><li>Past continuous/present perfect continuous      Past perfect continuous</li></ul>e.g. “She was playing /has been p...
Time words can change or remain the same depending on the time reference:<br />Direct Speech<br />Reported Speech<br />
Example<br />“He is leaving next week,” she said.      She said (that) he was leaving the following week. (out-of-date rep...
Exercise<br />1. “As we were walking down the street, someone stopped in front of us,” he said.<br />  Reported Speech or ...
Exercise<br />Direct Speech<br />
Exercise<br />2. She said that she kept to a few simple rules.<br />   Reported Speech or Direct Speech <br />
Exercise<br />        Reported Speech<br />
Exercise<br />Rewrite the sentences. Use reported speech.<br />3. Direct speech<br />The doctor said, “Use this cream, Jos...
Exercise<br />3. Direct speech<br />The doctor said, “Use this cream, Josh” .<br />Reported speech<br />The doctor told Jo...
Exercise<br />Rewrite the sentences. Use reported speech.<br />4. Direct speech<br />The trainer said, “Don’t work too har...
Exercise<br />4. Direct speech<br />The trainer said, “Don’t work too hard,” .<br />Reported speech<br />The trainer told ...
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хулан англи хэл дүрэм

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хулан англи хэл дүрэм

  1. 1. Reported Speech<br />
  2. 2. Direct Speech: gives the exact words someone said. We use inverted commas in Direct Speech.E.g. “it’s a nice day” he said.<br />Шууд дамжуулалт: Энэ нь хүний хэлсэнийг яг тэр чигээр нь дамжуулдаг. <br />Жишээ нь: “Сайхан өдөр байна” гэж тэр хэлсэн.<br />
  3. 3. Reported Speech: gives the exact meaning of what someone said but not the exact words. We do not use inverted commas in Reported Speech.E.g He said it was a nice day.<br />Дам яриа:Энэ нь хүний хэлсэнийг өөрөөр хэлдэг.Тэр хүн ямар цаг дээр хэлсэн түүнийг нь нэг цагаар ухраан хэлдэг.<br />Жишээ нь: Тэр сайхан өдөр байсан гэж хэлсэн.<br />
  4. 4. Reported commands are often reported with infinitives. We use tell when we add who we are speaking to (tell + person + infinitive) We use say when we don’t say who we are speaking to (say + infinitive). Negative commands use not before infinitive.<br />E.g. The doctor told me not to take some medicine.The doctor said not to take some medicine.<br />
  5. 5. Дам ярианы хэлбэр нь ихэвчлэн үйл үгийн тодорхой бус төлөвтөй байна.Үгүйсгэсэн хэлбэр нь үйл үгийнхаа өмнө орно.<br />Жишээ нь:Доктор надад хэлэхдээ эм битгий хэрэглэ гэсэн.Доктор хэлэхдээ эм битгий хэрэглэ гэсэн<br />
  6. 6. Reported Speech(positive/negative statements : present to past)<br />
  7. 7. Reported questions ; Wh-questions (using the verb to be)<br />Энэ нь асуултандаа he/she/it + asked болж өөрчлөгддөг. Үйл үг нь төгсгөлдөө to be авна.<br />
  8. 8. Tenses change in Reported Speech as follows <br /><ul><li>Present simplePast simple</li></ul>E.g. “She plays the piano ,” He said. He said (that) she played the piano.<br /><ul><li>Present continuousPast continuous</li></ul>e.g. “She is playing the piano ,” he said. He said (that) she was playing piano.<br /><ul><li>Past simple/Present perfectPast perfect</li></ul>e.g. “She played/has played the piano,” he said. <br />He said (that) she had played the piano. <br />
  9. 9. <ul><li>Past continuous/present perfect continuous Past perfect continuous</li></ul>e.g. “She was playing /has been playing the piano,” he said. He said (that) she had been playing the piano.<br /><ul><li>Future simplewould+ bare infinitive</li></ul>e.g. “She’ll play the piano,” he said. He said (that) she would play the piano.<br /><ul><li>Future continuouswould be + verb –ing</li></ul>e.g. “She’ll be playing the piano,” he said. He said (that) she wouldbeplaying the piano.<br />
  10. 10. Time words can change or remain the same depending on the time reference:<br />Direct Speech<br />Reported Speech<br />
  11. 11. Example<br />“He is leaving next week,” she said. She said (that) he was leaving the following week. (out-of-date reporting) “I visited Pam last week,” she said. She said (that) she visited Pam last week. (up-to-date reporting)<br />
  12. 12. Exercise<br />1. “As we were walking down the street, someone stopped in front of us,” he said.<br /> Reported Speech or Direct Speech <br />
  13. 13. Exercise<br />Direct Speech<br />
  14. 14. Exercise<br />2. She said that she kept to a few simple rules.<br /> Reported Speech or Direct Speech <br />
  15. 15. Exercise<br /> Reported Speech<br />
  16. 16. Exercise<br />Rewrite the sentences. Use reported speech.<br />3. Direct speech<br />The doctor said, “Use this cream, Josh” .<br />Reported speech<br />……………………………………………….<br />
  17. 17. Exercise<br />3. Direct speech<br />The doctor said, “Use this cream, Josh” .<br />Reported speech<br />The doctor told Josh to use the cream on his knee.<br />
  18. 18. Exercise<br />Rewrite the sentences. Use reported speech.<br />4. Direct speech<br />The trainer said, “Don’t work too hard,” .<br />Reported speech<br />……………………………………………….<br />
  19. 19. Exercise<br />4. Direct speech<br />The trainer said, “Don’t work too hard,” .<br />Reported speech<br />The trainer told the sportsman not to work too hard.<br />

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