Present Perfect Tense P Tuvshoo
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Present Perfect Tense P Tuvshoo

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EL210

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Present Perfect Tense P Tuvshoo Present Perfect Tense P Tuvshoo Presentation Transcript

  • Present perfect tense Одоо төгссөн цаг П.Түвшинжаргал
  • Хэрэглээ
    • Use the Present perfect to see a connection between something in the past and something in the present
    • Одоо төгссөн цагийг өнгөрсөн бө одоогийн явдлын хоорондох холбоог үзүүлэхэд хэрэглэдэг.
  • The present perfect shows the result or relevance now of a past action, event or experience. Өнгөрсний үйл явдал, болсон зүйл, дадлага туршлагын үр дүн бө хамаарлыг одоо төгссөн цаг харуулна.
  • I You They We have He/She It has +Past Participle
  • Question form – Асуух хэлбэр
    • Have
    • Has
    I You We They He/She It +Past Participle
  • Negative form – Үгүйсгэх хэлбэр
    • I
    • You
    • We
    • They
    • He/She
    • It
    have not Has not +Past participle
  • From past to present
    • Example:
    • I have lived in Mongolia since February.
    • Би Монголд 2-р сараас хойш амьдарч байна.
    • Example:
    • I have lived in Mongolia for 7 months.
    • Би Монголд 7 сарын турш амьдарч байна.
    • It expresses action was just finished.
    • Дөнгөж сая болж өнгөрсөн үйл явдлыг илэрхийлнэ.
    • Example:
    • We have finished the work.
    • Бид ажлаа дуусчихлаа.
    • He has gone .
    • Тэр явчихлаа.
    • It expresses the result of action (until when teller talks)
    • Үйл явдлын үр дүнг ( өгүүлэгчийн ярих үе хүртэлх байдлаар ) илэрхийлнэ.
    • Example:
    • Bayar has learned about 2 thousand English words so far.
    • Баяр одоогоор 2 мянга орчим Англи үг цээжлээд байна.
  • At the first time have done something in the life. Амьдралдаа анх удаа ямар нэгэн зүйлийг хийж үзэхэд.
    • Example:
    • It is the first time I have ever driven a car
    • Би амьдралдаа анх удаагаа л машин барьж байна.
    • It is used with superlative of the adjective.
    • Хавсрал нэрийн давуу зэрэгтэй хэрэглэгдэнэ.
    • Example:
    • This is the most interesting film I have ever seen.
    • Энэ бол миний үзэж байсан хамгийн сонирхолтой кино юм.
    • It is used with following words:
    • Дараах үгстэй хамт хэрэглэгдэнэ :
    • Always, just, already, recently, often, lately, yet, for the past few years.
    • Ямагт, дөнгөж сая, аль хэдийн, саяхан, байнга, сүүлийн үед, хараахан үгүй, сүүлийн хэдэн жилийн турш
    • Example:
    • We have always lived here.
    • Бид ямагт энд амьдарсаар ирсэн .
    • We have just got up.
    • Бид дөнгөж сая босоод байна.
    • It is used with ever and never.
    • ever , never гэсэн үгстэй хамт хэрэглэгдэнэ.
    • Example:
    • - Have you ever ridden a horse?
    • -Чи урьд нь морь унаж үзсэн үү ?
    • - Yes, I have .
    • -Тийм ээ.
    • Exercise:
    • He/clean/his shoes.
    • …………………………………………………
    • She/close/the door.
    • …………………………………………………
    • He/clean/his shoes.
    • He has cleaned his shoes.
    • She/close/the door.
    • She has closed the door
    • They/go/to bed.
    • ……………………
    • It/stop/raining.
    • ……………………
    • They/go/to bed.
    • They have gone to bed.
    • It/stop/raining.
    • It has stopped raining.