Nyamdavaa Presentation

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Nyamdavaa Presentation

  1. 1. Grammar unit 19<br />B.Nyamdavaa<br />
  2. 2. The singular of nouns<br />a/an – íýð ¿ãèéíãàíöòîîíäõýðýãëýãäýíý. Ýãøãèéí ºìíº a (a dog)ãèéã¿¿ëýã÷èéí ºìíº an (an onion). Äóóäëàãààñààõàìààð÷ a union, an hour , an MP, a university etc.<br />Òîîëäîãã¿éíýð ¿ãèéí ºìíº a/an õýðýãëýõã¿é. (not:arain,a salt etc) <br />Õàìààòóóëàõòºëººíèé ¿ãèéí ºìíº õýðýãëýõã¿é. (not:a my dog etc) <br />
  3. 3. A few and few , a little and little<br />Few –èõáèø (negative idea)<br />A few – öººí õýäýí(for countable nouns/positive idea) <br />Only a few – åð人 öººí õýäýí<br />Little – áàðàãáàéõã¿éãýñýí ÷àìëàñàí ºí㺠àÿñòàé (for uncountable/positive idea) <br />
  4. 4. Æèøýý :<br />“I’ve got a few friends.”(=maybe not many,but enough) Áèõýäýííàéçíàðòàé.<br />“I’ve got a little money.”(=I’ve got enough to live on) Áèæààëìºíãºòýé .<br />Few people visited him in hospital.(=he had almost no visitors)Ò¿¿íèéãýìíýëýãòýðãýõõ¿íáàðàãáàéõã¿é.<br />He had little money.(=almost no money)Íàäàäìºí㺠áàðàã ë áàéõã¿é. <br />
  5. 5. Much , many <br />Much and many íüàñóóõáóþó ¿ã¿éñãýõ ºã¿¿ëáýðòõýðýãëýãäýõòîõèîëäîëä<br />“How much?”/òîîëäîãã¿éíýð ¿ãýíä/ <br />“How many?”/òîîëäîãíýð ¿ãýíä/ õýðýãëýãäýíý.<br />
  6. 6. æèøýý:<br />How much money have you got?<br />How many cigarettes have you smoked?<br />There’s not much sugar in the cupboard.<br />There weren’t many people at the concert.<br />
  7. 7. Too , (not) so,and (not) as-òýéõàìòõýðýãëýãäýíý.<br />There were to many people at the concert. Êîíöåðòìàøèõõ¿íòýéáàéñàí.<br />There’s not so much work to do this week. Ýíýäîëîîõîíîãòíýãèõàæèëòàéáàéñàíã¿é.<br />
  8. 8. A lot of, a lot /áàòëàí õ¿¿ðíýõ ºã¿¿ëáýðò/<br />I’ve got a lot of work this week. Ýíýäîëîîõîíîãòáèìàøèõàæèëòàé.<br />There were a lot of people at the concert. Êîíöåðòîíäìàøèõõ¿íáàéñàí. <br />
  9. 9.
  10. 10. Some , any<br />Some and any íüòîîëäîãáîëîíòîîëäîãã¿é ¿ãýíäàëüàëèíäõýðýãëýãäýíý.<br />Some /õýäýíõýñýã, õýñýã, çàðèì/;áàòëàí õ¿¿ðíýõøèíæòýé ºã¿¿ëáýðòõýðýãëýãäýíý.<br />I had some rice for lunch.<br />He’s got some books from the library. <br />
  11. 11. Question form<br />Did he give you some tea?(=I’m sure he did./ºãñºíãýäýãòèòãýëòýéáàéãàà ¿åä)<br />Is there some fruit juice in the fridge?(=I think there is/òýíäáàéãààáàéõãýæáîäîæáàéãàà ¿åä) <br />
  12. 12. Some- èéã õ¿¿ðíýõøèíæòýé ºã¿¿ëáýðòõýðýãëýíý.<br />I will have some news next week.<br />She has some valuable books in her exams.<br />Philip wants some help with his exams.<br />There is some butter in the fridge.<br />We need some cheese if we want to make a fondue.<br />
  13. 13. Any /ßìàð ÷, ßìàðíýãýí/ àñóóõáóþó ¿ã¿éñãýõøèíæòýé ºã¿¿ëáýðòõýðýãëýíý<br />Have you got any tea ?<br />He didn’t want any tea.<br />I don’t think we’ve got any coffee left. <br />
  14. 14. Any in negative sentences<br />A. She doesn’t want any kitchen appliances for Christmas.<br />B. They don’t want any help moving to their new house.<br />C. No,thanks. I don’t want any more cake. <br />D. There isn’t any reason to complain <br />
  15. 15. Any in interrogative sentences<br />A. Do you have any friends in London?<br />B. Have they got any children?<br />C. Do you want any groceries from the shop?<br />D. Are they any problems with your work?<br />
  16. 16. The end<br />
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