16 How To Write An Essay11 Pagaa

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16 How To Write An Essay11 Pagaa

  1. 1. How to write an Essay Pagmadulam.P
  2. 2. <ul><li>What an essay is </li></ul><ul><li>The point of writing </li></ul><ul><li>The steps of the writing process </li></ul><ul><li>How to Write an Argument Essay </li></ul><ul><li>Some useful transistion Words and Phrases </li></ul><ul><li>Example </li></ul>
  3. 3. I. What an essay is <ul><li>A process is a series of actions, preparations, or procedures made to get something done. You carry out the steps of a process every time. Writing an essay is a process which has its own steps. </li></ul><ul><li>Thought, planning and action are key components used in combination to carry out a process of writing an essay. </li></ul>
  4. 4. II. The point of writing <ul><li>Purpose </li></ul><ul><li>Content </li></ul><ul><li>Strusture </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>An intoduction </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>A body </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Issue </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Point of veiw </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Analysis </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>A conclusion </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>A title </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Audience </li></ul><ul><li>Tone </li></ul>
  5. 5. Basic purposes for writing <ul><li>To describe /describing people, places, things using sense words: sight, hearing, touch, smell, taste/ </li></ul><ul><li>To narrate /describing event using “first, next, then” for chronically sequence / </li></ul><ul><li>To persuade /to influence or convince to act/ </li></ul><ul><li>To inform /to explain how to do/ </li></ul>
  6. 6. Stategies to develop content <ul><li>Fasts vs opinions </li></ul><ul><li>Examples </li></ul><ul><li>Description </li></ul><ul><li>Comparing / contrasting </li></ul><ul><li>Narration of story </li></ul><ul><li>Definition (synonym, thesaurus, explaining) </li></ul><ul><li>Process </li></ul><ul><li>Classification into groups </li></ul><ul><li>Cause / effect </li></ul><ul><li>Relationship </li></ul><ul><li>Analogy (simile, like/as, metaphor, figurative language) </li></ul>
  7. 7. Pasts of an essay structure <ul><li>An essay is built around a central point , which is expressed in a thesis statement . </li></ul><ul><li>The central point of an essay is the principal idea that the writer presents and develops whit supporting paragraphs. </li></ul><ul><li>A thesis statement is a single sentence at the end of introduction. That introduces and limits the central point of an essay – the principal idea that the writer will develop. </li></ul>
  8. 8. III.The steps of the writing process <ul><li>Prewriting </li></ul><ul><li>Writing a first draft </li></ul><ul><li>Revising and editing drafts </li></ul><ul><li>Proofreading and preparing a final copy </li></ul>
  9. 9. IV. How to Write an Argument Essay <ul><li>There are five main steps: </li></ul><ul><li>Step 1: Read the essay </li></ul><ul><li>Step 2: Underline </li></ul><ul><li>Step 3: Get Ideas </li></ul><ul><li>Step 4: Decide Layout </li></ul><ul><li>Step 5: Write </li></ul>
  10. 10. <ul><li>Step 1: Read the essay </li></ul><ul><li>Read the question. Decide what kind of essay it is - opinion, compare/contrast, problem and solution, cause and effect, or a mixture. The type of question will decide the layout and your ideas. </li></ul>
  11. 11. <ul><li>Step 2: Underline </li></ul><ul><li>Underline key vocabulary in the question and write words with the same or related meaning. This will really save you a lot of time later on. It will also help to avoid repetition of words, and will show that you understand the question. </li></ul>
  12. 12. <ul><li>Step 3: Get Ideas </li></ul><ul><li>Decide if you are for or against the idea. Usually it is best to give both sides (for and against - one paragraph each) and then to give your opinion in the conclusion. However there are other ways of laying out your essay. </li></ul>
  13. 13. <ul><li>Step 4: Decide Layout </li></ul><ul><li>You should decide on a layout. The easiest is 3773 . That means four paragraphs: introduction ( 3 sentences) one side ( 7 sentences), the other side ( 7 sentences) and the conclusion ( 3 sentences). This will give you 20 sentences. An average of about 12 words each, that is 240 words. Perfect! </li></ul>
  14. 14. <ul><li>Step 5: Write </li></ul><ul><li>After you have written your plan, write your essay. Follow the steps in this website for writing the introduction, body, and conclusion. Check for fragments, run-ons and comma splices . </li></ul>
  15. 15. V. Some useful transition Words and Phrases <ul><li>Write the essay, describing each part or component and making transitions between each of your descriptions. Some useful transition words include: </li></ul>
  16. 16. <ul><li>first, second, third, etc. </li></ul><ul><li>next </li></ul><ul><li>another </li></ul><ul><li>in addition </li></ul><ul><li>Moreover </li></ul><ul><li>because </li></ul><ul><li>however </li></ul><ul><li>consequently </li></ul><ul><li>because </li></ul><ul><li>consequently </li></ul><ul><li>therefore </li></ul><ul><li>for this reason </li></ul><ul><li>as a result </li></ul><ul><li>after, afterwards, after this </li></ul><ul><li>subsequently </li></ul><ul><li>simultaneously, concurrently </li></ul>
  17. 17. <ul><li>after, afterwards, after this </li></ul><ul><li>subsequently </li></ul><ul><li>simultaneously, concurrently </li></ul><ul><li>Nevertheless </li></ul><ul><li>on the contrary </li></ul><ul><li>Though </li></ul><ul><li>Despite </li></ul><ul><li>However </li></ul><ul><li>conversely </li></ul><ul><li>while A is ..., B is ... </li></ul><ul><li>on the other hand </li></ul><ul><li>Similarly </li></ul><ul><li>Yet </li></ul><ul><li>unlike A, B ... </li></ul><ul><li>in the same way </li></ul><ul><li>but </li></ul><ul><li>while both A and B are ..., only B .. </li></ul>
  18. 18. VI. Example <ul><li>The person who has had the biggest influence in my life is ___. Because ___was ___he/she taught me ___but also much about ___. I have close to ___ever since I was __years old and we ___. I feel a debt of gratitude to ___for always being there for me through__.__has always been my role model. I have long admired has/her success in __,__,__,and the way he/she __. My goal in life is to be just like him/her, to get the most I can out of life. Because of__’s strong influence, I fine__fascinating. I am always inpressed that he/she started__at my age and rose to be __ in just a few years. __ has supported my interest in___, and was very proud of me when I ___. I also admire___’s devotion to ___. This was __ and quickly became___. This endeavor took up his/her life for___until he/she___in___. Since then, ___has ___ in part because of ___’s efforts. ___’s accomplishments have meant___to me. __has been ___ in my life, showing me that __and__. I hope to inherit his/her virtues and ___in order to make him/her proud. </li></ul>
  19. 19. Thank you for your attention!

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