Structure of the sentence Á.̺íõíàñàí
Structure of the sentence <ul><li>Sentence </li></ul><ul><li>A sentence is a group of words expressing a complete thought....
Structure of the sentence <ul><li>Simple sentence </li></ul><ul><li>Composite sentence </li></ul><ul><li>  example: </li><...
Structure of the sentence <ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Simple sentence   </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>One - member sen...
Structure of the sentence <ul><li>One member sentence  </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>example: </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul>...
Structure of the sentence <ul><li>Main parts of the sentence </li></ul><ul><li>Subject (S)   Predicate (V) </li></ul><ul><...
Structure of the sentence <ul><li>Elliptical sentence </li></ul><ul><li>example: </li></ul><ul><li>-  Where did you go? </...
Structure of the sentence <ul><li>The main parts of sentence  </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>The subject  </li></ul></ul></ul><...
Structure of the sentence <ul><li>The main parts of sentence </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>The Predicate  </li></ul></ul></ul>...
Structure of the sentence <ul><li>The Secondary parts of the sentence  </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Attribute </li></ul></ul>...
Structure of the sentence <ul><li>The Secondary of the sentence  </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>The adverbial modifier  </li></...
Structure of the sentence <ul><li>The Secondary of the sentence </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The Complement </li></ul></ul><ul><u...
Structure of the sentence <ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Composite sentence </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Composite sente...
Structure of the sentence <ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Complex sentence </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Complex sentence ...
Thank you  Conclusion: To read and translate  advanced texts or books  you should know the structure  of the English sente...
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0 Structure Of The Sentence

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0 Structure Of The Sentence

  1. 1. Structure of the sentence Á.̺íõíàñàí
  2. 2. Structure of the sentence <ul><li>Sentence </li></ul><ul><li>A sentence is a group of words expressing a complete thought. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Subject </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Predicate </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>S+V </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>S- Subject </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>V- Verb </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul>
  3. 3. Structure of the sentence <ul><li>Simple sentence </li></ul><ul><li>Composite sentence </li></ul><ul><li> example: </li></ul><ul><li>She has four children. </li></ul><ul><li> - Simple sentence </li></ul><ul><li>I know that she has four children. </li></ul><ul><li> - Composite sentence </li></ul>
  4. 4. Structure of the sentence <ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Simple sentence </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>One - member sentence </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Two - member sentence </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Elliptical sentence </li></ul></ul></ul>
  5. 5. Structure of the sentence <ul><li>One member sentence </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>example: </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>- Fire! </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>- Sugar? </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Two member sentence </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Un extended sentence </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Extended sentence </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>example: </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>- Birds fly. (S+V) </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>- A cup of coffee, please. </li></ul></ul></ul>
  6. 6. Structure of the sentence <ul><li>Main parts of the sentence </li></ul><ul><li>Subject (S) Predicate (V) </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li>Secondary parts of the sentence </li></ul><ul><li>Object Attribute Adverbial modifier </li></ul>
  7. 7. Structure of the sentence <ul><li>Elliptical sentence </li></ul><ul><li>example: </li></ul><ul><li>- Where did you go? </li></ul><ul><li>- To the country . </li></ul>
  8. 8. Structure of the sentence <ul><li>The main parts of sentence </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>The subject </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Complete subject </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Personal subject </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Simple subject </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Complex subject </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Impersonal subject </li></ul></ul></ul></ul>
  9. 9. Structure of the sentence <ul><li>The main parts of sentence </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>The Predicate </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Complete predicate </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Simple predicate </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Compound predicate </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Nominal predicate </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Verbal predicate </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Compound nominal predicate </li></ul></ul></ul></ul>
  10. 10. Structure of the sentence <ul><li>The Secondary parts of the sentence </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Attribute </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Apposition </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>The object </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Direct object -transitive verb </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Indirect object -intransitive verb </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Complex object </li></ul></ul></ul></ul>
  11. 11. Structure of the sentence <ul><li>The Secondary of the sentence </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>The adverbial modifier </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Adverbial modifier of place </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Adverbial modifier of time </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Adverbial modifier of manner </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Adverbial modifier of degree </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Adverbial modifier of cause </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Adverbial modifier of purpose </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Adverbial modifier of result </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Adverbial modifier of condition </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Adverbial modifier of concession </li></ul></ul></ul></ul>
  12. 12. Structure of the sentence <ul><li>The Secondary of the sentence </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The Complement </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Direct object - He ordered soup . </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Indirect object - Can you lend me $5 </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Object complement </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>-They called it freelance teaching </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Subject complement -(noun complement) </li></ul></ul></ul>
  13. 13. Structure of the sentence <ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Composite sentence </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Composite sentence </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Compound sentence </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Complex sentence </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Compound-complex sentence </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Compound sentence </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Main clause - conjunction - main clause </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Example: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>- Her father was mostly absent , and her mother arrived at night . </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>and, but, or, yet, either…or, neither…nor, whereas, not only…but also. </li></ul></ul>
  14. 14. Structure of the sentence <ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Complex sentence </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Complex sentence </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Main clause </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Subordinate clause </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Types of the subordinate clause </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Subject clause </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Predicative clause </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Object clause </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Relative clause </li></ul></ul>
  15. 15. Thank you Conclusion: To read and translate advanced texts or books you should know the structure of the English sentence.
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