CAENRFID
RFID: What and Why
GDG Firenze
June 2014
Stefano Coluccini
CMO
s.coluccini@caen.it
Storia dell’RFID
o La tecnologia RFID è stata utilizzata per la prima volta dalla RAF
durante la prima guerra mondiale per...
What is RFID
Reader Antenna TagHost PC
Principi di funzionamento
• Il reader trasmette e riceve simultanemente
• Il tag prende l’energia dalla trasmissione del r...
Principi di funzionamento
• Trasmissione dati in
backscattering
• Modulazione di
ampiezza
The Great Seal Bug
• Regalato nel 1946 da una scolaresca
sovietica all’ambasciatore USA
• Scoperto solo nel 1952
• Tra i p...
Classificazione Bande di Frequenza
Super Low
Frequency
Very Low
Frequency
Low
Frequency
Medium
Frequency
High
Frequency
Ve...
LF/HF vs. UHF
• Accoppiamento magnetico
• Freq. op. 130 kHz - 13.56 Mhz
• Distanza di lettura < 1 mt.
• Velocità di lettur...
RFID: LF … HF … UHF
LF HF UHF
ISO 18000-6A, 6B
EPC 1,19; C1G1; C1G2
EM 4222; EM4223
ETSI EN 300 220
ETSI EN 302 208
Parte Radio Protocolli di
comunicazi...
06/06/2014 CAEN Confidential 11
RFID Standardization Bodies - I
• ETSI – European Telecommunication Standards Institute. I...
06/06/2014 CAEN Confidential 12
RFID Standardization Bodies - II
• EPC Global. A Private company that holds the Intellectu...
06/06/2014 CAEN Confidential 13
Communication Protocols
Two main standards for the Long Range RFID system (UHF) Air interf...
The ISO 18000 series
Standard Code Description
ISO 15961 RFID for Item Management: Host Interrogator; Tag functional comma...
Standards di EPCglobal
Shared Service
Interactions
EPCglobal Core Services
and other
Shared Services
Company
A
Exchange of...
EPC Electronic Product Code
The Auto-ID Center has proposed a new Electronic Product Code as the next
standard for identif...
RFID Today
Long read range => new applications
Low cost of tags/label => item level
Globally accepted industry standards
B...
Dock Door Smart Shelf
Forklift ReaderMobile Reader Conveyor Portal
UHF RFID Installations
Which Markets
• Retail
• Supply chain logistic
• Transportation
• Waste management
• Industrial automation
• Cold chain lo...
Omnichannel retail & RFID
RFID & Android: BYOD …
RFID & Android: … e oltre
Terminali industriali RFID: ieri e oggi
• Spin-off of CAEN spa
• The first Italian company providing
UHF RFID products
• Key player in the EU RFID scenario
• Worl...
What we do
• UHF RFID Readers - easy2read®
• UHF RFID Loggers - easy2log®
• UHF RFID Custom Products
• UHF RFID HW Integra...
Embedded
Fixed
Application Oriented
easy2read® product line
easy2log® product line
• Huge amount of samples
(4000 or 8000)
• Long battery life
• High accuracy (0.1°C
typical)
• Multi...
• R&D with 30 years of experience
• Continuous innovation of the products
• Dynamism
• Product customization
• Commercial ...
How we work
CAEN RFID
HW solutions
Technical support
End Users
System Integrators
HW Manufacturers
Solution Providers
Dist...
Our customers
• Handheld and printer manufacturers
• Industrial automation providers
• System integrators and solution pro...
Key customers and partners
Handhelds/PDAs
Compact OEM readers inside (A528, R1230C)
WORKABOUT PRO
IKON
NEO
Compact OEM readers inside (A528, R1230C)
Handhelds/PDAs
Printers
Other devices
Logistics/Industrial Manufacturing
Kanban Process (ABB Drives) Roll cages tracking (Finnish Post)
Vehicle Access Control i...
Logistics/Industrial Manufacturing
Warehouse Automation (Acciai Vender) Innovative tool for manufacturer
Shipping material...
Transportation
Garbage Collection Monitoring
(Aspropyrgos Municipality )
Waste Management
Urban Mobility Management (PisaM...
Transportation
Train Monitoring (Circumvesuviana) • Vehicle Tracking System (Automotive Group)
Car Manufacturing plant (Sa...
Transportation
Truck Tracing at Motorway and Harbour gates (Samer Shipping)
TraceTracker Asset (Grunnarbeid)
Healthcare
ASSIST founded project
Pharmacy (Datelka) OPERA founded project
Fashion-Retail
• Books Tagging in a Bookstore (BGN
Boekhandels )
• Point of sales (Larusmiani)
Customer experience (SAPAF)...
Fashion-Retail
Smart changing room, Inventory & EAS
Cold Chain
Pharmaceutical products (DHL)
Vegetables (SydGront)
Cold Chain
Pharmaceutical products
Transportation (Medlog)
Vaccine Transportation (WINcat)
Chocolate storage & transportat...
FMCG/Leisure
People access control
The Santa Claus Village
Faster, safer and more efficient supply chain (Parmacotto, Auch...
Thanks for your
attention… questions?
Stefano Coluccini
CMO
CAEN RFID srl
e-mail: s.coluccini@caenrfid.it
http://www.youtu...
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RFID: What & Why - Stefano Coluccini

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RFID: What & Why
Stefano Coluccini (caenrfid srl)

GDG-Firenze 5 Giugno 2014

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RFID: What & Why - Stefano Coluccini

  1. 1. CAENRFID RFID: What and Why GDG Firenze June 2014 Stefano Coluccini CMO s.coluccini@caen.it
  2. 2. Storia dell’RFID o La tecnologia RFID è stata utilizzata per la prima volta dalla RAF durante la prima guerra mondiale per scopi di IFF (Identification Friend or Foe) o Anni 70 – Identificazione di materiale in aree radioattive o 1977 – I laboratori Los Alamos rendono la tecnologia di pubblico dominio o Anni 80 – I primi tag passivi e le prime applicazioni in ambito commerciale o 2000 – I primi standard e l’interesse delle grandi aziende
  3. 3. What is RFID Reader Antenna TagHost PC
  4. 4. Principi di funzionamento • Il reader trasmette e riceve simultanemente • Il tag prende l’energia dalla trasmissione del reader • Il tag modula la sua impedenza di antenna che cambia la potenza di backscatter
  5. 5. Principi di funzionamento • Trasmissione dati in backscattering • Modulazione di ampiezza
  6. 6. The Great Seal Bug • Regalato nel 1946 da una scolaresca sovietica all’ambasciatore USA • Scoperto solo nel 1952 • Tra i primi esempi di tecnologia backscatter • Attivazione attraverso un campo a radiofrequenza esterno, quasi impossibile da rilevare • Principio di funzionamento molto simile alla moderna tecnologia UHF RFID
  7. 7. Classificazione Bande di Frequenza Super Low Frequency Very Low Frequency Low Frequency Medium Frequency High Frequency Very High Frequency Ultra High Frequency UHF 3 Hz – 3 kHz 3-30 kHz 30-300 kHz 300kHz -3MHz 3-30 MHz 30-300 MHz 300MHz-3GHz time RFID:  900 MHz Preference GS1/ EPCglobal
  8. 8. LF/HF vs. UHF • Accoppiamento magnetico • Freq. op. 130 kHz - 13.56 Mhz • Distanza di lettura < 1 mt. • Velocità di lettura limitata • Forte influenza dei metalli • Accoppiamento elettromagnetico • Freq. operativa 860 - 960 MHz • Distanza di lettura > 3 mt. • Alta velocità di lettura • Moderata influenza dei metalli
  9. 9. RFID: LF … HF … UHF LF HF UHF
  10. 10. ISO 18000-6A, 6B EPC 1,19; C1G1; C1G2 EM 4222; EM4223 ETSI EN 300 220 ETSI EN 302 208 Parte Radio Protocolli di comunicazione Standard RFID UHF
  11. 11. 06/06/2014 CAEN Confidential 11 RFID Standardization Bodies - I • ETSI – European Telecommunication Standards Institute. Its role is to harmonize the usage of frequencies in Europe ISO – International Organization for Standardization. Its role is to define protocols and interfacing modes according to harmonized frequencies (in Europe: ETSI) International Telecommunication Union - Organization within the United Nations System where governments and the private sector coordinate global telecom networks and services
  12. 12. 06/06/2014 CAEN Confidential 12 RFID Standardization Bodies - II • EPC Global. A Private company that holds the Intellectual Properties of the EPC project. Born in 2003 as a joint venture between EAN (European Article Numbering) and UCC (Uniform Code Council) Auto-ID Center. An M.I.T. Boston research group that created the EPC project (Electronic Product Code) GS1 (EAN-International - European Article Numbering). Industrial Association in charge of assigning identification numbers to products and companies worldwide
  13. 13. 06/06/2014 CAEN Confidential 13 Communication Protocols Two main standards for the Long Range RFID system (UHF) Air interface communication (ReaderTAG and TAGReader ) ISO 18000 ISO 18000 - 3 at 13.56 MHz ISO 18000 - 6 at 860-930 MHz Different air interface standards based upon the Auto-ID Center's Electronic Product Code (EPC) referred to 13,56 MHz e 860-930 MHz frequencies. In Jan 2005 EPCglobal issues a new revision to overcome this standards non- uniformity. The second-generation EPC air interface standard is formerly known as Class 1 Generation 2 C1G2 and recently merged into ISO 18000-6C
  14. 14. The ISO 18000 series Standard Code Description ISO 15961 RFID for Item Management: Host Interrogator; Tag functional commands and other syntax features ISO 15962 RFID for Item Management: Data Syntax ISO 15963 Unique Identification of RF tag and registration authority to manage the uniqueness ISO 18000 RFID for Item Management: Air Interface -1 Generic parameters -2 below 135 kHz -3 at 13.56 MHz -4 at 2.45 GHz -5 at 5.8 GHz -6 at UHF frequency band ISO 18001 RFID for Item Management: Application Requirement Profiles
  15. 15. Standards di EPCglobal Shared Service Interactions EPCglobal Core Services and other Shared Services Company A Exchange of Physical objects with EPCs Exchange of data about EPCs 1010101010101 Company B
  16. 16. EPC Electronic Product Code The Auto-ID Center has proposed a new Electronic Product Code as the next standard for identifying products. Header: EPC’s version number; EPC Mgr: 28 bits = 268,435,456  Manufacturer of the product Object Class: 24 bits = 16,777,216  Type of product, Serial Number: 36 bits = 68,719,476,736  unique product identifier Each manufacturer can have 16 million object classes and 68 billion serial numbers in each class
  17. 17. RFID Today Long read range => new applications Low cost of tags/label => item level Globally accepted industry standards Big companies interest (DoD, WalMart, M&S, DHL …)
  18. 18. Dock Door Smart Shelf Forklift ReaderMobile Reader Conveyor Portal UHF RFID Installations
  19. 19. Which Markets • Retail • Supply chain logistic • Transportation • Waste management • Industrial automation • Cold chain logistic • Access control • ……
  20. 20. Omnichannel retail & RFID
  21. 21. RFID & Android: BYOD …
  22. 22. RFID & Android: … e oltre
  23. 23. Terminali industriali RFID: ieri e oggi
  24. 24. • Spin-off of CAEN spa • The first Italian company providing UHF RFID products • Key player in the EU RFID scenario • Worldwide customers in manufacturing, logistics, transport, healthcare, fashion, retail… • Totally in-house HW, SW & support skills • Key partner in EU funded projects • An “added value manufacturer” Who we are
  25. 25. What we do • UHF RFID Readers - easy2read® • UHF RFID Loggers - easy2log® • UHF RFID Custom Products • UHF RFID HW Integration
  26. 26. Embedded Fixed Application Oriented easy2read® product line
  27. 27. easy2log® product line • Huge amount of samples (4000 or 8000) • Long battery life • High accuracy (0.1°C typical) • Multiple configurable alarms • Standard RFID interface • Fast data download • Friendly manual interface • Remaining shelf life, ETA and MKT calculation
  28. 28. • R&D with 30 years of experience • Continuous innovation of the products • Dynamism • Product customization • Commercial and technical training • Quick technical support during the customer integration process • Wide product proposals • Consultancy service on complementary products (UHF labels, special tags, UHF antennas) • Partner network (Label/tag/Antenna manufacturers, SW houses, System Integrators) Our Added Value
  29. 29. How we work CAEN RFID HW solutions Technical support End Users System Integrators HW Manufacturers Solution Providers Distributors
  30. 30. Our customers • Handheld and printer manufacturers • Industrial automation providers • System integrators and solution providers • Big companies with internal skilled IT dept. • Distributors/Resellers • End users only in cooperation with local partners
  31. 31. Key customers and partners
  32. 32. Handhelds/PDAs Compact OEM readers inside (A528, R1230C) WORKABOUT PRO IKON NEO
  33. 33. Compact OEM readers inside (A528, R1230C) Handhelds/PDAs
  34. 34. Printers
  35. 35. Other devices
  36. 36. Logistics/Industrial Manufacturing Kanban Process (ABB Drives) Roll cages tracking (Finnish Post) Vehicle Access Control in Glass Manufacturing (Asahi Glass, Moustier) Production Flow Management (Novaglass)
  37. 37. Logistics/Industrial Manufacturing Warehouse Automation (Acciai Vender) Innovative tool for manufacturer Shipping material and pallet management (Colcafè) Production Flow Management (Malwee)
  38. 38. Transportation Garbage Collection Monitoring (Aspropyrgos Municipality ) Waste Management Urban Mobility Management (PisaMo, Mover) Real Time Fleet Management (Settentrionale Trasporti)
  39. 39. Transportation Train Monitoring (Circumvesuviana) • Vehicle Tracking System (Automotive Group) Car Manufacturing plant (Sada Group) Bicycle parking area (Cernusco sul Naviglio)
  40. 40. Transportation Truck Tracing at Motorway and Harbour gates (Samer Shipping) TraceTracker Asset (Grunnarbeid)
  41. 41. Healthcare ASSIST founded project Pharmacy (Datelka) OPERA founded project
  42. 42. Fashion-Retail • Books Tagging in a Bookstore (BGN Boekhandels ) • Point of sales (Larusmiani) Customer experience (SAPAF) EAS - Electronic Article Surveillance
  43. 43. Fashion-Retail Smart changing room, Inventory & EAS
  44. 44. Cold Chain Pharmaceutical products (DHL) Vegetables (SydGront)
  45. 45. Cold Chain Pharmaceutical products Transportation (Medlog) Vaccine Transportation (WINcat) Chocolate storage & transportation Lindt & Sprüngli
  46. 46. FMCG/Leisure People access control The Santa Claus Village Faster, safer and more efficient supply chain (Parmacotto, Auchan) Security and Productivity
  47. 47. Thanks for your attention… questions? Stefano Coluccini CMO CAEN RFID srl e-mail: s.coluccini@caenrfid.it http://www.youtube.com/user/CAENRFID
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