Chapter 11 PERSONALITY Presented by: Princess A. De Jesus Nina Jennica Reyes
The term personality is often used in everyday conversation. Its importance cannot be denied.
In our society, people put a high premium on the good or pleasing personality.
What is Personality?
Is defined as a set of traits and characteristics that an individual possess that makes him/her unique .
Etymologically, it comes from the Lt. word “ persona ” which connotes a mask .
Explanations of the Rudiments of Personality Theoretical Models
Founder of psychoanalytic school of thought.
Focused on unconscious psychological conflicts.
Proposed the three significant components of human personality.
“ Eros” and “Thanatos”.
Psychosexual stages of personality development.
PSYCHOANALYTIC THEORIST To Freud, “ sexuality ” refers to all kinds of pleasurable feelings experienced by the human body.
The Id (Pleasure Principle)
Demanding immediate gratification of its needs regardless of the external environment.
The Ego (Reality Principle)
Realistically meets the wishes and demands of the Id in accordance with the outside world.
The Superego (Conscience)
Inculcates moral judgment and societal rules upon the ego, thus forcing the demands of the Id to be met not only realistically but also morally.
Three Significant Components of the Human Personality
Major Components of Freud’s Theories Eros (sex; instinctual self-perseveration) Thanatos (death; instinctual self-anhilation)
believed that birth order may influence personality development
Adler’s Birth Order Personality Theory
His thoughts are similar of Freud’s idea of transference .
He used narcissism as a model of how we develop our sense of self.
Introduced what he called the “self-object transferences” of mirroring and idealization
Is credited with the development of the “ideal self” and “real-self”.
Studied what he called “self-actualizing persons,” those who are “fulfilling themselves and doing the best they are capable of doing.”
- active, creative, experiencing human being who lives in the present and subjectively responds to current perceptions, relationships, and encounters. - dark, pessimistic outlook Maslow and Roger’s View of a Person
Stressed the reflective or empathetic response as a new approach to therapy
“ It seems you are feeling anxious about your upcoming marriage.”
REFLECTIVE / EMPATHETIC RESPONSE - refers to the type of response that takes the client’s viewpoint and reflects back to his or her feeling and the context for it.
(University of Wisconsin - Madison)
Focused on the role of the prefrontal cortex (PFC) and amygdala in manifesting human personality
Commonly Used Techniques to Study Personality Traits in the Brain
B. F. Skinner
Developed and put forth a model which emphasized the mutual interaction of the person or “the organism“ with its environment .
Is well known for his classical conditioning experiments involving dogs.
Discovered the foundation of behaviorism as well as classical conditioning.
SOCIAL LEARNING THEORY
Suggested that the forces of memory and emotions worked in conjunction with environmental influences.
He is known mostly for his “Bobo Doll experiment.”