Fire safety awareness sections 7 11


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Fire safety awareness sections 7 11

  1. 1. Fire Safety Awareness
  2. 2. Section #1 – Introduction Section #2 – Regulatory Codes & Standards • Fire Code • Building Code • NFPA Standards Section #3 – Fire Alarm & Detection Systems • Fire Alarm • Signaling • Detection Devices Section #4 – Fire Suppression Systems • Wet Sprinkler • Dry Sprinkler • Kitchen Suppressions Systems • Chemical Suppression Systems Table of Contents & Learning Objectives
  3. 3. Section #5 – Fire Extinguishers • Types • Use (PASS) • How to Check & Inspect Section #6 – Inspection Requirements Section #7 – Closures & Fire Separations • Types • Use (PASS) • How to Check & Inspect Section #8 – Fire Safety & Emergency Plans • Fire Plans • Evacuation Drills • Emergency Plans Table of Contents & Learning Objectives
  4. 4. Section #9 – Hazard Identification • Exits & Emergency Lighting • Obstructed Exits • Dangerous & Hazardous Materials Section #10 – Hot Work & Hot Work Management Section #11 – Fire System Impairments • Sprinkler Systems • Fire Alarm • Fire Watch Table of Contents & Learning Objectives
  5. 5. • Closures in fire separations are critical to preventing the spread of smoke or fire. • Ensuring that our door closures are working properly are important to preserving the security of the property. • In 2007 there were over 229 human deaths in Canada that were related to fire incidents. Although the majority of these of these casualties were within a residential setting, lives could have been saved by having working fire separations • In 2007 there was over 1.55 billion dollars worth of fire loss & damage, again this number could have been significantly lower if items such as door closures & fire walls has been properly maintained. Source: Council of Canadian Fire Marshals Closures & Fire Separations
  6. 6. • What can we look for? Damage door latches Door that are wedged open. How can we help? Remove any items propping doors open , by placing the wedge in the garbage… If you find anyone disabling a door closure or propping a exit door open, advise them that this is not allowed and disabling any door closure is a serious Fire Code violation with potentially dangerous consequences. Closures & Fire Separations
  7. 7. • What can we look for? Door Closures that are either broken or damaged. Closures & Fire Separations
  8. 8. • Example of a fire separation in an office tower which has been compromised. Closures & Fire Separations
  9. 9. Fire Safety Plans
  10. 10. • The Ontario Fire Code, Div. B, Section 2.8 provides for the required preparation, approval, and implementation of a fire safety plan for most buildings and occupancies. • An approved fire safety plan helps to ensure for the effective utilization of fire safety systems, equipment and procedures in a building, to protect people from fire. These plans should be customized to mirror the resources of each individual building, or complex of buildings, and are to be reviewed as often as necessary, but at intervals not greater than 12 months to ensure they take into account changes in the use and other characteristics of the building • Fire Safety Plans must include the following: - Overview of the Property - Distribution of the Plan - Audit of Human Resources - Audit of Building Resources - Floor Plans - Ongoing Responsibilities Fire Safety Plans
  11. 11. - Emergency Procedures - Voice Communication Messages - Emergency Procedures for Building Occupants - Fire Prevention Duties - Fire Drills - Alternate Fire Safety Measures - Posted Instructions - Maintenance Schedule Fire Safety Plans
  12. 12. The purpose of a fire drill is to ensure that all members of the Fire Safety Team are totally familiar with emergency evacuation procedures, resulting in orderly evacuation with efficient use of exit facilities. • High Rise Buildings & Educational Centres - Fire drills are to be held on a quarterly basis. These drills should involve participation from of all members of the Fire Safety Team (Supervisory Staff). One drill should involve evacuation of the entire building. • Low Rise Buildings - Fire drills are to be held on an annual basis. These drills should involve participation from all building occupants including all members of the Fire Safety Team (Supervisory Staff) • Day Care & Child Care Centres – Fire Drills are required to be conducted on a monthly basis. Fire Safety Plans: Fire Drills
  13. 13. Egress has three main parts; the exit access, the exit, and the exit discharge • Exit Access, That portion of a means of egress that leads to an exit. • Exit, That portion of a means of egress that is separated from all other spaces of a building or structure by construction or equipment as required to provide a protected way of travel to the exit discharge. • Exit Discharge, That portion of a means of egress between the termination of an exit and a public way. • If I am in an occupied building and in my office, that area is called the exit access. The path of travel that I take to the stairway is considered the exit access as well. If I step into a rated stairwell I am now in the exit. Fire Safety Plans: Exits & Egress
  14. 14. • Fire wardens are responsible to provide assistance to occupants of the building and Security personnel during emergency evacuations as well as practice drills. Fire wardens and their alternates are responsible for coordinating the orderly evacuation of their floor/section of the building as follows: • Wear the orange arm band supplied by the Building. This identifies you as a Fire Warden; • Ensure all persons are evacuated from the floor of the building; assist persons with disabilities and visitors as necessary (pre-planning may be necessary to ensure persons with disabilities have assistance or are taken to a pre-designated safe area to be determined in consultation with Security); • En-route to the designated exit, if there is no immediate danger to personal safety, ensure all doors are closed, • Proceed to designated exit and remain outside until the “all clear” is given by Security personnel. • Depending upon the type of emergency, stand by to provide information to emergency responders (type, location and severity of emergency); • Return to the building when so directed by Security personnel; Fire Safety Plans: Training
  15. 15. Identifying and reporting hazards are the responsibility of all employees at Cadillac Fairview, whether we are involved with Security, Operations, or Cleaning we all have an equal responsibility to report dangerous or unsafe conditions to ensure these issues receive the attention they deserve. It’s the intent of this section to point out what we might be looking for, and how to properly report these issues. Hazard Identification
  16. 16. What is Hot Work? Hot work is and work process that involve the production of heat, flames, sparks or any other work that could create a clear fire hazard. Examples: Welding Soldering Grinding / Cutting Applied / Torch Roofing Hazardous & Hot Works
  17. 17. Hot Works Permits All persons conducting hot works (welding, cutting/grinding, roofing etc.) are required to apply for a hot works permit and follow hot works protocols, which include… • Ensure that a fire extinguisher is on site and working. • Ensure that all possible fire exposures are minimized. • All welding equipment should be in good working order. • A fire watch is to be provided during and after the hot works process. Hot Works Permits are made available from our Insurance Provider Prior to starting any hot works a formal inspection MUST be completed. During the inspection we are looking for… • Area of clear of any combustible materials. •Fire extinguishers are on site and maintained •There is no risk of creating a fire in another section of the property. Hazardous & Hot Works
  18. 18. Hot Works Permits (Continued)… During the duration of the hot work the person conducting the work is REQUIRED to… • Ensure that the approved hot work permit is visible for all to see (i.e. posted on wall adjacent to work area) • Are requirements if the permit must be followed. • A Fire watch is conducted both during & after the hot work process. Upon the completion of the hot work a final inspection is to be conducted in order to ensure that no fire hazards exist. IF A HOT WORK PERMIT IS NOT VISIBLE ALL HOT WORKS IS TO BE STOPPED UNTIL AN APPROVED PERMIT CAN BE OBTAINED. Hazardous & Hot Works
  19. 19. Fire System Impairments • The purpose of this policy is to manage sprinkler system impairments in the event the sprinkler system must be taken out of service.