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  • 1. Association of Telecommunications Industry of Cambodia (“ATC”): Forming a National Broadband Plan for Kingdom of Cambodia and its key challenges A presentation to ITU and TRC by : Firdaus Fadzil 5 December 2012Association of Telecommunications Industry of Cambodia.
  • 2. AGENDA 1.  Cambodia’s Policy Aspirations 2.  Key Structural Issues 3.  Digital Dividend 4.  Harmonization Efforts 5.  Key TakeawaysAssociation of Telecommunications Industry of Cambodia.
  • 3. CAMBODIA’S POLICY ASPIRATIONSAbsence of well articulated MBB/ICT policy target. Descriptions of main commitments made by the Government •  In Fourth Legislature, the Government is planning to implement the •  National Strategic following reforms: Development Plan 2009-2013 •  Expedite the adoption of Law on Telecommunications and associated legal and regulatory framework; •  Building capacity in the sector; •  Improve and modernise the equipment and technology to ensure effectiveness and a wider coverage of the services; •  Foster competition to ensure efficiency; •  Increase efficient use of IT system and promote e-government; and •  Build and enhance efficiency of backbone infrastructure. •  Consist of six strategic thrusts i.e. Economic transformation, People Engagement and Empowerment, Innovation, Infrastructure •  ASEAN ICT Development, Human Capital Development and Bridging the Digital Masterplan 2015 Divide. •  The Masterplan will be funded via existing ASEAN financing sources which include the ASEAN ICT Fund, ASEAN Dialogue Partners, International Organizations and other public and private institutions. •  Progress of commitment has been slow with limited participation from the industry.Association of Telecommunications Industry of Cambodia.
  • 4. AGENDA 1.  Cambodia’s Policy Aspirations 2.  Key Structural Issues 3.  Digital Dividend 4.  Harmonization Efforts 5. Key TakeawaysAssociation of Telecommunications Industry of Cambodia.
  • 5. KEY STRUCTURAL ISSUESKey issues to be addressed to create vibrant MBB market. Key challenges 1 •  Domestic TDM voice traffic is subjected to mandatory transit Interconnection arrangement which works against any-to-any connectivity principles. regime and its wholesale and retail •  The interconnection rates favor fixed operators and outdated tariff (discriminatory). •  Competition rules and pricing control mechanism need to be re-defined e.g. minimum retail pricing and bundling restriction. 2 •  Allocation of Broadband Wireless Access (BWA) spectrum suitable for BWA spectrum LTE services have been done on a non-transparent basis. allocation and assignment •  Spectrum dispute due to overlapping licenses in 2.5 GHz – 2.7 GHz remain largely unresolved. •  Terms and conditions of the licenses are not publicly available. •  No clear separation of power between Ministry of Post and Telecommunications (MPTC) and Ministry of Information (MoI). •  No updates on ITU’s Radio communications Law study.Association of Telecommunications Industry of Cambodia.
  • 6. KEY STRUCTURAL ISSUESKey issues to be addressed to create vibrant MBB market. Key challenges 3 •  No Telecommunications Law and its implementing regulations. Absence of strong governing structure •  Issues surrounding the implementation of Cambodia’s commitment to and policy World Trade Organisation (WTO) especially on matters related to the transparency. •  The absence of national policy objectives and aspirations create moving target for the Government. 4 Capacity building •  Limited local resources especially experts in the area of technical, and human capital economic and competition areas. development 5 •  The local content industry is evolving and would require some incentives to promote the creation of local digital content especially in Creation of local local language. content •  Weak framework in promoting Intellectual Property Rights (IPR) to safeguard innovation.Association of Telecommunications Industry of Cambodia.
  • 7. AGENDA 1.  Cambodia’s Policy Aspirations 2.  Key Structural Issues 3.  Digital Dividend 4.  Harmonization Efforts 5.  Key TakeawaysAssociation of Telecommunications Industry of Cambodia.
  • 8. POLICY OBJECTIVESCreation of positive effects to economy and social • Economy •  National GDP •  GDP per Capita •  Productivity •  Innovative intensity • Social •  Better access to efficient and productive public services •  More informed and engage citizen •  Better quality of life   •  Connected communityAssociation of Telecommunications Industry of Cambodia.
  • 9. DIGITAL DIVIDEND (“DD”)DD present unique opportunity to enable MBB market.1.  Governments should Number of base stations recognize the economic value of 700MHz spectrum, 2 5 7 10 15 20 and move it to more x12 economically efficient use. x72.  Governments should designate the spectrum for x5 mobile broadband x3 services (against x1 x1.5 allocating for PPDR, PMSE or other services) via public policy statements. UHF Band Source: SCF Associates Study3.  Governments should adopt the harmonized APT 700 GSMA/BCG Study: Economic Benefits for AP (2014 – 2020) (2x45MHz) band plan for MBB Broadcast Region 3. USD 71 billion GDP Increase USD729 billion4.  Assign the spectrum at Business Creation 1.1million new biz Very limited soonest on transparent basis and push for digital New Jobs Creation 2.3 million < 100,000 switchover by 2017. Increase in Tax Revenue USD131 billion USD 28 billionAssociation of Telecommunications Industry of Cambodia.
  • 10. AGENDA 1.  Cambodia’s Policy Aspirations 2.  Key Structural Issues 3.  Digital Dividend 4.  Harmonization Efforts 5.  Key TakeawaysAssociation of Telecommunications Industry of Cambodia.
  • 11. HARMONIZATION EFFORTS (698-806 MHz)APT Wireless Forum ‘Common View’ 700MHz band plan Dual  Duplex  due   10 MHz to  limita5ons  to   5  MHz centre gap 3  MHz RF  filters  at  UE DTTV 45  MHz 45  MHz PPDR/LMR 694   698   806   MHz MHz MHz Harmonised FDD Arrangement of 698-806 MHz band DTTV PPDR/LMR 694   698   806   MHz MHz MHz Critical for Kingdom of Cambodia to adopt 700MHz harmonized band plans (TDD/ FDD): •  Economies of scale => cheaper handsets and network equipment; •  Facilitate international roaming at lower long-term costs; and •  Minimize border coordination issues.Association of Telecommunications Industry of Cambodia.
  • 12. AGENDA 1.  Cambodia’s Policy Aspirations 2.  Key Structural Issues 3.  Digital Dividend 4.  Harmonization Efforts 5.  Key TakeawaysAssociation of Telecommunications Industry of Cambodia.
  • 13. KEY TAKEAWAYSHolistic (Mobile) Broadband Policy covering transformation ofthe telecom industry as well as trans-sector policy.1.  Policy should be developed based on two-pronged approach: •  Transformation of the telecom industry by addressing the structural issues; •  Trans-sector policies e.g. e-health, tele-education, digital media, e-commerce, smart grid, Internet of Things, e-government, etc.2.  Government needs to lead the change due to: •  The incumbent telecom industry is reluctant to transform - no clear incentive and regulatory uncertainty; •  Benefits generated consist of social and economic.3.  Transformation has more to do with national infrastructure than with telecom infrastructure. Transformation should be based on national policies rather than telecom policies. As such, government commitment towards the use of that infrastructure from the trans-sector services is required.4.  For mobile operators, we would like to have a clear and timely policy and regulatory framework especially on the spectrum management e.g. 700MHz LTE Band, Digital Switchover .Association of Telecommunications Industry of Cambodia.