Research problem, Metodologi Pendidikan


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Research problem, Metodologi Pendidikan

  1. 1. Group 2 Research Problems
  2. 2. Definition of research problem • Research problem is the educational issue controversy, or concern that guide the need for conducting a study. (John W.Creswell) • Research problem is exactly that a problem that someone would like to research. (Jack r. frankael & Norman E. Wallen) • “research problem is the condition in which there is a gap between the expectation and the fact happened in the field. A research also means the topic you would like to address, investigate, or study, whether descriptively or experimentally” (Sukardi)
  3. 3. Sources of research problems • Personal experience and interest • Theory • Previous/Current researches • Scientific discussion or workshop
  4. 4. Characteristics of research problem • Significant it is worth investigating because it will contribute important knowledge • Interest suitable with researchers’ interest and filed of study • Feasible and researchable Feasible: the data and method should be available. The equipment and the condition should support Researchable: researched can be examined empirically, it must be suitable with researchers’ ability, and there is available data.
  5. 5. Research problem identification • In identifying the research problem, researchers must identify problem that can be solved or answered depended on the ability, knowledge gain, and research approach chosen. • Researchers also identify whether problem is researchable or unresearchable. • Identify if it is feasible, relevant and significant.
  6. 6. Research problem limitation There are several criteria that must be present in limiting the problem, they are: • Limiting the number of variables related to the alternative solution • Limiting the population as an object of study • Limiting the place of the research • Limiting sample of the study • Limiting the time of the study • Limiting the cost of research • Available resources or rules underlying the research
  7. 7. Research problem statement 1. The forms of research problem statement • Descriptive example: how is the implementation of porto-folio based evaluation in learning English at SMPN 1 Tangerang? • Comparative example: how is the comparison of students’ academic achievement between the students who join tutor outside formal class and students who do not join tutor? • Associative example: how is the relationship between students’ parents’ educational background and the students’ academic achievement in MTSN 2 Banyuwangi?
  8. 8. 2. Ways to state the problem • Problems are usually formulated in the form of a question • Should be clear and concise • Should consist of the implication of existing data to solve problem • Must be basis in making hyphotesis • Must be basis for creating title of research
  9. 9. Significance of research problem • The problem is significant and central role in the research • There will not a research without problem • (Tuckman,1988).(best and Khan,2006) say, “ one of the most difficult phase the research is the choice of a suitable problem”
  10. 10. We can justify the important of your problem by citing evidence from: • Other researcher and expert as reported in the literature • Experiences others have had in the work place • Personal experiences