Learning ObjectivesAt the end of the lecture student should be able to:1. Define the meaning of Safety, Health and Occupational Safety and Health2. The importance of Safety and Health at a Workplace3. Know the responsibilities of Employer4. Know the responsibilities of Employee5. Describe the elements for an effective OSH program
WHAT? – Important Definitions• Safety – A condition in which the physical well-being of people is protected• Health – A general state of physical, mental, and emotional well- being• OSH – Occupational Safety and Health. It is the development, promotion and maintenance of workplace policies and programs that ensure the physical, mental and emotional well being of employees
WHY DOES OSH EXIST? Enjoy the Video! http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=lFSCWEU1IUw&feature=em-share_video_user
WHY? The Need for OSH Harry McShane, age 16, 1908. Pulled into machinery in a factory in Cincinnati. His arm was ripped off at the shoulder and his leg broken. No compensation paid by the company or No attention was paid by the employer at the Hospital or at Home
WHY? The Need for OSHHuman & Social• Eliminates possible danger• Safeguard employee productivity• Protect employee rights• Maintain employees health• Means to promote workplace processes• Improve Morale and ProductivityFinancial Cost• Every year, THOUSANDS of accidents and deaths happen at workplaces – compensation fees• Injuries cost BILLIONS of Dollars
• Provide a safe working environment• Provide a safe system of work• Provide proper training and information• Identify Hazards Assess the Risks Eliminate or Control the Risks• Provide Supervision• Supply personal protective equipment and clothing• Consult with Employees• Provide amenities• Provide First Aid facilities and personnel• Provide for Emergencies• No victimization or unlawful dismissal is allowedEmployer’s Responsibilities
• Cooperate with other employee or other people at the workplace• Notify the employer/supervisor of any risk to Health and Safety• Not to interfere with or misuse things provided for health, safety and welfare• Not hinder aid to an injured worker• Not to refuse assistance in either receiving or giving aid• Not to disrupt the workplace by creating health and safety fearEmployee’s Responsibilities
Elements of an Effective Occupational Health Programi. Employer/Management Commitmentii. Employee involvementiii. Worksite analysisiv. Hazard prevention and controlv. Safety and health training
• It provides MOTIVATION and RESOURCES• Clearly state a worksite safety and health policy• Establish and communicate a clear goal and objective for the safety and health program• Involve top management in implementing the programi. Employer/Management Commitment
• Employee involvement allow workers to develop and express commitment to safety and health• Encourage employees to get involved in the program and in decisions that affect their safety and health• Communicate responsibility for all program aspects• Managers, supervisors and employees must be held accountable for meeting their responsibilitiesii. Employee Involvement
• Examine the worksite and identify: • Existing hazards • Conditions and Operations where changes might occur to create hazards• Management must actively analyze the work and the worksite to anticipate and prevent harmful occurrences• Conduct a comprehensive survey for safety and health• Job hazard analysisiii. Worksite Analysis
• Do on-site occupational health inspections• Investigate accidents and “near miss” incidents, so that their causes and means for prevention are identified• Analyze injury and illness trends, so that common cause patterns can be identified and preventedWorksite Analysis... (cont.)
o Start by determining a hazard or potential hazard existso Where feasible, prevent hazards by effective design of job or job siteo If the hazards cannot be eliminated, then hazards control is usedo Eliminate or control hazards in a timely manner using engineering and administration control, personal protective equipment, safe work practices communicated and Hazard Prevention Planningiv. Hazard Prevention and Control
§ Address the safety and health responsibilities of ALL personnel§ Incorporate it into existing training i.e. First Aid Training§ Employees must understand the hazards they may be exposed to and how to prevent harm to themselves and others from hazard exposure§ Orientation training must be given to site and contract workersv. Safety and Health Training
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