What is an Accident?• an unplanned event • an unplanned incident involving injury or fatality • a series of events culminating in an unplanned and unforeseen event
How do accident occurs?• Accidents (with or without injuries) occur when a series of unrelated events coincide at a certain time and space.• This can be from a few events to a series of a dozen or more (Because the coincidence of the series of events is a matter of luck, actual accidents only happen infrequently)
Accident causes• Unsafe Act - an act by the injured person or another person (or both) which caused the accident, and/or• Unsafe Condition - some environmental or hazardous situation which caused the accident independent of the employee
Incident Occurrence• Type - struck by - struck against - slip, trip - fell from - caught on - fell on same level - caught in - overexertion• Contact with - electricity - equipment - noise - vibration - hazmat - heat/cold - radiation - animals/insects
Immediate causes• Practices - operating without authority - use equipment improperly - not using PPE (Personal Protection Equipment) when required - correct lifting procedures not established - drinking or drug use - equipment not properly secured
Con’t• Conditions - ineffective guards - unserviceable tools and equipment - inadequate warning systems - bad housekeeping practices - poor work space illumination - unhealthy work environment
Poor Housekeeping:• When clients, managers or safety professionals walk through your work site, housekeeping is an accurate indicator of everyones attitude about quality, production and safety.• Poor housekeeping creates hazards of all types. A well maintained area sets a standard for others to follow. Good housekeeping involves both pride and safety.
Basic Causes• Personal Factors - lack of knowledge or skill - improper motivation - physical or mental condition - literacy or ability• Job Factors - Physical environment - sub-standard equipment - abnormal usage - wear and tear - inadequate standards - design and maintenance
Mental Distractions from Work:• Having a bad day at home and worrying about it at work is a hazardous combination. Dropping your mental guard can pull your focus away from safe work procedures.• You can also be distracted when youre busy working and a friend comes by to talk while you are trying to work.• Dont become a statistic because you took your eyes off the machine "just for a minute."
Con’t• Supervisory Performance - inadequate instructions - failure of SOPs - rules not enforced - hazards not corrected - devices not provided• Management Policy and Decisions - set measurable standards - measure work in progress - evaluate work vs. standards - correct performance
Starting a Task with Incomplete Instructions• To do the job safely and right the first time you need complete information.• Dont be shy about asking for explanations about work procedures and safety precautions.
Ignoring Safety Procedures• Purposely failing to observe safety procedures can endanger you and your co-workers.• You are being paid to follow the company safety policies-not to make your own rules. Being "casual" about safety can lead to a casualty!
Taking Shortcutso Every day we make decisions we hopewill make the job faster and more efficient.o Shortcuts that reduce your safety on thejob are not shortcuts, but an increasedchance for you to be injured
Accident Ratio Study Serious or Disabling 110 Minor Injuries30 Property Damage600 Accidents with no visible injury or damage6000 Unsafe Acts or Conditions