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Immigration, Women, and Children: Part I - Basic Concepts
 

Immigration, Women, and Children: Part I - Basic Concepts

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Recorded on Thursday, March 22, 2012. This webinar reviews basic immigration terms and pointers for women who are not Canadian citizens and whose status may be affected by their partner and the ...

Recorded on Thursday, March 22, 2012. This webinar reviews basic immigration terms and pointers for women who are not Canadian citizens and whose status may be affected by their partner and the breakdown of their relationship. Discussion will cover understanding immigration status, getting control of the immigration file, and where to look for help. Presenters are Tamar Witelson, Legal Director at The Metropolitan Action Committee on Violence Against Women and Children (METRAC) and Raoul Boulakia, a lawyer and certified specialist in Immigration, Refugee and Citizenship law. The presentation slides included below address all the topics covered in the webinar plus a section on How to Find Help.

Please note that this webinar is part one of a two part series. For more information see Immigration, Women, and Children: Part II – Sample Situations.

To watch an archived version of this webinar visit:
http://yourlegalrights.on.ca/webinar/Immigration-Women-and-Children-Part-I-Basic-Concepts

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    Immigration, Women, and Children: Part I - Basic Concepts Immigration, Women, and Children: Part I - Basic Concepts Presentation Transcript

    • This webinar is brought to you by  Your Legal Rights: a website of legal  information for people in Ontario. www.yourlegalrights.on.ca Your Legal Rights is a project of CLEO and funded by the Law Foundation of Ontario.
    • About our presenter… Tamar Witelson is the Legal Director at  METRAC. Her background includes practice in  labour and human rights law, and in Constitutional g , law for the Ontario Ministry of the Attorney  General. She was also counsel at the Human  Rights Tribunal of Ontario, and before joining g , j g METRAC was staff lawyer at the Women’s Legal  Education and Action Fund (LEAF), running an  equality rights law and information website.equality rights law and information website. Your Legal Rights is a project of CLEO and funded by the Law Foundation of Ontario.
    • Immigration, Women and Children Part 1: Basic Concepts March 22, 2012 f il l Tamar Witelson, Legal Director, METRAC Raoul Boulakia, Immigration and Refugee Lawyer, Toronto, Ontario www.onefamilylaw.ca 22/03/2012 3
    • METRACMETRAC METRAC, the Metropolitan Action Committee on Violence Against Women and Children works to end violence against women, youth and children a not-for-profit, community-based organization www.metrac.org METRAC’s Community Justice Program provides accessible legal information and education for women and service providers f l th t ff t f di b k dfocuses on law that affects women, from diverse backgrounds, especially those experiencing violence or abuse FLEW, Family Law Education for Women in Ontario provides information on women’s rights and options under Ontario family law in 14 languages, accessible formats, online and in print www.onefamilylaw.cay 22/03/2012 4
    • Presenters Tamar Witelson Legal Director, METRAC Raoul Boulakia Refugee and Immigration Lawyer, Toronto, Ontario 22/03/2012 5
    • Topics to be CoveredTopics to be Covered 1. First Steps: Before Meeting with a Lawyer Assess SafetyAssess Safety Understand the Problem Collect Information about her Immigration File Understand Her StoryUnderstand Her Story 2. Different Kinds of Immigration Status in Canada 3. Common Immigration Terms 4. Potential Risks to Your Immigration Status in Canada 5. Options when Your Status is at Risk 6 How to Find Help6. How to Find Help 7. Additional Resources Information is accurate as of March 22, 2012Information is accurate as of March 22, 2012 22/03/2012 6
    • Introduction Barriers to leaving an abusive relationship: Concern about children and custody Fear of homelessness and poverty Controlling partners and other family membersControlling partners and other family members Attitudes of family, friends and community members Not knowing legal rightsg g g Fear of the legal system Not knowing about resources or how to find help Di i i tiDiscrimination Immigration status or lack of status 22/03/2012 7
    • Fi t St B f M tiFirst Steps: Before Meeting with a Lawyery 22/03/2012 8
    • First Steps: Before Meeting with a Lawyer 1 A f1. Assess safety make a safety plan ensure she and her children are safee su e s e a d e c d e a e sa e Abuse can be:Abuse can be: physical violence threats of harm treatment that causes emotional or psychological sufferingp y g g In most emergencies, call 911 22/03/2012 9
    • First Steps: Before Meeting with a LLawyer For information, if your partner is abusive or violent: Assaulted Women’s Helpline http://www.awhl.org/ 24 hours/7 days; multiple languages Toll-free: 1-866-863-0511;
TTY: 1-866-863-7868 Legal Aid Ontario http://www.legalaid.on.ca/en/getting/type_domesticviolence.asp Available to every immigration status Free telephone interpretation services for languages other than English and FrenchFrench Toll-free: 1-800-668-8258; TTY: 1-866-641-8867 Family Violence Authorization Program (Legal Aid Ontario) Free 2-hour emergency meeting with a lawyerFree 2 hour emergency meeting with a lawyer Offered through some shelters and community legal clinics Toll-free: 1-800-668-8258; TTY: 1-866-641-8867 FLEW (Family Law Education for Women) Resources pageFLEW (Family Law Education for Women) Resources page http://www.onefamilylaw.ca/en/resources/ 22/03/2012 10
    • First Steps: Before Meeting with a LLawyer 2.Understanding the problem may involveU de sta d g t e p ob e ay o e multiple areas of law Patricia’s example scenario:p Family Issues •custody of her child i /di Immigration Issues •has applied for permanent  •separation/divorce •child/spousal support •child protection residence •partner is sponsoring her •risk of deportation  Criminal Issues •Possible assault charges •Possible protection order 22/03/2012 11 Possible protection order
    • First Steps: Before Meeting with a LLawyer 3. Getting Accurate Knowledge of theg g Immigration File Collect Information: Phone Citizenship and Immigration Canada (CIC) Toll free: 1-888-242-2100 http://www.cic.gc.ca/english/contacts/index.asp Make a Privacy Act request to: Canadian Border Service Agency (CBSA) AND Citizenship and Immigration Canada (CIC)Citizenship and Immigration Canada (CIC) If client has previously been represented, ask previous lawyer for a copy of her file 22/03/2012 12
    • First Steps: Before Meeting with a LLawyer 3 Getting Accurate Knowledge of the3. Getting Accurate Knowledge of the Immigration File (continued) Get Permission to Collect Information: Designated Individual Form (for communications with CBSA/CIC)CBSA/CIC) Privacy Consent Form (for communications with lawyers or other offices) 22/03/2012 13
    • First Steps: Before Meeting with a LLawyer 4 Understand Her Story:4. Understand Her Story: get the details consider an interpreter h id i dgather identity documents gather evidence of: abuse how her children will be affected evidence of hardship or risk in country of origin her financial situationher financial situation her connections to the community/ties in Canada help her find a lawyer 22/03/2012 14
    • Diff t Ki d fDifferent Kinds of Immigration Status ing Canada 22/03/2012 15
    • Different Kinds of Immigration Status in Canada Citizen Permanent Resident Family Class: oSpouse or common-law or conjugal partner (including same-sex partners) Application from abroad or in CanadaoApplication from abroad or in Canada oParent or child 22/03/2012 16
    • Different Kinds of Immigration St t i C dStatus in Canada Permanent ResidentPermanent Resident Economic classes (and their dependents) o skilled workers o Canadian experience o investors o entrepreneurso e t ep e eu s Refugee Claimant, Convention Refugee or Protected person 22/03/2012 17
    • Different Kinds of Immigration Status in Canada Temporary Resident Workers Students Visitors Non-Status Persons 22/03/2012 18
    • Different Kinds of Immigration Status in Canada RefugeesRefugees Well-founded fear of persecution in their country of origin based on: o race o religion o political opiniono political opinion o nationality o membership in a particular social group (such as women or sexual orientation)sexual orientation) AND government of country of origin cannot protect them 22/03/2012 19
    • Different Kinds of Immigration Status in Canada Refugees Gender Based Refugee Claims 22/03/2012 20
    • C I i tiCommon Immigration Terms 22/03/2012 21
    • Common Immigration Terms R f H iRefugee Hearing Admissibility/ Inadmissibility Detention Deportation Order Departure Order Exclusion Order 22/03/2012 22
    • P t ti l Ri k t YPotential Risks to Your Immigration Status ing Canada 22/03/2012 23
    • Potential Risks to Your Immigration S i C dStatus in Canada CitiCitizen misrepresentation Permanent Resident li i d i timalicious denunciations criminal convictions misrepresentationmisrepresentation 22/03/2012 24
    • Potential Risks to Your Immigration St t i C dStatus in Canada Application in progressApplication in progress Citizenship Permanent ResidencyPermanent Residency Refugee Claim Non Status always at riskalways at risk involving the police 22/03/2012 25
    • Presenters Tamar Witelson Legal Director, METRAC Raoul Boulakia Refugee and Immigration Lawyer, Toronto, Ontario 22/03/2012 26
    • U d t di O tiUnderstanding Options 22/03/2012 27
    • Understanding Optionsg p When there is a risk of deportation:When there is a risk of deportation: Refugee Claim Judicial ReviewJudicial Review Pre-Removal Risk Assessment (PRRA) Humanitarian & Compassionate (H&C)Humanitarian & Compassionate (H&C) application 22/03/2012 28
    • Understanding Options Humanitarian & Compassionate A li tiApplications: made from within Canada no stay of removal without an order from the Federalno stay of removal without an order from the Federal Court domestic violence best interests of the child establishment in Canada hardship in country of origin impact on others living in Canada 22/03/2012 29
    • Understanding Options Humanitarian & CompassionateHumanitarian & Compassionate Applications: Factors that may lead to inadmissibility ocriminal recordocriminal record opoor health oprior misrepresentationp p 22/03/2012 30
    • Understanding Optionsg p When there is a risk of deportation:When there is a risk of deportation: f P t R id tfor a Permanent Resident orequest discretion not to proceed with inadmissibility hearinginadmissibility hearing oappeal inadmissibility decision to the Immigration Appeal Division 22/03/2012 31
    • Presenters Tamar Witelson Legal Director, METRAC Raoul Boulakia Refugee and Immigration Lawyer, Toronto, Ontario 22/03/2012 32
    • H t Fi d H lHow to Find Help 22/03/2012 33
    • How to Find Help 1. Legal Aid Ontario Must meet financial eligibility requirement Refugee Law Office Legal Aid office that specializes in immigration andg p g refugee law • Certificate for opinion letter • Certificate for representationp Assists clients with: • refugee claims and other risk assessment applicationspp • detention reviews • appeals of Deportation Orders and Federal Court hearings, including stays of removalg , g y 22/03/2012 34
    • How to Find Helpp 1. Legal Aid Ontario (continued) Legal Aid Certificates in cases of domestic violence Toll free: 1 800 668 8258Toll-free: 1-800-668-8258 Legal Aid has a list of lawyers who may be willing toLegal Aid has a list of lawyers who may be willing to accept Legal Aid Certificates for their services www.legalaid.on.ca 22/03/2012 35
    • How to Find Help 2. Community Legal Clinics http://www.legalaid.on.ca/en/contact/contact.asp?type=cl may have information some offer immigration services most domay have information – some offer immigration services, most do not offer family law services may have access to list of immigration and/or family law lawyers 77 community legal clinics in Ontario 17 specialty clinics, serving specific communities 6 student legal clinics 3 J ti N t3. Justice Net http://www.justicenet.ca/directory/search/ a not-for-profit service a resource for low income people who don’t qualify for Legal Aida resource for low income people who don t qualify for Legal Aid a source to find lawyers who work for a reduced fee Toll-free: 1-866-919-3219 22/03/2012 36
    • How to Find Help 4. Immigration & Refugee Law Lawyers in Private Practice Recommended by a friend or support agency Law Society of Upper Canada (LSUC) Directory • Certified Immigration Law Specialists htt // 1 l / i li t/j / li t1 j ? d CII& ihttp://www1.lsuc.on.ca/specialist/jsp/namelist1.jsp?code=CII&region= • Certified Refugee Law Specialists http://www1.lsuc.on.ca/specialist/jsp/namelist1.jsp?code=CIR&region= Law Society of Upper Canada (LSUC) Referral Service • provides a lawyer in your area • 30 minutes free to discuss legal optionsg p • no requirement to hire lawyer • only one referral for each issue • Toll-free: 1-800-268-8326 http://www.lsuc.on.ca/faq.aspx?id=2147486372 22/03/2012 37
    • Presenters Tamar Witelson Legal Director, METRAC Raoul Boulakia Refugee and Immigration Lawyer, Toronto, Ontario 22/03/2012 38
    • Additi l RAdditional Resources 22/03/2012 39
    • Resources (Immigration) Find a community legal clinic near you http://www.legalaid.on.ca/en/contact/contact.asp?type=cl Community & Specialty Legal Clinics http://www.legalaid.on.ca/en/contact/contact.asp?type=cly p y g Centre for Spanish Speaking Peoples Metro Toronto Chinese and Southeast Asian Legal Clinic Refugee and Immigrants Information Centre Toronto South Asian Legal Clinic of OntarioSouth Asian Legal Clinic of Ontario FCJ Refugee Centre http://www.fcjrefugeecentre.org/ 416-469-9754 Canadian Association of Refugee Lawyers http://www.refugeelawyersgroup.ca/ Refugee Lawyers Association of Ontario http://www.rlaontario.com/ Settlement.org http://www.settlement.org/index.asp Information and answers on settling in Ontario 211 Canada.ca http://211canada.ca/ Find available immigrant and refugee serving organizations in your area 40
    • Resources (Immigration) Legal Aid Refugee Law Office http://www.legalaid.on.ca/en/getting/type_immigration.asp 416-977-8111 Citizenship and Immigration Canada http://www.cic.gc.ca/english/index.asp Call Centre Toll-free: 1-888-242-2100 TTY: 1-888-576-8502 More Contacts: http://www cic gc ca/english/contacts/index aspMore Contacts: http://www.cic.gc.ca/english/contacts/index.asp Ministry of Citizenship and Immigration (Ontario) http://www.citizenship.gov.on.ca/ Find information about citizenship and immigration in Ontario G l I i (416) 327 2422General Inquiry: (416) 327-2422 Toll-free: 1-800-267-7329 TTY: 1-800-555-5559 Canadian Council for Refugees http://ccrweb.ca/en/home Directory of immigrant and refugee serving organizations in your area http://ccrweb.ca/en/links 514-277-7223 41
    • Resources (Family) Assaulted Women’s Helpline www.awhl.org Toll-free: 1-866-863-0511; TTY: 1.866.863.7868 Toronto: 416-863-0511Toronto: 416 863 0511 Legal Aid Ontario http://www.legalaid.on.ca/en/getting/default.asp Toll-free: 1-800-668-8258; TTY: 1-866-641-8867 Toronto: 416-979-1446 (accepts collect calls)Toronto: 416 979 1446 (accepts collect calls) Family Law Information Program (FLIP) http://www.legalaid.on.ca/en/getting/flip.asp Family Law Information Centres (FLICs) http://www.legalaid.on.ca/en/getting/type family.aspFamily Law Information Centres (FLICs) http://www.legalaid.on.ca/en/getting/type_family.asp Family Law Services Centres (FLSCs) http://www.legalaid.on.ca/en/contact/contact.asp?type=flsc FLEW (Family Law Education for Women) http://www.onefamilylaw.ca/en/resources/FLEW (Family Law Education for Women) http://www.onefamilylaw.ca/en/resources/ Ontario Women’s Justice Network (OWJN) www.owjn.org 42
    • Resources (General) Law Society of Upper Canada Lawyer Referral Service http://www.lsuc.on.ca/with.aspx?id=697 Toll-free: 1-800-268-8326Toll-free: 1-800-268-8326 Toronto: 416-947-3330 TTY: 416-644-4886 Toolkit for a good Client-Lawyer Relationship http://schliferclinic.com/vars/legal/pblo/toolkit.htm Barbra Schlifer Commemorative ClinicBarbra Schlifer Commemorative Clinic Ministry of the Attorney Generaly y http://www.attorneygeneral.jus.gov.on.ca/english/ Toll free: 1-800-518-7901 TTY: 1-877-425-0575 43
    • This webinar was brought to you by  Your Legal Rights: A website of legal informationYour Legal Rights: A website of legal information  for people in Ontario For more information visit Your Legal Rights at  www.yourlegalrights.on.ca For more public legal information webinars visit: www yourlegalrights on ca/trainingwww.yourlegalrights.on.ca/training