This webinar is brought to you by 
Your Legal Rights: a website of legal 
information for people in Ontario.
www.yourlegal...
About our presenter…
Tamar Witelson is the Legal Director at 
METRAC. Her background includes practice in 
labour and huma...
Immigration, Women and Children
Part 1: Basic Concepts
March 22, 2012
f il l
Tamar Witelson, Legal Director, METRAC
Raoul ...
METRACMETRAC
METRAC, the Metropolitan Action Committee on Violence Against
Women and Children
works to end violence agains...
Presenters
Tamar Witelson
Legal Director, METRAC
Raoul Boulakia
Refugee and Immigration Lawyer,
Toronto, Ontario
22/03/201...
Topics to be CoveredTopics to be Covered
1. First Steps: Before Meeting with a Lawyer
Assess SafetyAssess Safety
Understan...
Introduction
Barriers to leaving an abusive relationship:
Concern about children and custody
Fear of homelessness and pove...
Fi t St B f M tiFirst Steps: Before Meeting
with a Lawyery
22/03/2012 8
First Steps: Before Meeting with a
Lawyer
1 A f1. Assess safety
make a safety plan
ensure she and her children are safee s...
First Steps: Before Meeting with a
LLawyer
For information, if your partner is abusive or violent:
Assaulted Women’s Helpl...
First Steps: Before Meeting with a
LLawyer
2.Understanding the problem may involveU de sta d g t e p ob e ay o e
multiple ...
First Steps: Before Meeting with a
LLawyer
3. Getting Accurate Knowledge of theg g
Immigration File
Collect Information:
P...
First Steps: Before Meeting with a
LLawyer
3 Getting Accurate Knowledge of the3. Getting Accurate Knowledge of the
Immigra...
First Steps: Before Meeting with a
LLawyer
4 Understand Her Story:4. Understand Her Story:
get the details
consider an int...
Diff t Ki d fDifferent Kinds of
Immigration Status ing
Canada
22/03/2012 15
Different Kinds of Immigration
Status in Canada
Citizen
Permanent Resident
Family Class:
oSpouse or common-law or conjugal...
Different Kinds of Immigration
St t i C dStatus in Canada
Permanent ResidentPermanent Resident
Economic classes (and their...
Different Kinds of Immigration
Status in Canada
Temporary Resident
Workers
Students
Visitors
Non-Status Persons
22/03/2012...
Different Kinds of Immigration
Status in Canada
RefugeesRefugees
Well-founded fear of persecution in their country of
orig...
Different Kinds of Immigration
Status in Canada
Refugees
Gender Based Refugee Claims
22/03/2012 20
C I i tiCommon Immigration
Terms
22/03/2012 21
Common Immigration Terms
R f H iRefugee Hearing
Admissibility/ Inadmissibility
Detention
Deportation Order
Departure Order...
P t ti l Ri k t YPotential Risks to Your
Immigration Status ing
Canada
22/03/2012 23
Potential Risks to Your Immigration
S i C dStatus in Canada
CitiCitizen
misrepresentation
Permanent Resident
li i d i tima...
Potential Risks to Your Immigration
St t i C dStatus in Canada
Application in progressApplication in progress
Citizenship
...
Presenters
Tamar Witelson
Legal Director, METRAC
Raoul Boulakia
Refugee and Immigration Lawyer,
Toronto, Ontario
22/03/201...
U d t di O tiUnderstanding Options
22/03/2012 27
Understanding Optionsg p
When there is a risk of deportation:When there is a risk of deportation:
Refugee Claim
Judicial R...
Understanding Options
Humanitarian & Compassionate
A li tiApplications:
made from within Canada
no stay of removal without...
Understanding Options
Humanitarian & CompassionateHumanitarian & Compassionate
Applications:
Factors that may lead to inad...
Understanding Optionsg p
When there is a risk of deportation:When there is a risk of deportation:
f P t R id tfor a Perman...
Presenters
Tamar Witelson
Legal Director, METRAC
Raoul Boulakia
Refugee and Immigration Lawyer,
Toronto, Ontario
22/03/201...
H t Fi d H lHow to Find Help
22/03/2012 33
How to Find Help
1. Legal Aid Ontario
Must meet financial eligibility requirement
Refugee Law Office
Legal Aid office that...
How to Find Helpp
1. Legal Aid Ontario (continued)
Legal Aid Certificates in cases of domestic violence
Toll free: 1 800 6...
How to Find Help
2. Community Legal Clinics
http://www.legalaid.on.ca/en/contact/contact.asp?type=cl
may have information ...
How to Find Help
4. Immigration & Refugee Law Lawyers in Private Practice
Recommended by a friend or support agency
Law So...
Presenters
Tamar Witelson
Legal Director, METRAC
Raoul Boulakia
Refugee and Immigration Lawyer,
Toronto, Ontario
22/03/201...
Additi l RAdditional Resources
22/03/2012 39
Resources (Immigration)
Find a community legal clinic near you
http://www.legalaid.on.ca/en/contact/contact.asp?type=cl
Co...
Resources (Immigration)
Legal Aid Refugee Law Office http://www.legalaid.on.ca/en/getting/type_immigration.asp
416-977-811...
Resources (Family)
Assaulted Women’s Helpline www.awhl.org
Toll-free: 1-866-863-0511; TTY: 1.866.863.7868
Toronto: 416-863...
Resources (General)
Law Society of Upper Canada Lawyer Referral Service
http://www.lsuc.on.ca/with.aspx?id=697
Toll-free: ...
This webinar was brought to you by 
Your Legal Rights: A website of legal informationYour Legal Rights: A website of legal...
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Immigration, Women, and Children: Part I - Basic Concepts

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Recorded on Thursday, March 22, 2012. This webinar reviews basic immigration terms and pointers for women who are not Canadian citizens and whose status may be affected by their partner and the breakdown of their relationship. Discussion will cover understanding immigration status, getting control of the immigration file, and where to look for help. Presenters are Tamar Witelson, Legal Director at The Metropolitan Action Committee on Violence Against Women and Children (METRAC) and Raoul Boulakia, a lawyer and certified specialist in Immigration, Refugee and Citizenship law. The presentation slides included below address all the topics covered in the webinar plus a section on How to Find Help.

Please note that this webinar is part one of a two part series. For more information see Immigration, Women, and Children: Part II – Sample Situations.

To watch an archived version of this webinar visit:
http://yourlegalrights.on.ca/webinar/Immigration-Women-and-Children-Part-I-Basic-Concepts

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Immigration, Women, and Children: Part I - Basic Concepts

  1. 1. This webinar is brought to you by  Your Legal Rights: a website of legal  information for people in Ontario. www.yourlegalrights.on.ca Your Legal Rights is a project of CLEO and funded by the Law Foundation of Ontario.
  2. 2. About our presenter… Tamar Witelson is the Legal Director at  METRAC. Her background includes practice in  labour and human rights law, and in Constitutional g , law for the Ontario Ministry of the Attorney  General. She was also counsel at the Human  Rights Tribunal of Ontario, and before joining g , j g METRAC was staff lawyer at the Women’s Legal  Education and Action Fund (LEAF), running an  equality rights law and information website.equality rights law and information website. Your Legal Rights is a project of CLEO and funded by the Law Foundation of Ontario.
  3. 3. Immigration, Women and Children Part 1: Basic Concepts March 22, 2012 f il l Tamar Witelson, Legal Director, METRAC Raoul Boulakia, Immigration and Refugee Lawyer, Toronto, Ontario www.onefamilylaw.ca 22/03/2012 3
  4. 4. METRACMETRAC METRAC, the Metropolitan Action Committee on Violence Against Women and Children works to end violence against women, youth and children a not-for-profit, community-based organization www.metrac.org METRAC’s Community Justice Program provides accessible legal information and education for women and service providers f l th t ff t f di b k dfocuses on law that affects women, from diverse backgrounds, especially those experiencing violence or abuse FLEW, Family Law Education for Women in Ontario provides information on women’s rights and options under Ontario family law in 14 languages, accessible formats, online and in print www.onefamilylaw.cay 22/03/2012 4
  5. 5. Presenters Tamar Witelson Legal Director, METRAC Raoul Boulakia Refugee and Immigration Lawyer, Toronto, Ontario 22/03/2012 5
  6. 6. Topics to be CoveredTopics to be Covered 1. First Steps: Before Meeting with a Lawyer Assess SafetyAssess Safety Understand the Problem Collect Information about her Immigration File Understand Her StoryUnderstand Her Story 2. Different Kinds of Immigration Status in Canada 3. Common Immigration Terms 4. Potential Risks to Your Immigration Status in Canada 5. Options when Your Status is at Risk 6 How to Find Help6. How to Find Help 7. Additional Resources Information is accurate as of March 22, 2012Information is accurate as of March 22, 2012 22/03/2012 6
  7. 7. Introduction Barriers to leaving an abusive relationship: Concern about children and custody Fear of homelessness and poverty Controlling partners and other family membersControlling partners and other family members Attitudes of family, friends and community members Not knowing legal rightsg g g Fear of the legal system Not knowing about resources or how to find help Di i i tiDiscrimination Immigration status or lack of status 22/03/2012 7
  8. 8. Fi t St B f M tiFirst Steps: Before Meeting with a Lawyery 22/03/2012 8
  9. 9. First Steps: Before Meeting with a Lawyer 1 A f1. Assess safety make a safety plan ensure she and her children are safee su e s e a d e c d e a e sa e Abuse can be:Abuse can be: physical violence threats of harm treatment that causes emotional or psychological sufferingp y g g In most emergencies, call 911 22/03/2012 9
  10. 10. First Steps: Before Meeting with a LLawyer For information, if your partner is abusive or violent: Assaulted Women’s Helpline http://www.awhl.org/ 24 hours/7 days; multiple languages Toll-free: 1-866-863-0511;
TTY: 1-866-863-7868 Legal Aid Ontario http://www.legalaid.on.ca/en/getting/type_domesticviolence.asp Available to every immigration status Free telephone interpretation services for languages other than English and FrenchFrench Toll-free: 1-800-668-8258; TTY: 1-866-641-8867 Family Violence Authorization Program (Legal Aid Ontario) Free 2-hour emergency meeting with a lawyerFree 2 hour emergency meeting with a lawyer Offered through some shelters and community legal clinics Toll-free: 1-800-668-8258; TTY: 1-866-641-8867 FLEW (Family Law Education for Women) Resources pageFLEW (Family Law Education for Women) Resources page http://www.onefamilylaw.ca/en/resources/ 22/03/2012 10
  11. 11. First Steps: Before Meeting with a LLawyer 2.Understanding the problem may involveU de sta d g t e p ob e ay o e multiple areas of law Patricia’s example scenario:p Family Issues •custody of her child i /di Immigration Issues •has applied for permanent  •separation/divorce •child/spousal support •child protection residence •partner is sponsoring her •risk of deportation  Criminal Issues •Possible assault charges •Possible protection order 22/03/2012 11 Possible protection order
  12. 12. First Steps: Before Meeting with a LLawyer 3. Getting Accurate Knowledge of theg g Immigration File Collect Information: Phone Citizenship and Immigration Canada (CIC) Toll free: 1-888-242-2100 http://www.cic.gc.ca/english/contacts/index.asp Make a Privacy Act request to: Canadian Border Service Agency (CBSA) AND Citizenship and Immigration Canada (CIC)Citizenship and Immigration Canada (CIC) If client has previously been represented, ask previous lawyer for a copy of her file 22/03/2012 12
  13. 13. First Steps: Before Meeting with a LLawyer 3 Getting Accurate Knowledge of the3. Getting Accurate Knowledge of the Immigration File (continued) Get Permission to Collect Information: Designated Individual Form (for communications with CBSA/CIC)CBSA/CIC) Privacy Consent Form (for communications with lawyers or other offices) 22/03/2012 13
  14. 14. First Steps: Before Meeting with a LLawyer 4 Understand Her Story:4. Understand Her Story: get the details consider an interpreter h id i dgather identity documents gather evidence of: abuse how her children will be affected evidence of hardship or risk in country of origin her financial situationher financial situation her connections to the community/ties in Canada help her find a lawyer 22/03/2012 14
  15. 15. Diff t Ki d fDifferent Kinds of Immigration Status ing Canada 22/03/2012 15
  16. 16. Different Kinds of Immigration Status in Canada Citizen Permanent Resident Family Class: oSpouse or common-law or conjugal partner (including same-sex partners) Application from abroad or in CanadaoApplication from abroad or in Canada oParent or child 22/03/2012 16
  17. 17. Different Kinds of Immigration St t i C dStatus in Canada Permanent ResidentPermanent Resident Economic classes (and their dependents) o skilled workers o Canadian experience o investors o entrepreneurso e t ep e eu s Refugee Claimant, Convention Refugee or Protected person 22/03/2012 17
  18. 18. Different Kinds of Immigration Status in Canada Temporary Resident Workers Students Visitors Non-Status Persons 22/03/2012 18
  19. 19. Different Kinds of Immigration Status in Canada RefugeesRefugees Well-founded fear of persecution in their country of origin based on: o race o religion o political opiniono political opinion o nationality o membership in a particular social group (such as women or sexual orientation)sexual orientation) AND government of country of origin cannot protect them 22/03/2012 19
  20. 20. Different Kinds of Immigration Status in Canada Refugees Gender Based Refugee Claims 22/03/2012 20
  21. 21. C I i tiCommon Immigration Terms 22/03/2012 21
  22. 22. Common Immigration Terms R f H iRefugee Hearing Admissibility/ Inadmissibility Detention Deportation Order Departure Order Exclusion Order 22/03/2012 22
  23. 23. P t ti l Ri k t YPotential Risks to Your Immigration Status ing Canada 22/03/2012 23
  24. 24. Potential Risks to Your Immigration S i C dStatus in Canada CitiCitizen misrepresentation Permanent Resident li i d i timalicious denunciations criminal convictions misrepresentationmisrepresentation 22/03/2012 24
  25. 25. Potential Risks to Your Immigration St t i C dStatus in Canada Application in progressApplication in progress Citizenship Permanent ResidencyPermanent Residency Refugee Claim Non Status always at riskalways at risk involving the police 22/03/2012 25
  26. 26. Presenters Tamar Witelson Legal Director, METRAC Raoul Boulakia Refugee and Immigration Lawyer, Toronto, Ontario 22/03/2012 26
  27. 27. U d t di O tiUnderstanding Options 22/03/2012 27
  28. 28. Understanding Optionsg p When there is a risk of deportation:When there is a risk of deportation: Refugee Claim Judicial ReviewJudicial Review Pre-Removal Risk Assessment (PRRA) Humanitarian & Compassionate (H&C)Humanitarian & Compassionate (H&C) application 22/03/2012 28
  29. 29. Understanding Options Humanitarian & Compassionate A li tiApplications: made from within Canada no stay of removal without an order from the Federalno stay of removal without an order from the Federal Court domestic violence best interests of the child establishment in Canada hardship in country of origin impact on others living in Canada 22/03/2012 29
  30. 30. Understanding Options Humanitarian & CompassionateHumanitarian & Compassionate Applications: Factors that may lead to inadmissibility ocriminal recordocriminal record opoor health oprior misrepresentationp p 22/03/2012 30
  31. 31. Understanding Optionsg p When there is a risk of deportation:When there is a risk of deportation: f P t R id tfor a Permanent Resident orequest discretion not to proceed with inadmissibility hearinginadmissibility hearing oappeal inadmissibility decision to the Immigration Appeal Division 22/03/2012 31
  32. 32. Presenters Tamar Witelson Legal Director, METRAC Raoul Boulakia Refugee and Immigration Lawyer, Toronto, Ontario 22/03/2012 32
  33. 33. H t Fi d H lHow to Find Help 22/03/2012 33
  34. 34. How to Find Help 1. Legal Aid Ontario Must meet financial eligibility requirement Refugee Law Office Legal Aid office that specializes in immigration andg p g refugee law • Certificate for opinion letter • Certificate for representationp Assists clients with: • refugee claims and other risk assessment applicationspp • detention reviews • appeals of Deportation Orders and Federal Court hearings, including stays of removalg , g y 22/03/2012 34
  35. 35. How to Find Helpp 1. Legal Aid Ontario (continued) Legal Aid Certificates in cases of domestic violence Toll free: 1 800 668 8258Toll-free: 1-800-668-8258 Legal Aid has a list of lawyers who may be willing toLegal Aid has a list of lawyers who may be willing to accept Legal Aid Certificates for their services www.legalaid.on.ca 22/03/2012 35
  36. 36. How to Find Help 2. Community Legal Clinics http://www.legalaid.on.ca/en/contact/contact.asp?type=cl may have information some offer immigration services most domay have information – some offer immigration services, most do not offer family law services may have access to list of immigration and/or family law lawyers 77 community legal clinics in Ontario 17 specialty clinics, serving specific communities 6 student legal clinics 3 J ti N t3. Justice Net http://www.justicenet.ca/directory/search/ a not-for-profit service a resource for low income people who don’t qualify for Legal Aida resource for low income people who don t qualify for Legal Aid a source to find lawyers who work for a reduced fee Toll-free: 1-866-919-3219 22/03/2012 36
  37. 37. How to Find Help 4. Immigration & Refugee Law Lawyers in Private Practice Recommended by a friend or support agency Law Society of Upper Canada (LSUC) Directory • Certified Immigration Law Specialists htt // 1 l / i li t/j / li t1 j ? d CII& ihttp://www1.lsuc.on.ca/specialist/jsp/namelist1.jsp?code=CII&region= • Certified Refugee Law Specialists http://www1.lsuc.on.ca/specialist/jsp/namelist1.jsp?code=CIR&region= Law Society of Upper Canada (LSUC) Referral Service • provides a lawyer in your area • 30 minutes free to discuss legal optionsg p • no requirement to hire lawyer • only one referral for each issue • Toll-free: 1-800-268-8326 http://www.lsuc.on.ca/faq.aspx?id=2147486372 22/03/2012 37
  38. 38. Presenters Tamar Witelson Legal Director, METRAC Raoul Boulakia Refugee and Immigration Lawyer, Toronto, Ontario 22/03/2012 38
  39. 39. Additi l RAdditional Resources 22/03/2012 39
  40. 40. Resources (Immigration) Find a community legal clinic near you http://www.legalaid.on.ca/en/contact/contact.asp?type=cl Community & Specialty Legal Clinics http://www.legalaid.on.ca/en/contact/contact.asp?type=cly p y g Centre for Spanish Speaking Peoples Metro Toronto Chinese and Southeast Asian Legal Clinic Refugee and Immigrants Information Centre Toronto South Asian Legal Clinic of OntarioSouth Asian Legal Clinic of Ontario FCJ Refugee Centre http://www.fcjrefugeecentre.org/ 416-469-9754 Canadian Association of Refugee Lawyers http://www.refugeelawyersgroup.ca/ Refugee Lawyers Association of Ontario http://www.rlaontario.com/ Settlement.org http://www.settlement.org/index.asp Information and answers on settling in Ontario 211 Canada.ca http://211canada.ca/ Find available immigrant and refugee serving organizations in your area 40
  41. 41. Resources (Immigration) Legal Aid Refugee Law Office http://www.legalaid.on.ca/en/getting/type_immigration.asp 416-977-8111 Citizenship and Immigration Canada http://www.cic.gc.ca/english/index.asp Call Centre Toll-free: 1-888-242-2100 TTY: 1-888-576-8502 More Contacts: http://www cic gc ca/english/contacts/index aspMore Contacts: http://www.cic.gc.ca/english/contacts/index.asp Ministry of Citizenship and Immigration (Ontario) http://www.citizenship.gov.on.ca/ Find information about citizenship and immigration in Ontario G l I i (416) 327 2422General Inquiry: (416) 327-2422 Toll-free: 1-800-267-7329 TTY: 1-800-555-5559 Canadian Council for Refugees http://ccrweb.ca/en/home Directory of immigrant and refugee serving organizations in your area http://ccrweb.ca/en/links 514-277-7223 41
  42. 42. Resources (Family) Assaulted Women’s Helpline www.awhl.org Toll-free: 1-866-863-0511; TTY: 1.866.863.7868 Toronto: 416-863-0511Toronto: 416 863 0511 Legal Aid Ontario http://www.legalaid.on.ca/en/getting/default.asp Toll-free: 1-800-668-8258; TTY: 1-866-641-8867 Toronto: 416-979-1446 (accepts collect calls)Toronto: 416 979 1446 (accepts collect calls) Family Law Information Program (FLIP) http://www.legalaid.on.ca/en/getting/flip.asp Family Law Information Centres (FLICs) http://www.legalaid.on.ca/en/getting/type family.aspFamily Law Information Centres (FLICs) http://www.legalaid.on.ca/en/getting/type_family.asp Family Law Services Centres (FLSCs) http://www.legalaid.on.ca/en/contact/contact.asp?type=flsc FLEW (Family Law Education for Women) http://www.onefamilylaw.ca/en/resources/FLEW (Family Law Education for Women) http://www.onefamilylaw.ca/en/resources/ Ontario Women’s Justice Network (OWJN) www.owjn.org 42
  43. 43. Resources (General) Law Society of Upper Canada Lawyer Referral Service http://www.lsuc.on.ca/with.aspx?id=697 Toll-free: 1-800-268-8326Toll-free: 1-800-268-8326 Toronto: 416-947-3330 TTY: 416-644-4886 Toolkit for a good Client-Lawyer Relationship http://schliferclinic.com/vars/legal/pblo/toolkit.htm Barbra Schlifer Commemorative ClinicBarbra Schlifer Commemorative Clinic Ministry of the Attorney Generaly y http://www.attorneygeneral.jus.gov.on.ca/english/ Toll free: 1-800-518-7901 TTY: 1-877-425-0575 43
  44. 44. This webinar was brought to you by  Your Legal Rights: A website of legal informationYour Legal Rights: A website of legal information  for people in Ontario For more information visit Your Legal Rights at  www.yourlegalrights.on.ca For more public legal information webinars visit: www yourlegalrights on ca/trainingwww.yourlegalrights.on.ca/training
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