Types, Causes & Prevention of Neurologic Injury

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The Florida Institute for Neurologic Rehabilitation, Inc. (FINR) has developed a comprehensive brain injury continuum of care offering specialized inpatient evaluation and treatment for both children …

The Florida Institute for Neurologic Rehabilitation, Inc. (FINR) has developed a comprehensive brain injury continuum of care offering specialized inpatient evaluation and treatment for both children and adults. Through a pre-admission evaluation and medical records review, FINR develops individualized treatment programs. As a leader in traumatic brain injury (TBI), neurorehabilitation, and neuropsychiatric disorders, our continuum of care delivers clinically relevant and cost effective services with unparalleled continuity of care. The distinct programs in our continuum are designed for individuals with a wide range of complex medical, neurorehabilitation, neurobehavioral, and neuropsychiatric care needs.

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  • 1. Types, Causes & Prevention of Neurologic InjuryTraumatic Brain Injury (TBI): Damage to living brain tissue caused by an external, mechanical force. It isusually characterized by aperiod of altered consciousness (amnesia or coma) that can be very brief (minutes) or very long(months/indefinitely). The specificdisabling condition(s) may be orthopedic, visual, aural, neurologic, perceptive/cognitive, ormental/emotional in nature. The term does notinclude brain injuries that are caused by insufficient blood supply, toxic substances, malignancy, diseaseproducing organisms, congenitaldisorders, birth trauma or degenerative processes.TBI may result from: Motor vehicle accident Fall Sports injury Assault Penetrating head injuryClosed Head Injury (CHI)): A subset of a traumatic brain injury in which the skull is not breeched. Occurswhen the head accelerates andthen rapidly decelerates or collides with another object (for example the windshield of a car) and braintissue is damaged, not by the
  • 2. presence of a foreign object within the brain, but by violent smashing, stretching, and twisting, of braintissue. Closed brain injuriestypically cause diffuse tissue damage that result in disabilities which are generalized and highly variable.Acquired Brain Injury (ABI): The implication of this term is that the individual experienced normal growthand development fromconception through birth, until sustaining an insult to the brain at some later time which resulted inimpairment of brain function.You can see more information on our Florida Institute for Neurologic Rehabilitation, Inc resources page.Types of acquired brain injury: Abscess Aneurysm Anoxia/hypoxia Arterioveneous Malformation (AVM) Encephalitis Fetal alcohol syndrome Meningitis Metabolic encephalopathy Seizure disorder Stroke Tourette syndrome Toxic exposure Tumor
  • 3. Neurologic injury has many forms resulting from several causes. These broad categories include: Traumatic Brain Injury (TBI) Motor vehicle accident Fall Sports injury Assault Penetrating head injury Closed Head Injury (CHI) Subset of a traumatic brain injury in which the skull is not breeched Acquired Brain Injury (ABI) Abscess Aneurysm Anoxia/hypoxia Arterioveneous Malformation (AVM) Encephalitis Fetal alcohol syndrome Meningitis Metabolic encephalopathy Seizure disorder Stroke Tourette syndrome Toxic exposure Tumor
  • 4. For an explanation of injury types, please refer to the Types page.Traumatic Brain Injury (TBI) Statistics from the United States Centers for Disease Control and Prevention(CDC): In the United States, people sustain about 1.7 million traumatic brain injuries (TBI) per year. Of those, 75% are concussions or other forms of mild traumatic brain injury. Individuals aged 0-4, 15-19, and 65+ are the most likely to sustain a TBI. Males are more likely to sustain a TBI than females. Causes of TBI: Falls - 35.2% Unknown/Other - 21% Motor Vehicle/Traffic - 17.3% Struck By/Against - 16.5% Assault - 10% TBI from Falls are highest among individuals aged 0-4 and 75+ years.The Florida Institute for Neurologic Rehabilitation, Inc. (FINR) was founded in an effort to provide highquality, clinically relevant, andcost-effective brain injury rehabilitation and support living services.The TeamAll of our programs are staffed by cohesive teams of professionals trained in various therapeuticdisciplines. Each team at the facility
  • 5. consists of professionals, many of them are multilingual.View a list of Our TeamFamily ServicesWe believe that the family is an integral part of the rehabilitation process. We offer family supportservices including family counseling,support groups, education programs, and assistance with housing while visiting.The Referral ProcedureTo make a referral, or for more information, call 800-697-5390. A Referral Coordinator will set-up anevaluation, at no cost to you, withone of our trained professionals.View the Referral & Admission Process