Thomas L. Maleck Station Preliminary Design Friday, December 11 th , 2009
Project Scope <ul><li>Determine a suitable location for a new transportation terminal on Michigan State University’s campu...
 
Existing Conditions <ul><li>Accessibility concerns </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Untimed traffic signals </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><l...
Site Selection <ul><li>Site 3: North of the tracks and south of Ramp #5 on Trowbridge Road </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Benefits ...
 
Accessibility
 
Americans with Disabilities Act <ul><li>6 handicap parking spots located just west of station </li></ul><ul><li>ADA compli...
Clean Air Act <ul><li>Air quality cannot decrease with a new development  </li></ul><ul><li>Model with Synchro </li></ul><...
Current Issues
Harrison Road and Farm Lane Methods of Effectiveness Existing Conditions with Current Traffic Existing Conditions with Fut...
Elements <ul><li>Cycle lengths </li></ul><ul><li>Train station moved to proposed site </li></ul><ul><li>Service Road and H...
Cycle Length <ul><li>Different cycle lengths were evaluated </li></ul><ul><li>Intersection splits and cycle offsets were o...
Moving Train Station to Proposed Site
 
Service Road Signal Options <ul><li>Not permitting lefts </li></ul><ul><li>Michigan Left </li></ul><ul><li>Adding right tu...
 
 
Trowbridge Road
Trowbridge Road Investigation <ul><li>Directly connects to I-496 and US-127 </li></ul><ul><li>Minor arterial </li></ul><ul...
West Trowbridge
East Trowbridge
West Trowbridge East Trowbridge VS. <ul><li>Similarities </li></ul><ul><li>No indication of drainage problem </li></ul><ul...
Traffic Trends 6,892 5,648 5,428 East Trowbridge 15,150 12,416 11,932 West Trowbridge 2029 2009 2005   Average Daily Traffic
New Trowbridge Design West Trowbridge East Trowbridge
Driveway Design
Permeable Parking Lot <ul><li>Safety </li></ul><ul><li>Environmentally Beneficial </li></ul><ul><li>Durable </li></ul><ul>...
 
Parking Lot Design
Cost Analysis <ul><li>Net Present Value of $896,513 </li></ul>Section Present Value ($) Equiv. Unif. Annual Cost($ per yea...
Building Design
Specifications <ul><li>American Society of Civil Engineers (ASCE) </li></ul><ul><li>American Institute of Steel Constructi...
Building Summary <ul><li>2 Story Structure </li></ul><ul><ul><li>First floor: Common Area </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Secon...
Construction Material <ul><li>Structural Steel </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Cost Efficient </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Speed of Er...
Plan View
Profile View
Costs Steel Framing Members $381,776 Bolts, Column Base Plates and Braces $9,946 Floor Slabs $1,450,441 Miscellaneous $100...
Supporting the Building
 
Regulations  <ul><li>2006 Michigan Building Code </li></ul><ul><li>2003 MDOT Construction Standards </li></ul><ul><li>2009...
Subsurface Investigation <ul><li>12 Boreholes @ 60 foot depth  </li></ul><ul><li>(ASTM D1452 Standard Auger Boring) </li><...
 
 
 
 
Construction <ul><li>Clearing/Land Grubbing $3,900 </li></ul><ul><li>Sheet Piles for Rail $120,000 </li></ul><ul><li>Excav...
HYDROLOGY Hydrology
Storm System Regulations <ul><li>Ingham County Drain Commission Regulations </li></ul><ul><li>Michigan Department of Trans...
Advantages of Design <ul><li>Conveyance - Swales </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Reduce run-off volume generated on-site </li></ul><...
Advantages of Design <ul><li>Storage and Filtration – Rain Garden </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Reduce necessary storage volume </...
Swale 1 Swale 2 Swale 3 Inlet 1 Pipe 1 Outflow Pipe Inlet 2 (Existing)
Rain Garden Detail <ul><li>Engineered Sand Fill </li></ul><ul><li>Underdrain </li></ul><ul><li>Outflow (Connection to exis...
Cost Estimate <ul><li>Materials: </li></ul><ul><li>Pipe $16,500 </li></ul><ul><li>Culverts   $3,690 </li></ul><ul><li>Catc...
LEED Certification <ul><li>23 points acquired under 2009 standards </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Does not include interior design ...
Construction <ul><li>Potential Start Date: Early May </li></ul><ul><li>Estimated Date of Opening: Mid-September </li></ul>...
Costs and Summary <ul><li>Building </li></ul><ul><ul><li>MSU architecture </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>LEED certifiable </li...
 
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Senior Design Capstone Presentation

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This is the final presentation of my senior design capstone project, delivered to a public audience and a board of reviewing engineers. Slides 1-6, and 55-58 were designed by me, with the remaining slides designed by the other members of our team of six. The movie on the final slide was also my responsibility, as was the Google SketchUp rendering used to create it. As project manager of the team, I had the final approval of each of the slides that went into the presentation.

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Senior Design Capstone Presentation

  1. 1. Thomas L. Maleck Station Preliminary Design Friday, December 11 th , 2009
  2. 2. Project Scope <ul><li>Determine a suitable location for a new transportation terminal on Michigan State University’s campus </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Amtrak, Greyhound, Indian Trails and CATA services </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Between Harrison Road and Farm Lane </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Design a fully functioning site that offers solutions to the concerns raised by the existing station </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Environmental aspect analysis subcontracted to an outside firm </li></ul></ul>
  3. 4. Existing Conditions <ul><li>Accessibility concerns </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Untimed traffic signals </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Train crossings north and south of the site </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Insufficient parking </li></ul><ul><ul><li>24 spaces available </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Small size </li></ul><ul><ul><li>8,000 square feet </li></ul></ul>
  4. 5. Site Selection <ul><li>Site 3: North of the tracks and south of Ramp #5 on Trowbridge Road </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Benefits </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>High accessibility due to the Farm Lane Underpass and the Trowbridge ramp connecting to US-127 and I-496 </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>No railroad crossings </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Several existing utility systems </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Parking structure </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Detriments </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Located next to a wetland </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Site 2: University Housing, Service Road </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Benefits </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Minimal disturbance to existing campus layout </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Maximizing green space </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Lot 81 available for parking </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Detriments </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Across the street from the existing station </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Customers must still cross rail tracks to access the station </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Significant grade changes around the tracks would have to be addressed </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Site 1: Lot 83 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Benefits </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Existing infrastructure </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Large area </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Significant parking for customers and buses </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Detriments </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Steep grade changes around the tracks </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Using Service Road for access requires customers to cross tracks </li></ul></ul></ul>
  5. 7. Accessibility
  6. 9. Americans with Disabilities Act <ul><li>6 handicap parking spots located just west of station </li></ul><ul><li>ADA compliant railroad crossover </li></ul><ul><li>ADA compliant sidewalks and crosswalks </li></ul>
  7. 10. Clean Air Act <ul><li>Air quality cannot decrease with a new development </li></ul><ul><li>Model with Synchro </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Measures of Effectiveness </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Emissions </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Total Delay </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Average Speed </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Total Travel Time </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Fuel Economy </li></ul></ul></ul>
  8. 11. Current Issues
  9. 12. Harrison Road and Farm Lane Methods of Effectiveness Existing Conditions with Current Traffic Existing Conditions with Future Traffic Total Delay (hr) 112 168 Average Speed (mph) 15.5 13.8 Total Travel Time (hr) 211 288 Fuel Economy (mpg) 12.7 11.7 CO Emissions (kg) 17.08 22.43 Nox Emissions (kg) 3.32 4.37 VOC Emissions (kg) 3.96 5.20
  10. 13. Elements <ul><li>Cycle lengths </li></ul><ul><li>Train station moved to proposed site </li></ul><ul><li>Service Road and Harrison Road intersection </li></ul>
  11. 14. Cycle Length <ul><li>Different cycle lengths were evaluated </li></ul><ul><li>Intersection splits and cycle offsets were optimized </li></ul>Methods of Effectiveness Base Model 80 Second Cycle Length Percent Improved Total Delay (hr) 168 142 16% Average Speed (mph) 13.8 15.5 13% Total Travel Time (hr) 288 262 9% Fuel Economy (mpg) 11.7 12.5 7% CO Emissions (kg) 22.43 21.10 6% Nox Emissions (kg) 4.37 4.11 6% VOC Emissions (kg) 5.20 4.89 6%
  12. 15. Moving Train Station to Proposed Site
  13. 17. Service Road Signal Options <ul><li>Not permitting lefts </li></ul><ul><li>Michigan Left </li></ul><ul><li>Adding right turn lane </li></ul><ul><li>Filling in median </li></ul><ul><li>Removal of signal </li></ul><ul><li>Stop sign for Service </li></ul><ul><li>Removal of intersection </li></ul>
  14. 20. Trowbridge Road
  15. 21. Trowbridge Road Investigation <ul><li>Directly connects to I-496 and US-127 </li></ul><ul><li>Minor arterial </li></ul><ul><li>8 years old </li></ul><ul><li>Needs repair </li></ul>
  16. 22. West Trowbridge
  17. 23. East Trowbridge
  18. 24. West Trowbridge East Trowbridge VS. <ul><li>Similarities </li></ul><ul><li>No indication of drainage problem </li></ul><ul><li>In need of repair </li></ul><ul><li>Differences </li></ul><ul><li>Length and direction of cracks – honeycomb cracks </li></ul><ul><li>Extent of cracks </li></ul><ul><li>Smoothness – Distress Survey </li></ul>
  19. 25. Traffic Trends 6,892 5,648 5,428 East Trowbridge 15,150 12,416 11,932 West Trowbridge 2029 2009 2005   Average Daily Traffic
  20. 26. New Trowbridge Design West Trowbridge East Trowbridge
  21. 27. Driveway Design
  22. 28. Permeable Parking Lot <ul><li>Safety </li></ul><ul><li>Environmentally Beneficial </li></ul><ul><li>Durable </li></ul><ul><li>Cost-effective </li></ul><ul><li>Reduces demand on drainage system </li></ul><ul><li>Retains aesthetic characteristics </li></ul>
  23. 30. Parking Lot Design
  24. 31. Cost Analysis <ul><li>Net Present Value of $896,513 </li></ul>Section Present Value ($) Equiv. Unif. Annual Cost($ per year) West Trowbridge 537,611 36,471 East Trowbridge 143,607 9,742 Driveway 122,261 8,294 Parking Lot 76,280 5,175 Sidewalks 16,754 1,137 Total 896,513 60,819
  25. 32. Building Design
  26. 33. Specifications <ul><li>American Society of Civil Engineers (ASCE) </li></ul><ul><li>American Institute of Steel Construction (AISC) </li></ul><ul><li>American Concrete Institute (ACI) </li></ul>
  27. 34. Building Summary <ul><li>2 Story Structure </li></ul><ul><ul><li>First floor: Common Area </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Second floor: MSU Police office space </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Basement: Storage </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Gable Roof </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Running E-W, centered on plan </li></ul></ul>
  28. 35. Construction Material <ul><li>Structural Steel </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Cost Efficient </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Speed of Erection </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Industrial Theme </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Concrete </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Slab </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Conventional Full Depth Slab </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Footings </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Designed by Geotechnical Specialist </li></ul></ul></ul>
  29. 36. Plan View
  30. 37. Profile View
  31. 38. Costs Steel Framing Members $381,776 Bolts, Column Base Plates and Braces $9,946 Floor Slabs $1,450,441 Miscellaneous $100,000 Total $1,942,163
  32. 39. Supporting the Building
  33. 41. Regulations <ul><li>2006 Michigan Building Code </li></ul><ul><li>2003 MDOT Construction Standards </li></ul><ul><li>2009 Michigan State University Technical Construction Standards </li></ul>
  34. 42. Subsurface Investigation <ul><li>12 Boreholes @ 60 foot depth </li></ul><ul><li>(ASTM D1452 Standard Auger Boring) </li></ul><ul><li>Standard Penetration Test (Soil Strength and Stiffness) </li></ul><ul><li>Split-Spoon Sampling (Water Content & Unit Weight) </li></ul><ul><li>(ASTM D1586 SPT and SSS) </li></ul><ul><li>12 Shelby Tubes ( 5 consolidation tests  Is the Clay buildable?) </li></ul><ul><li>(ASTM D2435 Consolidation…) </li></ul>
  35. 47. Construction <ul><li>Clearing/Land Grubbing $3,900 </li></ul><ul><li>Sheet Piles for Rail $120,000 </li></ul><ul><li>Excavation: 12,340 BCY $32,330 </li></ul><ul><li>Backfill/Compaction: 4,814 LCY - Local $110,528 </li></ul><ul><li>1,447 LCY – Wall $23,747 </li></ul><ul><li>Retaining Wall $197,216 </li></ul><ul><li>(incl. 960’ 4” Tile & 1,152’ 6” Tile) </li></ul><ul><li>Foundations $160,805 </li></ul><ul><li>Engineering Fees/Tests $20,000 </li></ul><ul><li>Total Geotech: $668,526 </li></ul>
  36. 48. HYDROLOGY Hydrology
  37. 49. Storm System Regulations <ul><li>Ingham County Drain Commission Regulations </li></ul><ul><li>Michigan Department of Transportation Drainage Manual </li></ul>
  38. 50. Advantages of Design <ul><li>Conveyance - Swales </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Reduce run-off volume generated on-site </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Reduce run-off flow rate </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Removal of pollutants </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Preservation of existing natural features </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Conveyance – Pipes </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Used to cross beneath Trowbridge Rd. </li></ul></ul>
  39. 51. Advantages of Design <ul><li>Storage and Filtration – Rain Garden </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Reduce necessary storage volume </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Inexpensive filtration </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Reduce downstream outlet volume </li></ul></ul>
  40. 52. Swale 1 Swale 2 Swale 3 Inlet 1 Pipe 1 Outflow Pipe Inlet 2 (Existing)
  41. 53. Rain Garden Detail <ul><li>Engineered Sand Fill </li></ul><ul><li>Underdrain </li></ul><ul><li>Outflow (Connection to existing) </li></ul>
  42. 54. Cost Estimate <ul><li>Materials: </li></ul><ul><li>Pipe $16,500 </li></ul><ul><li>Culverts $3,690 </li></ul><ul><li>Catch Basins $6,180 </li></ul><ul><li>Sand Fill $10,800 </li></ul><ul><li>Excavation / Backfill $16,595 </li></ul><ul><li>Engineering Fee $10,000 </li></ul><ul><li>Miscellaneous $10,000 </li></ul><ul><li>TOTAL $73,765 </li></ul>
  43. 55. LEED Certification <ul><li>23 points acquired under 2009 standards </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Does not include interior design or construction practices </li></ul></ul><ul><li>40 points needed for certification </li></ul><ul><li>50 for Silver </li></ul>
  44. 56. Construction <ul><li>Potential Start Date: Early May </li></ul><ul><li>Estimated Date of Opening: Mid-September </li></ul><ul><li>Finals Week </li></ul><ul><li>Summer </li></ul><ul><li>Fast-track (17-20 weeks) </li></ul>
  45. 57. Costs and Summary <ul><li>Building </li></ul><ul><ul><li>MSU architecture </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>LEED certifiable </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Services Amtrak, Greyhound, and Indian Trails </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Sturdy steel frame and concrete floor slabs </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Doubles the square footage of the existing station </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Strong footings and retaining walls that sufficiently support the building </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>$1.9M for frame, $600,000 for earthwork </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Simple-yet-efficient drainage </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Swales and culverts </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Aesthetically pleasing rain garden </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>$80,000 </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Highly accessible site </li></ul><ul><ul><li>No train crossings required </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Direct access to I-496 and US-127 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Improved Harrison Road </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Compliant with the Clean Air Act </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>$800,000 for strong pavement design </li></ul></ul>Total estimated cost: $4.7M

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