How to prepare a good manuscript – Before you begin1. WHY do you want to publish your work. Have you done something new and interesting? Is there anything challenging in your work? Is the work related to a current hot topic? Have you provided solutions to difficult problems? If all answers are “yes”, then it is time to prepare your manuscript.
How to prepare a good manuscript – Before you begin2. What type of manuscript do you want to write? Full articles articles are the most important papers. - substantial, complete pieces of significant research. Letters/Rapid or Short Communications are: - for quick and early communication of significant and original advances. Limited in size. Review papers: - summarize recent developments in a field. - put previous reports into perspective. - often by invitation.
How to prepare a good manuscript – Before you begin3. Decide on the type of the manuscript. Is your work sufficient for a full article? Should your results be published as quickly as possible? Ask your supervisor and colleagues for advice. It is always helpful to get another point of view.
How to prepare a good manuscript – Before you begin4. Choose the right journal You can only submit to one journal at a time! Your references may help you find the right journal. Read recent publications in candidate journals. Find out the hot topics, the accepted types of articles. Get help from your supervisor and colleagues!!! You need the advice of your supervisor.
How to prepare a good manuscript – Before the start5. One more thing before typing your manuscript... Read the ‘Guide for Authors’ of the journal again and again! Follow the instructions immediately in the first draft (layout, citations, nomenclature, figures and tables). It saves time, for you and for the editor. Do not waste the editor’s time on poorly prepared manuscripts. He may consider this a lack of respect.
来自审稿人决定文章取舍和可能关注的 问题• Is the contribution new?• Is the contribution significant?• Is it suitable for publication in the Journal?• Is the organization acceptable?• Do the methods and treatment of results conform to acceptable scientific standards?• Are all conclusions firmly based in the data presented?• Is the length of the paper satisfactory?
• Are all illustrations required?• Are all the figures and tables necessary?• Are figure legends and table titles adequate?• Do the title and abstract clearly indicate the content of the paper?• Are the references up to data, complete and the journal titles correctly abbreviated?• Is the paper Excellent, Good or Poor?from: Margaret Cargill, Patrick O’Connor. Writing Scientific Research Articles. CAS Changchun Institute of Applied Chemistry, 2009, 6-9 July 2009
What is a good manuscript?• The message should be clear, useful and exciting.• The format should illustrate the authors’ material.• The presentation should be logical. The reader should be able to follow the author’s line of reasoning.
What is a good manuscript?• A well-written manuscript makes it easy for the reader to grasp the scientific significance. Writing a good manuscript is NOT easy! Work hard on it!
Situation of Publications from China • Rapid increase in number. • Quality should also increase. Impact is still low.
Papers from China published in international journals China - Number of Papers Published 1981- 2006 70000 60000 50000 40000 Paper s 30000 20000 10000 0 1989 1981 1982 1983 1984 1985 1986 1987 1988 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 Year
Relat iv e I mpact ( Wor ld Av e= 1.0) 0.3 0.35 0.4 0.45 0.5 0.55 0.6 0.65 0.7 0.75 1981 1982 1983 1984 1985 1986 1987 1988 1989 1990 1991 1992 1993Year 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 China - Relat ive I mpact Compared t o World 1981-2006 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006
Elsevier Editorial Outflow Statistics 2005 2006 2007(Jan – Nov.) % of Rate of % of Rate of % of Rate of submissions* acceptance submissions acceptance submissions acceptanceChina 14% 24% 15% 26% 16% 23%US 20% 58% 16% 55% 16% 52%T 42% 40% 37% Chinese articles are accepted much less than American ones!