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  • Some journal will publish no more than one article from the non-English speaking region or from the developing countries in one year. Avoid submitting to such journals unless you are really outstanding… ARNOUT: seriously? That sounds like unacceptable discrimination. Do you have any concrete examples?
  • There are too many occasions that need your to consult the Guide for Authors. We will mention them later!
  • Could we get the most current statistics from ThomasonISI? ARNOUT: yes. Will require some extra work though.
  • How do we calculate the “relative impact”? ARNOUT It’s a very complicated process that I’d be happy to explain to you.
  • the rationality of the data? ARNOUT Shenme?

1 概论 1 概论 Presentation Transcript

  • 1 概论
  • 1.1 科技论文的定义1.2 科技论文的基本属性 科学性 创新性 逻辑性1.3 思想准备1.4 文章的类型 论文 简报 通讯 综述
  • 1.1 科技论文的定义用语言文字撰写的原始科研成果 , 通常是指业已公开出版的科学文章。科技论文的撰写和出版是科学研究工作中必不可少的组成部分 , 无论其研究成果如何有价值,在未以论文形式公开发表之前,这项工作都不能算是最后完成。因此科技论文的撰写和出版是阶段性或最后完成某项研究课题的标志。也才能获得知识产权的保护。
  • 在自然科学研究工作中,有各种不同形式记录研究情况的文字资料,如研究报告、工作总结、学位论文和学术论文等,其中只有学术论文可考虑并有可能在科技期刊或其他公开出版物上发表,科学论文必须具有科学性、创新性、逻辑性等基本属性。
  • 1.2 科技论文的基本属性( 1 )科学性 内容科学:论文的内容是客观存在的事实 ,他人可重演。绝不允许主观臆造和剽 窃; 表述科学:在论据充足翔实、论证严密、 立论客观的基础上,用规范的语言(通 达易懂)和形式表达科学实践过程和结 论。
  • ( 2 )创新性论文揭示的事物的现象、属性及其运动规律是前所未见的( originality )。一篇基础研究方面的学术论文必须有所发现,一篇应用研究方面的学术论文必须有所发明。创新性是科技论文的灵魂。
  • ( 3 )逻辑性逻辑性指的是论文前提正确,篇章结构脉络清晰,结构严密,层次分明,推断合理,前后照应。即将客观现象和数据经分析、归纳、推理,揭示客观存在的规律。不能是一堆数据和现象的堆砌。
  • 1.3 思想准备作者在动笔前应了解如下各点:本文的作用和目的是什么?你报道的是原始的和有意义的研究结果吗?你是否阅读过有关的文献?你是否对这一课题提出某种评说?以及如下其他一些问题。
  • • 你的工作与同一课题的以往报道有何区别? 除综述而外,出版物不再发表已报道过的材 料。• 确定本文待发表的最合适的刊物或作为某一 本书的章节。• 仔细阅读欲投刊物的“作者须知”和阅读 (浏览)几篇该刊载文,作为撰写格式的借 鉴。• 论文要写得简明,开门见山。
  • How to prepare a good manuscript – Before you begin1. WHY do you want to publish your work.  Have you done something new and interesting?  Is there anything challenging in your work?  Is the work related to a current hot topic?  Have you provided solutions to difficult problems? If all answers are “yes”, then it is time to prepare your manuscript.
  • How to prepare a good manuscript – Before you begin2. What type of manuscript do you want to write?  Full articles articles are the most important papers. - substantial, complete pieces of significant research.  Letters/Rapid or Short Communications are: - for quick and early communication of significant and original advances. Limited in size.  Review papers: - summarize recent developments in a field. - put previous reports into perspective. - often by invitation.
  • How to prepare a good manuscript – Before you begin3. Decide on the type of the manuscript.  Is your work sufficient for a full article?  Should your results be published as quickly as possible?  Ask your supervisor and colleagues for advice. It is always helpful to get another point of view.
  • How to prepare a good manuscript – Before you begin4. Choose the right journal  You can only submit to one journal at a time!  Your references may help you find the right journal.  Read recent publications in candidate journals. Find out the hot topics, the accepted types of articles.  Get help from your supervisor and colleagues!!! You need the advice of your supervisor.
  • How to prepare a good manuscript – Before the start5. One more thing before typing your manuscript... Read the ‘Guide for Authors’ of the journal again and again!  Follow the instructions immediately in the first draft (layout, citations, nomenclature, figures and tables). It saves time, for you and for the editor.  Do not waste the editor’s time on poorly prepared manuscripts. He may consider this a lack of respect.
  • 1.4 文章的类型• 论文( Articles, 或称 Full papers ) 有一定意义的原始性研究,报道重要的 新数据或对所涉及的课题提供某种新的 (理论或实验)途径。论文篇幅由提供的 信息量和出版物的篇幅限制所决定。
  • • 简报( Notes )简报是某一限定范围原始研究的简短报道,具有特殊意义的初步报告。以后不可再次发表。简报合适的选题包括:有广泛应用前景的改进工艺;新观测或有特殊意义的化合物的报道;新技术的发展。
  • • 通 讯 ( Communications, 或 称 Letters, Correspondence ) 通常是具有特殊意义应于尽快发表的初 步报道。如果编辑认为将该通讯尽快发表 有益于学术共享,则会被采纳。严格限制 通讯的篇幅;必须包含支持其结论的一些 特定的结果,但不可写进非基本的实验细 节。
  • 通讯同样须进行严格审理,如果编辑认定来稿的主要内容已在他处发表,则不予采纳。作者常常希望发通讯后再发全文(不一定在同一刊物)。然而,即使通讯被录用也并不见得就一定采纳更加详尽的稿件。
  • • 综述综述是就某一特定的课题汇集、评价文献已发表的结果,很少报道新的实验发现。好的综述文章应具有十分明确的论题,通常是评论性的(批评地分析文献),提出新的理论解释。通常不给出实验细节,但在特殊情况下(比如当某种技术是核心技术)则也可包括实验步骤。综述的一个重要作用就是作为原始文献的一个导引,因此准确而全面完整地引证文献是对综述的一项基本要求。
  • 高质量的综述容易引起相关读者的广泛关注,提高引文率,提高学术期刊的总体影响力。
  • 在“医学研究生综述初审应注意的几个 问题”一文中指出: “ 目前,研究生综述已成为医学科技 期刊稿件的重要来源。由于研究生初 涉科研领域或从事临床工作时间较短 ,其综述普遍存在题目重复、题目过 大、基础常识性知识介绍过多、参考 文献错误等。”参见:中国科技期刊研究, 2010 , 21 ( 6 ): 874-876
  • 《中国科学 B 辑》对稿件评审的项目1 创新性 (数值范围: [0-10] )2 所用理论或方法是否为作者首创, 并为同行所普遍关注3 是否有重要的学科背景4 是否有重要的应用价值
  • 5 涉及的研究方向是否为国际研究前沿领域6 题目是否反映出研究工作的主要内容7 摘要是否反映出研究的主要创新之处8 引言对他人工作的评述是否准确、完备图表是否全都必要
  • 来自审稿人决定文章取舍和可能关注的 问题• Is the contribution new?• Is the contribution significant?• Is it suitable for publication in the Journal?• Is the organization acceptable?• Do the methods and treatment of results conform to acceptable scientific standards?• Are all conclusions firmly based in the data presented?• Is the length of the paper satisfactory?
  • • Are all illustrations required?• Are all the figures and tables necessary?• Are figure legends and table titles adequate?• Do the title and abstract clearly indicate the content of the paper?• Are the references up to data, complete and the journal titles correctly abbreviated?• Is the paper Excellent, Good or Poor?from: Margaret Cargill, Patrick O’Connor. Writing Scientific Research Articles. CAS Changchun Institute of Applied Chemistry, 2009, 6-9 July 2009
  • What is a good manuscript?• The message should be clear, useful and exciting.• The format should illustrate the authors’ material.• The presentation should be logical. The reader should be able to follow the author’s line of reasoning.
  • What is a good manuscript?• A well-written manuscript makes it easy for the reader to grasp the scientific significance. Writing a good manuscript is NOT easy! Work hard on it!
  • Situation of Publications from China • Rapid increase in number. • Quality should also increase. Impact is still low.
  • Papers from China published in international journals China - Number of Papers Published 1981- 2006 70000 60000 50000 40000 Paper s 30000 20000 10000 0 1989 1981 1982 1983 1984 1985 1986 1987 1988 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 Year
  • Relat iv e I mpact ( Wor ld Av e= 1.0) 0.3 0.35 0.4 0.45 0.5 0.55 0.6 0.65 0.7 0.75 1981 1982 1983 1984 1985 1986 1987 1988 1989 1990 1991 1992 1993Year 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 China - Relat ive I mpact Compared t o World 1981-2006 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006
  • Elsevier Editorial Outflow Statistics 2005 2006 2007(Jan – Nov.) % of Rate of % of Rate of % of Rate of submissions* acceptance submissions acceptance submissions acceptanceChina 14% 24% 15% 26% 16% 23%US 20% 58% 16% 55% 16% 52%T 42% 40% 37% Chinese articles are accepted much less than American ones!
  • 2004 年,中国科学院发表 SCI 论文较1998 年增长 115% ,总量已约为德国马普学会的 2 倍; 在国际各领域居前 20 位学术刊物上发表的高质量论文数量,已占全国同期总量的一半以上。 From: 科 学 时 报 , 2009-07-03 ( B2 )
  • 2006 年中国作者发表在国际主要科技期刊和会议 上 的 论 文 共 17.2 万 篇 , 占 世 界 论 文 总 数 的 8.4%, 世界排名第 2 位;2006 年 SCI, EI 和 ISTP 收录中国论文数量分别为 7.1 万、 6.5 万和 3.6 万篇,世界排名分别为第 5 、第 2 和第 2 位。近几年( 2004—2007 ) Elsevier 出版公司期刊的 拒稿率:中国 74% ~ 77%美国 40% ~ 49%总体 40% ~ 62% from: 徐 筠 . 中国科技期刊研究, 2009 , 20 ( 5 ): 950