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Understanding And Complying With

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This presentation summarises the key regulations of the WSH Act, Singapore. And provides pragmatic advice about how employers can comply with them.

This presentation summarises the key regulations of the WSH Act, Singapore. And provides pragmatic advice about how employers can comply with them.

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  • 1. Understanding and Complying with The Workplace Health & Safety Act, Singapore Yogesh Tadwalkar , MSc, ACA, CUA President, Ergonomics Society of Singapore (ERGOSS) Managing Director, Synergo Consulting [email_address] www.synergo.com.sg Synergo July 29 2011, Singapore
  • 2. About Ergonomics Society of Singapore Synergo
    • Mission
    • To foster a greater understanding and adoption of
    • human factors and ergonomics in Singapore
    • To provide a credible forum where ideas,
    • knowledge, and experience can be shared
    • To be a melting pot where human factors and
    • ergonomics community can network
    • To be a trusted independent authority in matching
    • industry needs to the pool of local human factors
    • and ergonomics talents
    • To be a launch pad for Singapore human factors
    • and ergonomics community to network globally
    Spearheading good ergonomics practices in Singapore Since 1985. www.ergoss.org
  • 3. About Synergo Consulting Synergo Holistic and Pragmatic WSH Consulting • Environmental Health and Safety (EH & S) Strategy • Risk Assessments and Safety Audits • Seminars and Training • Personal Ergonomics Assessments • Workspace Redesign • Product Design Reviews Synergo
  • 4. WSH Resources Presentation Contents 1. 2. 3. 4.
    • Workplace Safety & Health Act
    • • Driving Forces
    • Coverage & Key features
    • • Concept and Approach
    • • Key Duty Holders
    • Risk Management Regulations
    • Incident Reporting Regulations
    • Things you can do to comply with the WSH Act
    Synergo 5. WSH Incentives, Grants and Resources
  • 5. Presentation Contents 1. 2. 3. 4.
    • Workplace Safety & Health Act
    • • Driving Forces
    • Coverage & Key features
    • • Concept and Approach
    • • Key Duty Holders
    • Risk Management Regulations
    • Incident Reporting Regulations
    • Things you can do to comply with the WSH Act
    Synergo 5. WSH Incentives, Grants and Resources
  • 6. Workplace Safety and Health Act • Enacted on 1 Mar 2006 • An Act relating to the safety, health and welfare of persons at work in workplaces • Key legal instrument to effect the principles of the new WSH framework ALL workplaces MUST comply before Sept 1, 2011 The Workplace Health and Safety Act (WSHA), Singapore Synergo
  • 7. Workplace Safety and Health Act
    • Take effective measures to provide safe and healthy work environment for staff
    • Put adequate measures in place to assess and manage workspace related risks and hazards
    • Report critical incidents to MOM diligently
    • Ensure Emergency Preparedness
    The Workplace Health and Safety Act (WSHA), Singapore Under the Act, employers are required to ensure the safety and health of all employees. Employers should: Synergo
  • 8. WSH Act and its recent Extension: The Driving Forces Synergo Nicoll Highway Accident, 2004 Prima Deli Food Poisoning, 2007
  • 9. Workplace Safety and Health Act WSH Act and its recent Extension: The Driving Forces The rising accidents and claims related to workplace injuries: Synergo Year Temporary Incapacity Partial Incapacity Total Permanent Incapacity Fatal Total ($million) ($million) ($million) ($million) ($million) 2008 $3.98 $59.70 $2.32 $7.31 $73.31 2007 $3.82 $56.60 $2.02 $8.55 $70.99 2006 $3.77 $58.40 $3.19 $7.42 $72.78 2005 $3.83 $53.60 $2.11 $8.98 $68.52 2004 $3.33 $44.24 $2.69 $8.70 $58.96 2003 $3.06 $46.74 $2.28 $10.02 $62.10
  • 10. WSH Act and its recent Extension: The Driving Forces Synergo Encouraging a balanced business thinking
  • 11. • PERFORMANCE-BASED Workplace Safety and Health Act • • • • • LIABILITY REGIME PERSONAL LIABILITY ENHANCED ENFORCEMENT POWERS ENHANCED PENALTIES RISK ASSESSMENT - Not merely prescriptive like the Factories Act - Better defined - S trengthened - To deal with systemic weaknesses - To reflect the cost of accidents and poor safety management. – To focus on reducing risk at source The Key Features of WSHA Synergo
  • 12. Workplace Safety and Health Act Performance based The law does not provide definitive or exhaustive list of measures to be taken “ … to take so far as reasonably practicable such steps to ensure the safety & health of any person” Thus, the onus of interpreting and proactively implementing the right measures is entirely on the organization. The Key Features of WSHA Synergo
  • 13. Workplace Safety and Health Act Practicable – capable of being done Reasonable – takes into account the following: 1. 2. 3. 4. Severity of any risk of injury or harm to health that may occur Likelihood of that risk of injury or harm occurring How much is known about that hazard and the ways of managing it Availability, suitability and cost of safeguards 1. 2. 3. Conduct Risk Assessment Take measures to eliminate or control risks Refer to – • • • Common industry practices; Best practices ; and Codes of practices Reasonably Practicable Measures Workplace Safety and Health Act The Key Features of WSHA Synergo
  • 14. Occupiers Erectors & Installers Employers Duty Holders under WSH Act Manufacturers & Suppliers Principals Employees Workplace Safety and Health Act The Key Features of WSHA Liabilities percolate down.. the company as well as responsible officers are liable Synergo
  • 15. Workplace Safety and Health Act Enhanced penalty Maximum Penalties • Individuals - $200,000 or/and 24 months’ jail • Corporations - $500,000 • For repeat offenders where a fatality occurs during a previous offence and a 2nd fatality is caused, the Max. fine is doubled Workplace Safety and Health Act The Key Features of WSHA
  • 16. WSH Act: The Penalties Synergo The penalties are REAL and getting stiffer
  • 17. Presentation Contents 1. 2. 3. 4. 5.
    • Workplace Safety & Health Act
    • Risk Management Regulations
    • • The scope of Risk Management Regulations
    • Risk Management Process
    • Incident Reporting Regulations
    • Things you can do to comply with the WSH Act
    Synergo WSH Incentives, Grants and Resources
  • 18.
    • • Came into effect on 1 September 2006
    • • Applicable to all workplaces as defined in the Act
    • • Employers are to:
      •  Assess risk arising from work
      •  Eliminate the risks or take measures to control risk
      •  Communicate the risk and control measures to the workers
      •  Revise risk assessment (RA) at least once in 3 years or when
        •  Accidents happen as a result of exposure to hazards
        •  Significant changes in work practices
    • • Records of RA and SWP not less than 3 years
    Workplace Safety and Health Act The Risk Management Regulations Synergo
  • 19. Workplace Safety and Health Act Risk Assessment (RA) A Systematic RA involves: Synergo
  • 20. Workplace Safety and Health Act Risk Assessment (RA) Risk assessment, when carried out appropriately by qualified personnel, will allow comprehensive understanding of the risks present at your workplace and enable conceptualization their control measures. Synergo
  • 21. Workplace Safety and Health Act Risk Assessment (RA) is equally critical for Office Workers
    • 7 out of 10 working adults in Singapore suffer from work-related MSD
    • The body parts with the highest report of pain are neck (46%), shoulder (42%) and low back (42%).
    • There is a higher prevalence of MSD in females (78.8%) compared to males (63.9%)
    Risks in Office Environment are equally or more significant than factories. Source: SGH, Singapore Synergo
  • 22. Presentation Contents 1. 2. 3. 4. 5.
    • Workplace Safety & Health Act
    • Risk Management Regulations
    • Incident Reporting Regulations
    • • Incidents to be reported
    • iReport Protocol
    • Things you can do to comply with the WSH Act
    Synergo WSH Incentives, Grants and Resources
  • 23. WSH (Incident Reporting) Regulations What to report? • • The Regulations cover all workplaces . Specifies the responsibilities of relevant parties to report: • • • accidents; dangerous occurrences ; and occupational diseases Incidents to be reported Synergo
  • 24. • >3 days MC (consecutive) Person affected Type of incident Fatal Who to notify ( immediately ) Employer Who to submit report ( within 10 days ) Employer WSH (Incident Reporting) Regulations • Hospitalised ( ≥ 24 hrs –for observation or treatment) Occupational disease Employee Employer Employer (within 10 days after Receipt of diagnosis letter) Doctor (within 10 days after diagnosis) • Self-employed • person not at work Occupier Occupier Fatal Treatment at hospital Dangerous occurrence Occupier Occupier Occupier iReporting Protocol Synergo
  • 25. Presentation Contents 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. Workplace Safety & Health Act Risk Management Regulations Incident Reporting Regulations Things you can do to comply with the WSH Act Synergo WSH Incentives, Grants and Resources
  • 26. BizSafe: A step-by-step program by MOM for WSH management in your company Synergo
  • 27. Workplace Safety and Health Act Engage a qualified consultant for Risk Management Besides Risk Assessment, Risk Management also consists of other components such as Communication, Record Keeping and Implementation and Review. Synergo
  • 28. Workplace Safety and Health Act Risk Assessment (RA) for Office Environments Sample RA in Office Environments Periodical RSI Surveys One-to-one Ergo Assessments, Recommendations and Redesign Synergo
  • 29. Presentation Contents 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. Workplace Safety & Health Act Risk Management Regulations Incident Reporting Regulations Things you can do to comply with the WSH Act Synergo WSH Incentives, Grants and Resources
  • 30. WSH (Risk Management) Regulations Workplace Safety and Health Act Grant Fund: RMAF In Jan 2011, the RMAF was enhanced to help SMEs to fully implement Risk Management (RM) which is equivalent to a bizSAFE Level 3 status. Synergo
    • What the Fund covers 
      • Up to 90% of the training and consultancy fees, subject to a cap of $6,000.
      • In addition, SMEs can claim up to $400 to offset the administrative fees of engaging a RMAF Agent and up to $600 to engage a MOM-approved WSH Auditor to audit their Risk Management implementation
    About the Fund Recognising that small and medium enterprises (SMEs) may lack capabilities or resources to implement risk management, the Risk Management Assistance Fund (RMAF) was set up to help SMEs defray the cost of engaging a Risk Consultant to build in-house capabilities.  A Risk Consultant can train, provide consultancy services and assist SMEs in implementing risk management.  
  • 31. WSH (Risk Management) Regulations Workplace Safety and Health Act Other Grants Synergo The ADVANTAGE! Scheme provides a grant of up to S$400,000 for the cost of consultancy or staff salary (pro-rated to direct involvement in implementing the initiatives), equipment and Intellectual Property Rights. To assist companies who change their human resource (HR) practices, working environment and operational processes to recruit, retain or re-employ more mature workers. WDA ADVANTAGE! Scheme 1 · Up to 90% for the following costs: · Intellectual Property and Rights (e.g. licensing and royalties for processes etc) • salaries of company staff engaged in job redesign and consultancy fees paid to third parties for related job redesign • actual cost of leasing (up to 12 months) or purchase of equipment (specifically for persons with disabilities) and physical/building modifications • other items, e.g. adjustment programmes to integrate the persons with disabilities into the company • Up to 60% of actual apprenticeship allowance paid per person with disability per month for a maximum of 6 months, capped at S$600 per month. The Open Door Fund (ODF) encourages businesses to hire persons with disabilities by providing subsidies to implement job redesign and workplace modification, or run integration or apprenticeship programmes for persons with disabilities. SNEF Enhanced OPEN DOOR Fund (ODF) 2
  • 32. MOM Website – http://www.mom.gov.sg/ WSH Resources Synergo WSH Council Website – http://www.wshc.sg WSH Bulletin – Subscribe on MOM Website Shine Newsletter - https://www.wshc.sg/wps/portal/cmsshine
  • 33. Understanding and Complying with The Workplace Safety & Health Act, Singapore Yogesh Tadwalkar , MSc, ACA, CUA [email_address] Mobile: (65) 9847 5652 Synergo Thank You ! Synergo Consulting Pte Ltd, 20 Maxwell Road, #09-17 Maxwell House, Singapore 069113. Tel: +65 6852 9060. Email: [email_address] . Web: www.synergo.com.sg