Perennial
Polyculture
Enterprise

             Ideas

   NOTE:
These
ideas
are
specula8ve,

  always
research
new
enterpri...
What
is
an
edible
forest
garden?

•  A
consciously
designed

   edible
ecosystem


•  Low
maintenance
food

   producing
l...
Forest
farming
vs.
annual
agriculture

Tree
Crops:
A
Permanent
Agriculture

                                J.
Russell
Smith,
1927



•  Terrible
erosion
of
slop...
Contour
Hedgerows

Produc8on
Perennial
Polycultures


Enterprise
Selec8on
Guidelines


Perennial
farming
system
products:

•  What
can
you
PRODUCE

•  What
can
you
SELL

•  Wha...
Direct
Market
vs.
Wholesale

•  Direct
Marke8ng

    –  keep
higher
%

    –  work
more

    –  limited
quan88es?

    –  ...
Value‐Added
Products

•    Increase
price
and
profitability

•    Improve
shelf
life

•    Diversify
product
line

•    Som...
Pasture
&
Fodder
System
Products

    Animals
bring
income
but
also
manage
understory
with
minimal
human
labor
input.


  ...
Tree
Crop
Products:

                   Wood
Products


                                                                  ...
Tree
Crop
Products:

                                     Foods

Food
Products:





Fruits     



















Nuts

...
Understory
Products:
Foods




Berries






























Vegetables




















Herbs,
Spices,
&
Teas
...
Understory
Crops:
Non‐Food
Products

        Func8onal
understory
more
expensive
to
establish,
must
pay
for
itself.






...
Other
Products






Plas8cs




























Industrial
feedstocks     
   





Rubber
(hardy
sources
too)


...
Germplasm
Sales:


       Perennial
Farm‐Adapted
Organisms





Breeding
stock      
     
    



Nursery         
   
  ...
Services





Consul8ng    
    
    
    




Tours
&
Workshops
 
   
   


Land
management
services





Equipment:
lapt...
RESOURCES
for
FARM
and
NATURAL
RESOURCE‐BASED
                  The
Legal
Guide
for
Direct
Farm
MarkeMng

BUSINESS
DEVELOP...
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Carbon Farming Enterprises at Financial Permaculture09

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Guidelines, principles, and business ideas from the growing edge of Financial Permaculture & Carbon Farming. Presented by Eric Toensmeier of the http://www.ApiosInstitute.org and Perennial Solutions consulting.

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Carbon Farming Enterprises at Financial Permaculture09

  1. 1. Perennial
Polyculture
Enterprise
 Ideas
 NOTE:
These
ideas
are
specula8ve,
 always
research
new
enterprise
ideas
 carefully
before
inves8ng!

  2. 2. What
is
an
edible
forest
garden?
 •  A
consciously
designed
 edible
ecosystem
 •  Low
maintenance
food
 producing
landscape
 •  Mimic
of
natural
forest

 •  Provides
the
ecosystem
 benefits
of
a
natural
forest
 •  Produces
food
and
other
 useful
products

  3. 3. Forest
farming
vs.
annual
agriculture

  4. 4. Tree
Crops:
A
Permanent
Agriculture
 J.
Russell
Smith,
1927
 •  Terrible
erosion
of
slopes
from
annual
crops
 •  Solu8on:
tree
crops
with
pasture
 •  For
human
food
and
for
livestock
fodder
 “Montando”
cork‐pork
forests
of
Portugal

  5. 5. Contour
Hedgerows

  6. 6. Produc8on
Perennial
Polycultures


  7. 7. Enterprise
Selec8on
Guidelines
 Perennial
farming
system
products:
 •  What
can
you
PRODUCE
 •  What
can
you
SELL
 •  What
products
complement
each
other
 •  What
products
fit
your
marke8ng
plan

  8. 8. Direct
Market
vs.
Wholesale
 •  Direct
Marke8ng
 –  keep
higher
%
 –  work
more
 –  limited
quan88es?
 –  Set
your
own
price
 –  Can
sell
new
&
unusual
products
 •  Wholesaling
 –  lower
profit
per
unit
 –  Easier!
 –  Can
accept
large
quan88es
 –  Prices
set
by
external
businesses


  9. 9. Value‐Added
Products
 •  Increase
price
and
profitability
 •  Improve
shelf
life
 •  Diversify
product
line
 •  Some
legal/processing
issues

  10. 10. Pasture
&
Fodder
System
Products
 Animals
bring
income
but
also
manage
understory
with
minimal
human
labor
input.
 Plant
products
 EQUIPMENT:
coolers,
slaughter
 equipment
or
livestock
trailer,
 permits,
commercial
kitchen,
 stainless
steel
dairy
processing,
 Hay
 bo_ling
equipment,
cheese
cave,
 farm
store
or
market
stand
 Animal
Products:
 Live
Animals 









Meats




























Eggs


























Dairy
Products













Honey

  11. 11. Tree
Crop
Products:
 Wood
Products
 Equipment:
portable
sawmill,
 woodworking
equipment,
 charcoal
oven
 Lumber





















Firewood 
 













Fenceposts
 Cra`s





























Charcoal 
 
 






Furniture 
 
 
Bamboo
Products

  12. 12. Tree
Crop
Products:
 Foods
 Food
Products:
 Fruits 



















Nuts



























Vegetables




















Herbs,
Spices,
&
Teas


























 Equipment:
wash
&
pack,
 bo_ling
and
sterilizing,
sugar
 shack,
drying
system,
farm
store
 or
market
stand,
commercial
 kitchen,
permits
 Sweeteners 
 


Beverages














Oils
 Jams
&
Jellies









Baked
Goods


















Smoothie
Stand

  13. 13. Understory
Products:
Foods
 Berries






























Vegetables




















Herbs,
Spices,
&
Teas



Mushrooms



























 Jams
&
Jellies









Baked
Goods


















Smoothie
Stand













Annual
Crops
in
Alley
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 













Cropping
or
Early
Stages






















  14. 14. Understory
Crops:
Non‐Food
Products
 Func8onal
understory
more
expensive
to
establish,
must
pay
for
itself.
 
Na8ve
Plant
Seeds
 




Cut
flowers
(some
trees
too)



Cra`s,
Dyes,
Soaps…


Medicinal
Herbs
 
Func8onal
&
Crop
Seeds
 Equipment:
Seed
cleaners,
cra`
 tools,
5‐gallon
buckets,
herb
drying
&
 processing

  15. 15. Other
Products

 Plas8cs




























Industrial
feedstocks 
 





Rubber
(hardy
sources
too)



 Fer8lizers,
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 





 Pes8cides 
 


 Veggie
oil
fuel




























Gasoline
(!)
 
 
 



Fiber
Crops
&
Products 
 


 Equipment:
o`en
prohibi8vely
expensive,
these
crops
o`en
sold
to
 processors.
Could
include
oil
press,
bo_ler,
biodiesel
rig,
home
lab

  16. 16. Germplasm
Sales:

 Perennial
Farm‐Adapted
Organisms
 Breeding
stock 
 
 



Nursery 
 
 
 








Fungal
spawn




Seeds
&
 seed
mixes
 
 
 
 
 




inc.
gra`ed
trees
 Pre‐planted
mats 
 
 
Brush
fascines 
 
 





Cuhngs
for
living
fences
etc.
 (erosion
control
fabric,
 groundcover
flats,
etc.)
 Equipment:
irriga8on,
nursery,
seed
cleaning
&
drying,
 mushroom
lab

  17. 17. Services
 Consul8ng 
 
 
 




Tours
&
Workshops
 
 
 


Land
management
services
 Equipment:
laptop,
experience,
herd
of
goats

  18. 18. RESOURCES
for
FARM
and
NATURAL
RESOURCE‐BASED
 The
Legal
Guide
for
Direct
Farm
MarkeMng
 BUSINESS
DEVELOPMENT
 Neil
Hamilton
 Excellent
resource
for
planning
the
legal
aspects
of
a
farm
 Exploring
the
Small
Farm
Dream
:
Is
StarMng
an
Agricultural

 business.
 Business
Right
for
You?
 The
Organic
Farmer’s
Business
Handbook
 www.smallfarm.org
 Richard
Wiswall
 Guide
to
deciding
whether
or
not
to
farm
as
a
business.

 Brand
new
guide
to
business
aspects
of
organic
vegetable
 produc8on.

 Small
Farm
Planner:
Building
Your
New
farm
Business
Around

 Tilling
the
Soil
of
Opportunity
 What’s
Most
Important
to
You
 www.nxlevel.org
 www.smallfarm.org
 Agricultural
business
planning
curriculum,
12‐week
course.
 Helps
aspiring
farmers
make
decisions
about
loca8on,

 Other
business
curricula
and
resources
include:
 enterprise
selec8on,
marke8ng
strategies,
and
financing.
 Establishing
a
Shared‐Use
Commercial
Kitchen
 Going
Green
guide
to
green
decision
making
for
entrepreneurs
 And
many
general
courses
and
guides
for
business
planning
 You
Can
Farm:
The
Entrepreneur’s
Guide
to
Start
and
Succeed

 in
a
Farm
Enterprise
 Building
a
Sustainable
Business
 Joel
Sala8n
 www.sare.org/publica8ons/business.htm
 Interes8ng
guide
for
new
farmers,
great
enterprise
selec8on

 Online
publica8on
for
developing
detailed
ag‐related
business
 guidelines.
 plans.
 New
England
Small
Farm
InsMtute ATTRA
 www.smallfarm.org/main/for_new_farmers/ www.a_ra.org
 resources_by_topics
 One‐stop
shopping
for
all
your
farm
marke8ng
and
enterprise

 Extensive
resources
list
of
resources
for
new
farm
businesses.
 selec8on
needs.
Hundreds
of
fantas8c
publica8ons
all
free

 Voices
of
Experience:
Good
Advice
for
New
Farmers
 online.

 www.nybeginningfarmers.org
 Direct
Marke8ng
(10
publica8ons)
 Excellent
video
clips
of
start‐up
advice
from
experienced

 Value‐Added
and
Food
Processing
Businesses
(12
publica8ons)
 farmers.
 Business
Planning
and
Management
(8
publica8ons)
 Plus
many,
many
guides
to
enterprises
from
pastured
pork
to

 bamboo
produc8on.



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