Wachovia Financial Center, Suite 3300
200 South Biscayne Boulevard, Miami, Fla. 33131-2349
2004 ANNUAL REPORT John S. and James L. Knight Foundation
2004 ANNUAL REPORT
STATEMENT OF PURPOSE
he John S. and James L. Knight Foundation
T was established in 1950 as a private founda-
tion independent of the Knight brothers’
newspaper enterprises. It is dedicated to further-
ing their ideals of service to community, to the
highest standards of journalistic excellence and
to the defense of a free press.
In both their publishing and philanthropic
undertakings, the Knight brothers shared a broad
vision and an uncommon devotion to the common
welfare. It is those ideals, as well as their philan-
thropic interests, to which the foundation remains
To heighten the impact of our grant making,
Knight Foundation’s trustees have elected to focus
on two signature programs, Journalism Initiatives
and Community Partners, each with its own eligi-
bility requirements. A third program, the National
Venture Fund, nurtures innovation, leadership
and experimentation with investments that advance
Knight Foundation’s objectives and can benefit
In a rapidly changing world, the foundation
also remains flexible enough to respond to unique
challenges, ideas and projects that lie beyond
its identified program areas, yet would fulfill the
broad vision of its founders.
None of the grant making would be possible
without a sound financial base. Thus, preserving
and enhancing the foundation’s assets through
prudent investment management continues to be
of paramount importance.
1: an interconnected or interrelated chain, group, or system
<a network of hotels>
2: a system of lines or channels resembling a network
Networks are two-way exchanges of power, resources, knowledge.
Silicon Valley pioneer Robert Metcalfe talked about networks and their relevance
to 21st century technology. Metcalfe’s Law says, in essence, that the community
value of a network grows as the square of the number of its users increases.
Put another way, “the power of the network increases exponentially by the
number of computers connected to it.”
We think “the power of the network” exemplifies the Knight Foundation model
of grant making pretty well.
TABLE OF CONTENTS
From the Chairman 2
From the President 4
2004 Programs 8
q The Knight Chairholders connect creatively through News University.
q The AP’s Tom Curley helps fight for access to information.
Community Partners Program
q Boulder’s nonprofit partners find power in working together.
q Former Mayor Harvey Gantt pushes Charlotte residents on race.
National Venture Fund
q Knight’s early childhood grantees meet in person and in cyberspace.
q David Skaggs helps lead a campaign for more civics and journalism.
Web Special: The Internet connects East Little Havana residents to the community.
Trustees, Officers, Staff 36 Financial Statements 46
History 38 Letter of Inquiry 52
Investment Report 44 Grants 53
30 34 Auditors’ Report 45 Acknowledgments Inside Back Cover
2 0 0 4 A N N U A L R E P O RT 1
FROM THE CHAIRMAN
his annual report focuses on the great has demonstrated great wisdom and com-
T value and power of networks. Sup- mon sense as well as an outstanding com-
porting networks has been extremely mitment to the goals of Knight Foundation.
important in Knight Foundation’s two He is the chairman emeritus and former
major programs, Community Partners and CEO of Buckingham, Doolittle & Burroughs
Journalism Initiatives, as well as in our in Akron, one of the largest law firms in
National Venture Fund. Ohio. He serves the region well as a trustee
In late January 2004, for example, the of the Cleveland Orchestra, the Catholic
Community Partners Program invited to Diocese of Cleveland Foundation and the
Miami two representatives from each of Northeast Ohio Technology Coalition. He
the foundation’s community advisory is trustee and board chair of the National
committees that serve the 26 cities and Inventors Hall of Fame, and co-trustee and
towns where Jack and Jim Knight owned executive director of the GAR Foundation.
newspapers. Rob also serves as chair of the newly
The advisory committees’ chairs, along formed Fund for Our Economic Future, a
W. Gerald Austen, M.D.
with representatives of the community collaborative of more than 60 funders,
foundations with whom they work closely, Establishing or supporting networks of including Knight Foundation, focusing on
reported over two days on the grant- shared values and interests nicely describes regional economic development in
making investments recommended by the foundation’s grant-making philosophy. Northeast Ohio.
their committees’ members. The retreat To encourage collaborative work, across We have been joined recently by two
gave those of us who attended a good town or across the nation, Knight Founda- outstanding new trustees. Jim Crutchfield,
sense of how each committee ensures that tion disbursed $90.4 million and approved publisher and president of the Akron
the grantees’ various projects are initiated 329 new grants in 2004. Beacon Journal, was elected to the board
and monitored. Our major community Not all of our activities rely on founda- in June 2004, having served as chair of the
interests – local early childhood projects, tion funding. Perhaps equally as important foundation’s Akron Community Advisory
programs for vulnerable teens, asset- as the dollars, we provide the ability to Committee. Jim is involved with a number
building assistance to poor families, support convene, the time and space for grantees of local nonprofit organizations including
for new affordable housing, economic to plan, the imprimatur of a trusted name, the Akron Community Foundation,
development, education, greater access to the latitude to take risks, the research to the United Way of Summit County, the
the arts, and the promotion of voting and generate or confirm ideas, the technology Greater Akron Chamber and the Ohio
volunteerism – have presented promising to keep the conversations going and a play- Coalition for Open Government. In addi-
opportunities as well as frustrating road- ing field that’s fair for everyone. tion to Akron, Jim’s newspaper career has
blocks. Participants have continued their Many of these operating assumptions taken him to the Knight communities
dialogue with one another, and the foun- were set out in a five-year strategic plan of Detroit, Long Beach and Philadelphia.
dation’s staff has pledged to keep the infor- that owes much credit to Dr. Jill Ker Conway, Professional affiliations include the
mation flowing. our retiring vice chair and a Knight trustee American Society of Newspaper Editors,
The retreat confirmed for me that the since 1991. We were fortunate that Jill, the National Association of Black Journal-
Knight advisory committees, comprising renowned as a wonderful writer and former ists, the Ohio Newspaper Association and
an exceptional national network of some president of Smith College, joined Knight the National Association of Minority
240 local leaders and experts, are our Foundation’s Education Advisory Committee Media Executives. He is a board member
strongest links yet to the Knight communi- in September 1988 and the board in 1991. of his alma mater, Duquesne University.
ties. Akron’s Jim Crutchfield, then an advi- From the very beginning of Jill’s tenure, Dr. Mary Sue Coleman, president
sory committee chairman and now a she proved to be an extraordinarily intelli- of the University of Michigan, began her
Knight trustee, said it best: “Knight’s com- gent and thoughtful trustee with the service on the Knight board in March
munity advisory committee members are unique ability to express herself in a won- 2005. Mary Sue was a member of the Knight
catalysts for change; that’s why we’re here.” derfully balanced and effective way. She Foundation Commission on Intercollegiate
You will find similar sentiments on the became vice chair of the board and chair Athletics from 2000 until 2004 and has
merits of strong networks in the field of of our Planning and Program Committee been a leader in sports reform efforts in
journalism. Says Rich Oppel, editor of the in 1996. We are extremely grateful to Jill the NCAA. She served as president of the
Austin American-Statesman and the new for her truly invaluable service. University of Iowa from 1995 to 2002
chair of Knight’s Journalism Advisory Succeeding Jill as vice chair as of March before moving on to Ann Arbor. From stu-
Committee: “We’re encouraging our 2005 is Rob Briggs. Rob, who became a dent life to ethics in society to athletics to
grantees to unite, and it’s working.” Knight Foundation trustee in June 2002, financial aid, Mary Sue is actively engaged
2 J O H N S . A N D J A M E S L . K N I G H T F O U N D AT I O N
FROM THE CHAIRMAN
Conway Briggs Crutchfield Coleman Ibargüen Carter Friday Crowe
in the issues of the day that affect the grantee, in the protection of journalists has provided impetus for NCAA adoption
world of academics and beyond. A profes- whose lives are at risk in the hemisphere. of higher academic performance standards
sor of chemistry and biological chemistry, Hodding Carter’s essay on the follow- for college athletes, welcomed new chair
Mary Sue previously held senior academic ing pages reflects on his eight years at the Dr. Thomas K. Hearn Jr., the retiring presi-
administrative appointments at the Univer- helm of this organization. We are immense- dent of Wake Forest University.
sity of North Carolina, where she was the ly grateful to Hodding; he has given Knight Finally, Timothy J. Crowe, Knight’s vice
vice chancellor for graduate studies and Foundation, the community of journalism president and chief investment officer since
research, and at the University of New and the field of philanthropy visionary and 1990, retired in March 2005. We respect
Mexico, where she was provost and vice superb leadership. He has been a gifted and appreciate his outstanding work at
president for academic affairs. communicator about the power and prom- Knight Foundation. Last fall, when Tim
A major change in leadership at Knight ise of philanthropy and the need to help announced his plan to retire after 15 years
Foundation will occur this year. In January the neediest among us. During his tenure here, the foundation’s board of trustees
2005, the board of trustees elected Alberto the foundation’s assets increased from $1.2 took the opportunity to thoroughly recon-
Ibargüen, publisher and chairman of The billion to $1.9 billion and our annual sider our investment practices. We sought
Miami Herald Publishing Co., to become grants payments more than doubled to advice from Ennis Knupp + Associates, an
president and chief executive officer of the $90 million. independent investment consulting firm.
foundation. He will start as president-elect Very importantly, he led Knight’s staff After considering numerous options, we
in July 2005, then formally succeed Hodding through a complex and successful implemen- ultimately selected Cambridge Associates
Carter III in September 2005. We are for- tation of our new Community Partners to oversee the investment of the founda-
tunate in this long-planned transition. Program, and he shaped the local-national tion’s $1.9 billion endowment, effective
Alberto’s interests in philanthropy and strategy of the National Venture Fund. March 1, 2005. The outsourcing decision
journalism are a perfect match with those He helped retool what is now Living Cities: was based on Cambridge’s outstanding
of the foundation. He is a member and the National Community Development investment experience, resources and organi-
past chair of Knight’s Miami-Dade/ Initiative, which is an urban development zational strengths. Our 18-year relationship
Broward Community Advisory Committee. consortium working in 23 U.S. cities. with Cambridge as the foundation’s invest-
Alberto has been a newspaper executive Hodding is also a founding partner of the ment consultant, as well as the knowledge
since 1984, first at The Hartford Courant, Florida Philanthropic Network, a coalition that Cambridge co-founder Jim Bailey will
then at Newsday in New York, before join- of Florida’s leading grant-makers seeking to lead the team handling our investments,
ing Knight Ridder in 1995 as publisher advance philanthropy in the Sunshine State. were also important considerations.
of El Nuevo Herald. As Miami Herald We also said farewell and thanks in The Knight Foundation trustees look
publisher since 1998, Alberto has led a February 2005 to William C. Friday, who forward to our forthcoming planning
business revival that has made the newspa- chaired the Knight Commission on Inter- retreat in December 2005 when we will
per among the most successful in the collegiate Athletics with distinction and review our programs and set our strategic
industry. He is recognized as an outstand- great moral authority for 15 years. As pres- plans for the next five years.
ing leader and communicator. He has been ident emeritus of the University of North
very involved in supporting worthy non- Carolina and past president of the William
profit entities, serving as a trustee of the R. Kenan Jr. Charitable Trust, Bill Friday is
University of Miami, a member of the respected throughout higher education W. Gerald Austen, M.D.
Trustees’ Council of the National Gallery and philanthropy. The commission, which Chairman
of Art, and the Council on Foreign Relations,
as well as the boards of overseers of the
The Year in Review Jan. 1, 2004 – Dec. 31, 2004
journalism school of Columbia University
and the law school of the University of
Assets: $ 1.94 billion
Pennsylvania. He is past chairman of the
Public Broadcasting System (PBS) and the Grants paid out: $ 90,358,608
Florida Philharmonic Orchestra. Alberto New grants approved: $ 99,905,480 (329 grants)
has led the efforts of the Inter American
Average grant size: $ 303,664
Press Association, a longtime Knight
2 0 0 4 A N N U A L R E P O RT 3
FROM THE PRESIDENT
Distinct Steps in the Right Direction
maneuvers. Unless everyone agrees that the
past was a disaster, to alter direction signif-
icantly takes time, thought and consensus.
Which is what we put together.
We came out of our five-year strategic
review in 2000 with a mandate for sharp-
ened focus and a considerable devolution
of power. Knight’s new community advisory
committees became the creators, facilita-
tors and overseers of local programs using
our grant dollars. We put 10 liaisons into
the field, charged with working closely
with each of the 26 community groups to
devise long-term programs of work. Our
operating assumptions explicitly stated
that the quality of life of those most in need
was among our central concerns.
The journalism program was encouraged
to look to the new forms of communica-
tion and journalism as well as try to improve
and protect the old. The new National
Venture Fund worked its way toward ful-
filling its mandate to support innovation
In October, Knight Foundation teamed with the U.S. Conference of Mayors at its fall leadership conference in Akron,
at the national and local levels in all areas
Ohio, to launch the Immigrant Integration Initiative. Hodding Carter chats here with Akron Mayor Don Plusquellic,
of board-designated interest.
president of the mayors’ conference.
We took even more distinct steps away
The only comparable time in my life from our old way of doing business. The
‘ We need to keep asking ourselves a began 46 years ago, when I left the Marines. board agreed that the fledgling community
I went home to a newspaper job in Missis- advisory committees could concentrate
simple question. When we’re sitting
sippi, just as the civil rights revolution was on as few as one and no more than three
by the fireplace with a grandchild beginning, and spent the next 17-plus years of our six areas of interest. It decided
on one knee, do we want to say we navigating the shoals of massive resistance Knight would commit financial and tech-
and onrushing change. It was an exciting, nical resources for up to five years behind
helped put the American dream back
fulfilling and life-altering experience. these community decisions, so long as the
on track? Or do we want to say we So, too, this gift of almost eight years community plans included concrete ways
were the first generation in American at Knight’s helm. I doubt that either the to determine how things were going,
board or I fully realized what these years
history not to leave the country in
would hold when they offered and I
better shape than it was left to us?’ accepted the post in 1997. There was noth-
ing broken here and therefore nothing that
– Eric Schwarz, president, Citizen Schools
cried out for fixing. Nor, when I came
aboard, did I urge that we suddenly rush
s my time as Knight Foundation’s
off in new directions just to prove there
president and CEO comes to an was a new hand on the tiller. Ignorant of
end, I can honestly say that only one so much that foundation life entailed,
other job in my somewhat peripatetic almost equally uneducated about Knight’s
vocational life has ever matched it for intel- culture and long-term goals, I was in no
lectual challenge, job satisfaction and the hurry to try to put a new stamp on its
A January 2004 retreat for the Community Partners
opportunity to do meaningful work. In public face. Program gave Knight Foundation and representatives
fact, now that I am leaving and it is safe to It was just as well. Foundations may from our community advisory committees a chance to
say so, there were times when I thought I not exactly be the proverbial supertanker, assess progress. Palm Beach County committee chair
should have been paying the board of slow to change course, but they do tend Reuben B. Johnson III, left, talks with W. Gerald Austen,
trustees for the privilege. to be unresponsive to abrupt and radical M.D., chairman of Knight’s board of trustees.
4 J O H N S . A N D J A M E S L . K N I G H T F O U N D AT I O N
FROM THE PRESIDENT
year in and year out, as well as at the end
of each grant cycle.
The board also partially devolved grant
decision-making in another way, giving the
president – and therefore, indirectly, pro-
gram officers – the authority to commit up
to $250,000 per grant without prior board
approval. That effectively meant that while
the board would still approve well over
two-thirds of all the grants money, since
the size of many multiyear grants was
growing dramatically, the president and
staff had approval rights over somewhat
the same percentage of actual grants. This
allowed for faster response time, more
first-step experimentation and a height-
ened level of staff empowerment.
For these five years, the board has built
on its earlier willingness to endorse part-
nerships at every level. In community
development and in attempts to build inter-
change between museums, to give two
examples, Knight was already well launched
as a willing partner with other foundations
before 2000. Thereafter, our partnerships
exploded and, we believe, so did our
We remain bound in what is a 14-year-
old, multipartner enterprise, Living Cities,
aimed at improving the living conditions
of neighborhoods and cities in 23 commu-
nities. Thanks to Lisa Versaci, director
of the National Venture Fund, we are also
well under way with multiple partners in
civic education and immigrant integration
campaigns, to name only two of our fresh
Eric Newton, director of Journalism
Miami City Commissioner Jeffery Allen, bottom center, greets neighborhood children at an October event in the city’s
Initiatives, working closely with our Jour- historic black downtown of Overtown. Dorothy Jenkins Fields, founder of the Black Archives, stands at right. Knight
nalism Advisory Committee, has Knight community funding and support from Living Cities will help the Black Archives complete renovation of the Lyric Theater,
Foundation interwined with what seem to allowing it to serve as the centerpiece of a $93 million mixed-use plan to provide housing, shops, entertainment and
be legions of other funders and multitudes a hotel. The intent: restore the neighborhood and provide residents affordable housing and a way to participate in the
of initiatives concerning a free press in a neighborhood’s long-awaited boom.
free society. We always said journalism was
launched a counterattack against the new tual hurdles in the post-2000 period.
at the center of Knight Foundation’s con-
layers of government secrecy that have We began, quite self-consciously and after
cerns; there can still be no doubt about
recently been piled on old. In this nation, thorough board discussion and debate,
that claim today. What we have done, how-
the government is meant to be servant of to encourage grant recipients to advocate
ever, is not only spend more money as our
the people, not vice versa, but popular on their own behalf and to support organ-
corpus has grown, but widen and deepen
sovereignty is toothless without full access izations that could help them do so.
what we mean by journalism and what
to information about what the government Second, we decided that building capacity
we expect its effects to be. Additionally the
is doing. mattered, sometimes as much as program-
press groups with which we work have,
Knight surmounted two other concep- matic dollars. These were not small
with our encouragement and support,
2 0 0 4 A N N U A L R E P O RT 5
FROM THE PRESIDENT
May 2004 brought the dedication of a new wing named for the Knight Foundation founders at the Harvard home of the Nieman Fellows. Carter, far right, joined a panel discussion
including 2004 Nieman Fellows Mauricio Lloreda of Colombia and Erin Hoover Barnett of The Oregonian in Portland.
decisions, but we hope they will pay big needle of progress they have chosen toward Consequently, we can make few claims
dividends for the causes and institutions achievement. That ordinarily requires about long-term success and can easily
the foundation supports. monitoring, feedback and constant adjust- point to short-term failures. What we do
“Trust, but verify,” Ronald Reagan ment – which, of course, is the way most know is that feedback from our grant
famously said of agreements with the Soviet of us make our way through life. recipients and partners about the new way
Union, and so it is with each of our fresh This has been a sketchy account of what of doing business has been overwhelming-
starts. There are no guarantees in this line has been a hard, often extremely frustrat- ly positive. Even with the grain of salt such
of work. Foundations that trail intimations ing, attempt to improve the way we meet public reactions require – people do not
of infallibility off their announcements of our responsibility to the Knight brothers’ often take issue with those bringing gifts –
new initiatives are either setting themselves largesse and vision. Despite the fact that we are heartened by their enthusiasm.
up for a fall or revealing that they are not it has been five years since the last strategic Unfortunately, what we also know is
serious about their work. We are, which is plan, the new way of doing business has that the national environment in which we
why so many of our grants have evaluation not actually been in operation for that work has altered considerably, frequently
and annual benchmarks built in. The point entire time. As noted earlier, you do not to the detriment of the people and organi-
is not just to get the money out the door. simply pick up a venture as complex as zations Knight seeks to serve. The federal
The point is to allocate our money in ways ours, give it a good shake, set it off in a government, both as a matter of deliberate
that help those we support move whatever new direction and dust off your hands. policy and in response to the changed
6 J O H N S . A N D J A M E S L . K N I G H T F O U N D AT I O N
FROM THE PRESIDENT
Carter introduces Alberto Ibargüen, right, to the foundation staff in January. Ibargüen, publisher of The Miami Herald and El Nuevo Herald, will join Knight as president-elect
in July 2005.
landscape after 9/11, has been systematically respect for the worth of every single per- one smiling broadly as I tell my grandchil-
cutting back its financial commitment to son – a system that has been the light of dren about what we tried to accomplish
social welfare and other discretionary pro- the world. That has been the context in and how fortunate I was to have been
grams. Many of those cuts have the effect which we have sought partners and sup- given these eight years at Knight.
of all but obliterating our grant dollars’ ported their good ideas.
impact in important arenas. They under- If we are not as wise and wonderful as
score the need for those adversely affected we sometimes seem to believe, the people
to speak as vigorously in their own behalf who are doing the actual work of making Hodding Carter III
as those who are making the changes. That real the American dream are. That’s where President and CEO
is what a free society founded on freedom the satisfaction and the rewards of this job
of speech is all about. come in.
America has always been at its best I cannot possibly list all those who, at
when it has maintained a dynamic tension Knight and across the country, have helped
between the drive for individual gain – a make my years here so challenging and
drive that has helped create an economy fruitful. Let this be a heartfelt collective
that is the wonder of the world – and the thank you to each and every one. When
demands of a social compact based on you see me in the years to come, I’ll be the
2 0 0 4 A N N U A L R E P O RT 7
e encourage our nonprofit partners and fellow funders to
W connect, to link, to share information and resources. When
national organizations reach out to members, and when local
affiliates share successes with national headquarters, everyone wins.
Strong networks emerged as a common element in Knight Foundation’s
2004 journalism, community and national funding efforts. We believe they
contribute to the nation’s civic health.
8 J O H N S . A N D J A M E S L . K N I G H T F O U N D AT I O N
A Network in Action
In Dearborn, Mich., the Arab
Community Center for Economic
and Social Services (ACCESS) exempli-
fies the networked approach day in,
day out. The largest Arab-American
in the nation, ACCESS serves not just
the 300,000 residents of Arab and
Chaldean heritage in the greater
Detroit region, but citizens of all cul-
tures and heritages.
Knight Foundation initially funded
ACCESS to set up a computer lab for
language classes and job training. At
right, Nosoud Alemarah helps Herman
Dodson of Detroit apply for a job
online through the Michigan Works
Program. A 2004 grant of $500,000
covers permanent exhibits and pro-
grams at the new Arab American
National Museum (facing page), which
opens beneath its imposing dome in
Knight (as well as its partners in
the Four Freedoms Fund) has also
helped ACCESS share what it knows
and strengthen Arab-American voices
nationally by building a network link-
ing similar organizations in 10 other
2 0 0 4 A N N U A L R E P O RT 9
A Network in Action
Murals depicting the history of Arab culture, above,
decorate the lobby of the Michigan Works One Stop
Center in Dearborn where ACCESS runs employment
At far left, lab assistant Maryam Asoufy draws blood
from Wesley Smith at the ACCESS Community Health
and Research Center. The Detroit Medical Center
University lab is located inside the ACCESS clinic.
ACCESS runs an after-school homework assistance
program at Dearborn’s Salina Elementary School.
At left, Henry Ford Community College student Eman
Hammoud plays checkers with Mohammed Alsaadi,
10 J O H N S . A N D J A M E S L . K N I G H T F O U N D AT I O N
he ultimate test of Knight
T Foundation’s involvement may be a
lasting, networked system, its virtual
whole greater than its tangible parts. And the
stronger the network, with its increased
value and expanded choices, the more likely
the idea upon which it is based will live on.
Knight’s distinctive place in U.S. philan-
thropy – our competitive advantage as a
long-term grant-making institution – comes
from having the ability to forge and nurture
networks offering both community focus and
In the following narratives and features,
you’ll see why we believe networks make
possible the previously impossible.
2 0 0 4 A N N U A L R E P O RT 11
J O U U NRA L I SAML I I ST M I I E S INT R R AT I I E E S N A R R A T I V E
JOR N N I I AT V N A I A T V V
Knight Chairs Peggy Kuhr and
Ed Wasserman debate a point during
a discussion about the future of
journalism during a November
gathering of the Knight Chairs in
Journalism and their colleagues
at The Poynter Institute in St.
Petersburg, Fla. The chairs work
together to develop effective
ways to teach, research and write
Knight Chair in Journalism Ethics
PEGGY KUHR JACK M. BALKIN
Knight Chair for the Press, Knight Professor of Constitutional Law
Leadership and Community and the First Amendment
Lawrence, Va. Haven,
MELINDA McADAMS WILLIAM RASPBERRY
Knight Chair in Journalism Technologies Knight Chair in
ville, Fla. N.C.
and the Democratic Process Communications and Journalism
MICHAEL POLLAN Berkeley, DIANE WINSTON
Knight Chair in Science and
Calif. Knight Chair in Media and Religion
Technology Reporting Calif.
JACQUI BANASZYNSKI STUART LOORY
Knight Chair in Editing Lee Hills Chair in Free Press Studies
WILLIAM GAINES PATRICIA THOMAS
Knight Chair in Investigative and Knight Chair in Health and
Enterprise Reporting Medical Journalism
Knight Chair for Journalism
Knight Chair in International Journalism Student Enhancement
East PHIL MEYER
JIM DETJEN Lansing, Knight Chair in Mass
Knight Chair in Environmental Journalism Mich. Communication Research
STEPHEN K. DOIG Syracuse, CHARLOTTE GRIMES
Knight Chair in Computer- N.Y. Knight Chair in Political Reporting
New York, Park,
SYLVIA NASAR HAYNES JOHNSON
Knight Chair in Business Journalism Knight Chair in Public Affairs Journalism
(Search under way)
Knight Chair in Broadcast Journalism
2 J O H N S O H N D. J A M EA M E SKLN I G HG HF OFU NN D ATIIO N
J . A N S A N D J S L . . K N I T T O U D AT O
JOURNALISM INITIATIVES NARRATIVE
Just Plain Old Good Work
t isn’t always easy to work (or some- The 18th Knight Chair in Journalism,
times even to talk) with each other. an endowment of $1.5 million, also prom-
Knight Foundation has 170 active ises a healthy dose of networking. Trustees
journalism grantees, fanned out across the awarded the Knight Chair in Health and
nation and world. If each talked – just Medical Journalism to the University of
once a year – with each of the others, the Georgia because of an innovative proposal
number of conversations would total to improve the flow of health news among
28,730. That’s a tall order. the nation’s poor. In March 2005, the uni-
We try to help. Our web site details versity named author, journalist and editor
every grant, every contact. We start e-mail Patricia Thomas to the post.
conversations in listservs. We meet regularly The need for accurate, understandable
with grantees. We do it because we know information is particularly acute in the
that when people work together they can Southern Black Belt, a rural strip of hun-
take on the really big jobs. dreds of impoverished counties that winds
Rich Oppel, editor of the Austin through 11 states, including Georgia. A
American-Statesman and chair of Knight’s third of the nation’s 34.6 million poor live
Journalism Advisory Committee, puts it in the region, where there are not enough
this way: “With journalism today under family doctors or adequate health insur-
full-throated assault, there is no more ance. Thomas will work with several med-
powerful force for promoting excellence in ical schools and hospitals, as well as the
scholarship, training and standards than Centers for Disease Control, to increase
when Knight grantees work together. This health news in the Black Belt.
is not an abstract concept – they’re doing An equally innovative, $1.475 million
it in enormously important ways.” grant went to the University of Alabama
Accordingly, 2004 saw increasing co- for a first-of-its-kind collaboration to create
operation and coordination in the founda- a master’s degree in community journal-
tion’s five journalism priority areas: ism at a “teaching newspaper.” Editors of
the award-winning Anniston Star and uni-
1. Journalism Education and Training versity leaders are “setting aside their egos”
In all, Knight Foundation reached a (as Dean E. Culpepper Clark put it) to work
record 14,000 journalists through midca- with community news experts nationwide
Jacqui Banaszynski, Knight Chair reer training programs. Reporters found to create a university education within a
in Editing at the University of
do-it-yourself classes on the web at News working newsroom, based on the medical
Missouri, serves as a trainer during
University. (See feature on page 14.) profession’s model of a “teaching hospital.”
a gathering in Fort Lauderdale, Fla.,
Editors visited local stops of the traveling
as part of NewsTrain. Created by the
2. Free Press and Freedom of Information
NewsTrain. Newsrooms solved their
Associated Press Managing Editors,
NewsTrain is a network of two-day problems with the Traveling Curriculum. In 2004, leaders of The Associated
regional seminars that expects to Executives planned training programs Press, the American Society of Newspaper
train 3,000 editors over three years.
with Tomorrow’s Workforce. Expanded Editors and the Newspaper Association
programs reached out from Knight of America decried the trend of excessive
Centers at leading journalism schools. government secrecy. (See feature on page 18.)
Beyond that, journalism training in To fight back, Knight grantees started two
general rebounded in 2004, as industry Washington, D.C.-based coalitions.
investment increased and dozens of pro- A $500,000 grant to the Reporters
grams shared resources, cross-promoted Committee for Freedom of the Press created
and even helped each other increase the the Coalition of Journalists for Open Gov-
quantity, quality and diversity of their ernment, an alliance of 25 top journalism
recruits. Continued on Page 16
2 0 0 4 A N N U A L R E P O RT 13
The Poynter Institute’s director of
interactive learning, Howard Finberg,
enjoys a laugh with the development
staff of NewsU, Poynter’s e-learning
site for journalists launching in April
2005 with Knight support. From left,
Elizabeth Ferris, Finberg, J. Paige
West and Casey Frechette. Interactive
classes and content on the site will
come from varied sources, including
the Knight Chairs. At right, Arizona
State Knight Chair Stephen Doig
makes a point while Duke’s William
14 J O H N S . A N D J A M E S L . K N I G H T F O U N D AT I O N
‘A World Full of Connections’
T. PETERSBURG, Fla. – In 1990, then-foundation president Creed Black “Collaboration greatly enriched my teaching and research,” Grimes said.
announced the creation of the Knight Chair program by saying it would “I discovered that quite vividly with the Center for Responsive Politics –
strengthen the quality of American journalism education “by bolster- they were a delight to work with and their expertise is just invaluable.”
ing core curricular values and encouraging innovation.” The Center for Responsive Politics is a nonpartisan, nonprofit research
These endowed journalism chairs at the nation’s top colleges and group in Washington that tracks money in politics and its effect on elections
universities would be filled by professional journalists who would inspire and public policy. Grimes and the center created a glossary of campaign-
excellence, collaborators who would create innovative classes, catalysts finance terms and a syllabus for journalism schools to teach students how to
around whom the schools would build expanded programs or centers, and report on political money. She also uses the material for her own political
visionaries who would strive to have a major impact on American journalism. reporting classes.
Fifteen years later, the vision lives on, not only through the $28.5 In the largest gathering ever of Knight Chairs, the group traveled in 2004
million in endowments supporting the chairs’ individual programs, but also to The Poynter Institute in Florida to learn about News University, a five-
through their growing cooperation with each other and with other Knight year, $2.8 million project to develop an e-learning program for journalists.
journalism partners. The program is a partnership between Knight and Poynter, rated the nation’s
top journalism training organization by the Where’s the Investment? study.
Examples: NewsU (www.newsu.org) will show hundreds of thousands of news indus-
try users of the Poynter web site the best of what great journalism schools
q Rosental Alves, Knight Chair in International Journalism at the University have to offer, including the work of the Knight Chairs. It will offer interactive
of Texas at Austin and director of the Knight Center for Journalism in the e-learning courses for all levels of experience and across all media platforms
Americas, started six professional journalists’ groups in Latin America. – print, broadcast, online. Some of the courses will have online teachers,
To date, 2,300 journalists have been trained by the center’s programs. others will be available around the clock.
Alves also helped the groups form relationships with other foundations At their Poynter meeting, the Knight Chairs brainstormed about NewsU
to help diversify their support. classes, coming up with ideas for teaching how to analyze government data
and how to understand scientific claims. NewsU director Howard Finberg
q Jim Detjen, Knight Chair in Environmental Journalism at Michigan State, immediately began work with William Gaines, the Knight Chair in Investiga-
worked with Alves on a major conference on air pollution and environ- tive and Enterprise Reporting at the University of Illinois, to create an inves-
mental journalism in Mexico. It resulted in the birth of a Mexican environ- tigative documents class.
mental journalists’ organization. The individual web sites of Knight Chairs will be promoted through the
Learning Links page at NewsU, and Poynter users will be able to quickly find
q Charlotte Grimes, Knight Chair in Political Reporting at Syracuse, out about Knight Chair activities, such as a book, a seminar, a syllabus.
worked with the Center for Responsive Politics on a training conference News University’s official launch at the April 2005 American Society of
in Washington and to develop a syllabus and teaching materials on Newspaper Editors convention was designed to make the case that it is not
campaign finance for journalism students. just informative, but a fun resource – like thousands of journalists at a din-
ner party – featuring the best material from 18 Knight Chairs in Journalism,
q Melinda McAdams, Knight Chair in Journalism Technologies and the a Lee Hills Chair in Free Press Studies and a Knight Professor in Constitu-
Democratic Process at the University of Florida, helped the Western tional Law and First Amendment.
Knight Center for Specialized Journalism train midcareer professionals Said environmental chair Detjen: “We all have a lot of experience and
in the latest online journalism techniques. respect for one another and this makes it possible for us to work together
q Jacqui Banaszynski, Knight Chair in Editing at the Missouri School of News University hopes to spread the word about the Knight Chairs so
Journalism, helped develop programs for thousands of front-line editors that, like the tales told by Chaucer’s disparate Canterbury pilgrims, their
for the Associated Press Managing Editors’ NewsTrain project, funded stories will reach far beyond the sound of their voices.
“Journalism,” Finberg said, “is a world full of connections.” q
q Haynes Johnson, Knight Chair in Public Affairs Journalism, helped write
the Knight-funded study, Newsroom Training: Where’s the Investment?
aimed at increasing the news industry’s investment in the training and
professional development of its own people.
2 0 0 4 A N N U A L R E P O RT 15
JOURNALISM INITIATIVES NARRATIVE
Continued from Page 16
groups representing more than 15,000
members. The group issues joint releases,
maintains a web site and crusades against
secrecy that goes beyond the bounds
required for national security. Its “Keeping
Secrets” cover story in The American Editor
magazine received national attention.
A second $500,000 went to The Fund
for Constitutional Government to create a
coalition of 32 nonjournalism groups,
from librarians to civil liberty advocates,
who would support the journalists’ goals –
the point being, open government benefits
all. The group is named after its web site,
These coalitions joined with news lead-
ers nationwide in March 2005 for the first
national Sunshine Week – aimed at getting
journalists across the country to focus on
the benefits to self-government of the free
flow of information. “We’re encouraging
our grantees to unite,” Oppel says, “and it’s
A different type of system was applied
in 2004 in Latin America to fight a different
kind of problem: the murder of journal-
ists. Hundreds of publishers donated more
than $3 million in advertising space to
condemn the uninvestigated murders
of journalists. The Inter American Press
Association’s Impunity campaign has led
to new laws and new attitudes that are
resulting in the increasing prosecution of
those who would try to suppress news by
killing the messenger.
Farai Chideya, a multimedia journalist and author and member of Knight’s Journalism Advisory Committee, addresses
3. News and Newsroom Diversity a Knight-sponsored diversity gathering in July at the Washington, D.C., offices of National Public Radio.
Networks come in all shapes and sizes.
munity events long-distance, working for to develop a distance-learning course on
Witness Reznet, an online student newspa-
a web site? The answer is yes. Though reporting and editing with the help of
per for Native Americans attending tribal
American daily newspapers employ only The Poynter Institute’s News University.
colleges, where just a few years ago there
300 Native American journalists, in just “Working with Poynter makes sense,” says
were no student media. Reznet is based at
two years, Reznet (reznetnews.org) helped McAuliffe. “It will give instant credibility
the University of Montana, where professor
24 Native American students get summer and a whole lot of home-run-hitting
Dennis McAuliffe Jr. supervises 35 student
internships at dailies and helped start muscle to our little experiment. And we
reporters and photographers spread over
online news sites at three tribal colleges. bring something NewsU doesn’t have:
25 tribes in 15 states.
Created in 2002 with a Knight grant, Native Americans, and lots of ’em.”
Can these young journalists really learn
Reznet won a $475,000 grant in 2004
how it’s done by covering school and com-
16 J O H N S . A N D J A M E S L . K N I G H T F O U N D AT I O N
JOURNALISM INITIATIVES NARRATIVE
4. Electronic and New Media make some of your own. That’s certainly
the motto of former 60 Minutes producer
Good connections can last. In 2004,
Chuck Lewis, who founded the nonparti-
Consumers Union agreed to use a
san, nonprofit Center for Public Integrity.
$500,000 Knight grant to permanently
From 1989 to 2004, when he stepped down
continue its web credibility program,
to turn over the center to Roberta Baskin,
Consumer WebWatch, which campaigns
Lewis’ crew won virtually every important
against unethical information practices
investigative reporting award.
on the web and promotes standards and
The center provides high-quality inves-
best practices for credible information
tigations directly to the public in books,
magazine articles and now on the web. Its
More than 100 companies, including some
latest book, The Buying of the President 2004,
of the largest doing business on the web,
made The New York Times best-seller list.
have adopted the Consumer WebWatch
It won the first George Polk Award for
Internet Reporting for “The Windfalls of
The connections of the future are the
War,” a six-month investigation of American
subject of New Voices, a pioneering pro-
postwar contracts in Iraq and Afghanistan.
gram at the University of Maryland’s
A $2 million Knight grant will help
J-Lab. With $1 million from Knight, it will
the center continue operations, release one
seed innovative community news ventures
report each year in multimedia form and,
throughout the United States. Over the
perhaps most important, raise an endow-
next two years, New Voices will help fund
ment. For the last job, it will need plenty
the startup of 20 intensely local news proj-
of partners, and it has already found a
ects. It will favor projects that have good
big one: the John D. and Catherine T.
plans to become self-sustaining.
MacArthur Foundation matched Knight’s
5. News in the Public Interest contribution with $2 million of its own.
Working together. When companies do
If journalism is to work, so should good
it, they call it merger, or convergence, or
journalism about journalism. The founda-
synergy. When it happens in the name of
tion granted $500,000 each to the Columbia
private gain, we call it increasing quarterly
Journalism Review and the American
The Center for Public Integrity, with support from
profit, capitalism, progress, the American
Journalism Review to continue to be the
Knight, used public records to document the financial
way. But we can celebrate just as much, if
consciences of the news industry, reporting, interests of all leading candidates for president,
not more, when it happens in the name
revealing and prodding journalists and including incumbent George W. Bush. Federal Elections
Commission data and Freedom of Information Act
of the public good. When nonprofits do it,
their companies to give citizens the news
requests yielded a profile that included the source of
instead of calling it networking, or capaci-
they need to run their lives and this nation.
every donation over $100, all holdings, assets and
ty building, or building infrastructure,
A new fund-raising campaign run by the
maybe we should call it cooperation. Or
legendary editor Gene Roberts and new
perhaps we should call it just plain old
partnerships with journalism schools are
expanding the reach of the reviews.
For descriptions and a complete listing
But some are not willing to wait for all
of 2004 journalism grants, please turn to
this training, campaigning, diversifying,
page 55. q
electrifying and criticizing to take hold. If
you don’t like the news, they say, go out and
2 0 0 4 A N N U A L R E P O RT 17
Pushing Back to Defend Our Freedoms
Tom Curley is president and CEO of The Associated Press. Founded in 1848, The AP is the world’s largest news organization, serving more than a billion people every day. The AP is a key
partner in the Knight Foundation-funded Sunshine Week, a national campaign to raise public awareness about open government. The campaign, which kicked off on March 13, 2005, was
spearheaded by the American Society of Newspaper Editors, the Radio and Television News Directors Association, the National Newspaper Association and 50 other journalism groups.
Troubling? Certainly. Grounds for a review of some public school curricula?
EW YORK, N.Y. – We the People are a pretty disappointing bunch
Without a doubt. Another wake-up call for friends of the First Amendment?
when it comes to learning our civics lessons, especially the ones that
teach us why self-government depends on access to information
Ill-informed teen-age disrespect for rights we hold dear is certainly not
about the people’s business.
going to bring down the temple of freedom. Thanks to the vision of the peo-
Surveys routinely demonstrate that Americans think the First Amendment
ple who designed our system, it has withstood far greater insult.
has made speech too free for the common good and the media in particular
From the Alien and Sedition Acts to the Civil War suspension of habeas
could stand to be taken down a peg.
corpus to the ordeal of the Nisei, from Jim Crow to the McCarthy era to the
It’s dismaying, but at least until recently you could tell yourself these
immigration dragnet that followed 9/11, political factions have repeatedly
respondents have been out of school so long they were bound to fail a pop
used government authority to push the limits of the protections afforded
quiz on democracy and citizenship.
Americans by their Constitution.
Knight Foundation has punctured that balloon with its study of First
The founders wisely assumed this sort of thing would happen and planned
Amendment awareness among high school students, presumably fresh from
accordingly. When defenders of civil liberties have stood up in the midst of
class and fully briefed on their civil liberties.
each crisis to push back, they have always found the law of the land on their
Not fully enough, it seems. Too many kids expressed the view that the
side and they have ultimately restored a tolerable balance.
Bill of Rights “goes too far,” and a good number seem to have calmly accept-
We’ve never been a nation of civics scholars. But we’ve always liked our
ed the mistaken notion that government can regulate Internet decency and
independence, and we’ve always had a healthy skepticism as to whether the
restrain flag burners.
government could be trusted with the power and the money we give to it.
When our skepticism turns out to be justified, we react.
The disturbing specter raised by those high school survey results is the
STUDENTS UNSURE OF FIRST AMENDMENT
possibility that some day when it’s time again for defenders of liberty to stand
Nearly three-quarters of high school students say they don’t know how they feel
about the First Amendment or take it for granted, according to a recent survey. up, the legal tools will still be there but nobody will feel like using them.
That can’t be allowed to happen, and there are three ways in which news
The rights guaranteed by the First Amendment:
organizations can help make sure it doesn’t.
Do you personally think about them or take them for granted?
First, we can do our energetic best to hold the line in our own sector on
Personally think about them Take for granted Don’t know the civil liberties front, the First Amendment and the Freedom of Information
(FOI) and Shield Law statutes.
We’re under heavy fire right now. Courts are closing proceedings in
27% 36 37 50 46 4
celebrity and other high-profile trials without bothering to say why, or in
some cases even to think very long about it. Government agencies are deny-
56 43 1
ing FOI requests on the flimsiest of pretexts. The FOI laws themselves are
under assault since 9/11 in the form of broad new exceptions imposed by the
Do you agree with the following statements?
Homeland Security and Patriot acts in the name of national security.
Students Teachers Principals
Equally troubling is the growing tendency of the authorities to assert
information-gathering rights against the news media, including the right to
People should be allowed to express unpopular opinions.
demand the identities of confidential sources. More that 30 states have
83% 97 99
shield laws that provide some protection against these intrusions. But the
Constitution-based reporter privilege that has shielded journalists in federal
Newspapers should be allowed to publish freely without government approval of stories.
cases is weakening, and there is no federal shield law to backstop it.
51 80 80
News organizations need to be prepared to fight hard and persistently
for access, resist all efforts by the government to force its way into our
Musicians should be allowed to sing songs with lyrics which others may find offensive.
newsrooms, and adjust our budgets to the fact that doing this will require us
70 58 43
to spend money on lawyers and lawsuits more often than we used to.
Second, we can work toward more favorable conditions for access to gov-
Students should be allowed to report controversial issues in their student newspapers
ernment, not just for us but for every citizen.
without the approval of school authorities.
We all need to do whatever is in our power to support the efforts now
58 39 25
beginning in the Congress to update the Freedom of Information Act
and enact a statute that prevents the forced disclosure by reporters of their
NOTE: Project surveyed more than 100,000 high school students, nearly 8,000 teachers and more than 500
administrators and principals at 544 schools across the country.
SOURCE: Knight Foundation
18 J O H N S . A N D J A M E S L . K N I G H T F O U N D AT I O N
“We are aggressive users of FOI
rights, and we do not hesitate to lit-
igate those rights and other access
issues when the stakes justify it,”
says Tom Curley, president and CEO
of The Associated Press. The AP is
a key partner in the Knight-funded
Sunshine Week, a national campaign
to raise public awareness about
Even more important, as the Knight survey shows, is the need for much look to us for more than momentary distraction from their iPods.
greater public awareness of the values and interests they have at stake in The AP is doing more than ever on all three fronts. We are aggressive
the struggle against government secrecy and all the abuses that can follow. users of FOI rights, and we do not hesitate to litigate those rights and other
It’s clear that the public schools need to do a far better job of preparing stu- access issues when the stakes justify it.
dents for citizenship. The media must also seize every opportunity to remind We’re also providing active support through the Newspaper Association
our audience how vulnerable they would be without the free exercise of their of America and other groups for laws and regulations that promote open gov-
right to express and hear ideas and information. ernment and restrict secrecy to the limited areas where the public interest
Third, we need to make sure we’re doing our basic jobs well. We can under- absolutely requires it.
mine everything else we do if we give our readers and viewers reason to believe And like others, we’re constantly at work on news products for the rising
that news and entertainment are interchangeable, or that news outlets are will- generations of younger citizens who both engage the expanding gamut of
ing to serve as cheerleaders for the government or for popular agendas. their interests and fill their need for reliable information about the things
For the sake of our own futures as well as the public good, we need to that affect their lives.
keep news in its distinct and special place on the ever-lengthening menu The challenges for our industry and our profession have never been
of information available to everyone in the digital age. If we lose that, if we greater. But I think I’m speaking for many when I say that the excitement of
meeting them has never been greater either. q
become just another frantic bidder for audience share in a 500-channel
world, we’re unlikely to convince those high school students they should
2 0 0 4 A N N U A L R E P O RT 19
COMMUNIT Y PARTNERS PROGRAM
Macon, San Jose,
Ga. Calif. Bradenton,
State ville, Ga. Fla. Columbia,
OF CHILDREN &
see, Fla. Ky.
Fort Myrtle Palm Beach
Gary, Philadel- Charlotte, St. Paul,
Akron, Aberdeen, Wayne, Beach, County, Fla.
Ind. phia, Pa. N.C. Minn.
Ohio S.D. Ind. S.C.
ECONOMIC VITALITY OF COMMUNITY
DEVELOPMENT CULTURAL LIFE DEVELOP-
Spiral Q Puppet Theater staff artist
Michelle Posadas teaches Phila-
delphia kids how to make puppets
ranging from hand size to human
size. Spiral Q is one of 19 Phila-
delphia and Camden, N.J., arts
organizations Knight is funding in
a broad attempt to help residents
of low-income neighborhoods have
access to cultural activities that
speak to them.
20 J O H N S . A N D J A M E S L . K N I G H T F O U N D AT I O N
COMMUNIT Y PARTNERS PROGRAM
‘Catalysts for Change’
he foundation’s Community Partners ways that will resonate for years to come.
T Program is often defined by numbers: Our commitment to the civic health of the
201 grants made in 2004 totaling 26 communities where the Knight brothers
more than $61 million; 11 communities owned newspapers has remained constant,
working on early childhood issues, four in though the way we act on the founders’
the arts, seven on seeking a better future legacy has grown in scope. We continue to
for young people, six in community fund programs in the areas of the well-
development. While these are statistics we being of children and families, education,
love to report, they do not begin to illus- community development and housing,
trate the full measure of what is taking economic development, vitality of cultural
place in the 26 Knight communities. life and civic engagement. But for the last
The numbers don’t tell the story of the five years we’ve sought the advice of the
shy Latino parents in Charlotte earnestly communities themselves in determining
discussing children’s issues with a state what strategies will truly make a difference
senator at the Knight-funded United to their most needy residents. Involving
Agenda for Children. They joined 1,000 local committees in the grant-making
other concerned citizens in the cavernous process can be as hectic and chaotic as any
Merchandise Mart one December Saturday democratic exercise, but the result is a
to urge the community to coalesce around stronger community with stronger leaders.
children’s issues. In the words of committee member Jim
Nor do the numbers describe the soft- Crutchfield of Akron: “Knight’s community
spoken but determined Knight grantee advisory committee members are catalysts
Toni Pickard, a professor of nursing at for change; that’s why we’re here.”
Wichita State University, who runs health Even with strong local leadership we
programs for Asian and Hispanic immi- know our work requires more – namely,
grants from a warren of offices and class- partnerships with other forces for change.
rooms in the rapidly changing Planeview The work of the Community Partners
Detroit Mayor Kwame Kilpatrick neighborhood. Program – the intricate networks of possi-
addresses a group gathered to
And the numbers don’t even hint at bilities achieved through the collaboration
announce a campaign to eliminate
the diversity of a Knight advisory commit- of our nonprofit partners, funding col-
lead poisoning in Detroit housing.
tee in Aberdeen, S.D., that includes Dr. leagues, program officers and advisory
The campaign, lead by the NAACP
Lorraine Hale, president of the local committees – can be parsed out and cate-
and funded by Knight, led to legis-
lation protecting children and Catholic college; Capt. Ralph Labbee, head gorized in the following ways: tipping
sanctioning landlords who violate of the Salvation Army; Viorel Stoia, long- points, at the table, making connections
the new laws.
time businessman and community leader; and the ripple effect.
and Robin Vallie, head of a Native American
publishing company, among others. In
ways similar to all 26 of the community In his popular book on social behavior,
advisory committees providing the program The Tipping Point, Malcolm Gladwell
advice, they are diverse of background observes that a single, relatively minor cat-
and experience. They love their town and alyst can generate far-reaching change.
want to strengthen it. An example: In early 2004, Knight
The people whose lives we hope to Foundation made a $150,000 grant to the
improve, the nonprofits who deliver the NAACP Detroit Branch to fund the Lead
programs and the local leaders who repre- Elimination Action Program (LEAP), a
sent the voices of the community – these grassroots effort to eliminate lead poison-
are the levels at which the Community ing in two Detroit ZIP codes. The dangers
Partners Program works. Our ambition is of lead paint exposure to young children
to reach deep into our communities in Continued on Page 24
2 0 0 4 A N N U A L R E P O RT 21
Bringing Vision to Fruition
Karen Rahn is co-director of the city of Boulder’s Housing and Human Services department and co-chair of the Early Care and Education Council of Boulder County. Pete Salas Jr. is diver-
sity coordinator for the Boulder County Commissioners Office. Both are members of Knight’s Boulder Community Advisory Committee.
OULDER, Colo. – Nestled in the Rockies and home to the University of Latino children age 5 and under in Boulder County, about half of the county’s
Colorado, Boulder has long been known for strong community collab- 2,828 low-income preschool children.
orations and effective partnerships – from social services to trans- The Boulder County Latino Task Force is another network working to
portation to health care. Many and varied organizations work effectively to bring awareness, policy development and services to this rapidly growing
bring social issues to the public consciousness, social programs to reality Latino and immigrant population. In 2001, the task force produced an assess-
and partnerships to the table. ment of community needs focused on the Latino community. It was one of
So, it is not surprising that the partnerships that have developed to bring the first documents to outline the key concerns of the Latino community,
school-readiness programs – high quality, culturally competent early care including education, affordable housing and the lack of political representa-
and education – to the community would be no different. tion. Knight Foundation’s focus on and commitment to school readiness for
The folks who stand for a better start for our children had long been Latino children brought the two networks together to develop a seminal
report, Promoting School Readiness for Latino Children, released in 2003.
mobilized at the grassroots level, and our members are moving toward a
comprehensive, coordinated system of care. In 1998, the Early Care and The report, published by the Early Care and Education Council of Boulder
Education Council of Boulder County was formed to bring structure and County, has become the definitive reference for the development of early
organization to the informal collaboration already taking place among care and education services for Latino children.
municipalities, county government, child-care providers, social services, The collaboration between the two networks and Knight Foundation, now
public- and mental-health institutions, the schools and Head Start. The three years old, brought out the inherent strengths of community networks:
formation of the council was the first step in developing a system that 1) a willingness to collaborate; 2) a willingness to work through issues
embodied all of the principles of delivering comprehensive, fully financed despite differences; 3) an acknowledgement that working through collabora-
care to all children in Boulder County. One of the council’s strategic goals tion and cultural issues isn’t easy; 4) lessons from the process and from
has been to ensure not only quality, affordable care, but also care that each other and using that knowledge to strengthen the partnerships. While
meets the needs of users from all cultures and walks of life. conflict is often seen as a weakness, working through conflict is really the
The need is there. Boulder County, like many other U.S. communities, core strength of any community partnership. It takes considerable strength
is experiencing a dramatic demographic shift. The county’s Latino popula- to stay at the table. The process was filled with great highs and joys at the
tion increased 100 percent between 1990 and 2000. And in a county where revelations of the research and the outcome of the report. It was also filled
affordable housing is scarce, low-income residents feel the squeeze the with frustration and hard-learned lessons – not only about collaborations,
most. The census estimated that there are approximately 1,400 low-income political differences and cultural differences, but what it takes to bring a
community vision to reality.
One of the key lessons was the importance of having members of the
Latino community involved in all aspects of the project, not just as window
dressing but as key contributors whose perceptions and life experiences
were quite different from those of other backgrounds. Despite the difficulties,
it was the commitment to a shared vision that brought success to these net-
works and led to the publication of the report. It was, in fact, working through
the conflict inherent in partnerships that led to the best possible outcome.
The collaborative effort to publish the report was evidence that systems
of networks do indeed bring more synergistic energy to bear, helping to
move a vision forward, than any one network alone. Each partner brought
key and necessary assets, skills, insights, connections and expertise to the
table; this couldn’t have happened in isolation.
The Early Care and Education Council brought broad community expert-
ise in school readiness and early care and education; the Latino Task Force
brought cultural expertise along with the trust of the Latino community.
Knight Foundation brought national expertise and experiences from other
communities along with its funding commitment. The power of these net-
works to work together to move three separate, but similar, agendas forward
is rapidly changing the community and political consciousness about the
critical importance of early care and education for Latino children.
Two-year-old Camila Rivero is the center of attention at an event launching a report
Since the report was published, several key initiatives have moved forward
on the school readiness of Latino children in Boulder County. Maria Harper, left,
in Boulder County. In 2004, the Boulder and Longmont city councils incorpo-
director of the Boulder County Head Start program, and Camila’s father, Roberto
rated into their strategic planning the goal of increasing the availability of
Rivera, bilingual family services coordinator for Head Start, join in.
22 J O H N S . A N D J A M E S L . K N I G H T F O U N D AT I O N
Pete Salas Jr. and Karen Rahn of
Boulder, here with toddler Lola
Dettling, agree that collaborating
organizations like the Early Care
and Education Council and the
Boulder County Latino Task Force
are better off working together in
networked ways that create a
more effective, powerful effort to
improve children’s lives.
ommunities program has served 13 people and has assisted in the licensing of seven new
affordable, quality child care for low-income working families. In each, early
Spanish-speaking providers, who will serve approximately 60 to 80 children.
care and education is seen not only as a family-support issue, but also
The program has teamed with another Knight grant partner, the Colorado
through the lenses of public safety, community and economic development,
Statewide Parent Coalition, to give these providers an opportunity to attend
and civic engagement.
classes in child development, helping them provide higher quality and cul-
With support from Knight Foundation, the city of Boulder is in the second
turally competent child care. q
year of a Spanish Licensing Training program for Spanish speakers seeking
training and support in securing a license to provide child care. So far, the
2 0 0 4 A N N U A L R E P O RT 23
COMMUNIT Y PARTNERS PROGRAM
for economic growth. Participants in the initiatives focused directly on stimulating
Community Visioning steering committee economic development in Northeast Ohio.
include business and nonprofit leaders, the
mayor and representatives from the nearby
Hutterite community. Bill McQuillen, an Knight’s work in 26 communities has
Aberdeen native who recently returned introduced us to high-performing organi-
after 30 years living abroad and around the zations that address some of society’s
nation, identified the sense of promise as most entrenched problems with energy
an “intangible energy.” and innovation. We are proud to count
these organizations as our partners.
At the Table Another source of satisfaction is helping
Because Knight Foundation communi- them join forces, coordinate services and
Joel Cabrera, 11, and his mother Maricela Cabrera were ties have only one thing in common – the share knowledge.
among more than 1,000 participants at December’s
Knight brothers owned newspapers there – In Wichita, a windswept Plains com-
United Agenda for Children town hall meeting in
they vary dramatically in capacity to effect munity of 345,000 experiencing a dramatic
Charlotte. Joel fills out his Personal Commitment Form,
change. Even in asset-rich communities, increase in residents from both Latin
stating what he will do to help children in the commu-
nity. He wrote that he will work to have more activities however, we strive to be good partners and America and Asia, the Knight advisory
for young people so they can be more involved. relevant players. committee elected to focus on preparing
In St. Paul, for example, the Payne young children for school. A variety of
Avenue corridor is the focus of neighbor- organizations offer services and resources
Continued from Page 21
hood groups, immigrant and minority targeting this population, so the committee
has been well-known for years, but too
communities, the Twin Cities mayors, and felt the most critical need was coordina-
much of Detroit’s older housing stock still
local and national funders allied to promote tion of existing services so that at-risk kids
placed children at risk.
the corridor’s growth and prosperity. To could be connected to the providers. In
“Lead poisoning has been associated with
understand the transitions under way, you the predominantly African-American and
learning disabilities, behavioral disorders,
need only step into La Plaza Latina: Choose Hispanic Northeast neighborhood, our
neurological damage and stunted growth,”
among the Hmong Times, El Periódico efforts resulted in an unprecedented col-
says Geneva Williams, president and CEO
or La Prensa de Minnesota. Eat lunch at laboration among the school district, the
of City Connect Detroit, and chair of
Las Tapatias Mexican Restaurant or Payne nonprofit Center for Health and Wellness
Knight’s Detroit advisory committee. “More
Avenue Best Steak House. Pick up a bottle and the county health department, with
than 2,800 children in Detroit tested posi-
of fish sauce from Muong Pha Asian program officer Julie Tarr playing a pivotal
tive for lead poisoning in 2002, and only
Grocery or almond biscotti from Morelli’s role in bringing the partners together.
35 percent of the city’s children were tested.”
Alimentari. Like our partners the McKnight The collaboration’s first great success was
Joining the NAACP on the LEAP
and Rockefeller foundations, Living Cities, establishing a data-sharing system that
Detroit Advisory Group were the city of
St. Paul Foundation, Twin Cities LISC and helps move children and families from one
Detroit Planning Commission, Detroit
St. Paul Travelers, Knight is contributing program to the next.
Health Department and Detroit Housing
to the revitalization of this unique and Tallahassee is also working on the future
Commission. Through the focused collab-
rapidly changing neighborhood, taking the of children, with a focus on improving care
oration of this concerned group, state
lead in supporting efforts to increase for the Florida capital’s youngest residents.
legislators took notice. In late December
home ownership. Through linking various individuals, agen-
2004, Gov. Jennifer Granholm signed new
Similarly, Knight has joined forces with cies and institutions, Knight’s two major
laws aimed at protecting Michigan’s children
more than 60 other foundation partners grantees – Capital Area Family Healthy
from lead poisoning. Landlords who don’t
in Akron for the Fund for Our Economic Start and the Florida State University
comply could find themselves arrested.
Future. It’s an ambitious, three-part strategy Center for Prevention and Early Childhood
Aberdeen is Knight’s smallest commu-
for regional economic growth to convene Intervention Policy – have stretched and
nity, a railway crossroads bypassed when
key stakeholders to refine an economic agen- leveraged Knight’s dollars and, in the words
the interstates were laid in the mid-20th
da for the region, back key initiatives with of committee chair Mike Pate, “done above
century. But these days the community is
grants and track overall regional progress. and beyond what we expected.” (See a
humming with excitement over a Knight-
Grant making will support eight to 15 related story from Boulder, page 22.)
funded effort to develop a common vision
24 J O H N S . A N D J A M E S L . K N I G H T F O U N D AT I O N
COMMUNIT Y PARTNERS PROGRAM
The fourth annual Back-to-School rally drew these three students from Arlington Elementary School, along with more than 3,000 children and adults to the Lexington Convention
Center in August. The Kentucky community is continuing its full-on effort to ensure that children of all races and socioeconomic backgrounds get a world-class education.
In an era of soaring housing, health- The Ripple Effect Tallahassee-based Community Foundation
care and other costs, communities are strug- of North Florida, Knight Foundation
In September 2003, the Knight advisory
gling to ensure families’ economic well-being. has now established donor-advised funds
committee in Milledgeville decided to use
San Jose’s Community Advisory Committee at community foundations serving all 26
nearly its entire allotment for the next five
has made the important connection between Knight cities and towns. It’s part of an
years to fund the Carrera Adolescent Preg-
a family’s income security and its ability investment of some $50 million in donor-
nancy Prevention Program. The program
to prepare children for school. Knight advised funds.
aims to help several vulnerable yet promis-
grants to Lenders for Community Develop- When the Community Partners Program
ing youngsters become successful young
ment and Catholic Charities of San Jose was launched, we had high hopes that our
adults. It was a bold decision – one that
help low-income parents with preschool focused approach would heighten the
raised serious questions about sustainabili-
children increase and stabilize their finances impact of Knight’s community grant mak-
ty. One year into the program, the results
by providing matched savings accounts, ing. It’s too early to tell whether we’ve
are heartening. Not only are the results
teaching them financial literacy and show- achieved that goal across the board. But
as anticipated from this nationally tested
ing them how to gain low-income tax the benefit of connections – joining the
model, word of the program has spread
credits. Both agencies are coordinating community residents most in need with
throughout this small town, engendering
their efforts with other Knight grantees critical support services, community lead-
widespread support and participation.
such as Franklin-McKinley Education ers with resources, knowledge with the
“This program is making a difference,”
Foundation and the California-funded ability to act – has already been made
says program administrator Linda Watson
FIRST 5 early care and education initiative. abundantly clear. In the years to come we
Kaufman of Georgia College & State Uni-
And at Akron’s Simon Perkins Middle expect our networks to continue to grow,
versity. “We have had wonderful coverage
School, 11 primary and four secondary and we look forward to learning from
from the local newspaper. ... The police
partners are working together to provide a them how we can continue to serve our
department has adopted the program, and
better future for students attending the communities.
Sgt. Paul Reeves comes to the program
predominantly black school. Beneath the For a complete list of 2004 Community
several times a week just to get to know
banner of Perkins Activity Central and Partners Program grant descriptions and
abstracts, see page 59. q
under the tutelage of former Ohio State Community foundations are essential
basketball standout Carla Sibley, kids and partners in our efforts to serve as a local
partners are working together. funder. With a December 2004 grant to the
2 0 0 4 A N N U A L R E P O RT 25
‘Charlotte Needs to Encourage a More Meaningful Dialogue’
Harvey Gantt, founder of Gantt Huberman Architects in Charlotte, was the first black student to enter the previously all-white Clemson University in 1965 and was the first African-
American mayor of Charlotte (1983-87). His perspective on Charlotte’s past and his hopes for its future inform many community conversations. His leadership supports numerous
community efforts, including Knight Foundation-funded projects such as the “Courage” exhibit at the Levine Museum of the New South and the leadership development programs of the
Community Building Initiative.
HARLOTTE, N.C. – When it comes to race and race relations, Charlotte comfortable with long-held racial stereotypes. We don’t build meaningful
has always maintained a public posture of politeness and moderation. relationships across racial lines because we are comfortable with where we
It has always been, at the very least, good business to do so. The city, are! The folk in our community who have really stepped outside this box of
during the very height of the civil rights movement in the ‘50s and ‘60s, comfort are our children – largely in the public school system. And even
almost always flew below the national radar. We never became a hot box of there, as they ascend to the higher grades, they mimic their parents – and
demonstrations, boycotts or riots like Birmingham, Montgomery or Oxford. begin to establish physical and social distance from those of a different race.
We had 15 minutes of fame (or notoriety) with the integration of schools in Moderate policies have stymied dialogue – encouraged too much political
the late ‘50s, the bombing of civil rights leaders’ homes in the ‘60s and the correctness and discouraged the honest debate that could lead to more
first days of crosstown busing in the early ‘70s. But for the most part, ten- understanding. So we see interesting things happen in our city. We work
sion between the races has been low-key and polite. eight hours side-by-side, but go home to largely segregated communities.
The credit for this moderate climate must go to the white and black lead- We work together, but go to lunch with those of our own race. Our churches
ership of the late ‘50s and ‘60s. Charlotte has always been about business are still largely segregated by choice and custom. And we’re comfortable
and economic growth. It could never be said that the city was ever too caught in practicing these customs. In fact, those who wish to change them are too
up in past history or strong allegiance to the antebellum past. It didn’t take often derided as social engineers.
long for white business, civic and political leaders to figure out that racial I suppose you could make an argument that a strong economy, plentiful
strife could ultimately hurt the bottom line, so they moved to head it off. jobs for most folk, and a degree of social mobility among the growing black
They were, in large part, received by a strong, cohesive and vocal group middle class will eventually – in a generation or two – bring about greater
of black leaders drawn from local civil rights groups and the black clergy racial understanding and, perhaps, ultimately the end of racism. Indeed,
who, while firmly focused on equity and civil rights, did not particularly want some of my friends argue that efforts at community building or forcing
to push the envelope of more widespread and disruptive civil disobedience. dialogue across racial lines is too artificial, failing to attract those who need
This coalition of leaders shepherded Charlotte through periods of racial these encounters the most. My friends contend that the best way is through
tension. That said, the public posture of moderation and politeness did not the positive relationships that become inevitable between neighbors, black
mean that racial discrimination suddenly went away. Racial discrimination or white. When you live in integrated neighborhoods, you attend the same
in its many forms continued then, as it does today. neighborhood schools, cheer for the neighborhood soccer team. This process
This perception of racial moderation and progress was one of the reasons of building relationships through physical proximity is, in fact, plausible –
my family chose Charlotte as our home. Yet on our very first night in Charlotte and may be possible for middle-income mobile blacks. It is not a stretch to
in 1965, we tried to get a room at three motels with vacancies, and we were see how neighbors of similar education, income and career goals can build
refused ostensibly because we were black. And the Civil Rights Act of 1964 mutual understanding and demolish long-held prejudices and stereotypes.
was the law of the land! At our fourth stop, a sympathetic and courageous Even so, Charlotte needs to encourage a more meaningful dialogue about
clerk let us stay for the night. our relationships. I’m not convinced that we can wait until all blacks become
Compliance with civil rights laws has certainly improved over the middle class and all neighborhoods are integrated.
intervening years. But changing attitudes and interpersonal relationships The fact is that much of the angst today about race derives from our fear
between the races has been far tougher. of the poor. And our attitudes and racial prejudices are predicated on stereo-
In the ‘70s and ‘80s, our moderate policies on race gave us some measure types of black citizens who are poor. Front and center are the developing
of fame and community pride. The crosstown busing of schoolchildren based policies in our public schools that are disproportionately skewed because
on a plan devised by black and white parents received national attention. 45 percent of our public schoolchildren are poor and mostly black.
Significant advances were made in the growth of the black middle class, as The current school assignment plan is reflective of segregated living
they found employment in Charlotte’s burgeoning industries of financial patterns – and virtually resegregates black and poor children to inner city
services, energy, education and health care. Political equity was realized in schools. My instincts tell me that can’t be good for Charlotte.
the ‘70s with district representation, which guaranteed a voice for black What made Charlotte the model urban school system in the ‘80s and ‘90s
citizens at all levels of government. And notwithstanding my first night is now being threatened, not by civic and political leaders, but by parents
experience in Charlotte, 18 years later I was elected mayor in a city where unfamiliar with the peculiar Charlotte history that led to a school assignment
blacks made up only 25 percent of the population. So, on balance, the policy plan based on crosstown busing. The new plan, based on choice and neigh-
of moderation has served us well for the last four decades. But I feel that it borhood schools, will guarantee, in short time, a school assignment pattern
may need to be re-examined in the face of new challenges today. that replicates what we see nationally in large cities – poor inner-city
The problem, as I see it, is that the recent Robert Putnam study identify- schools surrounded by affluent suburban schools.
ing the community’s weakness in building social capital across racial These conditions can increasingly isolate children in the inner-city
lines is a manifestation of our satisfaction with being polite and personally schools – and we know that that leads to social problems that eat like a cancer
26 J O H N S . A N D J A M E S L . K N I G H T F O U N D AT I O N
Former Charlotte Mayor Harvey Gantt says efforts to promote honest dialogue on the city’s race relations – projects such as the Knight-funded Community Building Initiative –
can help. But first, he writes, Charlotteans should realize how the city’s historic politeness and moderation have affected progress.
at the whole community. Racial attitudes harden on both sides, stereotypes to speak honestly and air their differences.
run wild and battle lines are drawn. In a lot of ways, the race issue is far more serious than it was 50 years
I think the current student assignment issues present the community ago. Civil rights laws changed behavior; the obstacles today are attitudinal
with a real opportunity to expand the dialogue on race. By getting us to and can change for the better only when we have closer social contact and
focus first on what it means to educate well all the children of this community, get to know each other better.
it would be a great start to examining relationships that need attention. Charlotte has an excellent chance at setting a national example. Our
And we certainly engage everyone’s attention when it comes to our children. problems are still manageable. Our school system is one of the best of urban
Perhaps we can use the schools issue to set up more neighborhood and systems in the country, and can get much better. Our tradition of moderation
regional forums – to discuss our common and differing perceptions on motivates us to want to succeed – because we value being well thought of
education, culture, family values, equity and justice. Perhaps it may be by others. Finally, given the support we have traditionally given our children,
I am comforted in believing we can find the will to reach common ground. q
possible to enlist facilitators like Charlotte’s own Community Building
Initiative to help create discussions that make it less threatening for people
2 0 0 4 A N N U A L R E P O RT 27
NATIONAL VENTURE FUND
Barbara Ann Alley, Phila./Camden
Tanaka Akiko, St. Paul
Linda Diaz, St. Paul
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Betty Proctor, Tallah
Lisa Schultz, Phila./Camden assee
Nicole Mercer, Tallahassee
Carlos Soto, Phila./Camden
Ann Davis, Tallahassee
Ky. cos, Tallahass
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Dawn Vald ahassee
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Students from the Creative World
Learning Center in West Philadelphia
sing at the unveiling of Early to
Read, a literacy effort launched by
the United Way of Southeastern
Pennsylvania. Preparing children
for future learning is a funding pri-
ority in 11 Knight communities.
NAEYC – the National Association
for the Education of Young Children
– provides opportunities for cross-
community learning for grant recipi-
ents working to get children ready
28 J O H N S . A N D J A M E S L . K N I G H T F O U N D AT I O N
NATIONAL VENTURE FUND NARRATIVE
National Perspective, Local Impact
smael Ahmed is a familiar face to many initiative. The combination of Knight’s
I in Detroit and nearby Dearborn, Mich. community focus and its national reach is
As the executive director of the Arab one of the foundation’s special contribu-
Community Center for Economic and tions to U.S. philanthropy. And in 2004,
Social Services (ACCESS), Ahmed runs four years after its inception, the National
the largest Arab-American human-service Venture Fund solidified its strategies for
and advocacy organization in the United strengthening that local-national juncture.
States. When he took to the stage at a rally Through 26 grants totaling more than $22
sponsored by a local nonprofit last million, we found ways to promote sys-
September, Ahmed exemplified how com- temic change by forging partnerships and
munity leaders can inspire and direct civic aligning actions.
participation among – and in behalf of – Using a network lens, it becomes
America’s newest residents. apparent that the Venture Fund’s two goals
Ahmed’s presence at the Detroit rally of addressing issues of national impor-
was a testament to his own leadership, tance and supporting Knight’s community-
some two decades in the making. But it also based work are more similar than they are
revealed the complex set of relationships different. Broad social change occurs only
that buttress initiatives for community when issues have strong local traction, and
change. Regionally, the rally connected community growth requires individuals
immigrant rights to other issues, such as and organizations to reach beyond geograph-
urban revitalization and public transporta- ic barriers to develop mutually beneficial
tion. Nationally, it coordinated ACCESS’s ways of sharing and receiving information.
work on behalf of Arab-Americans in Nonetheless, these complementary goals
Southeast Michigan with the work of provide two distinct starting points for
national immigrant-rights groups in action, both which were reflected in our
Washington. The Detroit rally was one of 2004 grant making.
Michael Guido, center, is mayor of
many local events held in conjunction
Dearborn, Mich. The city has the
largest population of Arab-Americans Addressing National Issues
with the National Week of Action, a cam-
and Chaldean-Americans outside paign designed to educate lawmakers and As a result of the immigration boom of
of the Middle East.
the general public about the need for the 1990s, America’s foreign-born residents
comprehensive immigration reform. now live in the “middle of everywhere,”
Such coordination and communication in the words of best-selling author Mary
embody the goals of 2004’s biggest initia- Pipher. The 20 million new immigrants
tive launched by Knight Foundation’s who entered the United States over the
National Venture Fund. Under the banner past decade dispersed beyond the tradition-
of immigration integration, we made a al gateway cities of New York, Miami and
series of grants designed to help give Los Angeles and settled into communities
immigrants a voice in the decisions that such as Charlotte, Wichita and St. Paul.
most directly affect their lives by helping While Knight’s Community Partners
them become citizens, participate in local Program helps support some of the health
civic activities and vote. To accomplish and educational services newcomers need
those goals, our grantees are working to become productive members of society
together to develop coordinated advocacy (see ‘Catalysts for Change’ on page 21), our
and evaluation strategies – activities that national immigration work focuses very
will ultimately help strengthen relation- specifically on increasing civic participa-
ships, deepen knowledge, reduce duplica- tion. Through $13.5 million in grants,
tion and heighten the field’s effectiveness. we’re supporting national immigration
Coordination and communication are reform organizations such as the National
not unique, however, to our immigration Continued on Page 32
2 0 0 4 A N N U A L R E P O RT 29
Madeleine Baker, executive director of the Early Childhood Alliance in Fort Wayne, serves as a local facilitator during a January 2005 distance-learning seminar focused on public policy issues.
Participants in this “web community” – more than 75 grant-receiving organizations in 11 Knight communities focused on early childhood education – watched and interacted in real time in the first
of a series to provide common learning across Knight communities. Program Officer Julie K. Kohler (on screen) welcomed the group to the videoconference organized and led by staffers at the National
Association for the Education of Young Children.
30 J O H N S . A N D J A M E S L . K N I G H T F O U N D AT I O N
Learning Across Communities
NAHEIM, Calif. – When Emile McGill of Wichita Public Schools “What’s exciting is that you have to figure out what works for each
traveled here to attend a national conference on early childhood person,” said Peter Pizzolongo, NAEYC’s assistant director of professional
education in fall 2004, she had several key goals. She was hoping to development. “There’s not just one thing. It’s doing the variety that works.”
expand her national contacts. She planned to track the latest research in lit- What difference has this approach made for participants so far?
eracy and program development. She wanted to see for herself the best When Madeleine Baker, executive director of the Early Childhood Alliance
materials for working with families of young children. in Fort Wayne, returned from NAEYC’s national conference in November, she
But what she traveled 1,200 miles for – more than anything else – was immediately applied what she learned there about public policy advocacy.
to bring home some new ideas. “How can I strategize to improve my program Working with a local coalition, she spoke to state legislators about brain
and its reach?” she said. “That’s a discussion that takes a two-way exchange research on children, to show the link between early childhood education
with other educators. That’s why I’m here.” and child development. She has become an active contributor to a legislative
As director of early childhood services for a public school system, McGill forum that meets monthly. She has directed a staff member to stay on top of
is a trainer of trainers. After returning to Wichita from previous conferences, legislative issues. And she is planning to join a trip to the statehouse.
she has helped teachers, directors and others develop strategies to reach In January Madeleine shared her experiences with others as the local
low-income families, access funding, apply for licensing, tap into the busi- facilitator for a NAEYC videoconference that was focused on public policy
ness community and, of course, teach children. advocacy.
For years, Knight Foundation has been promoting networking, collabora- “It’s all in the follow-up,” she said. “That’s the value of networking.”
tion and the sharing of knowledge by professionals such as Emile McGill – That’s also a powerful attribute of the web: creating opportunities for
through local gatherings, regional retreats and national conferences. Over follow-up tailored to the needs of each person. Chantal Lamourelle-Sims,
the past decade, however, opportunities for networking have expanded well project manager of a school-readiness program in Long Beach, uses the
beyond face-to-face meetings. Listservs, web chats, videoconferencing and Internet frequently to stay on top of new developments. “The field is changing
other formats are transforming how people engage each other, and how so quickly, both in research and practice,” she said. At a conference “you get
organizations interact. Knight is using these innovations to help people share a bag of information and then you put the bag away. You need a way to stay
what they know. connected.” The web resources have provided her with a convenient way to
For example, Knight is working with the National Association for the connect with others – when she needs to, and about the topics she selects.
Education of Young Children (NAEYC) on a three-year project called “School The advent of nontraditional networking, however, is not without chal-
Readiness Connections.” The project connects organizations from through- lenges. Even when teachers have access to computers, it’s often difficult for
out the country that are funded by Knight and that are working in early them to find time to participate in web-based learning. NAEYC is researching
childhood education. ways to offer continuing education units or other credits as an incentive for
The project builds on traditional and new forms of networking. Through teacher participation.
the project, more than 75 participants from 11 Knight communities come At the same time, web-based discussions also have unique attractions.
together annually at NAEYC’s national conference to meet face-to-face at a Suzanne Caruso, a program manager at United Way of Southeastern Pennsyl-
Knight gathering, exchange information and participate in the larger confer- vania, logged on to a web chat on advocacy precisely because the format
ence. Participants also gain access to a “web community” that they can offered her, she said, “a safe way to ask questions. Or you could opt to just
access year-round through the Internet. After opening a web page, they can be a listener.” After “listening” for several minutes, she couldn’t resist the
send questions to each other, type in comments and post recommended temptation to type a question onto the keyboard and watch it pop into the
readings. People can log on from their own computers when, where and as “chat window.” She was surprised by how easy it was.
often as they choose. As with any enriching professional-development experience, participants
In addition, NAEYC is organizing web chats and videoconferences on are finding that what you receive is not always what you expected; your hori-
identified topics. To participate in a web chat, people log onto a web site zons expand in unforeseen ways. Carla Mestas, who works with Children,
from their own computers at a prescheduled time. They type in questions or Youth and Family Services in Boulder, said that the learning experiences pro-
responses, and view the written comments of other participants. In video- vided by the conferences and the Internet mirror the kind of work she does to
conferencing, a speaker at NAEYC’s headquarters in Washington delivers a empower her community. “These are opportunities to enhance my skills,”
training presentation viewed live on a video screen by those gathered at a she said. “That’s the role I play in my community, to answer their questions
about good practice, so they can say, ‘Sí, se puede. Yes, we can.’ ” q
central location in each of the 11 cities. A facilitator in each city engages par-
ticipants in face-to-face, local discussions about the topic at hand.
Knight’s overriding goal for all of this is to advance the field by bringing
people together as resources for each other – local networks benefiting from
national expertise, with flows of information back and forth.
“This is the opposite of the perfect storm,” said Marilou Hyson, senior
adviser for research and professional practice at NAEYC. It involves “people
coming together to think and strategize to promote comprehensive school
readiness for children, connecting in a variety of ways to do their work better.”
2 0 0 4 A N N U A L R E P O RT 31
NATIONAL VENTURE FUND NARRATIVE
its more concentrated work in four Pilot
Cities, Knight funding also supports the
collaborative in assuming a more active
role in the public policy arena. In addition
to taking positions on a variety of afford-
able housing and economic development
issues, Living Cities is actively engaging its
board of directors – including Knight
President and CEO Hodding Carter III –
in advocacy campaigns and Capitol Hill
visits, where they educate members of
Congress and their staffs about the need
for legislation that provides urban residents
with decent housing, safe neighborhoods
and better jobs.
Finally, technological advances are dra-
matically altering the nonprofit landscape,
fueling innovative ways to advance commu-
Peter W. Roulhac, one of the leaders of the Miami Prosperity Initiative, joins a discussion of research from the Brookings
nity and economic development agendas,
Institution. The research pointed out that the gap between Miami’s extremes of wealth and poverty is increasing. The
initiative leaders are working on ways to develop and support a middle class as part of the foundation’s efforts to deliver educational and human services,
build family savings and assets in poorer neighborhoods in several Knight communities. and connect residents with cultural insti-
tutions and activities. In 2004, we invested
media education by promoting them as core in two programs designed to put innovative
Continued from Page 29
components of civic education standards.
Immigration Forum, National Council of technology to work in Knight communi-
Similarly, pervasive educational inequity
La Raza, Center for Community Change, ties. A $600,000 grant to the National
and the ongoing shortage of public school
Four Freedoms Fund and Hispanics in Council of Churches is introducing the
teachers in communities across the nation
Philanthropy. Those partners are working Benefit Bank, an Internet-based program
prompted us to invest $1.5 million in
to develop new policies to ease immigrants’ that helps low-income residents calculate
Teach For America, an innovative program
paths to citizenship while reaching out to and apply for federal, state and private
that recruits high-performing college grad-
local service providers (such as ACCESS income-enhancement benefits, in Missis-
uates to teach in high-need public schools.
in Dearborn) that are working to integrate sippi and Ohio. Through partnerships
Complementing a Community Partners
immigrants into Knight communities and with Knight-funded Earned Income Tax
Program grant designed to recruit teachers
the rest of the country. (See photo essay, Credit awareness campaigns in Biloxi
in Camden, N.J., our project targets three
page 8.) and Akron, the project will provide low-
Knight communities – Philadelphia/Camden,
Immigration was but one of the nation- income community residents with simpler,
Detroit and Miami – and helps Teach for
al issues we tackled in 2004. In response to more efficient ways of accessing the
America find ways to recruit even more
concerns about young people’s high level resources they need to stabilize their fami-
highly qualified and diverse candidates and
of disengagement from civic and political lies. Similarly, our $1 million grant to
to create new professional development
life, we partnered with Knight’s Journalism nationally recognized microlender
opportunities, including pathways to state-
Initiatives program to make a joint $1 mil- ACCION USA is helping small-business
level teacher certification.
lion grant to the Council for Excellence in entrepreneurs in cities such as Duluth,
The past year marked a turning point
Government for the organization’s Cam- Grand Forks, Biloxi and Akron apply for
in Knight’s involvement with Living Cities,
paign for the Civic Mission of Schools. (See loans using new online services.
the nonprofit collaborative designed to
feature on page 34.) Originally designed to
improve the vitality of urban neighbor-
improve K-12 civic education by advocat- Supporting Knight’s Community Work
hoods in 23 U.S. cities. Although our $4.8
ing for state-level policy change, the initiative Even as we focused on national issues
million grant helps Living Cities continue
– long supported by the Carnegie Corp. of with implications for Knight communities,
to invest in neighborhood revitalization
New York – is now also addressing the the Venture Fund also found several ways
projects and explore innovation through
declining state of student journalism and to respond directly to community needs.
32 J O H N S . A N D J A M E S L . K N I G H T F O U N D AT I O N
NATIONAL VENTURE FUND NARRATIVE
For example, a $100,000 grant to the
University of Maryland’s Democracy Col-
laborative and a $245,000 award to Campus
Compact are funding efforts to collect and
share the best practices in such fields as
economic development and university-
community collaboration. Through this
work, activist networks, policy-makers,
media and community groups, including
Knight’s community advisory committees,
will be able to better understand the
potential of new approaches to urban revi-
talization and develop more effective ways
of engaging institutions of higher educa-
tion in effective town-gown partnerships.
In other instances, we helped leaders
of key community partner organizations
develop skills to propel them to new levels Election Day, 2004: A voter in Broward County, Fla., leaves a polling place while a monitor stands by. Knight funding
of effectiveness. A $1.2 million grant will helped several organizations research the outcome of the 2000 election, come up with proposals for reform and devel-
op new procedures that became part of the Help America Vote Act (HAVA) of 2002.
support Charity Lobbying in the Public
Interest in working with Knight grantees
to develop plans for public policy engage- local community partners working on enough to deliver a convincing outcome,
ment. Meanwhile, a $770,000 grant to Earned Income Tax Credit campaigns and lingering questions about the fairness of
Voices for America’s Children will enhance out-of-school programs for middle-school American elections remain. Building off of
the skills of Knight community-based youth beginning in spring 2005. our earlier grants to the Caltech/MIT
grantees in the areas of early child care and Voting Technology Project, Demos and the
The Work that Remains Undone
education, youth development and budget Carter-Ford Commission, we will pursue
and tax policy, and will help them to coor- As we look toward the future, we see a grant-making strategy in 2005 that
dinate their policy work with that of lead- many opportunities to build on past suc- ensures adequate voting technology, helps
ing state-level child advocacy organizations. cesses. In 2005, we will work to embed our make voting more accessible and fosters
Finally, in order to impart the value national immigration work even deeper in bipartisan solutions to problems such as
of continued learning and to use the wealth Knight communities by launching the Amer- inconsistent standards for provisional
of knowledge and expertise that resides ican Dream Fund. The fund will support ballots and voter registration. Our efforts
in Knight communities, we continue to local organizations that help immigrants to integrate new and underrepresented
expand and refine our efforts to create become civically engaged and link them to populations – young people, the foreign
forums for cross-community exchanges. Knight’s national immigration network. born, local nonprofit service providers –
A $1.27 million grant to the National We will explore strategies for supporting into our country’s civic institutions neces-
Association for the Education of Young children in immigrant families, who – at sitate complementary efforts to ensure that
Children (NAEYC) reconvened more one-fifth of the nation’s entire child popu- such institutions retain their vitality and
than 75 “School Readiness Connections” lation – are driving the profound demo- are enticing to the populations we want
grantees at NAEYC’s annual conference in graphic shifts in this country, yet all too them to attract.
Anaheim, Calif., last November. (See fea- often are confronted with challenges that It is a goal that, we believe, can be
ture on page 31.) Knight is supporting a impede their opportunities for growth, achieved only through investments that are
series of technology-assisted exchanges learning and development. prototypically Knight – those that reflect
through web chats and distance-learning At the national level, we will continue our ability to develop, nurture and sustain
seminars led by NAEYC staff. More recent to work to ensure that our country’s civic strong local-national networks.
investments in the Center for Economic infrastructure remains healthy, vibrant and For a full list of National Venture Fund
Progress and the Afterschool Alliance will strong. Although the margin of victory in grant descriptions and abstracts, please see
page 73. q
provide similar opportunities to Knight’s the 2004 presidential election was large
2 0 0 4 A N N U A L R E P O RT 33
A Campaign for, and About, Civics
David Skaggs is executive director of the Center for Democracy & Citizenship Program at the Council for Excellence in Government. Skaggs served 12 years (1987-99) in Congress as
U.S. representative from the Second Congressional District of Colorado (including the northwestern Denver suburbs and Boulder) and three terms (1981-87) in the Colorado House, the
last two terms as minority leader.
ASHINGTON – America’s schools hold a special place and play in some states that were not selected. Organizations that hadn’t worked
an essential role in knitting together the fabric of our together before came together to submit proposals and then decided to con-
democratic community. That place and that role have been neg- tinue collaborating even without a campaign grant. It’s a nice demonstration
lected lately. of the power and serendipity of combining forces, and it gave the campaign
As a state legislator and then a congressman, I gradually became aware a lift we hadn’t planned on.
that for too many people a basic understanding of the government’s struc- Four of the coalitions receiving grants are in states (Colorado, Michigan,
ture and of the political system was missing. That lack of understanding was North Carolina and Pennsylvania) with Knight communities. In those states,
surely also connected to declining participation in civic life. And the younger the campaign is making a concerted effort to strengthen student journalism
the person, the greater the problem. – one of the methods the CMS report endorsed as an effective approach to
Only after several years working to improve turnout by younger voters improved civic learning. The coalitions in those states in particular include
did it start to dawn on me that it was a little late to wait until someone is 18 newspaper and media professionals. They are using their experience and
or 19. If young people have not been educated for democracy in high school connections to elevate student journalism and give young Americans a work-
and earlier, voting is a very hard sell. ing understanding of how a democratic society is grounded in a free press.
Clearly, we needed to revive the proud and historic tradition of the For Debra Henzey, the leader of the campaign’s coalition in North
schools in preparing young Americans for the responsibilities and rewards Carolina, the participation of The Charlotte Observer is a great plus. “A major
of self-government. We needed to restore the civic mission of schools. need in our state is to provide teachers with resources to engage students
It was wonderful news, then, when two years ago Carnegie Corp. of New in current events and deal effectively with controversial issues,” she says.
York and CIRCLE (the Center for Information and Research on Civic Learning “The Observer has a long history of working with local schools, and having
and Engagement) at the University of Maryland published their Civic access to its excellent resources is a great benefit in meeting these needs.”
Mission of Schools (CMS) report. Drafted with the help of a broad range of Some truths are self-evident, but the work of democracy is learned
top educators, practitioners and researchers, the report made the compelling behavior. As the United States pursues democratic reform abroad, we should
case for attacking the problem of growing civic illiteracy and set out recom- recognize the urgency of democratic renewal here at home. As John Dewey
mendations about the best ways that K-12 education could do the job. observed, “Democracy needs to be reborn in every generation, and education
The report drew a lot of positive attention and a decision by Carnegie is its midwife.”
Corp. and Knight Foundation to fund an effort to implement the report’s rec- The campaign’s Pennsylvania coalition, which includes The Philadelphia
ommendations. And so the Campaign for the Civic Mission of Schools was Inquirer, is working at that rebirth in the Keystone State and is fortunate
born early in 2004, with each foundation putting $1 million into an ambitious to have Marjorie Rendell as a champion. A U.S. Circuit Court of Appeals judge
multiyear undertaking being managed by the Council for Excellence in and first lady of Pennsylvania, she speaks authoritatively about schools’
Government and the Academy for Educational Development. civic mission. “No other subject matter holds as much promise or relevance
From its inception the campaign has been about creating a network of – because first and foremost we are citizens,” she says. “Civic education
coalitions in behalf of the fundamental goal of restoring the civic mission of and learning to be good citizens is not an afterthought – it is the point. Our
schools. The guiding coalition is the campaign’s steering committee, com- basic freedoms depend on an educated citizenry and on a learning process
posed of representatives of some 40 leading organizations concerned with that has prepared us to participate and engage as citizens.”
civic learning in America’s schools. The campaign is starting up in challenging times for educational reform.
Because most decisions about K-12 educational policy and resources are The federal No Child Left Behind Act has focused attention on reading and
made at the state and school-district level, the campaign is directing most math, with science coming soon. No one questions that students must be
of its resources and attention there. After an extensive request for proposal competent in these core subjects. But neither can we afford to lose sight of
(RFP) process last spring and summer, a panel of reviewers chose 18 state the schools’ essential role in preparing young people to be competent
coalitions for grants – in Alaska, Arizona, Colorado, Idaho, Illinois, Louisiana, members of a democratic society.
Maine, Michigan, Nebraska, Nevada, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New In fact, the American people understand that very well. In a recent
York, North Carolina, Oregon, Pennsylvania, Vermont and Wisconsin. All are national survey, large majorities said that the civic mission of schools is
designed to advance public policy that will improve the way their states very important; that the schools need to do a better job educating for democ-
educate students for democracy. racy; and that they are ready to back policy-makers who put the resources
Each of these state coalitions is made up of educators, civic organizations, to that task.
policy-makers and other community leaders committed to a plan designed So, notwithstanding the challenges, the campaign’s goal enjoys broad
to fit the political and educational circumstances of its state. public support, and we are determined to marshal that support to meet the
challenges. After all, the health of American democracy depends on it. q
An unexpected benefit of the RFPs’ insistence on broad coalitions came
34 J O H N S . A N D J A M E S L . K N I G H T F O U N D AT I O N See www.civicmissionofschools.org/press/CMS%20Press/civedsurvey.html.
Former Congressman David Skaggs
says the Campaign for the Civic
Mission of Schools is up against
numerous challenges in its efforts
to promote the appreciation
of civics and journalism in U.S.
schools. Among them: the federal
No Child Left Behind Act has
focused attention on reading and
math, with science coming soon,
putting pressure on other courses.
2 0 0 4 A N N U A L R E P O RT 35
TRUSTEES AND STAFF*
2004 Trustees 2004 Staff
PRESIDENT’S OFFICE PROGRAMS
W. Gerald Austen, M.D. Hodding Carter III Michael Maidenberg
Chairman and Trustee President and Chief Executive Officer Vice President and Chief Program Officer
Robert W. Briggs Naida E. Gonzalez Meredith Hector
Vice Chairman and Trustee Executive Secretary to Mr. Carter Executive Secretary to Mr. Maidenberg
Hodding Carter III Lizabeth L. Sklaroff Katherine T. Loflin
President, CEO and Trustee President’s Special Assistant for Evaluation Technical Assistance and Community Foundations
Cesar L. Alvarez Donovan Lee-Sin
Trustee Program Associate
COMMUNIT Y PARTNERS PROGRAM
L. M. Baker Jr. Joe Ervin
Trustee Director of Community Partners Program
Creed. C. Black Linda B. Fitzgerald
Trustee Deputy Director of Community Partners Program
Mary Sue Coleman Beverly Blake
Trustee Community Liaison Program Officer
Marjorie Knight Crane
Trustee Anne Corriston
Community Liaison Program Officer
James N. Crutchfield Great Plains
Alfredo A. Cruz
Paul S. Grogan Community Liaison Program Officer
Trustee Gulf Coast
Rolfe Neill Vivian Celeste Neal
Trustee Community Liaison Program Officer
Mariam C. Noland
Trustee Susan Patterson
Community Liaison Program Officer
Beverly Knight Olson Carolinas
Suzette L. Prude
John W. Rogers Jr. Community Liaison Program Officer
Trustee South Florida
Larry Meyer Brenda G. Price
Vice President of Communications Community Liaison Program Officer
and Secretary Great Lakes
Juan J. Martinez
Vice President of Accounting
*As of March 15, 2005
36 J O H N S . A N D J A M E S L . K N I G H T F O U N D AT I O N
TRUSTEES AND STAFF
Belinda Turner Lawrence Juan J. Martinez
Polly M. Talen
Vice President and Vice President of Accounting
Community Liaison Program Officer
Chief Administrative Officer
Julie E. Tarr Controller
Workforce Performance and
Community Liaison Program Officer
Susan L. Gomez
John R. Williams II
Community Liaison Program Officer
Virginia M. Mojica
Veronica Agustus-Appleby Administration Assistant
Reba N. Sawyer
Eve Kyomya Receptionist
Archives, Records and Library Assistant Larry Meyer
JOURNALISM INITIATIVES Vice President of Communications
Administrative Assistant – Floating Sharon Moshavi
Director of Journalism Initiatives
Denise Tom INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY
Journalism Program Specialist
Jorge Martinez Communications Associate – Webmaster
Ava M. Rostant Director of Information Systems
Philip C. Francis Communications Assistant
Information Technology Associate
NATIONAL VENTURE FUND and Web Technician
Director of National Venture Fund
Julie K. Kohler
National Venture Fund Program Officer
Julie B.A. Brooks
& Staff 2 0 0 4 A N N U A L R E P O RT 37
KNIGHT FOUNDATION HISTORY
Evolution Based on Strategic Planning
shares of Knight Newspapers stock from
the Knights’ mother, Clara I. Knight, who
died that November. Faced with the prospect
of administering a much larger financial
aid program, the board of trustees voted in
1966 to end assistance for college students
and to replace it with grants to colleges
and universities. Over the next few years a
limited number of cultural and educational
institutions in Akron, Miami, Charlotte and
Detroit – cities where the Knights owned
newspapers – were added to the foundation’s
list of grant recipients.
A turning point came in 1972 when the
board of trustees authorized the sale of
Clara Knight’s stock in a secondary offering
by Knight Newspapers. The sale raised
$21,343,500, increased the foundation’s
assets to more than $24 million and initiat-
ed an expanded grant program focused on
the growing number of cities where the
Knights published newspapers. Journalism,
especially the education of journalists,
became a matter of more pronounced
Laying the Cornerstone
In 1974 several events occurred that laid
the cornerstone for a much larger Knight
John S. and James L. Knight.
Foundation. Jack Knight’s wife, Beryl,
died, and he underwent major surgery,
T thus creating concern among his associates
he John S. and James L. Knight Memorial Education Fund. Almost from
about the future of Knight Newspapers.
Foundation originated with the the beginning, however, the foundation
Concurrent with these circumstances,
Knight family’s belief in the value of made small grants to educational, cultural
Knight Newspapers merged with Ridder
education. The brothers’ father, Charles and social service institutions – mostly in
Publications to create Knight-Ridder Inc.,
Landon Knight, had a tradition of helping Akron – and on a very limited basis to
at the time the largest newspaper company
financially strapped students pay for their journalism-related causes.
in the country. Jack Knight was its biggest
college education. To honor his memory, For the first 10 years, the foundation’s
the Knight Memorial Education Fund was assets came from contributions from the
Heading the newly formed company as
established in 1940 to provide financial Beacon Journal and The Miami Herald,
chairman and CEO was the merger’s archi-
aid to college students from the Akron and personal gifts by Jack and Jim Knight.
tect, Lee Hills, former president of Knight
area. Supported with contributions from Other Knight newspapers began to con-
Newspapers. A close friend and associate
the Akron Beacon Journal, the fund existed tribute small amounts in the early 1960s –
of the Knights for more than 35 years, Hills
until December 1950 when its assets of a move that led to a limited number of
was the first person outside the family to
$9,047 were transferred to the newly creat- grants to cities from which the contribu-
head Knight Newspapers. He had been a
ed Knight Foundation. tions came.
foundation trustee since 1960.
Incorporated in the state of Ohio, Newspaper contributions stopped in
Hills recognized that Jack Knight’s status
Knight Foundation was organized princi- 1965 with the foundation’s first major
as Knight-Ridder’s largest shareholder
pally to carry out the work of the Knight infusion of assets – a bequest of 180,000
38 J O H N S . A N D J A M E S L . K N I G H T F O U N D AT I O N
KNIGHT FOUNDATION HISTORY
placed the company in a precarious posi-
tion. If the elder Knight died, leaving the
bulk of his estate to his heirs, they would
be forced to sell most of their Knight-
Ridder stock to pay the estate taxes. That
would leave Knight-Ridder vulnerable to
management by outside interests and pos-
sibly a takeover by those who understood
little or nothing about newspapers and
less about journalism.
Recognizing that both Knight-Ridder’s
future and Jack Knight’s legacy of quality
newspapers and journalistic integrity were
threatened by such a scenario, Hills moved
slowly and gently to present his friend with
another option: leaving the bulk of his
estate to the foundation.
The gentle persuasion worked. Knight
A January 2004 retreat gave participants in Knight’s Community Partners Program a chance to share notes on the new
rewrote his will, asking Hills to journey
program and learn together. From left: Marilyn Howard, executive director of the Manatee Community Foundation;
from his office in Miami to Cleveland to Patti Lazarus, now director of development and communications, Farmers’ Legal Action Group Inc. in St. Paul; Polly
review the document with Knight’s attor- M. Talen, Knight’s Community Liaison Program Officer for Minnesota; and Nancy K. Johnson, president and executive
director of the Legacy Foundation in Gary.
ney. Signed in April 1975, the will left
the bulk of Jack Knight’s estate to Knight
dation’s trustees consider its future. The of ensuring that the foundation could
outcome was an early and largely informal manage the twentyfold increase in its assets.
That year the foundation acquired its
strategic planning exercise that resulted in In the future, Jim Knight said, operating
first office and hired its first two full-time
direct statements from Jack and Jim Knight the foundation “will be like running a
employees. Ben Maidenburg, a Beacon
about foundation governance and grant major national institution. The job will
Journal news executive, was named presi-
making. Their preferences reflected a desire require outstanding talent and leadership.”
dent. Maidenburg had been a foundation
for an optimum amount of flexibility, “on The review by Hills and the board
trustee since 1957 and had served as the
the grounds,” Jack Knight wrote, “that a resulted in the creation of a new governing
foundation’s part-time manager.
truly effective foundation should have structure as well as programming and
Over the next few years the foundation
freedom to exercise its best judgment as financial policies. This planning process
focused on grants to educational and
required by the times and conditions has served as the blueprint for the founda-
cultural institutions in the 11 cities where
under which they live.” tion’s work ever since.
Knight Newspapers had published. In
Jack Knight died on June 16, 1981. The In grant making, a formal Cities Program
addition, journalism education and free-
task of settling his estate required five emerged focusing on all Knight-Ridder
press issues emerged as a foundation interest
years. When the final transfer of funds to communities. In journalism, the foundation
with almost 25 percent of grants supporting
the foundation occurred on May 5, 1986, built on the Knights’ legacy of support for
the distribution from the bequest totaled education as the cornerstone of quality
Little more than a year after Maiden-
$428,144,588, making Knight Foundation journalism by establishing, salvaging or
burg took the reins, he fell ill. Jack Knight
the 21st largest U.S. foundation based on strengthening some of the profession’s
asked C.C. Gibson, a friend and Akron
asset size. most prestigious midcareer fellowship
civic activist, to fill in. By 1978 it was clear
During that five-year period, Hills – at programs for journalists. Host institutions
Maidenburg could not return, so Gibson
the request of Jim Knight, the foundation’s included Harvard, Yale, Columbia, the
was named president.
new chairman – guided the board in an Massachusetts Institute of Technology
A New Chapter Begins intense strategic planning process. With (MIT), the University of Michigan, the
the settling of Jack Knight’s will complete, University of Maryland and Stanford, where
One of Jack Knight’s directives during
the new chairman declared the importance the John S. Knight Fellowships were
the final years of his life was that the foun-
2 0 0 4 A N N U A L R E P O RT 39
KNIGHT FOUNDATION HISTORY
At the Lincoln Theater in Miami Beach, participants in the Magic of Music symphony orchestra retreat listen as Michael Tilson Thomas, music director of the San Francisco
Symphony Orchestra and founder and artistic director of the New World Symphony, converses via Internet 2 technology. Moderator Thomas Wolf and Christoph Eschenbach, music
director of The Philadelphia Orchestra, face the audience.
established in 1982. body that continues to advocate for the America’s great urban centers.
Soon thereafter, the board created sepa- reform of college athletics; the Knight In 1990, Knight trustees voted to relo-
rate programs for education, and arts and Chairs in Journalism, a program that seeks cate the foundation’s headquarters from
culture, the two fields in which the foun- to elevate the quality of education at the Akron to Miami, where several board
dation had traditionally made most of its nation’s best journalism and public policy members lived or spent considerable time.
local grants. schools (now totaling 18) by attracting Simultaneously, the staff nearly doubled to
A key change in leadership occurred in notable working journalists to serve as 14 – an outgrowth of the complexity of
February 1988 as Creed Black, a veteran educators through an endowed chair; and grants, the increased amount of money
Knight-Ridder news executive and former the National Community Development given away and the need for more sophisti-
publisher of the Lexington Herald-Leader, Initiative (NCDI), the largest philanthrop- cated oversight of the foundation’s $522
assumed the presidency. Under Black’s ic collaboration in U.S. history. As a million portfolio.
leadership the foundation’s national pres- founding member of NCDI (now known
Jim Knight’s Bequest
ence grew with such high-profile efforts as as Living Cities), Knight Foundation col-
the Knight Foundation Commission on laborates with other national grant-makers Prompted by the dramatic and rapid
Intercollegiate Athletics, a blue-ribbon and lenders committed to revitalizing changes, the board in late 1990 initiated a
40 J O H N S . A N D J A M E S L . K N I G H T F O U N D AT I O N
KNIGHT FOUNDATION HISTORY
new strategic planning process. Before the
first meeting was held, however, Jim Knight
died in February 1991, leaving what became
a $200 million bequest to the foundation.
By this time, the newspaper company the
Knight brothers founded and the founda-
tion were operating in 26 U.S. cities.
Hills was elected to succeed Jim Knight
as chairman, while W. Gerald Austen, M.D.,
an internationally known heart surgeon
and the surgeon-in-chief at Massachusetts
General Hospital, was elected vice chair to
succeed Hills. Dr. Austen, a board member
since 1987, was the Knights’ physician and
Aware that Jim Knight’s bequest made
the strategic planning process even more
timely and important, the board undertook
an extensive one-year strategic planning Knight’s Hodding Carter, left, joins Harvard University President Lawrence Summers and Nieman Foundation Curator
exercise that culminated in a decade of ini- Bob Giles at the dedication of the new Knight Center wing at Lippmann House, home of the Nieman Fellows.
tiatives and more focused grant making.
The Cities Program was renamed the
Community Initiatives Program and seven attacks of Sept. 11, 2001, the board approved International Center for Journalists, were
areas of special interest were identified as a $10 million program to aid direct service established to enable U.S. journalists and
funding priorities: arts and culture, children providers in Knight communities affected media executives to go overseas to provide
and social welfare, citizenship, community by those events. professional advice and training in emerg-
development, education, homelessness and ing democracies.
26 Participating Communities
literacy. Through the Education Program, the
Also launched under the auspices of the During the early 1990s, the 26 cities foundation forged alliances with such
revamped program was the Community covered by the Community Initiatives national groups as the National Center for
Foundations Initiative. It provided more Program remained constant because Family Literacy, New American Schools
than $10 million through 1997 to either Knight-Ridder neither sold nor acquired and Teach For America; many of these
enlarge or establish donor-advised funds at newspapers. However, a series of company organizations incorporated the founda-
community foundations in cities and towns purchases and sales in the mid-1990s tion’s cities into their activities.
where the foundation made local grants. prompted a board review of the geographic Through the Arts and Culture
The donor-advised funds became a mech- focus of the local funding program. In Program, the foundation launched two
anism for making smaller, quicker grants. 1998 the board decided the program initiatives in the 1990s. The “Magic of
In an effort to remain responsive to the should cover only the 26 cities that had Music” Symphony Orchestra Initiative
emergency needs of Knight cities in the been eligible for local grants at the time of provided grants to symphony orchestras
aftermath of disasters, the board adopted a Jim Knight’s death in 1991. The decision willing to engage their entire organizations
grant procedure to expedite funding in ended the practice of the foundation fol- in experiments designed to generate a
such times of need. The largest commitment lowing the company (now Knight Ridder) greater sense of excitement about the con-
was $10 million for the recovery and as it bought or sold newspapers through- certgoing experience and a more vital
rebuilding of Dade (now Miami-Dade) out the country. relationship between artists and audiences.
County following Hurricane Andrew in Journalism proved an especially fertile The second initiative, the Museum Loan
1992. The board also approved $1 million area for initiatives dealing with educational Network, is a collection-sharing program
in grants after the Red River flood and needs, free-press and First Amendment administered by MIT that aims to get art-
subsequent fires destroyed much of Grand issues. In 1993 the Knight International works out of storage in one museum and
Forks in 1997. And after the terrorist Press Fellowships, administered by the onto the walls of another.
2 0 0 4 A N N U A L R E P O RT 41
KNIGHT FOUNDATION HISTORY
the liaisons and the committees had identi-
fied funding priorities in all 26 communities
and made their initial long-term invest-
ments. Those efforts are complemented
by a commitment to invest an additional
$50 million through 2005 in expanded
donor-advised funds now held by commu-
nity foundations serving all 26 Knight
Commitment to Journalism
The Journalism Initiatives program
kicked off a long-term relationship with
The Poynter Institute, a top-rated training
source for journalists, by funding News
University in 2003 with a $2.8 million grant.
Through www.newsu.org, NewsU provides a
series of interactive training modules that
After 15 years of leading the Knight Foundation Commission on Intercollegiate Athletics, William C. Friday, left, the rely in part on the knowledge of Knight’s
president emeritus of the University of North Carolina, turned over the chairman’s post to Thomas K. Hearn Jr., retir-
journalism chairs. Knight’s investments
ing president of Wake Forest University.
in newsroom education directly trained
14,000 journalists in 2004.
Launched in the 2000 strategic review,
the National Venture Fund nurtures inno-
On Jan. 1, 1993, the foundation became by Hills. His vision and thoughtful guidance
vative approaches to investment that might
the John S. and James L. Knight Foundation had steered the foundation successfully
benefit Knight communities.
to honor the memory of the brothers who into a new century. The next key steps were
In 2004, the Venture Fund launched
had created it. A year later the foundation taken at a retreat that September when the
a $13.5 million Immigrant Integration
incorporated in the state of Florida. board approved a five-year strategic plan
Initiative, designed to increase rates of nat-
mandating the most extensive reinvention
Leadership Changes uralization, improve English-language
in Knight Foundation’s history.
education and strengthen the local and
A review of the strategic plan in 1995 The new plan reasserted the foundation’s
national network of immigrant-serving
also served as a catalyst for a change in commitment to journalism excellence
organizations across the country. In addi-
leadership. Hills stepped down as chairman and significantly deepened its ties to its
tion, Knight’s Venture Fund and journal-
in 1996 and was succeeded by Vice Chair communities, positioning it as a proactive
ism program jointly funded the Civic
Austen. Board member Jill Ker Conway, partner focusing on results. The newly
Mission of Schools, a newly launched
former president of Smith College and a named Community Partners Program
national campaign to renew and elevate
visiting scholar at MIT, served as vice chair promised greater resources from Knight
civics in America’s schools and emphasize
under Austen from 1996 to March 2005, Foundation directed over a longer period
the importance of teaching journalism
when she retired after 14 years on the board. of time to a locally recommended, tightly
as part of the effort.
In February 1998, Black retired as focused set of community priorities.
Knight Foundation ended 2004 with
president and was succeeded by Hodding Across the 26 Knight cities, the
assets of $1.94 billion. Knight Foundation
Carter III, a nationally known public Community Partners Program deploys 10
remains well-positioned as it continues its
affairs journalist and former Mississippi program officers who develop fundable
efforts to promote journalism excellence
newspaper editor and publisher who had strategies in partnership with appropriate
worldwide and improve the quality of life
occupied the Knight Chair in Journalism nonprofit organizations. Each city benefits
in its 26 communities. q
at the University of Maryland. from a Knight Community Advisory
Lee Hills died Feb. 3, 2000, at the age of Committee – a group of up to a dozen
93. The blueprint on which the foundation local residents offering deep knowledge of
operates was largely designed and drawn and experience with area issues. By 2003,
42 J O H N S . A N D J A M E S L . K N I G H T F O U N D AT I O N
A Network Both Virtual and Human
Gianella Villena and Cristian Rivera use a laptop computer to judge the strength of the Internet signal a few blocks away from a rooftop antenna located back at their office in
Miami’s East Little Havana neighborhood. ‘Dead spots’ in coverage mean their clients might not be able to go online.
lsa de Jesús was a nurse before she One Economy brought computers
E came from Peru. When she moved and the Internet to East Little Havana
to Miami’s East Little Havana with an outgoing team of high school
neighborhood, she couldn’t continue students called “digital connectors.”
nursing without becoming recertified They install and repair computers
by the state of Florida. purchased by neighbors such as Elsa,
Though Elsa was a self-acknowledged and are busy setting up a community-
technophobe, she decided to change wide “wi-fi” network to expand the
the situation by taking computer classes free Internet service to more neighbors.
at a community center, where she The Miami enterprise, along with
found that she was eligible – through one in San Jose, Calif., has served as a
a program from One Economy – to get model for One Economy to expand to
a computer at home for just $50. With dozens of other U.S. communities.
it, she tackled a self-study course from A web-only annual report story
Kaplan, and passed the first-level exam. on the “digital connectors” and
On the web, Elsa and her neighbors One Economy is available at
visit One Economy’s thebeehive.org, www.knightfdn.org/annual. q
featuring a wealth of information vital
to smoothing their path to civic par-
ticipation and even citizenship.
2 0 0 4 A N N U A L R E P O RT 43
he world economy beat forecasts in cool, interest rates would rise, credit spreads attained by the passive policy-portfolio
T 2004, and Knight Foundation’s asset would no longer continue to tighten, and benchmark. Although this was a welcome
base joined the generally rising tide. a growing U.S. deficit would discourage result, exposure to several defensive strate-
The market value of the foundation’s foreign investors. However, most of these gies and holdings in founder’s stock
assets at Dec. 31, 2004, was $1.939 billion, forecast events did not occur, and domestic (Knight Ridder), which declined 11.8 per-
an increase of $93.4 million for the year. and foreign equity markets again posted cent, dampened returns and limited the
Investment activity added $194.1 million double-digit gains. The U.S. stock market portfolio’s ability to fully participate in the
during 2004. Grant spending for the year rose 12 percent (as represented by the strong domestic and international equity
was $90.4 million and administrative Russell 3000 Index) and foreign stocks did returns posted in 2004. As a result, the
expenses were $9.6 million. The foundation even better, gaining 21.4 percent as meas- portfolio’s performance trailed that of its
paid taxes of $1.5 million. These expenses ured by the MSCI All Country World ex peer-group portfolio benchmarks (Table
were partially offset by $800,000 in contri- U.S. Index. With economic conditions and 2). Over longer time horizons of five and
butions and other income (Table 1). market sentiment improving, bonds were 10 years, the benefits of a diversified port-
After the strong double-digit gains able to post a small gain of 4.2 percent for folio, which strikes a balance between
posted by most global equity markets in the year. offensive and defensive strategies, become
2003, many investors believed that the Knight Foundation’s portfolio return evident. Over those time periods, Knight
markets in 2004 would be unable to repli- for 2004 was 11.2 percent. This perform- Foundation’s investment returns were
cate the success of the previous year ance exceeded expectations established by above most benchmarks.
because market and economic conditions the policy-portfolio benchmark, which
Strategies That Worked in 2004
had become less favorable. The expecta- returned 10 percent. The investment and
tions were that corporate profit growth tactical decisions made by outside man- The highest returning asset class was
would slow, hot equity markets would agers and staff added value above those commodities, gaining 30.5 percent for the
year versus its benchmark return of 17.3
percent. The exceptional performance rela-
tive to the benchmark was due primarily
Change in Asset Values (dollars in millions) to tactical overlays in oil, gold and nickel
Investment Activity, net $ 194.1 $ 226.6 commodities, and timely rebalancing
Grants Paid (90.4) (90.4) throughout the year. Commodity prices
General and Administrative Expenses (9.6) (10.1) surged in 2004 on strong demand from
Taxes Refunded / (Paid) (1.5) 1.0 such emerging countries as China and
Contributions Received – 0.2
India, and continued uncertainty with the
Other 0.8 0.4
reliability of oil supplies in the Middle
Total Change $ 93.4 $ 127.7
East. The foundation’s energy asset class
also benefited from rising energy prices.
Memo: Beginning Assets $1,845.9 $1,718.2
International equity appreciated 17.9
Ending Assets $1,939.3 $1,845.9
percent during the year, outpacing its
benchmark return of 9.6 percent. The
strong relative performance was due pri-
Average Annual Returns marily to the tactical decision not to hedge
Summary of Investment Performance foreign currencies, which gained value
Period Ended Dec. 31 2004 5 Years 10 Years during the year relative to the weakening
KF Portfolio 11.2% 5.3% 13.9%
U.S. dollar, as well as the decisions to over-
weight allocations to Asian and emerging
Policy Portfolio 10.0% 3.1% NA
markets for most of the year and to under-
Domestic 60/30/10 Passive 8.5% 1.6% 10.4%
weight European market allocations.
Global 60/30/10 12.7% 1.6% 7.8%
Fixed income posted a 10.5 percent
TIFF Multi-Asset Fund 14.6% 6.2% NA
return, outperforming its benchmark
return of 4.2 percent. Knight’s portfolio
Growth Fund 11.3% 0.7% NA
was able to outperform the index by oppor-
Endowment Median 12.2% 4.8% 11.2% tunistically holding foreign and emerging
market bonds at various times during the
year and by adjusting the duration of the
44 J O H N S . A N D J A M E S L . K N I G H T F O U N D AT I O N
INVESTMENT REPORT AUDITORS’ REPORT
portfolio to interest rate volatility. A strategy value to the portfolio, returning 29.8 and Report of Independent Certified
of having long duration Treasury Inflation 15 percent, respectively. Venture capital Public Accountants
Protected Securities (TIPS) during most of was up 7.4 percent, and international pri-
the year also bolstered Knight’s performance. vate equity gained 6.3 percent. Trustees
Defensive hedge funds gained 8.1 percent Offensive hedge funds returned 10.8 John S. and James L. Knight Foundation
for the year, easily outdistancing its bench- percent for the year, lagging behind
mark return of 4.4 percent. All seven man- the benchmark return of 12.1 percent. We have audited the accompanying statements
agers in this category posted positive returns. Directional hedge funds faced a challeng- of financial position of the John S. and James L.
Knight Foundation’s domestic equity ing year in 2004, with too many managers Knight Foundation (the foundation) as of Dec. 31,
asset class rose 7.5 percent, beating the investing in similar sectors, low market 2004 and 2003, and the related statements of
Russell 3000/KRI Blend benchmark, which volatility limiting opportunities in deriva- activities and cash flows for the years then ended.
gained 6.7 percent. A strategic tilt to the tive products and minimal dispersion of These financial statements are the responsibility
large cap value-style index and limited returns among stocks with good and bad of the foundation’s management. Our responsi-
exposure to small cap equities accounted fundamentals. bility is to express an opinion on these financial
for the difference in performance. statements based on our audits.
Private real estate gained 12.5 percent, We conducted our audits in accordance with
slightly higher than the benchmark return The chart below shows the asset class allo- auditing standards generally accepted in the
of 12.4 percent. Apartments and retail prop- cation targets that were in effect at year end. United States. Those standards require that we
erties had the best performance for the year, plan and perform the audit to obtain reasonable
while office properties continued to lag. assurance about whether the financial statements
The Knight portfolio’s risk profile in are free of material misstatement. An audit
Strategies That Lagged and 2004 benefited from having invested in includes consideration of internal control over
Some Missed Opportunities assets not classified as either equities or fixed financial reporting as a basis for designing audit
Private equity investments, which include income, such as commodities. Our perform- procedures that are appropriate in the circum-
venture capital, buyout, international and ance was also helped by opportunistically stances, but not for the purpose of expressing an
distressed partnerships, were up 14.1 per- moving assets from U.S.-based markets opinion on the effectiveness of the foundation’s
cent for the year, trailing the benchmark into foreign fixed income and emerging internal control over financial reporting.
by 2.8 percentage points. This year marked market equities. Staying well diversified, Accordingly, we express no such opinion. An
the second straight year of positive returns employing the best managers possible, and audit also includes examining, on a test basis,
for private equity after negative returns in looking for tactical opportunities to add evidence supporting the amounts and disclosures
the previous three years. Buyout partner- value will continue to be our path. in the financial statements, assessing the
ships and distressed debt added the most accounting principles used and significant esti-
mates made by management, and evaluating the
overall financial statement presentation. We
ASSET ALLOCATION TARGETS 2004
believe that our audits provide a reasonable basis
for our opinion.
In our opinion, the financial statements
Real Assets Domestic Equity referred to above present fairly, in all material
respects, the financial position of the foundation
at Dec. 31, 2004 and 2003, and its changes in unre-
International stricted net assets and cash flows for the years
10.0% then ended, in conformity with accounting princi-
ples generally accepted in the United States.
10.0% Hedge Funds
Feb. 23, 2005
DEFENSIVE STRATEGIES OFFENSIVE STRATEGIES
2 0 0 4 A N N U A L R E P O RT 45
STATEMENTS OF FINANCIAL POSITION
Cash and cash equivalents $ 48,469,939 $ 162,687,829
Interest, dividends and other investment receivables 8,001,590 5,094,509
U.S. government and agency obligations 324,285,899 252,770,682
Corporate bonds and other obligations 82,687,544 85,427,021
Common stock of Knight Ridder 33,470,000 59,975,831
Other equity securities 1,054,787,077 911,552,289
Alternative equity investments 280,746,140 263,166,541
Real estate investments 106,182,294 104,391,562
Total investments 1,938,630,483 1,845,066,264
Other assets 710,422 802,784
Total assets $1,939,340,905 $1,845,869,048
Liabilities and unrestricted net assets
Grants payable $ 120,746,757 $ 110,212,152
Other liabilities 1,374,756 558,289
Total liabilities 122,121,513 110,770,441
Unrestricted net assets 1,817,219,392 1,735,098,607
Total liabilities and unrestricted net assets $1,939,340,905 $1,845,869,048
See accompanying notes.
STATEMENTS OF ACTIVITIES
Year ended Dec. 31
Interest $ 18,425,835 $ 26,094,091
Dividends 11,513,841 13,268,775
Net realized gain on sale of investments 193,112,318 50,314,176
Net change in fair value of investments (23,830,170) 143,039,539
Less: investment expenses (5,149,017) (6,069,448)
Total investment activity 194,072,807 226,647,133
Contributions received 21,706 198,168
Total investment activity and other support 194,094,513 226,845,301
Grants approved and expenses
Community Partners grants 61,135,880 79,754,840
Journalism Initiatives grants 14,823,500 39,115,430
National Venture Fund grants 22,315,500 9,254,000
Other grants 1,630,600 595,200
Grant forfeitures and other (2,928,238) (3,853,728)
Direct charitable activities 3,634,867 4,058,149
General and administrative expenses 9,582,761 10,135,667
Federal excise and other taxes, net 1,778,858 (435,864)
Total grants and expenses 111,973,728 138,623,694
Change in unrestricted net assets 82,120,785 88,221,607
Unrestricted net assets at beginning of year 1,735,098,607 1,646,877,000
Unrestricted net assets at end of year $1,817,219,392 $1,735,098,607
See accompanying notes.
46 J O H N S . A N D J A M E S L . K N I G H T F O U N D AT I O N
STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS
Year ended Dec. 31
Cash flows from operating activities
Change in unrestricted net assets $ 82,120,785 $ 88,221,607
Adjustments to reconcile change in unrestricted
net assets to net cash used in operating activities:
Net realized gain on sale of investments (193,112,318) (50,314,176)
Net change in fair value of investments 23,830,170 (143,039,539)
Changes in operating assets and liabilities:
Interest, dividends and other investment receivables (2,907,081) 50,971
Other assets 92,362 316,710
Grants payable 10,534,605 39,127,581
Other liabilities 816,467 283,622
Net cash used in operating activities (78,625,010) (65,353,224)
Cash flows from investing activities
Proceeds from sale of investments 1,206,308,398 1,325,401,706
Purchases of investments (1,241,901,278) (1,171,772,416)
Net cash (used in) provided by investing activities (35,592,880) 153,629,290
Net change in cash and cash equivalents (114,217,890) 88,276,066
Cash and cash equivalents at beginning of year 162,687,829 74,411,763
Cash and cash equivalents at end of year $ 48,469,939 $ 162,687,829
See accompanying notes.
2 0 0 4 A N N U A L R E P O RT 47
NOTES TO FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
Dec. 31, 2004 To minimize such risk, the foundation diversifies properties that are not publicly listed or traded,
its investments among various financial instru- are not liquid investments. The value of such
1. The Organization ments and asset categories, and uses multiple investments is determined by the partnerships’
investment strategies and investment managers. general partners, who must follow the valuation
The John S. and James L. Knight Foundation
Key decisions in this regard are made by the guidelines, such as appraisals and comparable
(the foundation), a nonprofit corporation, pro-
foundation’s investment committee, which has company trade data, stipulated in the respective
motes excellence in journalism worldwide and
oversight responsibility for the foundation’s limited partnership agreements. The Dec. 31
invests in the vitality of 26 U.S. communities.
investment program. The committee identifies valuations of the investments in limited part-
2. Significant Accounting Policies appropriate asset categories for investments, nerships are based upon the value determined
determines the allocation of assets to each cate- by the partnerships’ general partner as of Sept.
Cash and Cash Equivalents gory and approves the investment strategies 30, adjusted for capital contributions and distri-
employed. The foundation’s chief investment butions that occur during the quarter ended
Cash and cash equivalents are composed of
officer is responsible for the effective execution Dec. 31. These amounts may differ from values
various operating accounts and highly liquid
of the investment program, including the that would be determined if the investments in
investments with original maturities of 90 days
engagement of investment managers, financial limited partnerships were publicly traded or if
consultants and legal advisers, as required. The the Dec. 31 valuation amount were currently
Property, Plant and Equipment majority of the foundation’s financial assets are available. Realized gains and losses and increases
managed by external investment management and decreases in fair value on the investments
The foundation records property, plant and
firms selected by the chief investment officer. in limited partnerships are reflected in the
equipment as an expense in the year purchased.
The foundation’s holdings in Knight Ridder Statements of Activities. All limited partnerships
Property, plant and equipment purchased for
common stock, Treasury Inflation Protected are audited annually by independent certified
2004 and 2003 was approximately $260,000 and
Securities (TIPS), commodities, derivative over- public accounting firms. As of Dec. 31, 2004,
$1,900,000, respectively, of which approximately
lays, equities distributed by its limited partner- pursuant to its limited partnership agreements,
$194,000 and $1,454,000 were for charitable pur-
ship investments and strategic allocations to the foundation is committed to contributing
poses and are reflected in “General and adminis-
index funds are managed by the foundation’s approximately $295,200,000 in additional capi-
trative expenses” in the Statements of Activities.
investment department. All financial assets are tal over the next 10 years to various partner-
Program-Related Investments (PRIs) held in custody for the foundation in propri- ships. Unpaid commitments at Dec. 31, 2003,
etary accounts by a major commercial bank, were approximately $242,900,000.
In accordance with Section 4944 of the
except those assets that have been invested in At Dec. 31, 2004 and 2003, the foundation
Internal Revenue Code (the code), the founda-
limited partnerships, hedge funds or in certain held 500,000 and 775,182 shares, respectively, of
tion is permitted to make investments that are
products with multiple investors, such as index Knight Ridder common stock, which represent-
related to its philanthropic programs. These
funds, all of which have separate custodial ed 2 percent and 3 percent of the foundation’s
investments are anticipated to have a return
arrangements appropriate to their legal structure. assets, respectively.
lower than fair value. In the year of the invest-
Effective March 1, 2005, Cambridge
ment, the foundation receives a credit toward
Associates LLC (Cambridge), an independent
its distribution requirement. These investments
consulting firm, will assume all discretionary
are treated as grants in the year they are approved.
investment authority formerly residing with
To the extent the investment is recovered by
the chief investment officer, and will also
the foundation, the recovery is recognized as a
assume all functions and responsibilities of
negative distribution. Recoveries are reflected in
the internal investment department. As a result,
“Grant forfeitures and other” in the Statements
the foundation will disband its internal invest-
ment department, with the exception of staff
Use of Estimates to monitor and support the related internal
controls and accounting for investments. The
The presentation of financial statements in
foundation’s investment committee will retain
conformity with accounting principles generally
its oversight responsibility for the foundation’s
accepted in the United States requires manage-
ment to make estimates and assumptions that
The majority of the foundation’s financial
affect the reported amount of assets and liabili-
assets are invested in publicly traded securities
ties and disclosure of contingent assets and
that are listed on national exchanges, treasury
liabilities at the date of the financial statements.
and agency bonds of the U.S. government,
Estimates also affect the reported amounts of
sovereign bonds of foreign governments and
investment activity and expenses during the
investment and non-investment grade corporate
reporting period. Actual results could differ
bonds for which active trading markets exist.
from those estimates.
Such assets are valued at quoted closing prices
Reclassification at year end. Realized gains and losses and
increases and decreases in fair value on invest-
Certain amounts in the prior year’s financial
ments are reflected in the Statements of
statements have been reclassified to conform
with the current year’s presentation.
At Dec. 31, 2004 and 2003, approximately
3. Investments 20 percent of the foundation’s assets were
invested with numerous partnerships, in which
The investment goal of the foundation is
the foundation is a limited partner, that special-
to invest its assets in a manner that will achieve
ize in making venture capital, buyout, distressed
a total rate of return sufficient to replace the
debt, and equity-based real estate investments.
assets spent for grants and expenses and to
Such investments, typically investments in pri-
recoup any value lost due to inflation. To achieve
vate equity or debt securities of companies or
this goal, some investment risk must be taken.
48 J O H N S . A N D J A M E S L . K N I G H T F O U N D AT I O N
NOTES TO FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
3. Investments (continued)
A detail of fair value and cost by investment
Dec. 31, 2004 Dec. 31, 2003
Fair Value Cost Fair Value Cost
Cash and cash equivalents $ 48,469,939 $ 48,469,939 $ 162,687,829 $ 162,687,829
Interest, dividends and other investment receivables 8,001,590 7,868,897 5,094,509 4,603,757
U.S. government and agency obligations 324,285,899 309,844,407 252,770,682 233,436,179
Corporate bonds and other obligations 82,687,544 81,150,921 85,427,021 82,411,615
Common stock of Knight Ridder 33,470,000 13,937,500 59,975,831 21,608,198
Other equity securities 1,054,787,077 825,571,698 911,552,289 693,776,149
Alternative equity investments 280,746,140 406,755,703 263,166,541 380,802,663
Real estate investments 106,182,294 92,320,753 104,391,562 90,042,671
Total $1,938,630,483 $ 1,785,919,818 $ 1,845,066,264 $1,669,369,061
Highly liquid investments with original maturities of three months or less are reported as cash equivalents.
4. Derivative Financial Instruments this currency forward contract, which is reflect-
ed in the Statements of Financial Position, was
Some investment managers retained by the
foundation have been authorized to use certain
During 2004 and 2003, the foundation
derivative financial instruments in a manner
entered into various futures contracts. At Dec.
set forth by the foundation’s written investment
31, 2004, the foundation had opened positions
policy, specific manager guidelines or partner-
with various futures contracts with a net
ship/fund agreement documents. Specifically,
aggregate notional value of approximately
derivative financial instruments may be used for
$120,571,000. At Dec. 31, 2003, the foundation
the following purposes: (1) currency forward
had opened positions with various futures con-
contracts and options may be used to hedge
tracts with a net aggregate notional value of
nondollar exposure in foreign investments; (2)
approximately $146,500,000. The futures con-
covered call options may be sold to enhance
tracts selected are exchange-listed, highly liquid
yield on major equity positions; (3) futures
contracts providing daily settlements. Gains and
contracts may be used to equitize excess cash
losses were processed daily through the NYSE
positions, rebalance asset categories within the
third-party clearing broker and settled within
portfolio, adjust risk exposures within the port-
an account at the foundation’s custodian bank.
folio, or to rapidly increase or decrease exposure
For the years ended Dec. 31, 2004 and 2003,
to specific investment positions in anticipation
net realized gains and (losses) from futures con-
of subsequent cash trades; and (4) futures con-
tracts totaled approximately $9,654,000 and
tracts and options may be used by hedge fund
($6,100,000), respectively, and are reflected in
managers to hedge or leverage positions in port-
the Statements of Activities.
folios in their respective funds. Authorization
In the opinion of the foundation’s manage-
to use derivatives currently is restricted to 22
ment, the use of derivative financial instruments
hedge fund managers, who manage investments
in its investment program is appropriate and
totaling approximately $549,000,000 and one
customary for the investment strategies employed.
currency overlay manager, who at Dec. 31, 2004
Using those instruments reduces certain invest-
did not have any buy or sell positions.
ment risks and generally adds value to the port-
The foundation’s chief investment officer
folio. The instruments themselves, however, do
also is authorized to use derivatives to execute
involve some investment and counter party risk
certain investment strategies. Derivative finan-
not fully reflected in the foundation’s financial
cial instruments are recorded at fair value in the
statements. Management does not anticipate
Statements of Financial Position with changes in
that losses, if any, from such instruments would
fair value reflected in the Statements of Activities.
materially affect the financial position of the
At Dec. 31, 2004, the foundation had no
currency forward contracts. At Dec. 31, 2003,
the foundation had a currency forward contract
valued at $32,135,000 with one correspondent
bank. This represents a hedge against a portion
of the foundation’s Euro-denominated capital
commitments to its limited partnerships valued
at $44,700,000. All currency forward contacts
are up to six months in duration and are typi-
cally renewed. At Dec. 31, 2003, the fair value of
2 0 0 4 A N N U A L R E P O RT 49
NOTES TO FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
5. Grants 6. Federal Excise Taxes 7. Employee Pension Plan and Other
Postretirement Benefit Plans
The foundation records grants in full as The foundation qualifies as a tax-exempt
expenses when approved. Grants payable at Dec. organization under Section 501(c)(3) of the The foundation sponsors a pension plan
31, 2004 and 2003 represents the present value code and, with the exception of unrelated busi- with defined benefit and cash balance features
of multiyear grants using a 5.25 percent and 4 ness income from debt-financed, passive invest- for its eligible employees. The pension benefits
percent discount rate, respectively. The founda- ments, is not subject to federal or state income for all employees hired prior to Jan. 1, 2000,
tion made grant payments of $90,358,608 and tax. However, the foundation is classified as a will be the greater of the benefits as determined
$90,400,477 in 2004 and 2003, respectively. private foundation and is subject to a federal under the defined benefit feature of the pension
As of Dec. 31, 2004, the foundation had excise tax of 2 percent (or 1 percent under cer- plan or the cash balance feature of the pension
future grant commitments, which are scheduled tain circumstances) on net investment income plan. The pension benefits for all employees
for payment in future years as follows: and net realized gains, as defined by the code. hired on or subsequent to Jan. 1, 2000, will be
The foundation expects to qualify for the 1 determined under the cash balance feature of
2005 $ 73,291,527
percent tax rate in 2004 and was subject to the the pension plan. The foundation also sponsors
2006 41,448,142 1 percent tax rate in 2003. postretirement medical and life insurance bene-
2007 10,928,160 Total excise and other taxes paid by the fit plans.
foundation for the year ended Dec. 31, 2004, The following table sets forth the pension
amounted to approximately $1,450,000. For and other postretirement benefits plans’ funded
the year ended Dec. 31, 2003 the foundation status and amounts recognized in the founda-
Discounted to present value (10,224,402)
received a net refund of approximately $970,000 tion’s Statements of Financial Position:
Grants payable $120,746,757 in excise and other taxes.
Pension Plan Other Postretirement Benefit Plans
Year ended Dec. 31 Year ended Dec. 31
2004 2003 2004 2003
Fair value of plan assets $ 7,678,257 $ 6,577,343 $ 411,258 $ 225,840
Benefit obligation (8,631,636) (6,834,540) (1,600,035) (1,583,763)
Funded status of the plan $ (953,379) $ (257,197) $ (1,188,777) $ (1,357,923)
Accrued benefit asset/(liability) recognized in
the Statements of Financial Position $ 710,422 $ 802,784 $ (589,555) $ (519,370)
Service cost 686,186 550,030 80,890 61,121
Interest cost 426,723 385,098 83,819 86,565
Expected return on plan assets (519,638) (504,281) (23,306) (10,789)
Amortization of prior service cost 45,675 45,675 84,973 84,973
Amortization of transition asset (9,811) (9,812) – –
Recognized actuarial loss 13,227 – 14,616 19,431
Benefit cost recognized in the
Statements of Activities 642,362 466,710 240,992 241,301
Employer contributions 550,000 150,000 170,807 265,611
Employee contributions – – 977 1,196
Benefits paid 198,105 306,256 27,723 44,940
Discount rate 5.75% 6.25% 5.75% 6.25%
Expected return on plan assets 8.00 8.00 8.00 8.00
Rate of compensation increase 4.50 3.75 4.50 3.75
Health care cost trend rate assumptions
Initial trend rate N/A N/A 14.00% 15.00%
Ultimate trend rate N/A N/A 5.25 5.25
Year ultimate trend is reached N/A N/A 2014 2014
50 J O H N S . A N D J A M E S L . K N I G H T F O U N D AT I O N
NOTES TO FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
7. Employee Pension Plan and A detail of fair value of plan assets by invest-
Other Postretirement Benefit Plans (continued) ment class follows:
The expected long-term rate of return on Other Postretirement
plan assets for determining net periodic pension Pension Plan Benefit Plans
cost is chosen by the foundation from a best Dec. 31 Dec. 31
estimate range determined by the actuary by
2004 2003 2004 2003
applying anticipated long-term returns and
Cash and cash equivalents $ 621,189 $ 369,192 $ 7,010 $ 12,677
long-term volatility for various asset categories
Interest, dividends and
to the target asset allocation of the plan.
Expected benefit payments are as follows: other investment receivables 31,731 26,536 9 911
U.S. government and agency obligations 1,399,140 1,126,024 – 38,663
Corporate bonds and other obligations 534,734 572,417 57,577 19,655
Equity securities 5,091,463 4,483,174 346,662 153,934
Pension Plan Benefit Plans
Total $ 7,678,257 $ 6,577,343 $ 411,258 $ 225,840
2005 $ 752,692 $ 50,730
2006 574,492 50,122
2007 366,410 54,570
In addition, the foundation sponsors a 8. Leases
2008 476,538 63,562
defined contribution plan for its eligible The foundation has a lease for approximate-
2009 827,807 72,117
employees for which it has no fixed liabilities. ly 21,300 square feet of office space in Miami,
2010-2014 3,534,052 557,469
Effective Jan. 1, 2002, the foundation’s defined Fla., which expires in 2013. The foundation also
contribution plan was amended to add an has various leases for equipment, which expire
employer matching contribution component.
During 2005, the foundation is not required between 2004 and 2005. Rental expense for
During 2004 and 2003, the foundation made
to make any contributions to the pension office and equipment leases for 2004 and 2003
contributions to the defined contribution plan
plan and is expected to contribute $120,418 to was approximately $799,000 and $924,000,
of approximately $159,000 and $149,000,
the other postretirement benefit plans. If an respectively. Future minimum lease payments
unfunded accumulated benefit obligation exists for office and equipment leases are as follows:
at year-end the foundation may wish to make a
contribution in order to eliminate it.
2005 $ 680,999
The investment goal for plan assets is to
provide sufficient liquidity to meet payout
requirements while maintaining safety of prin-
cipal through prudent diversification. During 2008 721,029
2004, asset allocation targets for the pension 2009 736,993
plan were large-cap domestic equity, 40 percent;
small-cap domestic equity, 10 percent; interna-
Total $ 6,299,352
tional equity, 20 percent; domestic fixed income,
20 percent; and TIPS, 10 percent. During 2004,
asset allocation targets for the other postretire-
ment benefit plans were large-cap domestic
equity, 65 percent; small-cap domestic equity,
10 percent; international equity, 10 percent;
domestic fixed income, 10 percent; and domes-
tic high yield, 5 percent.
2 0 0 4 A N N U A L R E P O RT 51
LETTER OF INQUIRY
s you might imagine, we receive many inquiries at Knight Foundation.
A Accordingly, correspondents who follow these guidelines are more likely to receive
a prompt response.
Please submit a brief letter of inquiry. If we think your inquiry can be developed into a
full proposal, we will let you know. In no more than two pages, please tell us:
G Who you are and how to reach you
G The need(s) the proposed project will address
G The project’s relationship to the foundation’s funding priorities for your community
or the foundation’s journalism strategies and initiatives
G The results you expect the project to accomplish and how they will benefit the people
G The special qualifications your organization brings to the project
G The project’s relation to your organization’s mission and program goals
G The role of other organizations, if any, in planning and implementing the project
Please be sure to include:
G The total amount of money you wish to request, over what time period
G Your organization’s total income and expenditures for its most recent year
G Verification that your organization is tax-exempt under IRS code Section 501(c)(3),
and not a private foundation as defined in Section 509(a) of that code
For further information on our programs, please visit our web site, www.knightfdn.org.
52 J O H N S . A N D J A M E S L . K N I G H T F O U N D AT I O N
COMMUNIT Y PARTNERS PROGRAM
At an open house for Perkins
Activity Central at Simon Perkins
Middle School in Akron, students
in a drumming class keep the
beat for a dancing passerby. The
middle school is a hub of activity
for a collaborating group of
service providers all offering
ways to enhance the lives of the
school’s vulnerable middle
2 0 0 44 AA N NA LAR ER O P O RT
0 0 N N U U L P E RT 53
Listed below are $99,905,480 in new grants approved during 2004 by the John S. and James L. Knight Foundation. Some of these grants, as well as
those approved in past years, are disbursed over a period of several years. The net effect of these past and future commitments is that during 2004
the foundation actually disbursed $90,358,608.
PROGRAMS NUMBER OF GRANTS AMOUNT
Electronic and New Media 6 $1,889,000
News and Newsroom Diversity 7 1,567,500
News in the Public Interest 11 5,493,000
Press Freedom and Freedom of Information 13 2,585,000
Training and Education 12 3,289,000
Subtotal 49 $14,823,500
COMMUNIT Y PARTNERS
Community Foundations Initiative 6 $5,825,000
Civic Engagement and Positive Human Relations 18 2,972,500
Economic Development 21 7,668,000
Education 5 1,430,500
Housing and Community Development 15 6,409,500
Other Priorities 2 195,000
Vitality of Cultural Life 44 11,073,600
Well-being of Children and Families 90 25,561,780
Subtotal 201 $61,135,880
NATIONAL VENTURE FUND
Civic Engagement and Positive Human Relations 13 $9,750,500
Economic Development 3 1,700,000
Education 4 2,850,000
Housing and Community Development 2 5,900,000
Vitality of Cultural Life 2 75,000
Well-being of Children and Families 2 2,040,000
Subtotal 26 $22,315,500
Emergency Grants 8 $700,000
Other 1 500,000
Strengthening Philanthropy 7 123,600
Special 37 307,000
Subtotal 53 $1,630,600
GRAND TO TAL 329 $99,905,480
54 J O H N S . A N D J A M E S L . K N I G H T F O U N D AT I O N
G JOURNALISM INITIATIVES G The University of Maryland 164,000 The University of North Dakota 250,000
(College Park, Md.) (Grand Forks, N.D.) (over three years)
Electronic and New Media To support J-Lab’s work in journalism innovation To improve and expand the Native Media Center
and experimental community news. program and to advance both journalism education
University of Maryland $1,000,000
and training, and newsroom and news diversity
(College Park, Md.) (over three years)
using new media.
Kent State University Foundation 100,000
To launch New Voices, a regranting and education
program designed to provide seed money for com- Native Americans make up only about 300 of
To continue NewsOhio, college journalism broad-
munity news experiments. the estimated 50,000 journalists working in
casts that teach civics to high school students.
America’s daily newspapers. During the next
This project will be run by J-Lab, the Insti-
three years, this grant will help the Native
tute for Interactive Journalism at Maryland’s
The Poynter Institute for 75,000 Media Center recruit 16 Native American and
Philip Merrill College of Journalism. J-Lab
Media Studies Inc. tribal college students from the northern
administers the Batten Awards for Innovations
(St. Petersburg, Fla.) Great Plains to major in communications at
in Journalism, named for the late Knight Rid-
To convert the Newseum’s “Be a Reporter” game for the University of North Dakota. The students
der CEO (and Knight Foundation trustee)
web release. will produce an electronic news magazine,
James K. Batten. That program honors novel
write for the reznetnews.org web site, and
approaches to journalism in both mainstream
Federation of American Scientists 50,000 pursue journalism internships.
and community media that help people learn
about and better understand community
To disseminate and promote “A Digital Gift to the National Association of 200,000
issues. This grant will encourage community
Nation,” a report on how to transform education in Black Journalists
journalism ideas on a smaller scale with a
the age of digital communication. (Adelphi, Md.)
regranting program called New Voices. New
To improve and expand BlackCollegeWire.org, an
Voices will also serve as an extension of
online news service training student journalists at
the Batten Awards, because both will involve News and Newsroom Diversity
historically black colleges.
elements of interactive journalism – journalism
University of Montana Foundation $475,000
that is in touch with, and has an impact on,
(Missoula, Mont.) (over three years) The Washington Center for 192,500
its community. Ideas with the greatest poten-
To expand RezNet, an online student newspaper for Internships and Academic Seminars
tial to become self-sustaining will receive the
Native Americans attending tribal colleges that lack (Washington, D.C.) (over two years)
highest priority. The grant also will create a
student media. For internships with nonprofit media in Washington.
new web site, NewCommunityVoices.com,
which will help citizens involved in media In the 2002 newsroom census for the Ameri-
projects learn how to use basic journalism George Washington University 150,000
can Society of Newspaper Editors, daily
values; it will also create an e-learning module (Washington, D.C.)
newspapers reported that they employ only
in collaboration with The Poynter Institute’s For Prime Movers, a pilot program to train senior
300 Native American journalists. Though
News University. journalists to mentor high school students and to
some 25,000 Native American students
help revive student media, and to advance journal-
attend 32 tribal colleges, only one tribal col-
ism education and diversity.
Consumers Union of the United States 500,000 lege has a printed newspaper, and it does not
(Yonkers, N.Y.) (over two years) have any journalism classes. Enter RezNet
To merge Consumer WebWatch with the regular oper- National Conference of 150,000
(reznetnews.org), an online school newspaper
ations of Consumers Union. Editorial Writers Foundation (over five years)
for Native American students created with a
Knight Foundation grant in 2002. Supervised
Consumers Union is a nonprofit membership
To operate the Minority Writers Seminar while a
by University of Montana professor Dennis
organization begun in 1963 to provide prod-
$500,000 endowment is raised.
McAuliffe Jr., some 25 student reporters and
uct and service information that maintains
photographers cover school and community
and enhances the quality of life for consumers.
events. Contributors are paid for their work San Francisco State 150,000
Its flagship publication, Consumer Reports,
and can also earn three credits at the Universi- University Foundation
covers product testing, health, product safety,
ty of Montana by taking an online journalism (San Francisco, Calif.)
marketplace economics and government
course. In just two years, RezNet has helped For Prime Movers, a pilot program to train senior
actions that affect consumer welfare. In 1997,
24 Native American students get summer journalists to mentor high school students and
CU launched Consumer Reports Online, a
internships at daily newspapers. In addition, to help revive student media, and to advance jour-
web site with about 400,000 subscribers, one
RezNet has worked with three tribal colleges nalism and diversity.
of the largest of its kind in the nation. A
in Montana to create their own online news-
three-year grant from Knight Foundation in
papers. This grant will enable RezNet to devel-
2000 created a web credibility program, Con- News in the Public Interest
op a distance-learning, reporting and editing
sumer WebWatch, a project that promotes
course with the help of the Maynard Institute. The Center for Public Integrity $2,000,000
standards for credible online information.
By spring 2006, the class will be taught via (Washington, D.C.) (over three years)
More than 100 companies, including some of
the Internet to, at most, 15 tribal colleges. For operating support and a matching endowment
the largest doing business on the World Wide
grant to continue the center’s investigative journalism.
Web, have adopted the standards. By merging
Consumer WebWatch with CU’s regular Since 1989, the nonpartisan Center for Public
operations, this partial challenge grant will Integrity has provided high-quality investiga-
allow it to become a permanent program.
2 0 0 4 A N N U A L R E P O RT 55
tive reports directly to the public in books A high-level fund-raising committee has been Independent Television Service Inc. 50,000
and magazine articles and now on the web. formed, a new readership study is guiding (San Francisco, Calif.)
The program works with 92 investigative editorial improvements and a new circulation For a strategy session of the world’s public televi-
reporters in 48 countries and has won most project is providing foundation-supported sion leaders to collaborate on a joint investigative
of the major investigative reporting prizes. Its subscriptions to journalism students. This chal- series.
latest book, The Buying of the President 2004, lenge grant will help CJR raise additional funds.
made The New York Times best-seller list. It
Press Freedom and
won the first George Polk Award for Internet University of Maryland 500,000
Freedom of Information
Reporting for “The Windfalls of War,” a six- (College Park, Md.) (over five years)
month investigation of American postwar For a challenge grant to support the American Jour- Fund for Constitutional Government $500,000
contracts in Iraq and Afghanistan. Under this nalism Review. (Washington, D.C.) (over three years)
partial challenge grant, the center will choose For OpenTheGovernment.org, a broad-based free-
Published by the University of Maryland,
one report each year to release in multimedia dom of information coalition.
the American Journalism Review has long
form. In addition, the center will continue to
been one of the nation’s premier journalism This partial challenge grant will help educate
operate its internship program.
reviews. The magazine helps serve as the con- the public and decision-makers about the
science of the news industry, focusing on the dangers of government secrecy that expands
University of Alabama 1,475,000
role of news in a democracy. AJR and the beyond the bounds required by national
(Tuscaloosa, Ala.) (over five years)
Columbia Journalism Review are working security. An analysis by OpenTheGovernment.
To establish a master’s degree in community jour-
together to raise additional operating funds org, a coalition of more than 30 organizations
nalism, taught inside a working newspaper.
as they continue to improve their circulation, supporting freedom of information, showed
With this grant, the University of Alabama advertising and editorial practices. A high- that for every $1 the federal government spent
and The Anniston Star will join forces to level fund-raising committee has been formed, in 2003 releasing old secrets, it spent $120
create a “teaching newspaper.” As they would a new readership study is guiding editorial maintaining the secrets already on the books.
at a teaching hospital, students in the teaching improvements and a new circulation project The report said the federal government creat-
newspaper will attend classes and problem- is providing foundation-supported subscrip- ed 14 million new classified documents in
solving seminars called “grand rounds” – and tions to journalism students. This challenge fiscal year 2003 – a 26 percent increase over
also work as interns. Classes at the newspaper grant will help AJR raise additional funds. 2002 and a 60 percent increase over 2001.
will be taught by University of Alabama fac- During the next three years, OpenTheGovern-
ulty and three Star staff members with mas- The University of Maryland 250,000 ment.org will coordinate a rapid response to
ter’s degrees. A national competition will be (College Park, Md.) try to slow or stop new efforts to expand
held to offer full scholarships and a stipend To support a readership study and the 2004 opera- secrecy further, working with the Coalition of
for a diverse group of as many as 12 master’s tions of the American Journalism Review. Journalists for Open Government, an FOI
degree students annually for the one-year, group housed within the Reporters Commit-
three-semester program. The students will be The Greater Washington Educational 225,000 tee for Freedom of the Press. It will create a
called Knight Community Journalism Fellows. Telecommunications Association web site to coordinate efforts.
The goal is to show how a university and a (Arlington, Va.)
newspaper can work together closely to create To increase coverage of the media on The NewsHour Reporters Committee for 500,000
a cadre of future leaders in community jour- during the 2004 election. Freedom of the Press (over four years)
nalism, and to call attention to community (Arlington, Va.)
journalism issues through a national confer- University of Southern California 158,000 For operating support, and to launch a new project
ence and web site. A $50,000 planning grant (Los Angeles, Calif.) to coordinate the freedom of information activities
from Knight Foundation in 2003 allowed the For a planning grant for the Center for the Study of of top journalism groups.
university and the newspaper to plan classes Journalism and Democracy.
Concerns about excessive government secrecy
and work schedules.
have been growing for years. In 2004, leaders
Educational Broadcasting Corp. 150,000
of The Associated Press, the American Soci-
Columbia University 500,000 (New York, N.Y.)
ety of Newspaper Editors and the Newspaper
(New York, N.Y.) (over five years) To help the PBS program Now with Bill Moyers
Association of America gave major speeches
For a challenge grant to support the Columbia Jour- cover the news media’s role in the 2004 presidential
decrying the trend. This is a partial challenge
nalism Review. election.
grant to help a new coalition of 25 top jour-
Published by the Columbia University Grad- nalism groups representing more than 15,000
Columbia University 125,000
uate School of Journalism, the Columbia members fight growing government secrecy.
(New York, N.Y.)
Journalism Review has long been one of the The alliance, named the Coalition of Journal-
To support a readership study and the 2004 opera-
nation’s premier journalism reviews. The ists for Open Government, will issue joint
tions of the Columbia Journalism Review.
magazine helps serve as the conscience of press releases, maintain a clearinghouse web
the news industry, focusing on the role of site, hold coordinating meetings and raise the
Northwestern University 60,000
news in a democracy. Working together, CJR profile of the activities of its member groups.
(Evanston, Ill.) (over two years)
and the American Journalism Review have The coalition’s coordinator is Pete Weitzel,
To promote the Mongerson Prize for Investigative
launched a project to raise additional operat- former managing editor of The Miami Herald
Reporting on the News.
ing funds as they continue to improve their and a founder of Florida’s First Amendment
circulation, advertising and editorial practices.
56 J O H N S . A N D J A M E S L . K N I G H T F O U N D AT I O N
Foundation and the National Freedom of more journalists who want to cover nonprofits
The Century Foundation 75,000
Information Coalition. more effectively. In addition, the university
(New York, N.Y.)
will work to broaden the funding base for the
To detail how homeland security measures affect
Crimes of War Education Project 450,000 freedom of information.
(Washington, D.C.) (over two years)
To expand efforts to train journalists about the University of Kentucky 250,000
American Library Association 50,000
international laws of war. (Lexington, Ky.) (over two years)
To create a program to improve rural journalism.
To detail how federal law enforcement activities have
The Crimes of War Project was started in
affected the nation’s librarians since passage of the
1999 by Roy Gutman, who was Newsday’s The Institute for Rural Journalism and
European bureau chief when Yugoslavia broke Community Issues, housed in the School of
apart. He won the 1993 Pulitzer Prize for his Journalism and Telecommunications at the
Harvard University 35,000
reports about Serbian atrocities against the University of Kentucky, was started in 2002
Albanians during the war. His reports helped to strengthen rural communities by improv-
To support a Nieman Fellow from Latin America.
free 6,000 men waiting to die in Serb-run ing local media. There are 56 million people
concentration camps. Most journalists do not in the rural United States, with only a few
know that there are international laws and million on farms. Rural journalists are
Training and Education
rules of war. Unless journalists understand among the nation’s neediest. Their regions
University of Georgia Foundation $1,500,000
what the international rules really say, they are poor; their news organizations, small;
(Athens, Ga.) (over two years)
cannot begin to ask the right questions about their pay, low; and their training almost nil.
To endow a Knight Chair in Health and Medical Jour-
war crimes. They need help covering the major issues of
nalism. their regions: the export of blue-collar jobs,
out-migration of the “best and brightest,”
First Amendment Foundation 200,000
The Grady College of Journalism and Mass
aging and unhealthy populations and fading
Communication at the University of Georgia
community identity. The pilot for this project
For a challenge grant to raise a permanent endowment.
has a health communication program and is
will focus on Central Appalachia – defined
home to the Peabody Awards, presented
as all of West Virginia, Eastern Kentucky,
National Freedom of 200,000 annually for excellence in television and
Western Virginia, East Tennessee and Western
Information Coalition radio news. The Peabody program annually
North Carolina – which has a population of
(Dallas, Texas) administers the Peabody/Robert Wood John-
7.5 million. Nearly 17 percent of Central
To help the coalition find new headquarters and son Foundation Award for journalism that
Appalachian residents live in poverty, com-
expand its outreach. improves the health and health care of Amer-
pared to 12 percent of all Americans. The
icans. The need for accurate, understandable
institute’s goal is to have universities serve as
Freedom House 150,000 information is acute among the nation’s
regional hubs for rural journalism programs,
(Washington, D.C.) (over two years) poor, particularly in the Southern Black Belt,
so that rural journalists are within driving
To launch a new web version of its annual Survey of a rural strip of the more than 600 mostly
distance of training and development.
Press Freedom. impoverished counties that winds through 11
states, including Georgia. A third of the
American Press Institute 225,000
Internews Network 125,000 nation’s 34.6 million poor live in the region,
(Reston, Va.) (over two years)
(Arcata, Calif.) where there are not enough family doctors,
To expand the American Press Institute’s “Train the
To better coordinate journalism training interna- and health insurance is inadequate. The
Trainer” program into a regular course offering.
tionally. Knight Chair will build a master’s program
and an outreach program aimed at trying to
Ohio University Foundation 160,000
American Society of Newspaper 100,000 improve the flow of health news, especially
Editors Foundation to the Southern Black Belt.
To conclude the Knight Ohio Program for Editing and
To organize a national Sunshine Sunday campaign University of Mississippi 500,000
to help increase public awareness and support for (University, Miss.) (over three years)
Johns Hopkins University 150,000
open government issues. To expand training for journalists who cover non-
(Baltimore, Md.) (over two years)
To train a cadre of journalists to better cover inter-
The Bill of Rights Institute 100,000
Many journalists know little about nonprofits, national news.
(Arlington, Va.) (over two years)
though they make up the third major sector
To market Media and American Democracy teaching
of the economy. In 2003, for example, giving Aspen Institute 125,000
materials to high schools nationally to advance
by the nation’s nearly 65,000 grant-making (Washington, D.C.)
greater appreciation of First Amendment freedoms.
foundations totaled nearly $30 billion. Teacher To gather media leaders to discuss the relationship
and author Burnis Morris of the University between journalism quality and business success.
World Press Freedom Committee 100,000
of Mississippi has been offering seminars for
journalists covering nonprofits since 2001 The Carter Center 100,000
To monitor press freedom issues and coordinate
under Knight Foundation sponsorship. This (Atlanta, Ga.) (over two years)
responses to press freedom threats.
grant will expand his training with traveling For continued support of the Rosalynn Carter Fellow-
and web modules, so it can reach hundreds ships for Mental Health Journalism.
2 0 0 4 A N N U A L R E P O RT 57
The University of Texas at Austin 100,000
To acquire the historic Watergate archives of Bob
Woodward and Carl Bernstein.
Association of Health Care Journalists 79,000
To create “The Beat Doctor,” an online training
module on health-care reporting.
University of Georgia 75,000
To study how endowed chairs and professorships have
changed journalism education. The results of this study
will be used to improve the effectiveness of endowed
chairs and professorships, which advance the key goal
of enhancing journalism excellence through education
American Newspaper Repository 25,000
(South Berwick, Maine)
To move a historic collection of newspapers to a
permanent home at Duke University.
Subtotal: 49 grants $14,823,500
58 J O H N S . A N D J A M E S L . K N I G H T F O U N D AT I O N
COMMUNIT Y PARTNERS PROGRAM
G COMMUNIT Y G G COMMUNIT Y PARTNERSG Foundation for Aberdeen Area Children 50,000
FOUNDATIONS INITIATIVE and Adolescent Service Systems Program
The Community Partners Program works
As part of the 2000 strategic plan, the board with local community advisory committees
To create a fund that local agencies can access to
of trustees approved a five-year commitment to develop funding priorities. Each of the 26
meet children’s dental care and primary health care
of $50 million for community foundations in communities focuses on any of six critical
Knight’s 26 communities. The plan includes areas we have identified as funding priorities:
enhancing existing donor-advised funds and education, well-being of children and fami-
CASA of Aberdeen Fifth Judicial Circuit 20,000
creating new ones where none existed. lies, housing and community development,
economic development, vitality of cultural
To train CASA volunteers and professionals working
life, and civic engagement and positive
The Community Foundation $2,575,000
with children in the child welfare system about chil-
of North Florida (over three years)
dren’s health and dental care needs.
To establish a donor-advised fund.
Aberdeen Area Career Planning Center 10,000
South Dakota 1,050,000
The Aberdeen Community Advisory Com- For Community Literacy Outreach, an adult education
mittee has selected the following priorities: and literacy program.
to improve the health of children, and to
To establish a Knight donor-advised fund for Aberdeen.
mobilize the community toward a common S.P.U.R.S. Therapeutical Riding Center 10,000
strategic vision of economic growth. (Aberdeen, S.D.)
Community Foundation of 750,000
To help build an addition to the insulated indoor arena.
Grand Forks, East Grand Forks and Region
(Grand Forks, N.D.) Civic Engagement and
Positive Human Relations
To increase the Knight donor-advised fund.
Northern State University $10,000
Foundation for the Carolinas 750,000 (Aberdeen, S.D.) The Akron Community Advisory Committee
(Charlotte, N.C.) To support ongoing operations of the Volunteer Ser- has selected the following priorities: to in-
To increase donor-advised funds for Horry County, S.C. vice Clearinghouse. crease job growth and the retention of jobs,
and to improve the prospects of middle-
Waccamaw Community Foundation 550,000 school youth.
(Myrtle Beach, S.C.)
To build an operating endowment, cover short- Amherst H. Wilder Foundation $78,000
Civic Engagement and
term operating costs and implement a long-term (St. Paul, Minn.) Positive Human Relations
strategic plan. To facilitate a visioning and planning process for
Info Line $60,000
Aberdeen that creates a communitywide agenda for
California Community Foundation 150,000 (Akron, Ohio) (over three years)
(Los Angeles, Calif.) To support and strengthen Project Connect and keep
To support a part-time executive director at the service fees affordable for participating nonprofits.
Vitality of Cultural Life
Greater Long Beach Foundation.
L. Frank Baum Oz Festival $10,000
Subtotal: 6 grants $5,825,000 (Aberdeen, S.D.) Fund for Our Economic Future $1,000,000
To enhance and expand multicultural programming (Akron, Ohio) (over three years)
and education. For the Fund for Our Economic Future’s regranting
fund and for evaluation.
Well-being of Children and Families The Fund for Our Economic Future is a
multiyear collaboration of 63 philanthropic
Presentation College $144,000
groups formed to encourage and advance a
(Aberdeen, S.D.) (over three years)
common regional economic development
For Early Childhood Partners to provide training
agenda. The collaboration’s goal is to convene
and materials essential for delivery of effective, age-
key stakeholders to refine an economic agen-
appropriate health and oral-hygiene training to
da, back initiatives with grants and track
children and child-care providers.
overall regional progress. The collaboration
will increase development in Northeast
Foundation for Aberdeen Area Children 80,000
Ohio with a focus on the creation and reten-
and Adolescent Service Systems Program
tion of jobs, with a special emphasis on
(Aberdeen, S.D.) (over two years)
To coordinate local efforts to improve access to den-
tal care for Brown County children by organizing
visits of a dental van.
2 0 0 4 A N N U A L R E P O RT 59
COMMUNIT Y PARTNERS PROGRAM
Housing and Community Development BILOXI, MISS.
United Disability Services 350,000
(Akron, Ohio) (over three years) Haven of Rest Ministries $39,000 The Biloxi Community Advisory Committee
For the development, marketing and implementation (Akron, Ohio) has selected the following priority: to increase
of the Buckeye Basket project. To expand the volunteer department. family economic well-being.
Buckeye Baskets, all-occasion gift baskets
featuring specialty products and foods pro- Vitality of Cultural Life Economic Development
duced in Ohio, was begun in 2003 as a pilot
Greater Akron Musical Association $61,800 Mercy Housing and Human $250,000
project by United Disability Services. This
(Akron, Ohio) (over three years) Development Inc.
grant will fund the employment of a director
To enhance music education programs for students (Gulfport, Miss.) (over three years)
of business development to take the Buckeye
at Simon Perkins Middle School. To expand the SavingsWorks program, a financial
Basket Project from pilot to full-fledged
literacy curriculum geared to helping low-income
enterprise. At the end of the grant, Buckeye
families purchase homes, and to increase funds in
Baskets will employ 40 of Akron’s severely Well-being of Children and Families
the matched savings program.
Boy Scouts of America $200,000
(Great Trail Council) Ohr-O’Keefe Museum of Art 50,000
Greater Akron Chamber 250,000
(Akron, Ohio) (Biloxi, Miss.)
(Akron, Ohio) (over three years)
For a new septic system mandated by EPA regulation To develop a strategic plan including marketing and
To support the Advance Greater Akron campaign.
to keep Camp Manatoc in operation. operations for the new Ohr-O’Keefe Museum of Art.
In 2003, the Greater Akron Chamber devel-
oped a three-year strategic plan to implement Western Reserve Girl Scouts Council 174,600
initiatives to strengthen greater Akron’s eco- (Akron, Ohio) (over two years)
nomic well-being and improve the quality of For the “Clear Minds for a Clear Future” program to Mississippi Gulf Coast $305,000
life for its residents. Three of the key initiatives serve all girls at Simon Perkins Middle School. Community College (over two years)
are: business development, entrepreneurship/ (Perkinston, Miss.)
innovation and workforce development. The To pilot the Dream of Prosperity project, providing
Western Reserve Historical Society 159,000
Greater Akron Chamber will develop and educational financial assistance and support servic-
(Cleveland, Ohio) (over three years)
execute a strategy designed to increase the es to 25 low-income families toward completion of a
To enable Simon Perkins Middle School students, fam-
community’s marketability to business. This one- or two-year education and/or work-training
ilies and educators to visit the Hale Farm and Village.
grant will strengthen the community’s ability program.
to attract quality businesses, create employ-
Child Guidance & Family Solutions 125,700 The Dream of Prosperity project seeks to
ment and career opportunities, and expand
(Akron, Ohio) (over two years) increase the education and work skills of 25
its tax base, thereby strengthening its social
To implement a Wellness Group for Girls and the low-income families so that parents may
and physical infrastructure.
Parent Project at Simon Perkins Middle School. complete either a one- or two-year degree
program and seek placement in a high-demand
Akron SCORE Chapter 81 150,000
The First Tee of Akron 120,000 career. This comprehensive program will
(Akron, Ohio) (over three years)
(Akron, Ohio) (over three years) consist of financial assistance, educational
To increase organizational capacity and provide
For summer and after-school programming for stu- support and support services such as career
technical assistance to 100 start-up and developing
dents at Simon Perkins Middle School, as well as a counseling, mentoring and tutoring.
businesses annually in Summit County.
percentage of the salary for the director of golf and
Alchemy Inc. 88,000
Akron Public Schools 552,000 The Boulder Community Advisory Committee
(Copley, Ohio) (over three years)
(Akron, Ohio) (over three years) has selected the following priority: to improve
To provide adolescent support groups for male stu-
To provide an out-of-school support system to school readiness.
dents at Simon Perkins Middle School.
enhance the academic development of students at
Perkins Middle School.
American Red Cross 75,000 Well-being of Children and Families
(Summit County Chapter) (over three years)
This project builds on existing Knight-funded
City of Boulder $177,000
programs that provide Simon Perkins Middle
(Boulder, Colo.) (over three years)
For the Transportation Services Program, to provide
School students with after-school activities.
To continue and expand outreach, licensing and
free transportation to people who have no other
This grant funds tutoring, parent and commu-
coaching services for Spanish-speaking family
physical, financial or family means to get to and
nity volunteers in the school and the Bridge
child-care providers in Boulder County.
from medical appointments.
Program, which will prepare sixth-grade stu-
dents for middle school and the new social and
educational experiences they will encounter. Parenting Place 165,000
Arlington Housing Options 75,000
(Boulder, Colo.) (over three years)
Plus Elderly Services
To improve early childhood development and school
readiness of children from birth to age 5 in 200 Lati-
To expand the day-care center to provide activities
no families in which Spanish is the primary language.
for more senior citizens within the community.
60 J O H N S . A N D J A M E S L . K N I G H T F O U N D AT I O N
COMMUNIT Y PARTNERS PROGRAM
Attention 25,000 Manatee County Family 148,000 International House of Metrolina Inc. 124,000
(Boulder, Colo.) (over two years) Young Men’s Christian Association (Charlotte, N.C.) (over two years)
To hire Latino therapists for the Compass House (Bradenton, Fla.) For organizational capacity building and to educate
counseling program and provide technical assistance For continued support of out-of-school programming community leaders about the impact of race and
to the organization’s board of directors. for students attending Johnson Middle School. racism on the community.
Colorado Youth Program 25,000 United Way 2-1-1 of Manasota 106,320 The Lynnwood Foundation 100,000
(Boulder, Colo.) (over two years) (Sarasota, Fla.) (over four years) (Charlotte, N.C.)
To support greater ethnic outreach in the agency’s For 24-hour support for callers seeking information For a large-scale citizen engagement process to
programs and diversity among its board of directors regarding health and human services. create a united policy agenda for all children in
and staff. Mecklenburg County.
Lafayette Public Library 20,000 Mecklenburg Ministries 100,000
CHARLO TTE, N.C.
(Lafayette, Colo.) (Charlotte, N.C.) (over two years)
The Charlotte Community Advisory Com-
To support outreach services to Latino students at To improve the ability of white clergy to lead their
mittee has selected the following priorities:
Pioneer and Sanchez elementary schools. congregations in developing interracial trust.
to improve school readiness, to improve race
relations, and to preserve and maintain
Public Broadcasting Authority
BRADENTON, FL A.
The Bradenton Community Advisory Com- For a television documentary examining the history
Civic Engagement and
mittee has selected the following priority: to Positive Human Relations of African-Americans in Charlotte.
help middle-school youth succeed.
Foundation for the Carolinas $450,000
Levine Museum of the New South 50,000
(Charlotte, N.C.) (over two years)
Well-being of Children and Families For a major civic engagement initiative to begin
For “Organizational Courage”, a project to deepen
eroding barriers to interracial trust and to increase
Boys & Girls Clubs of $375,000 and sustain the Courage exhibit dialogue for nine
the community’s participation in actively charting
Manatee County (over three years) management teams.
To continue providing year-round out-of-school This grant is for Crossroads Charlotte, a civic Development Communications 35,500
programming for students attending Sara Scott engagement initiative with the goal of actively Associates
Harllee Middle School in southeastern Bradenton. engaging 40 organizations and their leaders (Boston, Mass.)
in understanding their roles and responsibili- To inventory, gather background information on,
The Boys & Girls Clubs of Manatee County
ties in shaping their community, and to facil- and provide an overall picture of organizations and
will continue providing students with innova-
itate connections, learning and collective activities addressing the issue of race in Charlotte.
tive educational, recreational and enrichment
action among diverse populations.
activities through its summer and before-
and after-school programs at Harllee Middle
Housing and Community Development
The National Conference for 225,000
School. The program has expanded to
Community and Justice (over three years) Charlotte Center for Urban Ministry $100,000
include more sports, arts and crafts and
(Charlotte, N.C.) (Charlotte, N.C.)
For the Neighborhood Leadership Program, to create To support the planning and implementation of a
a racially diverse network of leaders from low-income capital campaign.
Big Brothers Big Sisters of 301,500
the Sun Coast (over three years)
(Bradenton, Fla.) University of North Carolina at 40,000
Community Building Initiative 180,000
To continue and expand mentoring programs to chil- Chapel Hill
(Charlotte, N.C.) (over three years)
dren at Sara Scott Harllee Middle School and Louise (Chapel Hill, N.C.)
To add a component to its leadership program
R. Johnson Middle School. To increase understanding among elected officials
designed to produce both stronger individual leaders about the impact of new school sites on land use and
Big Brothers Big Sisters will match up to 30 and increased organizational capacity for inclusion open space.
students with adult volunteers at Harllee and and equity.
Johnson middle schools. This program is
Vitality of Cultural Life
designed to enhance the students’ life skills
National Executive Service Corps 150,000
and decision-making abilities, helping them
(New York, N.Y.) (over three years) Cultural and Heritage Commission $100,000
avoid violent behavior, respect other cultures
To launch a Charlotte-area Executive Service Corps of York County
and participate in more school activities.
affiliate. (Rock Hill, S.C.)
To bring together scholars to develop the intellectu-
al framework for the planned Museum of Life and the
2 0 0 4 A N N U A L R E P O RT 61
COMMUNIT Y PARTNERS PROGRAM
Well-being of Children and Families COLUMBIA, S.C. DETROIT, MICH.
Community Health Services of $300,000 The Columbia Community Advisory Com- The Detroit Community Advisory Commit-
Mecklenburg County (over three years) mittee has selected the following priority: tee has selected the following priorities: to
(Charlotte, N.C.) to equip middle-school youth to become increase access and diversity among art and
For a coordinated system to promote good early productive adults. cultural organizations serving Southeast
childhood oral health practices and to connect low- Michigan, and to increase community devel-
income children with free dental care. opment in six Detroit neighborhoods.
Well-being of Children and Families
The grant funds the recruitment of dentists
Richland County School District One $584,000
to provide services to low-income children; Civic Engagement and
(Columbia, S.C.) Positive Human Relations
a transportation, referral and scheduling sys-
For the development and early implementation of
tem to get children to and from appointments;
National Conference for $60,000
an arts-based after-school program for students at
and the development of early awareness
Community and Justice (over two years)
Alcorn, W.A. Perry and Gibbes middle schools.
materials for children, families and health
care providers. Over three years Community Program coordinators, teachers, administra- To reduce racial profiling by law enforcement agen-
Health Services will also provide teachers in tors and principals at each school developed cies in two Detroit neighborhoods.
at least 80 preschools with techniques and an after-school curriculum for the 2004-2005
study guides to reinforce good oral health. school year. The program seeks to foster
creativity to stimulate learning and school
The Foundation of the University of 225,000 engagement; provide activities such as film-
North Carolina at Charlotte making, photography, web page design and
(Charlotte, N.C.) drama; offer staff training through workshops;
To expand the First Accounts Program and the Tax
To establish the Institute for Social Capital, a com- increase parent participation through a par-
prehensive database on children and youth services ent advisory committee; and develop a core
that will help regional nonprofits use data for pro- of community partners.
gram improvement. Housing and Community Development
Detroit Riverfront Conservancy $1,500,000
Public Library of Charlotte and 75,000 COLUMBUS, GA. (Detroit, Mich.) (over three years)
To develop the Detroit RiverWalk on the East River-
The Columbus Community Advisory Com-
mittee has selected the following priority: to
To continue Storytimes to Go! which provides mate-
improve the prospects of at-risk adolescents.
rials and training to teachers at child-care centers to The RiverWalk, which follows the river for
develop early literacy in children. more than three miles between Joe Louis
Arena and Belle Isle’s MacArthur Bridge, will
Well-being of Children and Families
be linked to downtown Detroit and existing
Child Care Resources 67,000
Pastoral Institute $750,000 neighborhoods through a new system of
(Columbus, Ga.) (over three years) appealing and functional greenways, bicycle
To develop a plan to leverage the combined expertise
For a coordinated after-school and summer program paths and pedestrian walkways. This grant
of Child Care Resources and Mi Casa Su Casa to
for 115 Marshall Middle School students. helps fund the transformation of abandoned
reach and engage Hispanic families in school readi-
industrial sites, vacant warehouses, shuttered
ness efforts for their children from birth to age 3. This grant funds the continuation of a Knight-
businesses and concrete silos. When com-
funded pilot project to provide enriching
plete, the RiverWalk will increase the vitality
Charlotte-Mecklenburg Schools 50,000 summer and after-school activities for almost
of the adjacent neighborhoods.
(Charlotte, N.C.) one-quarter of the students at Marshall Mid-
For IMPACT II, a program to improve teaching practices dle School. Five youth-serving agencies will
Local Initiatives Support Corp. (LISC) 800,000
and networking opportunities among experienced provide programming for 115 students at the
(New York, N.Y.) (over four years)
and new pre-K teachers. school during the school year and for 10
To design, coordinate and implement a comprehen-
weeks during the summer.
sive community development strategy in three tar-
Children’s Law Center 30,000
(Charlotte, N.C.) Junior Achievement of East Alabama- 25,200
To explore the benefits of a strategic alliance West Georgia Inc. Grant dollars will allow LISC to continue its
between the Children’s Law Center and the Council (Lanett, Ala.) work in southwest Detroit and replicate the
for Children. For an economic education program at Marshall Gateway Collaborative in the Woodward
Middle School. Corridor and the Northeast-East Warren
Crisis Assistance Ministry 30,000 neighborhoods. LISC will work with residents
(Charlotte, N.C.) Methodist Home of the 20,000 in the three target neighborhoods to devise a
To improve the organization’s ability to serve more South Georgia Conference community vision and an implementation
clients by creating a long-term development plan. (Macon, Ga.) strategy. LISC will assist the groups by help-
To purchase and outfit an emergency and temporary ing them raise necessary funds through
care facility for children in the foster care system. grants and loans.
62 J O H N S . A N D J A M E S L . K N I G H T F O U N D AT I O N
COMMUNIT Y PARTNERS PROGRAM
Forge. The grant will also be used to subsi-
Forgotten Harvest 249,000 The Pewabic Society 450,000
dize museum admission fees for low-income
(Southfield, Mich.) (Detroit, Mich.) (over three years)
families from the Detroit region.
To expand a pilot food distribution program from 19 To expand its ceramic art programs for Detroit youth.
stores to 68, purchase six refrigerated trucks and
Knight dollars will be used to continue
Michigan Opera Theatre 750,000
provide salaries for seven full-time drivers.
Pewabic’s in-school and after-school program-
(Detroit, Mich.) (over three years)
ming for 500 students in the fourth, fifth and
For renovation of the Broadway Tower to create a
Community Development 30,000
sixth grades at schools in the Riverside neigh-
home for the Center for Arts and Learning and for the
Advocates of Detroit
borhood. The organization wants to increase
development and execution of programming within
the students’ knowledge and appreciation of
To provide training in community development.
ceramic arts, from clay composition and
This grant will be used for the renovation of manipulation to glaze mixing and kiln firing.
Wings of Faith Inc. 30,000 the opera’s Broadway Tower to create a Center
(Detroit, Mich.) for Arts and Learning, a six-story state-of- Cranbrook Educational Community 300,000
To provide technical assistance training to faith- the-art facility. It will include a dance and (Bloomfield Hills, Mich.) (over three years)
based organizations, community organizations and opera resource library, a media studio, a dance To provide science learning for kindergarten through
grantees conducting community development activ- center, a community performance theater, fifth grade Pontiac students at the Cranbrook Institute
ities in six targeted neighborhoods. a costume shop, and flexible classrooms of Science.
equipped for the study of the performing
The Cranbrook Institute of Science will pro-
arts. The Knight funds will also be used to
vide science education to Pontiac elementary
develop and implement more educational
schoolchildren at no cost. The museum-based
Greater Detroit Area Health Council $150,000 offerings and assist with staffing of the center
program will be offered to 216 classes and
(Detroit, Mich.) during the first three years of operations.
feature instruction in anthropology, life sci-
To identify strategies to address the region’s health This project seeks to increase access and
ence, earth science, astronomy and physics.
care crisis through the Southeast Michigan Health diversity within arts and cultural organiza-
This program seeks to increase schoolchild-
Care Future Directions Initiative. tions in Southeast Michigan.
ren’s exposure to science programming and
increase the quality of science instruction at
Arab Community Center for 500,000
Vitality of Cultural Life the elementary school level.
Economic and Social Services (over three years)
YMCA of Metropolitan Detroit $1,500,000
Detroit Historical Society 300,000
For the installation of permanent exhibits and the
(Detroit, Mich.) (over three years)
(Detroit, Mich.) (over three years)
design and implementation of programming at the
For a capital campaign and program support for the
For the Embracing the Future project to help diversi-
new Arab American National Museum.
Center for Arts and Humanities.
fy and strengthen the Detroit Historical Museum’s
This grant funds the design and development
This grant supports the Center for Arts and audiences.
of permanent exhibits and programming
Humanities at the Downtown YMCA. Funding
The Detroit Historical Society will offer events
for families and schoolchildren, conducts
will help equip the center with a state-of-the-
and workshops geared to teens, parents and
outreach and marketing for the center and
art media center where children can learn
children. It will complete the redesign of its
assists with the development of special events.
about television, movie and radio production
web site. The society also will enhance its
The museum will house such special events
and use the latest computer technology. The
database and recruit about 300 new members.
as the Arab-American film festival and the
grant also helps fund the construction of a
Arab-American modern music symposium
theater that will offer programs for YMCA
and lecture series. The permanent exhibit will
members and serve as a venue for artists and
Well-being of Children and Families
be divided into three thematic sections that
cultural organizations. Through this grant,
College Bound Kids Learning Center $200,000
will employ a variety of media such as maps,
the YMCA will increase the quality and
(Detroit, Mich.) (over two years)
artifacts, film/video, music/audio, still photo-
quantity of cultural programming available
To develop parenting and computer literacy education
graphs and interactive features. The section
to the community.
programs for 75 to 125 parents of preschool children
titled “Coming to America” will examine the
living in the 48224 ZIP code.
history of Arab-American immigration from
The Henry Ford 900,000
1500 to the present, with special emphasis on
(Dearborn, Mich.) (over three years)
waves of immigration since the 1880s. “Liv-
For the design and development of a major permanent The YES Foundation 175,000
ing in America” will focus on the life of Arab-
public exhibit on the concept of American freedom (Bingham Farms, Mich.) (over three years)
Americans in the United States at different
titled “Liberty and Justice for All,” and to design To help YES implement a new strategic plan and
times and will examine such topics as family
and implement an outreach program that will provide expand its literacy programming to a greater num-
life, religion, activism and political involve-
admission subsidies to the museum. ber of Detroit schools.
ment, institution-building, work and leisure.
Funds will be used to plan, design and develop The last segment, “Making an Impact,” will The Literacy Partnership for 160,000
a permanent exhibit on the quest for freedom. highlight the cultural, political and technolog- Southeast Michigan (over four years)
The exhibit will honor key individuals and ical contributions Arab-Americans have (Pontiac, Mich.)
showcase unique artifacts including a copy of made and continue to make to this country. To provide start-up and program costs for a new
the Declaration of Independence and George All exhibits will be accompanied by a series regional partnership of literacy programs.
Washington’s chest and bed from Valley of symposia, lectures and/or cultural activities.
2 0 0 4 A N N U A L R E P O RT 63
COMMUNIT Y PARTNERS PROGRAM
FORT WAYNE, IND.
Detroit Branch, National Association 150,000
for the Advancement of Colored People Northwest Indiana Community $75,000
The Fort Wayne Community Advisory Com-
(Detroit, Mich.) Action Corp.
mittee has selected the following priorities:
For the education and outreach efforts of LEAP (Lead (Hammond, Ind.)
to improve school readiness, and to sustain
Elimination Action Program) Detroit in a campaign To support a local coalition to provide free tax-
and build diverse audiences for local arts and
to prevent lead poisoning. preparation services, education and outreach about
the Earned Income Tax Credit and financial literacy
training as well as other tools to increase the finan-
Housing and Community Development cial strength of low-income working families in Gary.
Vincent House $120,000
The Duluth Community Advisory Committee
(Fort Wayne, Ind.) (over three years) Education
has selected the following priority: to increase
To provide shelter, care, advocacy, affordable hous-
the community’s capacity for regional eco-
DREXEL Foundation for $73,500
ing and support services to homeless families.
Vitality of Cultural Life
Civic Engagement and For the creation of a state-of-the-art elementary
Positive Human Relations and middle-school science laboratory in the Thea
Three Rivers Jenbé Ensemble $31,000
Bowman Leadership Academy charter school.
(Fort Wayne, Ind.)
Duluth-Superior Area $30,000
To provide artistic opportunities and conduct work-
shops in schools and community centers in Fort
(Duluth, Minn.) Housing and Community Development
Wayne’s southeastern neighborhoods.
For a planning grant for the Civility Initiative.
Urban Strategies Inc. $76,500
(St. Louis, Mo.)
Foundation for Art and Music in 30,000
Economic Development For Horace Mann HOPE VI, an affordable housing
Elementary Education (over three years)
development in Gary.
(Fort Wayne, Ind.)
Northland Institute $130,000
To provide tuition to FAME Summer Arts Camp for 30
(Minneapolis, Minn.) (over three years)
To increase the capacity for regional economic devel- Well-being of Children and Families
opment in Northeastern Minnesota and Douglas
Young Women’s Christian $750,000
County, Wis., by further engaging and focusing the Well-being of Children and Families Association of Gary
efforts of regional business, nonprofit and govern-
(Gary, Ind.) (over three years)
Community Action of $120,000
To support the YWCA’s out-of-school activities and
Northeast Indiana Inc.
its employment and parent-education programs,
(Fort Wayne, Ind.) (over three years)
Women’s Transitional 100,000
and to establish a community kitchen at the YWCA
To provide preschool, therapeutic classroom services
Housing Coalition (over two years)
for 60 additional children.
For the Women in Construction Training Program to The YWCA Kids Café will offer after-school
Community Harvest Food Bank of 120,000
provide training and employment in the construc- programming designed to promote age-
Northeast Indiana (over three years)
tion field for low-income women. appropriate physical, mental and emotional
(Fort Wayne, Ind.) development for children ages 6-17. The
For the introduction of a backpack program and sup-
College of St. Scholastica 50,000 YWCA Family Center also will provide aca-
port for the Kids Café snack and meal sites.
(Duluth, Minn.) demic, job readiness, work-experience and
To provide seed money to the Eco-Industrial Devel- parenting programs for adults. This grant
United Way of Allen County 114,850
opment Committee to launch a collaborative effort to will also help to establish the community
(Fort Wayne, Ind.)
develop environmentally friendly industry in the kitchen training program that will train
To develop a community initiative to help non-
greater Duluth-Superior area. unemployed people to work in the food serv-
English-speaking children prepare to enter school. ice industry.
Damiano of Duluth 50,000
Fort Wayne Urban League 105,000
(Duluth, Minn.) Gary Historical and Cultural Society 250,000
(Fort Wayne, Ind.) (over three years)
For DuluthWorks’ pilot project of providing intense (Gary, Ind.) (over three years)
For a capital campaign to construct a new facility.
case-management services to low-income adults For the Free Saturday School for the Arts, the Sum-
who are failing, or at risk of failing, in job training mer Enrichment for Learning Program, the Gary
and/or employment. Civic Symphony Orchestra and general capacity
GARY, IND. building.
Northeast Entrepreneur Fund 15,000 The Gary Community Advisory Committee Grant funds will be used to support the Free
(Virginia, Minn.) has selected the following priorities: to increase Saturday School for the Arts. This program,
To support the Arrowhead Entrepreneur Develop- community and economic development, and for children ages 7 to 14, includes dance,
ment System’s plans to foster an entrepreneurial to support families in the care of their children. violin, viola, cello, piano, art, drums, chess,
spirit and to create more entrepreneurs in North-
martial arts, choir, Gary history and anger
64 J O H N S . A N D J A M E S L . K N I G H T F O U N D AT I O N
COMMUNIT Y PARTNERS PROGRAM
management. The program will serve approx- This grant funds the expansion of Success by
imately 75 children during the school year. Six’s HANDS program. The program provides
The Lexington Community Advisory Com-
Grant funds will also be used to support the low-income, first-time mothers of children up
mittee has selected the following priority:
Summer Enrichment for Learning Program, to age 2 with home visits aimed at producing
to reduce the gaps in educational equity in
designed as well for children ages 7 to 14. healthier newborns, better parents and safer
public schools while improving academic
The program meets for six weeks during the homes. In 2003, the program was expanded
summer and, in addition to activities similar to serve families with children ages 3 to 5 and
to the Free Saturday School for the Arts, provide more intensive public- and mental-
includes tutoring in reading, writing and health outreach services. This grant expands
Well-being of Children and Families
math as well as field trips. At least 100 children the HANDS home visits to approximately
Fayette County Public Schools $547,850
will participate in the Summer Enrichment 125 families with children ages 3 to 5, until a
(Lexington, Ky.) (over two years)
for Learning Program each summer for three child starts school.
To implement two centrally located, high-quality,
years. This grant will also allow the Gary Civic
full-day Early Start programs serving 3- to 4-
Symphony Orchestra to expand its repertoire One Community, One Voice 395,000
year-old children in Fayette County.
and create an enhanced, expanded season. (Lexington, Ky.) (over three years)
To help increase family involvement in seven Title
The Early Start preschool program provides
Parents as Teachers of Hammond/ 70,000 One Fayette County Public Schools by providing
mostly part-day services for 700 Fayette
Lake County intensive parental outreach and teacher training.
children each year. This grant funds a pilot
(Hammond, Ind.) full-day program in two classrooms, each
One Community, One Voice will conduct a
To implement the Parents as Teachers program in Gary. serving approximately 15 children. In 2005-
series of targeted activities designed to help
06 Fayette County Schools will expand the
the Fayette County Public Schools system
full-day program to 10 classrooms. Over the
achieve its goal of increasing parent and fam-
next two years, more than 200 children will
GRAND FORKS, N.D. ily involvement in seven Title One schools.
gain access to high-quality, full-day early
The program will educate parents on oppor-
The Grand Forks Community Advisory
childhood education that meets scientifically
tunities for involvement and leadership by
Committee has selected the following priori-
based standards such as those developed by
offering training seminars, publishing a par-
ties: to increase the organizational strength
the National Association for the Education
ent newsletter, providing opportunities for
and stability of arts and culture nonprofits,
of Young Children and the Kentucky Depart-
parents to meet with school district leaders
to increase the community’s capacity for eco-
ment of Education’s Preschool Program.
and community-based partner organizations,
nomic growth, and to improve the prospects
hosting an annual Parent/Family Conference
of middle-school youth.
Prichard Committee for 539,000 and a Back-to-School rally, and sponsoring an
Academic Excellence (over three years) Academic Challenge Bowl. One Community,
Economic Development One Voice will train teachers and administra-
For the Commonwealth Institute for Parent Leader- tors in the seven target schools on innovative
Grand Forks Chamber of Commerce $60,000 ship, and to implement a pilot parent leadership ways to reach out to parents and encourage
(Grand Forks, N.D.) component for early child care. family involvement.
To continue to augment leadership, and to bench-
The Commonwealth Institute for Parent
mark and celebrate success in the Grand Forks/East
Hope Center 120,000
Leadership, established in 1997, has trained
Grand Forks region and facilitate organizational
(Lexington, Ky.) (over three years)
more than 1,000 parents to work in schools
For the Recovery Program for Women, which provides
and support students’ academic achievement.
long-term recovery, life-skills training and support
Participants receive training and complete
Vitality of Cultural Life services to women who are addicted to alcohol or
school-improvement projects over three
years. Projects are expected to have a lasting
North Valley Arts Council $145,000
impact and encourage other parents to work
(Grand Forks, N.D.) (over three years)
Community Action Council for 103,800
for increased student achievement. This grant
To develop greater capacity to provide services to
Lexington-Fayette, Bourbon, Harrison and
supports the training of 120-150 parents of
the local arts community.
Nicholas counties (over two years)
early elementary grade children in the Com-
monwealth Institute for Parent Leadership
Greater Grand Forks 50,000
To develop and pilot test a cultural diversity-training
program. The pilot Early Childhood parent
model for early childhood educators.
program was designed by the University of
(Grand Forks, N.D.)
Kentucky’s Interdisciplinary Human Devel-
To implement the strategic plan designed to improve
opment Institute, in collaboration with the American Cancer Society 100,000
artistic programs while strengthening administrative
Commonwealth Institute’s staff. (Mid-South Division) (over three years)
For a capital campaign to construct Hope Lodge, a
Success by Six 442,950
temporary housing facility for patients being treated
(Lexington, Ky.) (over three years)
for cancer on an outpatient basis.
To continue the expansion of the home visitation
program, Health Access Nurturing Development
Services (HANDS), by including low-income families
with children ages 3 to 5 and providing more inten-
sive public- and mental-health outreach services.
2 0 0 4 A N N U A L R E P O RT 65
COMMUNIT Y PARTNERS PROGRAM
Family Care Center Volunteer Board 40,000 Long Beach Community 525,000
(Lexington, Ky.) College District The Macon Community Advisory Commit-
For the expansion and renovation of the Children’s (Long Beach, Calif.) tee has selected the following priority: to
Clinic. To extend and expand Good Beginnings Never End, reduce teen pregnancy.
a professional home-visit program focused on
increasing the quality of home-based care provided
Partnership for Kentucky Schools 30,000
Well-being of Children and Families
to young children.
To implement One to One: Practicing Reading with Girl Scouts of Middle Georgia $80,000
Originally funded by Knight in 2001, the
Students in five primary schools. (Lizella, Ga.) (over two years)
project has reached 24 licensed providers of
To expand and enhance the Girls in Charge program
home care and 20 parents and grandparents
at the Teen Parent Center.
in the 90806 ZIP code. This grant expands
LONG BEACH, CALIF. the project to include an additional 10 Mercer University 80,000
licensed providers, 25 unlicensed providers
The Long Beach Community Advisory Com- (Macon, Ga.) (over two years)
and 20 parents and grandparents. By includ-
mittee has selected the following priority: to For STAND, a peer educator program to reduce sexual
ing stay-at-home parents and grandparents
improve school readiness. risk-taking among Bibb County teens.
and unlicensed providers, Good Beginnings
will help to ensure that all children receive
Prevent Child Abuse Heart of Georgia 40,000
Other Community Priorities quality care. Participants will receive up to
(Macon, Ga.) (over two years)
12 visits annually. Visiting professionals
Human Interaction Research Institute $45,000 For the MELD program for young dads, which provides
assess children’s literacy, behavior, social and
(Encino, Calif.) young men with fathering education and support.
emotional development, health, dental and
For assessment of and capacity building for select
nutritional information, as well as the care-
nonprofits in Long Beach.
givers’ literacy and the quality of the home
MIAMI, FL A.
Well-being of Children and Families The Miami Community Advisory Committee
Cambodian Association of America 330,000 has selected the following priorities: to improve
Long Beach Community Services $750,000
(Long Beach, Calif.) (over three years) community development, and to increase
Development Corp. (over three years)
For the Cambodian Family Literacy Program at civic engagement.
(Long Beach, Calif.)
Burnett Elementary School, which provides compre-
For a model Role of Men Academy project in the
hensive academic and acculturation services to
90806 ZIP code to improve the involvement of low- Civic Engagement and
Cambodian preschool children and their families.
income fathers with their children. Positive Human Relations
This grant extends family literacy program-
The Role of Men Academy was started by the Legal Services of Greater Miami $300,000
ming to Cambodian families with children
city of Long Beach to address the dispropor- (Miami, Fla.) (over three years)
up to 7 years old at the Burnett Elementary
tionate rate of infant mortality among To establish the Little Havana Legal Project, which
School. The program serves 25 families and
African-Americans. The approach involves will provide free civil legal services to the low-
30 children annually. Participating parents
increasing low-income, noncustodial fathers’ income residents of Little Havana.
and children receive 18 hours a week of
involvement in the lives of their young chil-
instruction in English, curriculum-based This grant funds the Little Havana Legal Pro-
dren. This grant expands the program in
early childhood education, parenting and ject, a partnership with Florida Immigrant
order to serve the fathers of children of all
parent-child literacy. As a result of this pro- Advocacy Center, the Legal Aid Society and
ethnic backgrounds from birth to age 5. The
gram, parents’ literacy and English-language Legal Services, which will deliver free civil
Role of Men Academy helps fathers overcome
proficiency will improve, allowing them to legal services to the low-income residents of
legal, economic and educational barriers that
become more involved in their children’s East Little Havana at Abriendo Puertas.
may prevent them from being part of their
education. Attorneys from the three organizations will
children’s lives. The program will match 60
provide comprehensive free legal services to
fathers with a case manager who will help
resolve problems involving landlord-tenant
Operation Jump Start 30,000
them develop a two-year plan to identify and
relations, home ownership, utility problems,
(Long Beach, Calif.)
address the key barriers to responsible father-
employment, guardianship and special edu-
For a partial challenge grant to create approximately
hood. Participants will take part in basic
cation. The project will also provide quarterly
17 new student-mentor teams for the 2004-2005
training workshops on topics such as parent-
legal education workshops for residents and
school year and to strengthen the financial infra-
ing, employment preparation, legal issues
social service providers in the community.
structure of the agency.
and education. Graduates of the program
The project aims to resolve approximately
will in turn help mentor incoming fathers.
450 legal matters related to self-sufficiency
Young Men’s Christian Association of 30,000
The program seeks to improve the social
and family stability and safety.
Greater Long Beach
and emotional well-being of young children
(Long Beach, Calif.)
by improving their fathers’ economic and
To expand the CORAL Youth Institute to enable more
emotional involvement in their lives.
students to attend and to train others.
66 J O H N S . A N D J A M E S L . K N I G H T F O U N D AT I O N
COMMUNIT Y PARTNERS PROGRAM
program. Average benefits should be $5,000
Florida Immigrant Advocacy Center 150,000 Family Counseling Services of 225,000
per eligible household, yielding a total of $25
(Miami, Fla.) Greater Miami (over three years)
million in support.
To support immigrant advocacy work. (Miami, Fla.)
For the Ways to Work Loan Program, expanding
financial education to East Little Havana residents.
Summerbridge Miami $300,000
Human Services Coalition of $600,000 The Collins Center for Public Policy 200,000
(Miami, Fla.) (over three years)
Dade County (over three years) (Miami, Fla.)
To expand academic-preparation services to the
(Miami, Fla.) For ongoing work at the Overtown Civic Partnership
students and families of Overtown and other under-
For continued support and expansion of its Prosper- & Design Center.
served communities in Miami-Dade County.
ity Campaign to cover a broader range of economic
benefits for low-wage workers. Summerbridge will expand its School Year Vitality of Cultural Life
Academy and Summer Institute to prepare
Human Services Coalition will expand the
350 minority sixth to eighth graders in target
scope of its Prosperity Campaign to cover a
Miami-Dade County neighborhoods for the
broader range of economic benefits that
To replicate and expand the Jubilate Arts Preparatory
rigors of high school over the next three years.
move low-wage workers into the mainstream
Academy in Overtown.
The program will help students improve their
of economic life. It will accomplish this
academic performance, and encourage them
through increased coordination of its public
The Black Archives, History and 200,000
to take challenging high school programs and
awareness, outreach and advocacy activities,
Research Foundation (over two years)
go to college.
and through a benefits eligibility screening
program in partnership with community-
To support the expansion and programming of the
based groups and businesses. Through the Housing and Community Development
enhanced and expanded Prosperity Cam-
Habitat for Humanity of Broward $750,000
paign, the Human Services Coalition’s six
(Fort Lauderdale, Fla.) Friends of the Bass Museum 40,000
community-based partners will help more
To purchase 30 vacant lots in the 33311 ZIP code in (Miami Beach, Fla.)
than 1,000 families a year access benefits.
Broward County that will be used to build 30 afford- For a series of exhibitions and events to honor
able, single-family homes for area residents. Haiti’s 200th anniversary.
ACCION USA 300,000
(Boston, Mass.) (over three years) Habitat will purchase 30 home sites in
For program support and expansion in East Little Well-being of Children and Families
Broward County: Oakland Park Boulevard
Havana and Overtown. to Broward Boulevard, between the Florida
YMCA of Greater Miami $300,000
Turnpike and Federal Highway. The homes
ACCION will improve its ability to attract (Miami, Fla.) (over three years)
will sell for the construction price of $70,000
and retain clients by increasing operational For the Teen Development Program, a pilot program
to low-income families using no-interest,
efficiency through market research, the intro- for youth in Little Havana.
30-year mortgages with modest payments of
duction of an Internet-based loan-application
approximately $500 per month, which is less This grant funds the launch of the Teen
system, and starting a call center to process
than what many of these families typically Development Program, an after-school initia-
loans and agreements with new lending
pay in rent. tive in East Little Havana aimed at youths
partners. ACCION will aggressively market
ages 13 to 17. In addition to homework help,
and test these three tools nationally and
YWCA of Greater Miami-Dade County 250,000 sports, arts and crafts, and field trips, activi-
open satellite offices in two additional Knight
(Miami, Fla.) (over three years) ties will be provided in the areas of commu-
For a matched savings program aimed at Overtown nity and civic awareness, exploration of
and East Little Havana residents. career paths, substance abuse and workforce
National Council of the 250,000
preparation. The year-round program will
Churches of Christ in the USA This grant expands the Individual Develop-
serve at least 30 teen-agers a year. The YMCA
(New York, N.Y.) ment Account program to specifically target
estimates that at least 75 percent of the par-
To program, disseminate and implement the Benefit residents of Overtown and East Little Havana
ticipants will complete the full program year
Bank in Overtown and East Little Havana to bring earning less than $25,000 per year. Participants
and 60 percent of their parents or guardians
uncollected benefits to poor residents. must attend an orientation and six initial
will report improvement in their children’s
financial literacy classes and agree to partici-
This grant funds the establishment of the behavior and attitudes. This program will
pate in quarterly financial seminars to open
Benefit Bank in Overtown and East Little help teen-age residents in East Little Havana
the 2:1 matched savings account of up to
Havana. With the help of a trained counselor and Overtown acquire abilities and informa-
$500 per year for up to three years. The main
or volunteer and access to the Internet, indi- tion that will help them improve their lives.
goals of the program are to increase financial
viduals will use the Benefit Bank to calculate
literacy and instill a habit of saving by
and apply for all income benefits to which Zoological Society of Florida 200,000
rewarding consistent savings.
they are entitled (i.e., the Earned Income (Miami, Fla.) (over three years)
Tax Credit, Medicare, Medicaid and others). For an interactive conservation program targeting
About 5,000 households from these two areas youth in Overtown and East Little Havana.
are expected to enroll in the Benefit Bank
2 0 0 4 A N N U A L R E P O RT 67
COMMUNIT Y PARTNERS PROGRAM
reading, writing, math, general business
MILLEDGEVILLE, GA. PALM BEACH COUNT Y, FL A.
knowledge and appropriate conduct on the
The Milledgeville Community Advisory Com- The Palm Beach County Community Advisory
job. Successful participants will have a better
mittee has selected the following priority: to Committee has selected the following priori-
understanding of how to conduct a job
improve the prospects of middle-school youth. ties: to improve the prospects of middle-
search, and the ability to present themselves
school youth, and to increase family economic
to potential employers, meet job expecta-
tions, maintain employment and plan career
Well-being of Children and Families
advancement. Over the course of three years,
Oconee Center $60,000 Workforce Alliance will offer the 90-hour
Civic Engagement and Positive Human Rela-
(Milledgeville, Ga.) (over two years) training program four times annually to an
To create a community-based drug- and alcohol- estimated 900 residents.
Donors Forum of South Florida $148,000
education program for middle-school youth and
(Miami, Fla.) (over three years)
their families. Palm Beach County 300,000
To increase the impact of philanthropy in Palm
Education Commission (over five years)
(West Palm Beach, Fla.)
MYRTLE BEACH, S.C. For the Palm Beach County Leadership Institute.
The Myrtle Beach Community Advisory Com- The Palm Beach County Leadership Institute
mittee has selected the following priority: to will be a five-year initiative to develop capac-
United Way of Palm Beach County $3,194,000
increase community engagement. ity across the education, health and social
(Boynton Beach, Fla.) (over three years)
services sectors. The program consists of two
For expansion and further implementation of the
tiers of training: the Senior Executive Program
Civic Engagement and
and the Executive Program. The Senior Exec-
Positive Human Relations This grant funds an expansion of the Palm
utive Program is a 13-month program for
Beach County Prosperity Campaign
Coastal Carolina University $750,000 CEOs, superintendents, presidents and senior
launched in 2003. The expansion will greatly
(Conway, S.C.) (over four years) administrators focusing on the development
increase the capacity of the United Way of
To develop Coastal Alliance for Community Engage- of the highest leadership skills, including
Palm Beach and its partners to provide free
ment, a program to recruit, train and mobilize innovation, relationship building and partner-
tax-return preparation, benefits referral, and
volunteers while deepening their connections to ing, and strategic communications. Each
educational and vocational counseling to
the community. group of participants will consist of 30 senior
low-income households in the areas of Riv-
executives per year. The Executive Program is
This grant funds the Coastal Alliance for iera Beach, the northwest section of West
a 12-month program for directors and mid-
Community Engagement, a program to cen- Palm Beach and the Glades communities of
dle managers focusing on the development of
tralize community services for Horry County. Pahokee, Belle Glade and South Bay through
the leadership skills required in the complex,
The program consists of a coordinated vol- the opening of 12 new VITA tax-filing sites
diverse environment of Palm Beach County.
unteer recruitment and training system, and the establishment of three Prosperity
Skills developed will include analytical think-
community service project management, Centers. VITA sites will help residents apply
ing, business judgment, teamwork and man-
scheduling and coordination, outreach and for the Earned Income Tax Credit. Prosperity
aging organizational change. Each group will
tracking, and a communitywide day of service. Centers will provide a variety of financial and
consist of 45 middle-management executives
Grant funds will be used to hire a full-time educational services such as credit counsel-
each year. By focusing on current and future
executive director and a program coordinator/ ing, educational and vocational training,
leaders, the institute strives to have an impact
assistant. By December 2005, Coastal Alliance planning, and management-financial and
on the next generation of leaders and
will establish partnerships with local agencies; home-buyer workshops. This program will
enhance the overall leadership network of
recruit and train project coordinators; devel- increase family economic stability.
Palm Beach County including youth-serving
op a local web site for volunteers to obtain
information about the project and service Workforce Alliance 335,000
opportunities; develop and disseminate a cal- (West Palm Beach, Fla.) (over three years)
endar of service projects to be posted on the Well-being of Children and Families
To provide work-readiness training to Prosperity
web and throughout media outlets; recruit, Campaign clients. To increase family economic PRIME TIME Palm Beach County $4,200,000
orient and place the first wave of volunteers well-being and stability, and to improve family (West Palm Beach, Fla.) (over five years)
in service projects; develop a communications employability. To improve the capacity of community-based
campaign to increase the project’s visibility;
providers of out-of-school services to provide quali-
This grant funds work-readiness certification
and develop a sustainability plan for the
ty programming for middle-school youth in targeted
at United Way of Palm Beach County’s Pros-
project’s future. The project aims to deepen
areas of Palm Beach County.
perity Centers in Riviera Beach, West Palm
people’s connection to the community
Beach and Belle Glade. The work-readiness
through quality service projects. PRIME TIME Palm Beach County was creat-
certification complements the free services
ed in 2000 to address the needs associated
provided at the centers, which include free
with providing affordable, high-quality, out-
tax preparation, benefits screening, education
of-school programs in Palm Beach County.
counseling, credit counseling, financial litera-
PRIME TIME will work with at least 35
cy and home-ownership education. The
providers of after-school programs in the
training provides individuals with skills in
68 J O H N S . A N D J A M E S L . K N I G H T F O U N D AT I O N
COMMUNIT Y PARTNERS PROGRAM
areas of Riviera Beach, northwest West Palm Vitality of Cultural Life staff and establishing of partnerships with
Beach and the Glades, providing one-on-one social service agencies, community develop-
Perkins Center for the Arts $452,000
consultations to strengthen the providers’ ment corporations, traditional Latino cultural
(Moorestown, N.J.) (over three years)
organizations and improve the quality of organizations and local schools. Through
To expand after-school, summer arts and junior
their youth programming. The program will better coordination by project and marketing
apprentice programs in Camden.
help providers develop a plan for improve- directors, the number of participating adults
ment and identify the needs of the organiza- in Taller programs will increase by 20 percent.
This grant funds an expansion of after-school
tions, from capital improvements to program Noches de Arte will attract at least 500 partic-
arts at St. Joseph’s parochial school and the
overhaul. This investment fulfills the strategy ipants per month to arts-related events. Two
Boys and Girls Club. The number of days of
of increasing opportunities for youth to form school groups per week will visit one of the
after-school programming will increase by 25
ongoing relationships with caring adults, and participating galleries, allowing 3,000 students
percent to 200 days in the first year, and two
strengthening youth-serving organizations. per year to experience Latino cultural offer-
sites will be added in the following years for
ings in North Philadelphia.
a total of 240 and 288 days of programming
The Children’s Services Council of 1,166,650 in years two and three. The summer arts
Palm Beach County (over five years) Settlement Music School of 400,000
programming will expand to include 125
(West Palm Beach, Fla.) Philadelphia
inner-city Camden youth, and the junior
To establish Beacon Centers at two middle schools in (Philadelphia, Pa.) (over three years)
apprentice program will expand to include
Palm Beach County. For outreach, recruitment and program support for
16 junior training artists. The students com-
the new branch in Camden.
plete a 15-hour training program and then
The Children’s Services Council of Palm
are hired as assistants in the after-school
Beach County funds eight Beacon Centers in The Camden branch of the Settlement Music
and summer arts programs. The project will
Palm Beach County, all located in elementary School becomes fully operational in early
reach several hundred Camden youth who
schools. This grant will establish Beacon 2005. This branch offers a full schedule of
will gain valuable art skills.
Centers at Riviera Beach Middle School and group and individual music classes onsite.
Pahokee Middle School. The centers will This grant funds the implementation of a
Walt Whitman Arts Center 439,000
serve at-risk middle-school youth in Riviera music education outreach program, visiting
(Camden, N.J.) (over three years)
Beach and the Glades by providing year- between four and six elementary schools in
For a portion of the artists’ fees and infrastructure
round academic, social, recreational and cul- Camden annually. Settlement faculty will
support associated with continuing the Storefronts
tural activities to children and their families conduct two 12-week sessions each spring
during nonschool time. and fall at four to six preschools and day-care
centers in Camden. The classes offered to
This grant funds the expansion of arts pro-
preschool children will focus on music literacy
PRIME TIME Palm Beach County 74,360 gramming at six neighborhood Storefront
though creative expression, movement, songs
(West Palm Beach, Fla.) Arts Project sites and the opening of two new
and specially designed instruments. Pre- and
To assess the needs of organizations that provide program sites in Camden. Arts activities at
post-workshop visits with classroom and
out-of-school services in the Glades communities of these sites will include mural arts projects,
music teachers will be held to assist them in
South Bay, Pahokee and Belle Glade. contemporary dance classes, intergenerational
incorporating the arts into their curricula
acting classes, creative writing workshops
and activities. Settlement expects to enroll
and performances. Nearly 40 artists will be
The Children’s Home Society of 30,000
more than 1,600 students in the next three
involved in this project, which aims to broad-
Florida (South Coastal Division)
years with specific goals for enrolling low-
en, deepen and diversify participation by
(West Palm Beach, Fla.) (over two years)
income students and residents of Camden.
Camden residents in a variety of arts activities.
For the Communications Learning Center, an after-
The outreach program expects to improve
school program that introduces girls to the field of
skill in music and movement for low-income
broadcast journalism. Taller Puertorriqueño 412,000
students in Camden.
(Philadelphia, Pa.) (over three years)
To expand the Engaging in Latino Arts program to
The Village of Arts and Humanities 330,000
residents of North Philadelphia.
PHIL ADELPHIA, PA.
(Philadelphia, Pa.) (over three years)
Taller Puertorriqueño was established in 1976
The Philadelphia Community Advisory Com- To deepen the cultural participation of North
to develop a presence for Puerto Rican/Latino
mittee has selected the following priorities: Philadelphia youth through hands-on, arts-based
arts and culture. The Engaging in Latino Arts
to improve the literacy of young children, and community revitalization activities.
initiative consists of three components: Arts
to increase participation in the cultural arts.
This grant provides year-round after-school
Nights in the Barrio, a monthly community-
and Saturday programming for 100 youths
wide event consisting of open-air presentations,
Education ages 13 to 20 at the Village of Arts and
music and theater; Visítenos: A Cultural
Humanities community building and Cook-
Encounter, a school program for grades K-12
Teach For America $200,000
man United Methodist Church. A full-day,
offering lessons about Puerto Rican and
(Newark, N.J.) (over two years)
six-week summer camp will offer paid intern-
Latino culture that promote appreciation for
For expansion of the program to Camden, by funding
ships for 25 teens annually. Each semester
cultural diversity; and La Feria del Barrio, an
the recruitment, training and support of 40 corps
will culminate in a community celebration
annual outdoor family festival. The three
featuring performances and exhibitions.
interconnected programs are run by Taller
Puertorriqueño. This grant funds an expan-
sion of the program through the hiring of
2 0 0 4 A N N U A L R E P O RT 69
COMMUNIT Y PARTNERS PROGRAM
South Jersey Performing Arts Center 310,000 Strings for Schools 278,000 The Spiral Q Puppet Theater 250,000
(Camden, N.J.) (over two years) (Philadelphia, Pa.) (over three years) (Philadelphia, Pa.) (over three years)
For the enhancement of community engagement For the Exploring Ourselves and Our Cultures project For its North Philadelphia Puppet and Parade Col-
programming through the creation of a new Camden- and for the Immersion in Latino Music and Culture laborative.
based play that will be researched and performed program to facilitate the formation of a Latin jazz band.
This grant funds the establishment of an arts
with community participation.
This grant funds a collaborative project with network of nine partner organizations that
This grant funds a cultural participation Philadelphia Youth Playwrights and The Clay will create large-scale puppet shows, toy-
project in Camden, which uses the story- Studio called Exploring Ourselves and Our theater performances, park pageants and
circle approach to engage community members Cultures. This project is a multidisciplinary community parades. Spiral Q will provide
and build community relationships. A story series of artist residencies and workshops for 30 to 45 hours of narrative and performance
circle, developed by in-residence playwright students grades 6 to12 at four K-8 schools workshops at eight sites with 20 participants
John O’Neal, is a process of intense shared and two high schools in North Philadelphia. at each site. Each workshop will culminate
personal storytelling that reflects community High school students will be trained as in a performance. Representatives from each
history. Mr. O’Neal will make a number of assistant teachers for their K-8 counterparts partner organization will participate in
visits to Camden to conduct story circles as part of their Service Learning program, monthly training sessions. All partners will
among 80 to 100 community members and developing mentor relationships among work together to develop, organize and pro-
train others to do the same. Mr. O’Neal, local younger and older students. Arts organiza- duce a parade each May focused on social
theater companies and community members tions and community partners will be issues. This initiative will bolster the efforts
will use the story circles to collaborate on an brought into the project as sponsors of of nine community-based organizations that
adaptation of A Christmas Carol, which will community concerts, performances and work with underserved children, youth and
be performed in December 2006. It is esti- exhibitions that will provide further arts families. Performances will engage as many
mated that 300 to 400 people will attend the opportunities for the participants and their as 2,400 residents throughout the three years
staged readings of the play and 1,200 will families outside of school. of the initiative.
attend the final performances. The story cir-
cles project will bring greater awareness of Point Breeze Performing Arts Center 250,000 New Freedom Theatre Inc. 221,300
the performing arts center and its programs (Philadelphia, Pa.) (over two years) (Philadelphia, Pa.) (over two years)
and bring about a deeper relationship To broaden the impact of successful arts education For outreach performances, training and subsidized
between the organization and its community. programs in North Philadelphia’s public housing tickets for residents of the Philadelphia Housing
Philadelphia Mural Arts Advocates 300,000
This grant funds an expansion of a compre-
(Philadelphia, Pa.) (over three years) InterAct Theatre Company 203,600
hensive, daily after-school and summer arts-
To create a series of six murals which will illustrate (Philadelphia, Pa.) (over four years)
in-education program in collaboration with
the voices, stories and lives of “My North Philly.” To expand its playwriting and theater residencies at
three Housing Authority sites in North
three community institutions in North Philadelphia.
The Mural Arts Program (MAP) was founded Philadelphia. The program consists of six-,
in 1984 as part of the Anti-Graffiti Network, eight- and 12-week workshops and field trips
Art Sanctuary 186,900
a mayoral initiative to eradicate graffiti and in dance, theater, creative writing, computers,
(Philadelphia, Pa.) (over three years)
blight. Twenty years later, MAP has painted video, ceramics, mask-making and music. The
To build the organizational capacity of Art Sanctuary
more than 2,400 murals in Philadelphia and program will serve approximately 270 youth.
to expand its programming in North Philadelphia.
is recognized as a national leader in revitaliza-
tion through public art. In partnership with Rutgers University Foundation 250,000
Philadelphia Young Playwrights 167,000
36 community organizations, Philadelphia (New Brunswick, N.J.) (over four years)
(Philadelphia, Pa.) (over three years)
Mural Arts will create murals in six North To expand the Rutgers-Camden Center for the Arts
To provide arts education and exploration to under-
Philadelphia neighborhoods. Each participat- programs that are designed to broaden, deepen and
served students in North Philadelphia.
ing organization will recruit 10 to 40 people diversify the arts and cultural participation of Cam-
to participate in identifying sites in need of den residents.
revitalization, collecting oral histories, facili-
This grant funds an expansion of the Artist at (Philadelphia, Pa.) (over four years)
tating community meetings and making art.
Work Series and the Camden Art Gardens To conduct multidisciplinary arts workshops in
The year-long process will culminate in the
program. The Artist at Work Series brings North Philadelphia and for discount tickets for par-
creation of a large-scale mural in each neigh-
together four social services agencies in Cam- ticipants in the Community Partners in Arts Access
borhood. The project will reach a broader
den that serve youth: Hispanic Family Center, program.
audience through a gallery show, mural
Camden Youth Services Commission, Kaighn
dedication, a project catalogue, a web site and
Avenue Baptist Summer Program and the The Clay Studio 145,000
mural tours. Through this project, 720 youths,
Broadway Family Center. During the summer (Philadelphia, Pa.) (over three years)
adults and seniors will participate in the
500 youths from these programs will attend For a ceramics workshop and mentoring program in
hands-on workshop. The murals are expected
performances at the Rutgers Performing Arts six North Philadelphia schools.
to act as vehicles to unite, strengthen and
Theater. The Camden Arts Program project
empower the neighborhoods through collab-
consists of neighborhood children and adults
oration among partner organizations and
creating expressive public spaces. The project
will bring residents together in creating public
space and producing 18 community gardens.
70 J O H N S . A N D J A M E S L . K N I G H T F O U N D AT I O N
COMMUNIT Y PARTNERS PROGRAM
Valley Health and Hospital System and the
The Philadelphia 125,000 Hopeworks ’N Camden 40,000
Gilroy Unified School District) to provide
Orchestra Association (Camden, N.J.)
services to 750 families with preschool chil-
(Philadelphia, Pa.) To enroll Camden High School students in the Hope
dren in the Gilroy area. Services will include
For community activities and a neighborhood concert Through School program.
group and in-home education for parents on
that broadens the Philadelphia Orchestra’s reach to
job readiness, English and parenting skills,
neighborhood safety and educational
SAN JOSE, CALIF. involvement, support services for formal and
Painted Bride Art Center 116,000
informal family child-care providers, school
The San Jose Community Advisory Committee
(Philadelphia, Pa.) (over two years)
preparation services for children and transi-
has selected the following priority: to improve
To mount the exhibit, “We Were There: Voices of
tion services and orientation to the school
African-American Veterans,” featuring portraits and
district. The alliance will increase the access
stories of 28 African-American veterans who served
of preschool families to quality early care and
in the U.S. military from World War II through Vitality of Cultural Life education services, as well as to other services
Operation Iraqi Freedom.
that help children prepare for school.
Community Foundation $126,000
Silicon Valley (over two years)
The Scribe Video Center 75,000
Catholic Charities of 900,000
(San Jose, Calif.)
(Philadelphia, Pa.) (over two years)
Santa Clara County (over five years)
To develop and implement an annual showcase
For a community history video project that documents
(San Jose, Calif.)
presentation of midsized and small South Bay
people’s recollections, comments and visions of the
To provide tax-preparation and financial/tax-educa-
performing arts organizations in venues in or near
social, cultural and political importance of their
tion (including Earned Income Tax Credit) services to
downtown San Jose.
low-income families in the Mayfair, Solari/Seven
Trees and Gilroy areas of Santa Clara County.
San Jose Children’s Musical Theater 100,000
Asociación de Músicos 60,000
(San Jose, Calif.) (over two years)
Latino Americanos This grant funds an expansion of the eco-
To support arts education at an after-school inter-
(Philadelphia, Pa.) nomic development program to low-income
vention program for elementary and middle-school
To increase the number of community youth served families with preschool children in Knight
students in the Franklin-McKinley School District.
in North Philadelphia with culturally specific arts target neighborhoods while offering services
instruction and for recruiting and training artists for at convenient neighborhood locations. The
San Jose Repertory Theatre 50,000
the expanded program. program provides tax-preparation services,
(San Jose, Calif.) (over two years) financial education services and outreach on
To complete critical planning and preparation for the tax credits. Over the five years, Catholic
Well-being of Children and Families 25th anniversary season, including the revision and Charities expects to file 4,250 tax returns
updating of the company’s long-range strategic plan. resulting in savings of more than $300,000 in
City of Philadelphia- $162,000
tax-preparation fees for low-income families
Philadelphia Reads (over two years)
TheatreWorks 50,000 and should provide families with preschool-
(Palo Alto, Calif.) ers more than $4 million in income support
To expand elements of the Philadelphia Reads
For a planning grant to determine demographic through tax refunds, thus increasing the eco-
programming for better impact on preschoolers and
information and identify potential markets in order nomic well-being of working families with
their families to increase early literacy in North
to reach nontraditional audiences. preschool children.
San Jose Museum of Art Association 30,000 Kidango 780,000
Camden Churches 150,000
(San Jose, Calif.) (Fremont, Calif.) (over three years)
Organized for People
For an evaluation of the Summer Art Studios program To expand behavioral health and mental health serv-
offered at four community centers in San Jose in ices to high-risk children from birth to age 5 and
To increase the level of community participation in
order to replicate the model throughout San Jose. their families in the Mayfair neighborhood of East
the Camden School Construction Project.
The New Jersey Academy for 150,000 Well-being of Children and Families Kidango provides early care, education and
Aquatic Sciences Inc. early intervention services to children from
Go Kids Inc. $2,285,000
(Camden, N.J.) birth to age 5. The program currently serves
(Gilroy, Calif.) (over five years)
To support CAUSE (Camden Aquarium Urban Science more than 2,500 children. This grant enables
To form a five-agency alliance that will provide
Enrichment), a science education program for low- Kidango to hire additional mental health
coordinated services to children, families and child-
income elementary and secondary students in Camden. clinicians and base one at each of the target-
care providers and improve families’ connections to
ed elementary schools and provide intensive
neighborhood-based developmental and economic
Starfinder Foundation 50,000 services to 50 additional families per year.
(Philadelphia, Pa.) The clinicians will provide 100 additional
To provide after-school programming in North This grant funds The Glen View Alliance, an developmental and behavioral screenings per
Philadelphia. alliance of Go Kids and its partner agencies year and will ensure that the 140 children in
(Rebekah Children’s Services, Mexican the Mayfair neighborhood are screened for
American Community Services Agency, both behavioral problems and developmental
School-Linked Services of the Santa Clara
2 0 0 4 A N N U A L R E P O RT 71
COMMUNIT Y PARTNERS PROGRAM
delays. This grant provides Mayfair-area fam- commercial corridors as neighborhood anchors STATE COLLEGE, PA.
ilies with improved access to quality early by empowering entrepreneurs and residents
The State College Community Advisory
childhood services that play a critical role in and increasing housing density; and fostering
Committee has selected the following priority:
helping children prepare for school. constructive community engagement, public
to improve the health and development of
education opportunities and policy changes.
This grant will fund efforts to develop, adapt
San Jose Unified School District 150,000
and implement breakthrough strategies and
(San Jose, Calif.)
programs to increase affordable housing,
To develop a plan for integrating an early care and Vitality of Cultural Life
especially for recent immigrants and people
education professional development curriculum into
Moshannon Valley Young Men’s $15,000
of color. Home-ownership readiness will be
the San Jose Unified School District’s Professional
assessed through pre-purchase counseling,
financial literacy, education and outreach.
For a capital campaign to construct an Arts and Cul-
Programming will include workshops on
Santa Clara County Partnership for 150,000
ture Center at the Moshannon Valley YMCA.
maintenance reserve accounts, expanding
School Readiness (over three years)
mortgage foreclosure prevention and educa-
(San Jose, Calif.)
tion on predatory lending practices.
To develop a baseline measure of school readiness Well-being of Children and Families
and to assess cohorts of kindergarten students in
Centre Volunteers in Medicine $60,000
Santa Clara County over a three-year period. Well-being of Children and Families (State College, Pa.) (over three years)
To provide outreach services and to expand the
Ramsey Action Programs $2,625,000
San Jose Unified School District 50,000
social worker program to ensure that all patients
(St. Paul, Minn.) (over five years)
(San Jose, Calif.)
receive help with applications to insurance programs.
To support a collaborative effort to provide a contin-
To plan a literacy-based kindergarten transition
uum of developmentally appropriate and culturally
program for children not previously exposed to
Bellefonte YMCA 50,000
competent early childhood mental health services in
high-quality early learning opportunities.
To plan for the establishment of the Bellefonte Family
Choices for Children 40,000 Originally funded in 2003, this program has Resource Center.
(San Jose, Calif.) developed a strategic plan to address collabo-
For a planning effort to develop a model of training ratively the mental health needs of Ramsey
and support for unlicensed, informal caregivers of County’s youngest children. Through the
TALL AHASSEE, FL A.
children from birth to age 5. work of Ramsey County Head Start and its
The Tallahassee Community Advisory Com-
partners (Resources for Child Caring, the
Community Foundation Silicon Valley 35,000 mittee has selected the following priority: to
University of Minnesota, the Amherst Wilder
(San Jose, Calif.) improve school readiness.
Foundation, Frasier Child Development
For implementation of a literacy initiative for children Center, Lifetrack Resources, St. Paul Public
from birth to age 8. Schools and the four other school districts
Well-being of Children and Families
within the county), this effort will develop
assessment tools and provide mental health Florida Agricultural & $150,000
ST. PAUL, MINN. screenings to 50,000 Ramsey County children Mechanical University Foundation
from birth to age 5; expand Early Head Start (Tallahassee, Fla.)
The St. Paul Community Advisory Committee
home-visitation services to 100 families For planning of Jumpstart Plus, a culturally appro-
has selected the following priorities: to improve
whose children demonstrate moderate to priate program to increase family literacy and early
the health and development of children, and
severe mental health needs; train teachers childhood development.
to increase access to affordable housing.
and parents in eight to 20 early care and edu-
cation programs on a curriculum designed to Tallahassee-Leon County 45,000
reduce aggression and behavioral problems
Housing and Community Development Cultural Resources Commission
in young children; and establish therapeutic (Tallahassee, Fla.)
Payne-Lake Community Partners $2,000,000 play groups in 24 early care and education To strengthen connections between the schools and
(St. Paul, Minn.) (over five years) programs for children who present challeng- the cultural community through Young Audiences’
To increase readiness for, access to, and sustainabil- ing behavior and mental health concerns. community partnership approaches including the
ity of home ownership on St. Paul’s East Side. The grant also will fund the start-up of a Arts 4 Learning web tool.
day-treatment program for young children
Payne-Lake Community Partners is a strategic
whose mental health problems prevent them
partnership of leading foundations, financial Tallahassee Community 35,000
from participating in early care and educa-
institutions, nonprofit organizations and the College Foundation
federal government that is leading revitaliza- (Tallahassee, Fla.)
tion efforts along the Payne and Lake Street For a campaign to promote public awareness of dental
corridors in the Twin Cities. The alliance is care and to increase access to dental care for high-risk
focused on developing family assets and pregnant women and their families in Leon County.
earning power by building strong businesses;
expanding career potential and encouraging
home ownership; revitalizing prosperous
72 J O H N S . A N D J A M E S L . K N I G H T F O U N D AT I O N
NATIONAL VENTURE FUND
G NATIONAL VENTURE FUND G
WICHITA, KAN. National Council of La Raza 1,250,000
(Washington, D.C.) (over five years)
The Wichita Community Advisory Committee
To increase the effectiveness and scale of citizenship
has selected the following priority: to improve
Civic Engagement and and civic participation initiatives targeting immigrant
school readiness. Positive Human Relations populations nationally and in Knight communities.
Public Interest Projects $2,500,000 National Council of La Raza (NCLR) will
Well-being of Children and Families (New York, N.Y.) (over five years) analyze strategies that help new Americans
For a funding collaborative, the Four Freedoms Fund,
Rainbows United $295,000 vote and develop programs for organizations
that invests in local and regional organizations that
(Wichita, Kan.) (over three years) to increase voter participation. NCLR will
promote immigrant integration and civic participation.
For the Incredible Years training project to increase study national voter registration campaigns
the social and emotional well-being of young chil- targeting immigrants to assess their efficiency
The Four Freedoms Fund (FFF) will use this
dren by giving parents the skills to effectively rear and efficacy and will review voter data that
Knight grant to support local civic participa-
their children. For school readiness among young measure the turnout success of each local
tion groups in regions of the country with
children living in Wichita’s poor neighborhoods by campaign. The organization will also involve
high concentrations of immigrants, including
improving the parenting skills that affect children’s local organizations in efforts to increase voter
Detroit, Long Beach and South Florida. FFF
social and emotional development. turnout in immigrant communities.
will provide technical assistance grants to
help emerging organizations with technology,
Wichita State University 100,000 Charity Lobbying in the 1,200,000
infrastructure and human-resource develop-
(Wichita, Kan.) (over five years) Public Interest (over four years)
ment. FFF will help other funders explore
To conduct an evaluation of the Wichita CARES (Washington, D.C.)
ways that immigrant civic participation can
program. To increase the knowledge and preparedness of non-
be integrated with ongoing programs.
profits in Knight communities to engage in the public
policy processs by developing comprehensive plans.
National Immigration Forum 1,750,000
(Washington, D.C.) (over five years) Charity Lobbying in the Public Interest
Subtotal: 201 grants $61,135,880 To build public support for a more effective natural- (CLPI) was founded in 1998 out of concern
ization process and to increase funding for English that the essential public policy role of charities
language education and policies that facilitate faces persistent barriers, including nonprofit
immigrant integration. leaders’ belief that lobbying puts their non-
profit status at risk. CLPI provides basic legal
The National Immigration Forum will develop
and how-to materials; conducts training
strategies with other national and local organ-
workshops about how to launch lobbying
izations to promote policies that encourage
campaigns and communicate effectively with
immigrants to become citizens and make the
legislators; and works to improve the lobby-
naturalization process more efficient. Project
ing laws for charities. This grant funds CLPI’s
leaders will work with the U.S. Bureau of
work with Knight grantees to help them
Citizenship and Immigration Services to
develop plans for public policy engagement
ensure that new citizens can register to vote.
on specific issues such as early childhood,
The project includes building and maintaining
youth development, family income support
a web site that will serve as a clearinghouse of
and immigrant civic participation. CLPI will
information on the best practices in the field
conduct a series of public policy clinics at
of immigrant integration.
cross-community gatherings of community-
Center for Community Change 1,250,000
(Washington, D.C.) (over five years)
Hispanics in Philanthropy 1,000,000
To develop a national network of community-based
(San Francisco, Calif.) (over five years)
nonprofit organizations serving immigrant popula-
To provide matching grants to a local philanthropic
tions that will help them build skills and capacity by
collaborative that funds emerging organizations
linking them to national resources and opportunities.
serving the Hispanic communities in Boulder, Long
This grant will help community-based groups Beach, San Jose, Philadelphia, St. Paul, Miami and
link new immigrant populations to resources Duluth.
and opportunities. Over the next five years,
The philanthropic collaborative will provide
in collaboration with the National Council of
matching grants, hands-on technical assistance,
La Raza, National Immigration Forum and
leadership training and networking opportu-
the Four Freedoms Fund, the project will
nities to help Latino organizations increase
focus on organizational and leadership devel-
effectiveness and gain greater visibility within
opment and civic engagement.
philanthropy. The grant seeks to make Latino
nonprofits stronger and more effective.
2 0 0 4 A N N U A L R E P O RT 73
NATIONAL VENTURE FUND
ACCION will improve the ability to attract The council seeks to increase public support
Brown University 245,000
and retain clients with three new loan prod- for improved civic education standards and
ucts. The organization will create an Internet- practices in up to six states, including at least
For Campus Compact, to conduct a scan of partner-
based loan application so clients can have three states with Knight communities. The
ships between campuses and community initiatives
access from even the most remote areas of goal is to increase the quality and quantity
in Knight communities to identify opportunities
the country. ACCION will simplify the appli- of civic education taught in public schools.
for institutions of higher education to play more
cation process leading to loan processing In addition, the project will elevate student
significant roles in community improvement. This
by telephone. It will form agreements with journalism and media literacy to the status
grant advances Knight’s interest in cross-sector
lending partners, community organizations of a serious element of civic education, and
partnerships with community institutions.
and/or banks that will conduct client intake at least one state will strongly recommend
and loan disbursement on behalf of ACCION student media as part of its civic education
New Profit Inc. 175,000
in communities. curriculum.
For a convening of leading social entrepreneurs to
* This grant is funded through the National Venture
National Council of the 600,000
help them build alliances and generate new thinking Fund and Journalism Initiatives.
Churches of Christ in the USA
and resources to increase their reach and impact.
(New York, N.Y.) (over two years)
The Teachers Network 200,000
To introduce the Benefit Bank program in Ohio and
Alliance for Children and Families 150,000 (New York, N.Y.) (over two years)
Mississippi, helping low-income people obtain feder-
(Milwaukee, Wis.) To sustain teacher support networks and program-
al, state and other benefits for which they are eligible.
For a series of regional and national scenario- ming in eight Knight communities.
planning sessions with nonprofit agencies serving The council will adapt the Benefit Bank model
children and families to strengthen their capacity for use in Akron and Biloxi. The Internet- Forum for the Future of 150,000
to respond to changing market forces. based program will help low-income residents Higher Education (over three years)
calculate and apply for federal, state and (Cambridge, Mass.)
Spitfire Communications 120,000 private income-enhancement benefits. To conduct research and convene annual symposia
Leadership Institute Through partnerships with Knight-funded that would focus the institutional and financial
(Washington, D.C.) Earned Income Tax Credit awareness cam- resources of colleges and universities on pressing
To build the communication skills of the leaders of paigns, the project will provide low-income social and community needs.
six Knight Foundation grantee organizations and to residents with simpler, more efficient ways
provide technical assistance to the organizations to use these resources.
Housing and Community Development
and the broader nonprofit sector.
University of Maryland 100,000 Living Cities Inc.: NCDI $4,800,000
(College Park, Md.) (over two years)
American Enterprise Institute for 55,000 (New York, N.Y.) (over three years)
To disseminate research and build constituencies
Public Policy Research To expand and deepen a collaborative investment to
to promote new models for community-based, eco-
(Washington, D.C.) improve urban neighborhoods in 23 U.S. communities.
For a series of election-year public events encourag-
Living Cities will continue its community
ing the examination of the governing styles of the
development work in distressed urban com-
major presidential candidates.
munities. The organization will promote effi-
Teach For America $1,500,000 * cient and effective investments to transform
Grantmakers Concerned with 30,500
(New York, N.Y.) (over four years) neighborhoods, and provide information to
Immigrants and Refugees
To support existing teaching programs in Philadel- increase investment in urban neighborhoods.
phia, Camden, Miami and Detroit and to strengthen The three-year program will focus on the
To produce and disseminate a report on promising
the national organization’s ability to recruit and 23 communities in the Cities Program and
models of immigrant civic engagement and the ways
train effective corps members. develop broader policy and public affairs
funders can support this work.
activities. Living Cities will also focus its
Teach For America will expand the size of its
resources in Detroit, Philadelphia, Miami
teaching corps in four Knight communities.
The City University of New York 25,000
and the Twin Cities.
It will refine its pre-service training, ongoing
(New York, N.Y.)
professional-development support network
For a feasibility study to develop an appropriate
University of Miami 1,100,000
and management capabilities for Knight com-
structure, research agenda and dissemination strat-
(Coral Gables, Fla.) (over three years)
munity programs, better preparing corps
egy for a think tank on foundations.
To continue to train midcareer professionals through
members to complete their teaching assign-
the School of Architecture’s Knight Fellows Program
Economic Development in Community Building and develop a sustainability
* Grant subsequently amended to $1,200,000.
model for the organization.
ACCION USA $1,000,000
(Boston, Mass.) (over three years) The program will continue to combine
Council for Excellence 1,000,000*
To expand microlending programs to emerging and academic training, research, professional net-
in Government (over four years)
established small-business entrepreneurs in Knight working and direct experience working
communities through the introduction of online loan in communities nationwide. Each year mid-
To increase the quantity and quality of the K-12 civic
services and through the establishment of one or career fellowships will be awarded to 12
education in the public schools of three to five states
two new offices. community builders and journalists, but with
with Knight communities.
74 J O H N S . A N D J A M E S L . K N I G H T F O U N D AT I O N
NATIONAL VENTURE FUND
specific encouragement to applicants from advocacy skills, organizational development,
Knight communities. Charrettes (community and training and technical assistance in policy
forums) will be held in three Knight commu- issues. This grant funds an expansion of
nities and will address urban planning chal- Voices work and will offer state affiliates
lenges identified by each community. expanded assistance on a wider variety of
issues. During the first year, Voices will begin
the process of integrating Knight community-
Vitality of Cultural Life
based grantees into their network. Voices will
assist them in strengthening their knowledge
American Symphony $50,000
of public policy work.
(New York, N.Y.)
For a Fred Friendly Seminar to explore fundamental
issues and challenges now facing orchestras and a
post-seminar training program for the field. Subtotal: 26 grants $ 22,315,500
Twin Cities Public Television 25,000
(St. Paul, Minn.)
For the research and development phase of a new
public television series based on audience-
engagement strategies developed through the
Magic of Music Initiative.
Well-being of Children and Families
National Association for the $1,270,000
Education of Young Children (over three years)
To continue the work of NAEYC’s School Readiness
Connections project, which provides Knight
grantees working in the area of early childhood
development with opportunities for professional
development and cross-community learning.
This grant supports Knight’s partners in the
early childhood development field by provid-
ing opportunities to share information about
effective and innovative practices NAEYC will
use at its annual conference. The grant will
pay for more than 75 community partner
representatives to attend the annual confer-
ence and participate in sessions designed
specifically for them. NAEYC will develop a
web site and an e-learning program designed
for Knight’s grantees.
Voices for America’s Children 770,000
(Washington, D.C.) (over three years)
To enhance the skills of state-level child advocacy
organizations and Knight community-based
grantees in the areas of early care and education,
youth development, and budget and tax policy.
To help build the capacity and effectiveness of
Knight grantee organizations and other agencies
to improve the lives of children.
Voices for America’s Children works to improve
the lives of children in the United States by
enhancing the effectiveness of state and local,
multi-issue child advocacy organizations.
Voices provides member organizations in 44
states with essential resources including
2 0 0 4 A N N U A L R E P O RT 75
Emergency Grants Other Special Grants
United Way of Palm Beach County $500,000 Families of Flight 93 Inc. $500,000 37 Trustee-Recommended Grants $307,000
(Boynton Beach, Fla.) (Washington, D.C.)
For Hurricane Frances relief. For an open, international competition to design the
Flight 93 National Memorial in Somerset County, Pa.
American Red Cross 100,000
(Greater Miami & The Keys Chapter) GRAND TOTAL: 329 grants $99,905,480
For Hurricane Jeanne relief in Haiti. Council on Foundations $44,600
For 2004 general operating support.
Meals on Wheels PLUS of Manatee 27,500
For Hurricane Charley relief. Nonprofit Technology 35,000
(San Francisco, Calif.)
United Way of Manatee County 22,500
For general operating support and to provide free tech-
nical assistance to nonprofits in Knight communities.
For Hurricane Charley relief.
Early Childhood Funders Collaborative 12,500
Volunteer Services of Manatee County 20,000
(Montclair, N.J.) (over two years)
For 2004 and 2005 general operating support.
For Hurricane Charley relief.
Grantmakers Forum on 10,000
Manatee County Rural Health Services 15,000
Community and National Service
For Hurricane Charley relief.
To support the collection and analysis of data about
philanthropic investments in civic engagement
American Red Cross 10,000
strategies, and to stimulate funders’ critical thinking
(Manatee County Chapter)
about the intention and outcome of those investments.
For Hurricane Charley relief.
Greater Miami Progress Foundation 9,550
United Way 2-1-1 of Manasota 5,000
For 2004 general operating support.
For Hurricane Charley relief.
Grantmakers for Effective Organizations 7,250
For 2004 general operating support.
Southeastern Council of Foundations 4,700
For general operating support.
Other Subtotal: 16 grants $1,323,600
76 J O H N S . A N D J A M E S L . K N I G H T F O U N D AT I O N
John S. and James L. Knight Foundation
W. Gerald Austen, M.D., chairman, board of trustees John Williams II, community liaison program officer
Hodding Carter III, president and CEO Susan Patterson, community liaison program officer
Michael Maidenberg, vice president and chief program officer Lisa Versaci, director of National Venture Fund
Larry Meyer, vice president of communications and secretary Julie K. Kohler, National Venture Fund program officer
Juan Martinez, vice president of accounting and treasurer William Nichols, investment officer
Belinda Turner Lawrence, vice president and Lynne Noble, administration assistant
chief administrative officer Robertson Adams, communications associate–webmaster
Eric Newton, director of Journalism Initiatives Sharon Moshavi, communications manager
Denise Tom, journalism program specialist Susan Perry-Smith, communications assistant
Joe Ervin, director of Community Partners Program Caroline Wingate, editorial consultant
Linda Fitzgerald, deputy director of Community Partners Program
Special thanks to Thad Nodine, David Skaggs, Julie K. Kohler, Tom Curley, Denise Tom, Eric Newton, Harvey Gantt, Pete Salas Jr., Karen
Rahn, Linda Fitzgerald, Maurice G. Perry and J. Kyle Keener for their unique contributions.
Jacques Auger Design Associates Inc., Miami Beach, Fla.
Southeastern Printing, Stuart, Fla.
2, 3 Harvey Bilt for Knight Foundation (Austen, Conway, Briggs, Crutchfield, Coleman, Ibargüen, Friday)
3 Andrew Itkoff for Knight Foundation (Carter, Crowe)
4 (top) Bruce Zake for Knight Foundation
4 (bottom) Harvey Bilt for Knight Foundation
5 Eileen Escarda Photography for Knight Foundation
6 Pam Berry for Knight Foundation
7 Harvey Bilt for Knight Foundation
8-12 J. Kyle Keener for Knight Foundation
12 Jim Stem for Knight Foundation
13 Josh Ritchie for Knight Foundation
14 Jim Stem for Knight Foundation
16 Lisa Helfert for Knight Foundation
17 Courtesy Center for Public Integrity
18 Associated Press Graphics
19 Courtesy The Associated Press
20 Melvin Epps for Knight Foundation
21 Fabrizio Costantini for Knight Foundation
22 Marty Caivano for Knight Foundation
23 Jackie Shumaker for Knight Foundation
24 Gary O'Brien/The Charlotte Observer, used with permission
25 Joseph Rey Au for Knight Foundation
27 John Daughtry/LOF Productions
28 Melvin Epps for Knight Foundation
29 Bruce Zake for Knight Foundation
30 Aaron Suozzi for Knight Foundation
32, 33 Eileen Escarda Photography for Knight Foundation
35 Lisa Helfert for Knight Foundation
38 Battle Vaughan/The Miami Herald for Knight Foundation
39, 40 Harvey Bilt for Knight Foundation
41 Pam Berry for Knight Foundation
42 Harvey Bilt for Knight Foundation
43 Courtesy One Economy
53 Bruce Zake for Knight Foundation
Cover, 9, 12, 20, 28 Resa Listort/Jacques Auger Design Associates for Knight Foundation
The name “Magic of Music” is used (pages 40, 41 and 75) with permission of The Magic of Music Inc., which creates special moments
through music for thousands of critically/terminally ill and handicapped children and adults throughout the United States.