Six Steps of Shared Decision Making
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Six Steps of Shared Decision Making

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The shared decision making process broken down into six steps for health care providers to use as a guide in consultations with their patients.

The shared decision making process broken down into six steps for health care providers to use as a guide in consultations with their patients.

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Six Steps of Shared Decision Making Six Steps of Shared Decision Making Presentation Transcript

  • Six Steps of SharedDecision Making (SDM) For Health Care Providers Richard Wexler, MD Chief Medical Officer February 2012
  • Introduction • Shared decision making is a collaborative process that allows patients and their providers to make health care treatment decisions together, taking into account the best scientific evidence available, as well as the patient’s values and preferences. This process provides patients with the support they need to make the best individualized care decisions, while allowing providers to feel confident in the care they prescribe.© Informed Medical Decisions Foundation. 2All Rights Reserved. 2012
  • The Six Steps to SDM • To assist providers in implementing shared decision making, we offer the six steps of shared decision making, along with some sample language that may be helpful in working with your patients to make better decisions together.© Informed Medical Decisions Foundation. 3All Rights Reserved. 2012
  • 1. Invite the patient to participate • Often patients don’t realize that there is more than one viable option for treatment. By offering an invitation, you are letting them know they have options and that their goals and concerns are an important part of the decision-making process.© Informed Medical Decisions Foundation. 4All Rights Reserved. 2012
  • 1. Invite the patient to participate Sample language: “There’s a decision to make about your treatment (or testing) and I’d like to make it with you. Knowing what’s important to you will help us make a better decision.” OR “Sometimes things in medicine aren’t as clear as most people think. Let’s work together so we can come up with a decision that’s right for you.”© Informed Medical Decisions Foundation. 5All Rights Reserved. 2012
  • 2. Present options • Before making an informed decision, patients need to know all the options available to them.© Informed Medical Decisions Foundation. 6All Rights Reserved. 2012
  • 2. Present options Sample language: When NOT using a decision aid: “Here are some choices we can consider.” OR “Here are your options.”© Informed Medical Decisions Foundation. 7All Rights Reserved. 2012
  • 2. Present options Sample language: When using a decision aid: “Did you have a chance to read or watch the material about your options? Which of the treatments (or tests) would you like to discuss? OR “Let’s take a few minutes to review the options you have.”© Informed Medical Decisions Foundation. 8All Rights Reserved. 2012
  • 3. Provide information on benefits and risks • Provide balanced information on benefits and risks. Use numbers rather than words when you can. Without them, patients: • Tend to overestimate the benefits and underestimate the risk • Have less realistic expectations • It’s also important to check in with patients to make sure they correctly understand the benefits and harms.© Informed Medical Decisions Foundation. 9All Rights Reserved. 2012
  • 3. Provide information on benefits and risks Sample language: “Let’s go over the benefits and the risks of the options you’re considering.” To check for understanding: “You’ve seen a lot of numbers which can be confusing. Do you have any questions? May I help you sort through them?” OR “I want to be sure that I’ve explained things well. Please tell me what you heard (or wrote down) about __________ (most important benefits and risks).”© Informed Medical Decisions Foundation. 10All Rights Reserved. 2012
  • 4. Assist patients in evaluating options based on their goals/concerns • Patients may not be comfortable raising their personal goals and concerns for treatment. By actively inquiring, you are giving them permission to speak about what is important to them. Once you have elicited this information, you can assist them in evaluating their options based on their preferences.© Informed Medical Decisions Foundation. 11All Rights Reserved. 2012
  • 4. Assist patients in evaluating options based on their goals/concerns Sample language: “Just as people are different, no one decision is right for everyone. As you think about your options, what’s important to you?” OR “People have different goals and concerns. As you think about your options, what’s important to you? For example, some people…while other people…”© Informed Medical Decisions Foundation. 12All Rights Reserved. 2012
  • 5. Facilitate deliberation and decision-making • Patients may not be ready to make a decision immediately. Probing for what else they need to know or do before making the decision can be helpful. If they are ready to decide, you can help facilitate a final decision.© Informed Medical Decisions Foundation. 13All Rights Reserved. 2012
  • 5. Facilitate deliberation and decision-making Sample language: “Considering what we’ve discussed, do you have a preference about the direction we take?” “You have time to think things over.” “Do you want to think about this decision with anyone else, someone who might be affected by the decision, someone who might help you sort things out?” “Is there any more information you need?” “What’s the hardest part about deciding?” “From what I hear you saying, here’s what I’d suggest…how does that sound to you?”© Informed Medical Decisions Foundation. 14All Rights Reserved. 2012
  • 6. Assist with implementation • Close the conversation by laying out the next steps for the patient.© Informed Medical Decisions Foundation. 15All Rights Reserved. 2012
  • 6. Assist with implementation Sample language: “Let’s take a moment to talk about the next steps.”© Informed Medical Decisions Foundation. 16All Rights Reserved. 2012