Trabalho de itália powerpoint projecto comenius - inglêsPresentation Transcript
Christopher ColumbusBiographyChristopher Columbus was born in 1451, in Genoa. He lived during some years in theMadeira island of Porto Santo. He married the daughter of Porto Santo´s captain.He met several Portuguese navigators that used to sail the West Coast of Africa and hestarted believing that it was possible to reach India by the west. He presented that projectto the king of Portugal who didn´t accepted it.He decided go to Spain to present the same idea to the Spanish kings, Isabel andFernando. They also didn´t accept the project because they were involved in the recoveryof the Arab kingdom of Granada. Later, in 1492 Isabel finally agreed to support theexpedition.
Christopher Columbus1st VoyageOn the 3rd August 1492, three ships under the command of ChristopherColumbus left Spain. On October 12th, they saw land for the first time inthe Bahamas.He explored the islands of Haiti and Cuba, believing that he was in theOrient. In 1493, he returned to Spain.
Christopher Columbus2nd VoyageIn 25th November 1493, he returned to the West, to command one Armadaof fourteen caravels and three ships, carrying 1500 people. During thistravel, he discovered four more islands: Guadalupe, Puerto Rico,Martinique and the Antilles.He returned to Europe in 1406, leaving behind a group of colonizers inHaiti.
Christopher Columbus3rd and 4th VoyagesIn 1498, he did his third expedition. During this, he discovered the TrinityIsland and the Coast of Venezuela. He was victim of intrigues and returnedto Spain under arrest in 1500.His forth travel and last was in 1502. He went to Honduras and Panamá.When he returned to Europe two years later, he was ignored and died in1506. He was still convinced that he had been to the Far East.
CuriositiesChristopher Columbus was the first to prove what a lot of people already believed :that the world was round. He believed that it was possile to travel either to the East orto the West and return to the starting point.He was born in a small maritime city in the north of Italy, where he grew amongships and sailors. In those times, the European trade with the Far East was a growingactivity. But, the know route by land was long and difficult.Presently we know that the Earth is round, with vast land masses in the Easter andWestern hemispheres. But in Europe until Columbus age, people believed that theEarth was flat like a dish, and if people sail too far, they would fall from the Earth.
The Kings of Spain benefited greatly from Columbus discoveries. Theyinvested vast resources exploring and colonizing the recently discoveredterritories. For them, Columbus discovered a real “New World”.Christopher Columbus was himself a sailor and a creator of maps and charts.When he lived in Portugal, at that time the center of world navigation andoceanic discoveries, he dedicated himself to copy navigation charts and worldatlas, to help him in his future navigation adventures. He has also veryinfluenced by Marco Polo travel stories.Columbus changed the world´s history because he discovered the Americancontinent, without knowing it, believing he has arrived at the Eastern Indies.More Curiosities