Real name: Edna AnnieProulx<br />Born in 1935<br />American journalist and writer<br />Mainworks:<br />TheShipping News (1993) PulitzerPrize and NationalBookaward<br />Brokeback Mountain(1997) “short storypublished in THE NEW YORKER” O. Henry Prize and TheNational Magazine award.<br />CloseRange, Wyoming storiesBookAwardforBestFiction<br />Biography:<br />
Bythesummer of 1963 Ennis del Mar and Jack Twist meteachother at Aguirre’strailer office.<br />Joe Aguirre hiredthemtotakecare of hissheeps.<br />Bythat time of hardwork Ennis and Jack startstheirrelationship, but a complexone.<br />First time theyhave sex: No onerecognizeswhathappens. <br />Aguirre willdiscoverthemhavingrelationships. He doesn’tlikethesituation and inventsan excuse tofirethem.<br />Ennis and Jack willrecovertheirlives:<br />Ennis getsmarriedwith Alma and theywillhave 2 children<br />Jack will do rodeos and meetsLureen in Texas.<br />4 yearslater Ennis and Jack recovertheirrelationship.<br />For 20 yearstheyspentsporadic time togetherbecausetheyhaveotherobligations.<br />Ennis willknowJack’sDeathby a postcard. Butwedon’tknow in whatcircumstancesbecausethere are twopossibilities: anaccidentor a murderbecause of his sexual condition.<br />At theend Ennis will realice that Jack wasthemostimportantperson in hislife.<br />Plot<br />
Themes:<br />HOMOSEXUALITY:<br />Notrecognition of sexual condition:<br />“Theynevertalkedaboutthe sex, letithappen, at firstonly in thetent at night, then in thefuklldaylightwiththehotsunstrikingdown, and at evening in thefireglow, quick, rough, laughing and snorting, no lack of noisesbutsaingnot a goddamwordexcept once Ennis said: “ I’mnot no queer”, and Jack jumped in with “ Me neither. A one-shotthing. Nobody’sbusinessbutours”.”<br />HowThe outsiders seehomosexuality:<br />“Theybelievedthemselves invisible, notknowingJoe Aguirre hadwatchedthemthroughhisbinocularsfor ten minutes oneday, waitinguntilthey’dbuttoned up their jeans, waitinguntil Ennis rode back tothesheep […] ThenextweekJoe Aguirre sentwordtobringthemdown […]and theypacked in thegame and moved offthemountainwiththesheep, stonesrolling at theirheels, purplecloudcrowding in frontthewest and the metal smell of comingsnow pressing themon.”<br />
“ Therewasthistwooldguysranchedtogetherdownhom, Earl and Rich – Dad woukldpass a remarkwhen he seenthem. Theywas a jokeeventoughtheywasprettytougholdbirds. I waswhat, nineyearsold and theyfoundEarldead in a irrigationditch. They’dtook a tire irontohim, spurredhim up, drughimarroundbyhisdickuntillitpulled off, justbloodypulp. Whatthe tire iron done lookedlikepieces a burnedtomatoesalloverhim, nosetoredownfromskiddinongravel.”<br />Homosexuality as perverssion<br />“ Don’t lie, don’t try tofool me, Ennis. I knowwhatitmeans: Jack Twist? Jack Nasty. You and him—”[…]” “Shut up”, he said. “Mindyourownbusiness. Youdon’tknownnothinaboutit””.<br />Themes (II)<br />
Ennis del Mar:<br /><ul><li> A rough-mannered, paycheck-to-paycheckranchworker.