Russia traditional wood_structures1Presentation Transcript
Lake Onega is the second largest lake in Europe, it covers 3,757 square miles and has 1,000 Islands.Kizhi is an island on Lake Onega Fifty rivers enter into Lake Onegain the Republic of Karelia , Russia and it is a valuable source forwith an ensemble of wooden fishing. The oldest woodenchurches, chapels and houses. It Russian Church built in the 14this one of the most popular tourist century is located heredestinations in Russia and anUNESCO World Heritage Site. PowerPoint byThe churches are made of wood Jack Crosswithout a single nail
The Church of the Transfiguration was used during the summer,when the faithful journeyed from the outermost regions of theparish to attend services. A study of the materials sets itsconstruction date after 1713-14.
Church of Transformation on Kazhi Island Lake Onega
The pogost of Kizhi is the site of two18th century wooden structuresconstructed without nails
Church of theAll the structures intercessionhave Bell Towers used for communication
The two 18th-century woodenchurches, and an octagonal clocktower, also in wood and built in1862 are unusual constructions,in which carpenters created abold visionary architecture,perpetuate an ancient model ofparish space and are in harmonywith the surrounding landscape.
30,000 shinglesmade of Aspenwood were usedto make the roofon this church
The church domes arespace-frames covered withcarved aspen shingles. Theexposed edges of theshingles resemble risingand descending steps
Porch carved verge boards with pendant finial
Porch detail: carved four-sidedlog columns.
BELL TOWER The log work of the Bell Tower’s walls uses a construction method in which no log protrudes past the corner intersections, andthis made it easier to cover the walls of both the square and the octagonalstructures with plank siding. The planking is fastened tovertical sleepers, not to the log walls themselves.
The Bell Towerhad 14 bells withropes attached aseries ofdifferent ringswas used forcommunication
Trees had to be cutdown, thousands oflogs had to be hauledfrom the mainland,knotched andassembled to buildthese woodenstructures, this wasquite a chore.
Cemetery behind thechurch is reminiscent of the wooden grave markers seen in the movie Dr. Zhicago
You can get to Kizhi by ship or any number of boats from St PetersburgThe structures are within walking distance from the boat landings
The Homestead of a Karelian sfarmer Yakovlev. Visitors can geta look at the inside and exteriorand its historical background
A typical Russian farmhouse. A family of 15 wouldlive here. Because of thesevere winters the livestockwas kept on the groundfloor
This lady making Ribbons with ornate decorations in the traditional way.One end of her "weaving loom" is fixed on the fence of the farmhouse. Thiswas the work for the long wintertime at home, partly for some extra incomebut certainly also for private use in traditional Costumes.
Sleds, Tools andBoats were keptinside during thewinter
The largedining area
A Small 13th centurychurch on Kizhi Island..These Churches wereoften built overlookingthe forest and hilltops.The roofs were oftencomplex and the onionshaped domessymbolizing heaven inthe Russian orthodoxtradition.
Windmill of Volkoston on Kizhi Island TheseWindmills wereused to grind grain