Albany is the capital of NewYork State, but New York City isthe “Big Apple”.
New York is called The “Big Apple”, because in the 1920’sand 1930’s jazz musicians said that the city was the bestand most attractive place.
Eight million people live in New York City
New York hasfive boroughs: Manhattan, Brooklyn, the Bronx, Queens and Staten Island
Manhattan is the most famous borough andit’s where the tourists go!
Four hundred years ago, the Algonquin Indians owned the island of Manhattan. In 1626, a Dutchman called PeterMinuit gave the Indians 24 dollars to buy the island.In about 1650, five hundred people lived there and it was called New Amsterdam.
In 1664 the British took the town fromthe Dutch and changed its name toNew York. At the end of the eighteenth century, many immigrants started to come to America.. They first came from Germany andIreland, later from Italy, Poland, Russia, Africa and China.
In Manhattan you can travel on subway trains…..
…on buses or in a taxi. Here taxis are called “cabs”.
You can take theWater Taxi around the island of Manhattan… …or take the free ferry from Battery Park to the Statue of Liberty and Ellis Island.
Ellis Islandthe Statue of Liberty
Ellis Island was animmigration station in the past; it was the first stop for nearly 17 million immigrants
Many famous people came through EllisIsland, for example Sigmund Freud, Charlie Chaplin and Walt Disney.
The Statue ofLiberty is the first thing many immigrants see.
It was a gift from the French people in1886. It is 93 meters high and it’s armis 14 meters long.
People from the same origin often live in the same area and create their own communities.The Chinese community is in “CHINATOWN”
Little Italy is the Italiancommunity
Most of the theatresin New York are near Times Square…
…and on Broadway, between 41st and 53rd streets. Thereare more than thirty theatres on Broadway.
The Brooklyn Bridge connects Manhattan to Brooklyn. When it opened in 1883, it was the world’s longest bridge.
CentralPark is 6% ofManhattan .
It has a big lake, hundreds of trees and beautiful gardens
The Empire State Building is NY’s tallest skyscraper.It’s 381 meters tall and it has 102 floors
The Chrysler building was built by the famous car maker. It wasfinished in 1930.
The Rockefeller Center includesmany buildings, butit is most visited in winter.
A huge Christmas tree and acrowded skating rink attract New Yorkers and tourists.
But on the 11th of September 2001,(9/11) for Americans, radical Islamistscrashed two planes into the towers.Today this site is called “Ground Zero”.