do censorship & repression kill content online?

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What happen to websites and blogs after they get blocked? Do arrested and threatened bloggers and digital activists stop their online activities once they face a governmental threat?

my keynote for re:publica 10 conference, Berlin, April 15, 2010

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  • do censorship & repression kill content online?

    1. 1. do censorship & repression kill content online? sami ben gharbia, re:publica10, Berlin, April 15, 2010
    2. 2. silencing online speech, how-to do it?   censorship hacking & DDOS @ DPI ❺ atmosphere punishing & of fear persecuting  
    3. 3. e-journalists & bloggers represent 45% of all media workers in prison (CPJ)
    4. 4. threatened voices: country profile page 103 124
    5. 5. threatened voices: blogger profile 103 124
    6. 6. threatened voices, who, where, when, what and why? 103 124
    7. 7. threatened voices: data visualization per country 103 124
    8. 8. 227 threatened bloggers worldwide - April 2010 (most repressive region) Arab World Rest Of the World Arab World 41% Rest Of the World 59% 135 92
    9. 9. 227 threatened bloggers worldwide - April 2010 (most repressive region) Middle East Rest Of the World Rest Of the World 45% Middle East 55% 103 124
    10. 10. voices threatened vs. years in power :) 103 124 credit: anasqtiesh.com
    11. 11. blogs of threatened bloggers, before & after (exp. from Saudi Arabia and Iran) before after 103 124
    12. 12. digital activists networks and censorship (Tunisia) credit: Fieke Jansen
    13. 13. is censorship killing content? (Tunisia) dead websites/blogs
    14. 14. 34% of those 67 blocked websites are dead (Tunisia) Dead Websites Alive 44 23 Dead Websites 34% Alive 66%
    15. 15. blocked websites, before & after (exp. from Tunisia) http://www.ltdh.org/ website of the Tunisian League for Human Rights (LTDH) becoming a chinese website!!!
    16. 16. blocked websites, before & after (exp. from Tunisia) http://www.cnlt98.org/ website the National Council for Liberties in Tunisia (CNLT) becoming a website with sponsored links!!!
    17. 17. blocked websites, before & after (exp. from Tunisia) http://tounes.naros.info/ website of another Tunisian NGO, DNS reserved but empty!!!
    18. 18. keyword filtering killing content (images non-visible for users in Tunisia)
    19. 19. deep packet inspection (DPI) killing content inside emails email as seen from outside Tunisia same email as seen from Tunisia
    20. 20. general consequences of online censorship for bloggers & webmasters short-term: some publicity & support (tiny % of bloggers) long-term: blogger will be left alone isolating the blogger from his/her environment significant decrease in readership significant decrease in interactivity and conversation shift from blogging to protest doubting the values of blogging scaring out and discouraging others bloggers killing content
    21. 21. website/blog blocked, what next? creating a new blog/website (easy) losing page ranking + loosing referring links + confusing readership migrating (advanced/impossible) redirecting to a new DNS (advanced/costly/impossible) setting up mirror blog (advanced/costly/impossible) setting up a secure website -https- (advanced/costly/ temporarily/impossible) become an “exiled blogger” (temporarily) relying on facebook and other web 2.0 platforms as “safe” haven (temporarily) self-censorship stop blogging (RIP ?%)
    22. 22. micro-pipeline as unblockable infrastructure?
    23. 23. cross-posting & mirroring, not always working!
    24. 24. playing with platforms: from youtube to google earth, maps, etc.
    25. 25. sponsored links as unblockable information!
    26. 26. an endless cat-and-mouse game... thank you sami ben gharbia work advocacy.globalvoicesonline.org threatened.globalvoicesonline.org blog & projects samibengharbia.com nawaat.org babtounes.com cybversion.org twitter.com/ifikra email advocacy@globalvoicesonline.org

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