FKFT Early adoption of FOSS

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FKFT Early adoption of FOSS

  1. 1. Early adoption of Free and Open Source Software in a Higher School of Education: students' views in the academic and future professional contexts Nelson A. F. Gonçalves Maria P. Figueiredo ESEV + CEETS/IPV
  2. 2. Overview of presentation portuguese context • our school context • the study • results • – participants: software usage – arguments for choosing software • final thoughts
  3. 3. Portugal - Viseu • minimum wage = 400€ • Windows Vista Home Basic = 219€ • Windows Office 2007 Basic (student) = 160€
  4. 4. Polytechnic Institute of Viseu: Higher School of Education • oldest higher school of education • one of the biggest polytechnic • undergraduate and postgraduate programs in Teacher Ed., Plastic Arts and Multimedia, Media Studies, Cultural Animation, Social Education, Sports and Physical Activity and Environmental Ed. • 1200 students and 75 teachers • every program: at least one ICT course • six computer labs = classrooms + one student lab
  5. 5. Higher School of Education of Viseu (HSEV) FOSS landmarks - 2008 2005 – Moodle server for HSEV • 2006 – Polytechnic buys WebCT • 2008 – HSEV refuses shifting to WebCT • ✔ Moodle as official e-learning platform for HSEV ✔ ICT courses that mainly use FOSS: Blender, Open Office, Kompozer, Gimp, Cinelerra, Audacity, Gcompris, ... ✔ FOSS, CC and Open Access as learning topics in some courses (residual) ✔ Final projects using FOSS (Arts and Teach. Ed.)
  6. 6. Higher School of Education of Viseu (HSEV) FOSS landmarks - 2008 Teachers and students involved in the debate about usage of FOSS in HSEV: •spread ideas behind the potential of FOSS •bring students and teachers to a dimension of debate where software choices aren't based only in: economic cost – software features – marketing strategies – brand awareness – ... – •raise important ethical issues: software choice as a statement about the world we live in and how we choose to live in it
  7. 7. Higher School of Education of Viseu (HSEV) FOSS landmarks - 2008 Stated goals: • raise awareness about the range of choices and criteria for choosing software (promote freedom of choice) • foster the debate about a possible transition to FOSS adoption by the school (official policy and/or school identity) • engage members of the school in the development of FOSS tools and Open Content • “spread the word” and provide support for the local system of education's adoption of FOSS (CD from the M. Ed. + PC w/ Open Office)
  8. 8. Purpose of research • document the ongoing process, it's development and results – provide useful information to devise strategies of intervention – produce knowledge about change in higher education institutions – enable sharing of experience
  9. 9. Methodology • field notes and informal interviews: – decisions, arguments, views, debates, critical incidents, official policies, ... • questionnaires: – patterns of software usage – arguments for choosing software – opinion about the importance of FOSS in the academic context – opinion about the importance of FOSS in future professional contexts
  10. 10. Methodology: questionnaires • 2 questionnaires same dimensions, different future scenarios: – Teacher Education version – Multimedia and Plastic Arts version • specifically designed + hosted online • tested with 6 students • invitation via Moodle + teachers
  11. 11. Data analysis • descriptive statistic + content analysis: • is FOSS used? • how is FOSS interpreted by students? – in their current academic context – in their future professional practice • is the ethical dimension relevant for software decisions? • differences between the 2 programs?
  12. 12. snapshot of the programs... • Arts • Teach. Ed. – 3 yrs. – 4 yrs. (new 3+1) – 40% ICT related – 2 or 3 ICT courses – ICT as a learning + – ICT as a learning + creation tool teaching tool
  13. 13. snapshot of the programs... • Arts • Teach. Ed. – usage of FOSS tools in 3 – usage of FOSS tools in 2/3 courses ICT courses – final projects w/ Blender, – final projects w/ Audacity, Cinalerra, Processing, Evolvotron, Squeak, Gimp TuxPaint (w/ children)
  14. 14. Results: participants + OS 90% M & P Art s Ed u cat ion 80% Population 51 190 70% 1º 0 17 60% 2º M 7& P Art s Ed u cat ion 80% 19 3º 13 10 50% Fem ale 62 70% 4º Male 29 3 40% 10 M & P Art s Ed u cat ion 60% # Responses 20 20 65 65 30% # Responses Desktop PC outside school50% Have a 85% 81% 39% 34% 20% Have Laptop/notebook 80% 88% 40% 10% Have Internet access outside school 90% 78% 30% 0% 20% Win XP Win Vista Ubuntu XP+Vista XP+Ubuntu Win 98 10% 0% Licensed Unlicensed
  15. 15. Results: top 10 used apps • Arts • Teach. Ed. – Adobe Photoshop (90%) – Microsoft Word (85%) – Macromedia Flash (60%) – Microsoft Powerpoint (68%) – Internet Explorer (50%) – Internet Explorer (66%) – Microsoft Word (50%) – Microsoft Paint (62%) – Corel Draw (40%) – Microsoft Excel (38%) – Mozilla Firefox (40%) – Kompozer (32%) – Adobe InDesign (35%) – Adobe Photoshop (25%) – Adobe Illustrator (30%) – Microsoft MovieMaker (20%) – Adobe Audition (30%) – Open Office Writer (11%) – AutoDesk Maya (25%) – Mozilla Firefox (11%)
  16. 16. 0% 10% 20% 30% 40% 50% 60% 70% 80% 90% 100% Adobe Photos hop Adobe/Macromedia Flas h Internet Explorer Micros oft Word CorelDraw Mozilla Firefox Adobe InDes ign Adobe Illus trator Adobe Audition Autodes k Maya Results: nature of copies (arts) Licensed Unlicensed Don't know
  17. 17. 100% 0% 10% 20% 30% 40% 50% 60% 70% 80% 90% Micros oft Word Micros oft Powerpoint Internet Explorer Micros oft Paint Micros oft Excel Kompozer Adobe Photos hop MS MovieMaker OpenOffice Writer Mozilla Firefox Results: nature of copies (t. ed.) Licensed Unlicensed Don't know
  18. 18. Results: reported use of FOSS Do you usually use FOSS? 100% 90% 80% 70% 60% No 50% Don't know Yes 40% 30% 20% 10% 0% M & P Arts Education
  19. 19. Results: reported use of FOSS installed applications • Arts • Teach. Ed. – Blender (70%) – Kompozer (46%) – Mozilla Firefox (40%) – Nvu (34%) – Nvu (50%) – Firefox and Writer (22%) – 2 students have none – 26% students don't have or don't know if they have any FOSS installed – all 17 listed are installed at – 15/17 listed FOSS are installed at least one time least one time
  20. 20. Results: criteria for choosing software (present) • Arts • Teach. Ed. – Efficiency (31%) – Appropriate to task (29%) – School work (23%) – Usability (20%) – Usability (15%) – Efficiency (11%) – Appropriate to task (12%) – Whatever comes w/PC (11%) – Other: – Someone else chooses (5%) • Price – Don't know (5%) • FOSS – Other: • Fashion • Price • Whatever • FOSS • Fashion • Windows
  21. 21. Results: criteria for choosing software - future professional scenarios no restrictions faced w/illegal situation lack of financial resources what would you do? why?
  22. 22. Results: criteria for choosing software - future professional scenarios no restrictions ARTS TEACH. ED. 65% (prop) 26% (???) “the best” proprietary 15% 38% 10% 18% FOSS ✔ habit ✔ efficiency ✔ “standard” ✔ habit ✔ usability (for children)
  23. 23. Results: criteria for choosing software - future professional scenarios faced w/illegal situation ARTS TEACH. ED. “no problem” 10% 28% buy proprietary 50% 18% 25% 42% FOSS ✔ 34% ethical ✔ 50% afraid ✔ 22% afraid ✔ 50% ethical (FOSS when ethical)
  24. 24. Results: criteria for choosing software - future professional scenarios lack of financial resources ARTS TEACH. ED. available prop copy 20% 28% buy proprietary 30% 18% 50% 42% FOSS ✔ habit ✔ 57% money ✔ efficiency ✔ 17% free ✔ 11% ethical ✔ money ✔ ethical
  25. 25. Results: criteria for choosing software - future professional scenarios strongest arguments TEACH. ED. ARTS efficiency 26% financial 31% afraid ethical 17% 23% 15% 17% habit efficiency COMBINED legal 35% financial 25% 20% efficiency
  26. 26. Results: in 12 months, will you use FOSS? FOSS OS 100% 80% FOSS 60% 100% 40% 80% 20% 60% 0% 40% None Low High 100% 20% 0% None Low High 100%
  27. 27. Results: strongest ideas Teach. ed. - very little awareness of software choices - basic software usage - sensible to ethical issues and financial arguments - concerns about future usage of children (usability, “standard”, best educational software) - “doorway” to school system
  28. 28. Results: strongest ideas Arts - very little awareness of software alternatives - complex software usage but emphasis on tools not on artistic processes - sensible to efficiency demonstrations and financial arguments - concerns about industry
  29. 29. Our future settings... Multimedia Lab > art students ICT courses – only foss >all programs Create content > teach. ed. students and teachers Projects w/ children > teach. ed. students continue to include foss topics in courses invite other teachers to join foster school identity – foss establish partnerships, social networks (other projects, groups) FOSS Day > school community free Open Office + FOSS workshops >local community and teachers
  30. 30. Early adoption of Free and Open Source Software in a Higher School of Education: students' views in the academic and future professional contexts Nelson Gonçalves - nelson@intervir.net Maria P. Figueiredo - maria@intervir.net http://www.intervir.net/maria ESEV + CEETS/IPV

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