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How to publish in impact journals?
How to publish in impact journals?
How to publish in impact journals?
How to publish in impact journals?
How to publish in impact journals?
How to publish in impact journals?
How to publish in impact journals?
How to publish in impact journals?
How to publish in impact journals?
How to publish in impact journals?
How to publish in impact journals?
How to publish in impact journals?
How to publish in impact journals?
How to publish in impact journals?
How to publish in impact journals?
How to publish in impact journals?
How to publish in impact journals?
How to publish in impact journals?
How to publish in impact journals?
How to publish in impact journals?
How to publish in impact journals?
How to publish in impact journals?
How to publish in impact journals?
How to publish in impact journals?
How to publish in impact journals?
How to publish in impact journals?
How to publish in impact journals?
How to publish in impact journals?
How to publish in impact journals?
How to publish in impact journals?
How to publish in impact journals?
How to publish in impact journals?
How to publish in impact journals?
How to publish in impact journals?
How to publish in impact journals?
How to publish in impact journals?
How to publish in impact journals?
How to publish in impact journals?
How to publish in impact journals?
How to publish in impact journals?
How to publish in impact journals?
How to publish in impact journals?
How to publish in impact journals?
How to publish in impact journals?
How to publish in impact journals?
How to publish in impact journals?
How to publish in impact journals?
How to publish in impact journals?
How to publish in impact journals?
How to publish in impact journals?
How to publish in impact journals?
How to publish in impact journals?
How to publish in impact journals?
How to publish in impact journals?
How to publish in impact journals?
How to publish in impact journals?
How to publish in impact journals?
How to publish in impact journals?
How to publish in impact journals?
How to publish in impact journals?
How to publish in impact journals?
How to publish in impact journals?
How to publish in impact journals?
How to publish in impact journals?
How to publish in impact journals?
How to publish in impact journals?
How to publish in impact journals?
How to publish in impact journals?
How to publish in impact journals?
How to publish in impact journals?
How to publish in impact journals?
How to publish in impact journals?
How to publish in impact journals?
How to publish in impact journals?
How to publish in impact journals?
How to publish in impact journals?
How to publish in impact journals?
How to publish in impact journals?
How to publish in impact journals?
How to publish in impact journals?
How to publish in impact journals?
How to publish in impact journals?
How to publish in impact journals?
How to publish in impact journals?
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How to publish in impact journals?

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Seminar given on 26 June, 2013 within the course: La comunicación intercultural euroasiática en las condiciones del proceso de Bolonia from the University of Granada. This is an adapted version of: …

Seminar given on 26 June, 2013 within the course: La comunicación intercultural euroasiática en las condiciones del proceso de Bolonia from the University of Granada. This is an adapted version of: Torres-Salinas, D. Cómo publicar en revistas de impacto. Unidad de Bibliometría, Universidad de Granada.

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  • Dear Colleagues.
    Since January 29, I publish a video blog with graphic tutorials to
    scientific publishing, called KEEP CALM and PUBLISH PAPERS. I hope,
    you may find this interesting when writing your thesis, paper or
    making a presentation.

    Best regards
    Pawel Jerzy Wojcik, Ph.D.

    https://www.facebook.com/keepcalmandpublishpapers

    https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCqKuaNlHwxUVDSRt8iLPeNw
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  • 1. How to Publish in Impact Journals? Grupo de investigación EC3 Evaluación de la Ciencia y de la Comunicación Científica Course: La comunicación intercultural euroasiática en las condiciones del proceso de Bolonia Date: 26, June, 2013 Place: Casa de la Cultura de Almuñécar Evaristo Jiménez-Contreras & Nicolás Robinson-García
  • 2. Summary 1. Brief introduction to scholarly communication 2. Defining impact and impact journals 3. Selecting journals in our specialty 4. Getting published: the How-to guide
  • 3. Brief introduction to scholarly communication
  • 4. Books are the main communication channel for scientists 1665 Creation of the two first scientific journals 1950 Exponencial increment of scientific journals 2013
  • 5. Scientific paper [Peer Review, Final and Public, Specialized] Books and monographs Reference books Repositories preprints Congress [Peer Review, interpersonal, pu blic] Data Sharing Data Banks Web 2.0: blogs, facebook, twitter. [without Peer Review, interpersonal, pu blic] University cafeteria, e- mail, telephone [interpersonal, private] How do researchers communicate?
  • 6. Scientific paper [Peer Review, Final and Public, Specialized] Books and monographs Reference books Repositories preprints Congress [Peer Review, interpersonal, pu blic] Data Sharing Data Banks Web 2.0: blogs, facebook, twitter. [without Peer Review, interpersonal, pu blic] University cafeteria, e- mail, telephone [interpersonal, private] How do researchers communicate? From an uncontrolled environment… … to transparent and controlled channels
  • 7. Scientific paper [Peer Review, Final and Public, Specialized] Books and monographs Reference books Repositories preprints Congress [Peer Review, interpersonal, pu blic] Data Sharing Data Banks Web 2.0: blogs, facebook, twitter. [without Peer Review, interpersonal, pu blic] University cafeteria, e- mail, telephone [interpersonal, private] How do researchers communicate?
  • 8. Scientific paper [Peer Review, Final and Public, Specialized] Why scientific papers? Scientific journal [Impact Factor, Journal Rankings, Visibility] Journal-level Metrics Article-level Metrics
  • 9. Why scientific papers? Raise your hand those who wouldn’t want to publish here!
  • 10. Scientific paper [Peer Review, Final and Public, Specialized] Why scientific papers? Scientific journal [Impact Factor, Journal Rankings, Visibility] Journal-level Metrics Article-level Metrics PEER REVIEW ENSURES CREDIBILITY “Peer review is the principal mechanism for quality control in most scientific disciplines. By assessing the quality of research, peer review determines what [..] research results get published.” Bornmann, 2011
  • 11. Scientific paper [Peer Review, Final and Public, Specialized] Why scientific papers? Scientific journal [Impact Factor, Journal Rankings, Visibility] Journal-level Metrics Article-level Metrics “The bibliographies contained in most scientific papers represent a brief history of the subjects they treat and lead to earlier related events.” CITATIONS TRACK “IMPORTANT” PAPERS http://scimaps.org/maps/map/histcite_visualizati_52/detail/ Garfield, Sher & Torpie, 1964
  • 12. Where do they publish?
  • 13. What do they cite?
  • 14. How do researchers communicate? 85% 10% 5% 30% 60% 10% Experimental Sciences 50%40% 10% Journals Books Others Social Sciences Humanities Is it the same everywhere?
  • 15. Defining impact and impact journals
  • 16. What do we mean by Scientific Impact? Campanario, González & Rodríguez, 2006
  • 17. What do we mean by Scientific Impact? • Conversation • Citations • Quality Article • Visibility • Competition • Prestige Journal • Funding • Tenure • Success Recognition
  • 18. How do we define an Impact Journal? Science Citation Index Social Science Citation Index Arts & Humanities Citation Index
  • 19. How do we define an Impact Journal?
  • 20. How do we define Impact? The Impact Factor IMPACT FACTOR 2006 = CITATIONS 2004-2005 / PUBS 2004-2005
  • 21. How do we define Impact? The Impact Factor Lozano, Larivière & Gingras, 2012 arXiv:1205.4328v1
  • 22. Journal rankings and Impact Factors are published annually in the Journal Citation Reports by Thomson Reuters. They are accessible via subscription
  • 23. Due to low citation rates, journals in Humanities do not have an Impact Factor. In this field we consider as impact journals all indexed in the Arts & Humanities Citation Index
  • 24. JCRAllergyin2009.RankingIF–21journals 1º Q 2º Q 3º Q 4º Q
  • 25. What does the Impact Factor measure? Article’s Impact ≠ Journal’s Impact
  • 26. What does the Impact Factor measure? Seglen, 1999
  • 27. • All researchers aim at and need to publish most of their research output in “Impact Journals” • These are international journals, we compete with researchers from all over the world • They receive lots of manuscripts and therefore, they reject many • The peer review process is harder and made by the best experts in the area As they receive more manuscripts they have more where to choose and therefore, more possibilities of publishing better papers in the area. This are the ones which get more cited and are well received by the community, obtaining a better IF. Delgado López-Cózar defines the IF as an indicator of competitiveness What does the Impact Factor measure?
  • 28. Most of the research policy guidelines and research evaluation exercises consider them as key factor You will develop a successful research career Why publish in a Impact Journals? You will gain a wider audience of readers and hence, your contribution will get more visibility
  • 29. Why publish in a Impact Journals? Evaluation agencies
  • 30. You will improve your university’s status Why publish in a Impact Journals?
  • 31. You will increase your budget Why publish in a Impact Journals?
  • 32. Become active in the international community Zuccala, 2005 Why publish in a Impact Journals?
  • 33. Excuses for not publishing in impact journals My research line and my articles are of national interest International reviewers are uncapable of understanding the wide scope of my research papers I do not publish in English, we must defend our language!! International journals usually take a long time to publish my papers In my research area books and book chapters are more important There are no international journals covering my research interests
  • 34. Excuses for not publishing in impact journals My research line and my articles are of national interest International reviewers are uncapable of understanding the wide scope of my research papers I do not publish in English, we must defend our language!! International journals usually take a long time to publish my papers In my research area books and book chapters are more important There are no international journals covering my research interests
  • 35. • CHANGE THE PERSPECTIVE Adapt to international standards • CHANGE THE STRATEGY Less papers but better • CHANGE THE TOPICS Search for relevant research questions in your area I may have to change some things
  • 36. Selecting journals in our specialty
  • 37. Where to publish? Identify the audience to which you are targeting Professional Academic
  • 38. Always publish in peer-reviewed journals That is, your papers will be anonimously evaluated by two or more experts Where to publish?
  • 39. Where to publish?
  • 40. Where are those journals? INREC-H BIBLIOGRAPHIC DATABASES
  • 41. It belongs to Elsevier, the biggest scientific publisher in the world It includes around 16500 journals from all research fields. They have their own ‘impact indicator’ called SJR.
  • 42. Developed by the European Science Foundation It includes 6459 journals in Humanities published in any European language. Journals are classified according to their impact (International1, International2 and National) and 15 thematic categories.
  • 43. Along with INRECJ and INRECS, this is an Index for Spanish journals which fills the gap left by other databases. It ranks journals according to the average number of citations per paper. It classifies journals in 15 categories depending on the specialty.
  • 44. Getting published: The How-to guide
  • 45. • It is better to articulate a good research question and look out for the necessary tools in order to answer it than to pose a research question according to the tools you already have. • You must try to be original. A curious thing I’ve found out from papers authored by Spanish-speaking people is that, the more evidences they find in the literature supporting their results, the more assertive they feel over the importance of the contribution they are making. • We must address the difficult issues. Unfortunately, that is the interesting one and the one which will be getting published in Nature or any other of our journals. That is the main difference between famous researchers and the rest of us. First comes first…
  • 46. • Focus on innovative aspects • Be clear in your mind about the structure of the paper • Make it comprehensible and interesting • Select carefully which is the best place to get it published • Be honest and upstanding • Focus on quality rather than quantity • Be patient when writing the article Things you must take in mind
  • 47. Look out for partners when publishing Effects of no collaboration, national collaboration and international collaboration Katz & Hicks, 1997
  • 48. Be honest with authorship
  • 49. Be honest with authorship BEWARE: The authors’ position reflect their contribution to the paper AUTHOR 1; AUTHOR 2; AUTHOR 3 Authorship: Criteria and Policy Authorship implies accountability. Listed authors must have contributed directly to the intellectual content of the paper... Authors should meet all of the following criteria: • Conceived and planned the work that led to the article or played an important role in interpreting the results, or both. • Wrote the paper and/or made substantive suggestions for revision. • Approved the final version
  • 50. Be honest with authorship BEWARE: The authors’ position reflect their contribution to the paper
  • 51. Make a good literature review Be honest when citing, do not omit competitors Cite the most recent literature Cite international papers, use scientific databases Make sure to cite all papers on the topic published in the journal to which you are submitting your manuscript
  • 52. Make a good literature review DON’T BE CHEEKY!
  • 53. When writing the manuscript 1. Many papers are rejected or loose their value because they are not well written, presented or structured. 2. If we do not pay attention to the details, probably the main message and good ideas expressed in our paper will be missed out and go unnoticed. 3. Just taking care of a series of basic details our paper may improve substantially. 4. Work out which are the main conclusions of your work and write and present the paper always keeping them on mind. 5. Give some thought to the introduction, in it we must present what has been previously done and what will we contribute with.
  • 54. “[…]However, the paper does is utmost best to present itself as a contribution to just Spanish national matters. Then, non- Spanish readers may not be very interested, and that includes most of Research Evaluation readers. Thus, unfortunately, the paper as it stands now is only of marginal interest to RE and is much more suitable for a Spanish national journal. Now, the paper could certainly be improved: focus on what is interesting for an international public, present the study as dealing with a general issue[…]”. Because if you don’t, this will be the answer you will receive Approach the topic from an international perspective
  • 55. “[…]Considering target audience of the article, present the methodology in terms of spectral decomposition makes no sense. This was introduced by Gabriel in the journal Biometrika that is aimed to mathematicians. If one observes the article of Odoroff and Gabriel (1990), which was aimed at doctors, presentation omitted any algebraic development. Should be limited to providing clear rules of interpretation and limit the method to his original quote (properly cited, of course)[…]”. Because if you don’t, this will be the answer you will receive Address your research topic according to the audience to which you address
  • 56. Respect authors’ guidelines Pay a special attention to the journals’ instructions for authors • Abstract, keywords • Structure, tables and figures • Length • Referencing IF WE FOLLOW THE INSTRUCTIONS FOR AUTHORS WE WILL AVOID HAVING THE EDITOR AND REVIEWERS CALLING OUR ATTENTION. THESE ERRORS MAY BE CRUCIAL ON THE FATE OF OUR PAPER Check some papers previously published by the journal
  • 57. Look out for your English http://www.ease.org.uk/guidelines/index.shtml • Journals hate badly written manuscripts • Check the terminology you use • If you are hiring a translator • Choose someone specialized in your field of endeavour • If you have written the text • Have a native English-speaker to check it • Beware the type of English you use • American or British
  • 58. Aspects that must be taken into account Some aspects journals take into account when reviewing manuscripts Revista Española de Documentación Científica
  • 59. Look out for tables and figures Sometimes tables and figures are the most important part of our work or even the only one our readers will pay attention to. Include only the neccessary ones, only those that reinforce our results. Do not transform your paper into a list of tables, try to comprise results in just a few tables always preserving their quality. More tables and figures do not neccessarily mean more results! Avoid redundancy. Avoid overlapping tables and figures. Use explicative titles avoiding acronyms if possible. Make sure the tables and figures can be interpreted without reading the text. Make attractive figures, take your time, they summarize part of the message you are sending
  • 60. Look out for tables and figures FIGURES AND TABLES ARE PRETTY…
  • 61. Look out for tables and figures … AND INFORMATIVE
  • 62. Select the right journal Audience • Academic • Professional Scope • Readership • Research community Visibility • Impact journals • Publishers Publish • Continue the conversation
  • 63. BEWARE: Read the journal’s scope carefully Select the right journal
  • 64. You can even point out the target audience in the paper Select the right journal
  • 65. “Dear Mr Daniel Torres-Salinas, Thank you for your submission for Journal of Informetrics entitled "State of the Library and Information Science blogosphere after social networks boom: a metric approach". The editorial office has, however, decided that this paper is outside the scope of this journal. Yours sincerely” If you get it wrong, this will be the answer you will receive Select the right journal
  • 66. Double check which type of papers they publish Select the right journal
  • 67. Select the right journal Phil.Science-in2009.Ranking–35journals 1º Q 2º Q 3º Q Alwayscontemplateseveraljournalsinwhich yourpapercouldbepublished
  • 68. Select the right journal
  • 69. Select the right journal
  • 70. Writing a research paper Writing a research paperBefore submitting a manuscript You may as well send it to some colleagues to check some aspects. Don’t forget to thank them!
  • 71. Writing a research paper • Include a “Cover Letter” underlining the paper’s originality and novelty, also pointing out its potential interest to the journal’s readers • List the main results of your research and emphasize its importance How are you contributing to the field? • Sometimes it may be interesting to suggest some possible reviewers, especially if the paper is of great novelty Writing a research paperSending the manuscript
  • 72. Authors should include a cover letter detailing the key findings of their manuscript. The cover letter should highlight the novel aspects of their data and briefly describe how the authors feel their results will generate progress in their field. ….Furthermore, if the authors feel their work merits publication as a breakthrough paper, they should indicate this in the cover letter... Writing a research paper Not all journals ask for a “cover letter” but it is advisable to always send it Example extracted from the “authors guidelines” of: Sending the manuscript
  • 73. Writing a research paperThe peer review process
  • 74. Writing a research paper ACCEPTED √ MINOR CHANGES √ MAJOR REVISIONS ¿? REJECTED X The peer review process
  • 75. Writing a research paper 1) Answer to all the commentaries, even if you don’t agree or are minor issues. 2) Be well-mannered when answering and use solid scientific arguments when you disagree with the reviewer. 3) If necessary, get ready, you may have to retrieve more data, undertake more observations or perform new experiments. 4) If the changes suggested do not require an excessive effort and do not alter the paper excessively, make them, don’t waste your time arguing with the reviewer. This may be one of the hardest moments, we must study the reviewers comments and respond to them in a letter. The peer review process
  • 76. “Reviewer: I do not think that computer science is the appropriate field for the method to be tested. In computer science there is heavy reliance on proceedings… It would be good to test the method on additional fields as well” Coments implying retrieving new data, processing it and redoing the paper “You say that CS is well represented in JCR. I strongly disagree with this” Comments which do not imply changing the paper but responding to the reviewer “TOPCIT - you should provide a more detailed definition” Comments which involve minor changes “Page 8, first line "proving" I suggest to replace this by "indicating" Comments which imply modifying the text without further discussion What can we have in a review? The peer review process
  • 77. TITLE Example of a structured response to a review The peer review process
  • 78. The peer review process Be prepared for the unexpected
  • 79. The peer review process Always be polite but firm… … and present proofs that justify your answer
  • 80. Writing a research paper • NEVER take it as something personal • Be honest and try to understand why the paper was rejected • Make the most of reviewers’ comments to improve your work • Rewrite a new paper but don’t send it to another journal without correcting the facts why it was rejected on the first place Accept rejected papers with good nature The peer review process
  • 81. “Undeniably, the most common way to communicate a given finding, theory or discovery is through its publication in articles submitted to learned journals. It may happen that the editors and referees who read articles reporting a novel discovery are not able to assess the value of innovative work” Campanario, JM. Rejecting and resisting Nobel class discoveries... Scientometrics, 2009 Maybe your paper was not that bad after all! The peer review process
  • 82. • Good and well-focused research lines • Good knowledge of research methodologies in our specialty • Ambition for publishing internationally • Patience with the research, writing and reviewing • Neatness, clarity and conciseness when presenting results • Persistence against failure Final tips
  • 83. How to Publish in Journals with Impact? Questions? Evaristo Jiménez-Contreras evaristo@ugr.es http://www.ugr.es/~evaristo This is an adapted version of: - Torres-Salinas, D. Cómo publicar en revistas de impacto. Unidad de Bibliometría, Universidad de Granada. Nicolás Robinson-García elrobin@ugr.es http://www.ugr.es/~elrobin

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