An FBA, which is a comprehensive and individualized approach to identify the functional relationship between behaviors, antecedents, and consequent events, can also be an effective assessment technique for dealing with students who have persistent patterns of minor behavior problems that may indicate more severe problems in the future.
Also, a manifestation determination review must be conducted to determine if there is a causal relationship between a student’s disability and the misconduct for which the student is being disciplined.
With these instruments an observer (e.g., teacher, guidance counselor, social worker, school psychologist, or family member) completes either a checklist or a rating scale. Checklists generally are used to record the presence or absence of specific characteristics or behaviors.
Activities for improving reactions to authority figures
The student may resist coming to school and frequently may challenge the authority of the teacher and principal by arguing constantly and disobeying school rules. This negative reaction needs to be changed to promote a healthy attitude toward school and authority figures.
Activities for enhancing self-concept
Self-concept refers to a person’s perception of his or her abilities and of how others important to the person feel about him or her.
Devise contingency contracts in which the student agrees to stay seated for a period of time.
Cut out a figure of the student that includes a large pocket and tape it to the wall. Whenever the student behaves appropriately, place a chip or token in the figure’s pocket. When the student engages in an inappropriate behavior (e.g., out of seat, talking out, or use of swear words), remove a chip from the pocket.
At the beginning of the day, make 15 numbered marks on the chalkboard. Explain to the class that they have an opportunity to have a 15-minute recess at the end of the day. However, for each disruptive behavior, one mark is erased from the board. At the end of the day, give the class the number of minutes of extra recess remaining on the board. Instead of recess, the minutes can be used in a special game, story time, or field trips.