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Interpretacion de NOTAM
 

Interpretacion de NOTAM

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Usa este documento para aprender a interpretar NOTAM.

Usa este documento para aprender a interpretar NOTAM.

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    Interpretacion de NOTAM Interpretacion de NOTAM Document Transcript

    • NOTAMS Definición, Estructura y EjemplosCODIGO NOTAMCódigo que permite el cifrado de informes relativos alestablecimiento, estado o modificación de las radioayudas,aeródromos e instalaciones de iluminación, peligro a que estánsujetas las aeronaves durante el vuelo y medios de búsqueda ysalvamento. (DAR-15)NOTAM (Notice to Airman)Aviso distribuido por medio de telecomunicaciones que contieneinformación relativa al establecimiento, condición o modificación decualquier instalación aeronáutica, servicio, procedimiento o peligro,cuyo conocimiento oportuno es esencial para el personal encargadode las operaciones de vuelo. (DAR-02 - 04 - 10 - 11 - 15)EJEMPLOB0656/05 NOTAMNQ)SCEZ/QSAAH/IV/B/A/000/999/3323S07047W005A)SCELB)0509281634C)0512312359D)SKED IVNO BTN 1100-0300SKED VRNO BTN 1000-0200E)ATIS FRQ 132.1 MHZ AVBL)ESTRUCTURA GENERALNúmero de Notam/Año(YY) Tipo de NotamQ Summary (Filtro)A) Applies TO (Aplica a)B) Valid From (valido desde)C) Valid until (valido hasta, o PERM)D) Repeat cycle (ciclo de repeticion del notam)E) Message content (contenido del mensaje)F) Lower vertical limit (límite vertical inferior)G) Upper vertical limit (límite vertical superior) 1
    • TIPO DE NOTAMNOTAMN (new) = NOTAM nuevoNOTAME (event) = Eventos y ActividadesNOTAMR (replacing) = NOTAM para remplazar otro vigenteNOTAMC (cancelation) = NOTAM para cancelar otro previamentevigienteQ SUMMARY (Filtro)Posee la siguiente estructura:Q)SCEZ/QSAAH/IV/B/A/000/999/3323S07047W005FIR/TIPO/TRANSITO/DISTRIBUCIÓN/ALCANCE/LIMITEFIR = SCFZ = FIR Antofagasta SCEZ = FIR Santiago SCTZ = FIR Puerto Montt SCCZ = FIR Punta Arenas SCIZ = FIR PascuaTIPO = NOTAM Q-CODE * se detalla más adelanteTRANSITO = IFR (I) VFR (V)DISTRIBUCIÓN =Objetivo Notificación Inmediata (N) Importante para las Operaciones IFR (O) Asuntos del Boletín (B) Varios (M)ALCANCE = Alcance Información en Ruta (E) Información de Avisos NAV (W) Información de Aeródromos (A)LIMITE = Inferior(FL)/Superior(FL)/ubicación geográfica-radio FL = nivel de vuelo (Flight Level) 000/999 = nivel de vuelo por defecto, no aplicable. 2
    • A) Applies TO (Aplica a)A)SCELIndica la zona donde se aplicará (aeropuerto, aeródromo); es decircorresponde al ICAO.B) Valid From (valido desde)B)0509281634Define la fecha y hora desde la cual es válido el NOTAM. El formatoes el siguiente: añomesdiahoraAño = formato corto (YY), ej: 05 = 2005Mes = formato corto (mm), ej: 09 = SeptiembreDía = formato corto (dd), ej: 28 = 28Hora = expresada en hora UTC. Ej; 1636 = 16:34 UTCC) valid until (valido hasta, o PERM)C)0512312359Validez del NOTAM, puede incluir una fecha (en el mismo formatoanterior) o la palabra PERM, es decir, Permanente.En el ejemplo anterior = válido hasta el día 31 de Diciembre de 2005a las 23:59 UTCD) repeat cycle (ciclo de repeticion del notam)D)SKED IVNO BTN 1100-0300SKED VRNO BTN 1000-0200Corresponde al ciclo de repetición del NOTAMEn el ejemplo: - En horario de invierno entre las 11:00 hasta las 03:00 UTC - En horario de verano entre las 10:00 hasta las 02:00 UTC 3
    • E) message content (contenido del mensaje)E)ATIS FRQ 132.1 MHZ AVBL)Contenido del Mensaje del NOTAMEn el ejemplo:Se indica que está disponible la información ATIS en frecuencia 132.1Mhz.F) Lower vertical limit (límite vertical inferior)Límite vertical inferiorG) Upper vertical limit (límite vertical superior)Límite vertical superiorNOTAM Q-CODESUB CATEGORIASA) Airspace Organization (Organización Aeroespacial)C) Communications and Radar (Radar y Comunicaciones)F) Facilities and Services (Servicios e Instalaciones)G) Military (Militar)I) Instrument and Microwave Landing (Aterrizaje por Instrumentos yMicroonda)L) Lighting (Luces)M) Movement and Landing Area (Area de Movimiento y Aterrizaje)N) Terminal and En-route Navigation (Terminales y Navegación)O) Other (Otros)P) Air Traffic Procedures (Procedimientos de Tráfico de Control)R) Airspace Restrictions (Restricciones Espaciales)S) Air Traffic and VOLMET Services (Servicios de Tráfico Aéreo yVOLMET)T) Hazard (Peligro)W) Warnings (Alertas)X) Other (Otros)Para mayores referencias y explicaciones sobre las subcategorías:https://www.notams.jcs.mil/distribution/qcode.html 4
    • INTERNATIONAL NOTAM (Q) CODESThis appendix is to be used to interpret the contents of coded international NOTAMs.a. A NOTAM code group contains five letters. The first letter is always the letter "Q toindicate a code abbreviation for use in the composition of NOTAMs.b. The second and third letters identify the subject being reported. (See Second and ThirdLetter Decode Tables).c. The fourth and fifth letters identify the status of operation of the subject being reported.(See Fourth and Fifth Letter Decode Tables). THE NOTAM CODE DECODE SECOND AND THIRD LETTERS AGA Lighting Facilities (L) Code Signification Uniform Abbreviated Phraseology LA Approach lighting system (specify runway and type) apch lgt LB Aerodrome beacon abn LC Runway center line lights (specify runway) rwy centreline lgt LD Landing direction indicator lights ldi lgt LE Runway edge lights (specify runway) rwy edge lgt LF Sequenced flashing lights (specify runway) sequenced flg lgt LH High intensity runway lights (specify runway) high intst rwy lgt LI Runway end identifier lights (specify runway) rwy end id lgt LJ Runway alignment indicator lights (specify runway) rwy alignment indicator lgt LK Category II components of approach lighting system category II components (specify runway) apch lgt LL Low intensity runway lights (specify runway) low intst rwy lgt LM Medium intensity runway lights (specify runway) medium intst rwy lgt LP Precision approach path indicator (PAPI) (specify papi runway) LR All landing area lighting facilities ldg area lgt fac LS Stopway lights (specify runway) swy lgt LT Threshold lights (specify runway) thr lgt LV Visual approach slope indicator system (specify type vasis and runway) LW Heliport lighting heliport lgt LX Taxiway centre line lights (specify taxiway) twy centreline lgt LY Taxiway edge lights (specify taxiway) twy edge lgt LZ Runway touchdown zone lights (specify runway) rwy tdz lgt 5
    • THE NOTAM CODE DECODE SECOND AND THIRD LETTERS AGA Movement and Landing Area (M)Code Signification Uniform Abbreviated PhraseologyMA Movement area mov areaMB Bearing strength (specify part of landing area or bearing strength movement area)MC Clearway (specify runway) cwyMD Declared distances (specify runway) declared distMG Taxiing guidance system tax guidance systemMH Runway arresting gear (specify runway) rwy arst gearMK Parking area prkg areaMM Daylight markings (specify threshold, centre line, etc.) day markingsMN Apron apronMP Aircraft stands (specify) acft standMR Runway (specify runway) rwyMS Stopway (specify runway) swyMT Threshold (specify runway) thrMU Runway turning bay (specify runway) rwy turning bayMW Strip (specify runway) stripMX Taxiway(s) (specify) twy THE NOTAM CODE DECODE SECOND AND THIRD LETTERS AGA Facilities and Services (F)Code Signification Uniform Abbreviated PhraseologyFA Aerodrome adFB Braking action measurement equipment (specify type) ba measurement eqptFC Ceiling measurement equipment ceiling measurement eqptFD Docking system (specify AGNIS, BOLDS, etc.) dckg systemFF Fire fighting and rescue fire and rescueFG Ground movement control gnd mov ctlFH Helicopter alighting area/platform hel alighting areaFL Landing direction indicator ldiFM Meteorological service (specify type) metFO Fog dispersal system fog dispersalFP Heliport heliportFS Snow removal equipment snow removal eqptFT Transmissometer (specify runway and, where applicable, transmissometer designator(s) of transmissometer(s))FU Fuel availability fuel avblFW Wind direction indicator wdiFZ Customs cust 6
    • THE NOTAM CODE DECODE SECOND AND THIRD LETTERS COM Communications and Radar Facilities (C)Code Signification Uniform Abbreviated PhraseologyCA Air/ground (specify service and frequency) a/g facCE En route surveillance radar rsrCG Ground controlled approach system (GCA) gcaCL Selective calling system (SELCAL) selcalCM Surface movement radar smrCP Precision approach radar (PAR) (specify runway) parCR Surveillance radar element of precision approach radar sre system (specify wavelength)CS Secondary surveillance radar (SSR) ssrCT Terminal area surveillance radar (TAR) tar THE NOTAM CODE DECODE SECOND AND THIRD LETTERS COM Instrument and Microwave Landing System (I)Code Signification Uniform Abbreviated PhraseologyID DME associated with ILS ils dmeIG Glide path (ILS) (specify runway) ils gpII Inner marker (ILS) (specify runway) ils imIL Localizer (ILS) (specify runway) ils lizIM Middle marker (ILS) (specify runway) ils mmIO Outer marker (ILS) (specify runway) ils omIS ILS Category I (specify runway) ils IIT ILS Category II (specify runway) ils IIIU ILS Category III (specify runway) ils IIIIW Microwave landing system (MLS) (specify runway) mlsIX Locator, outer (ILS) (specify runway) ils loIY Locator, middle (ILS) (specify runway) ils lm 7
    • THE NOTAM CODE DECODE SECOND AND THIRD LETTERS COM Terminal and En Route Navigation Facilities (N)Code Signification Uniform Abbreviated PhraseologyNA All radio navigation facilities (except...) all rdo nav facNB Nondirectional radio beacon ndbNC DECCA deccaND Distance measuring equipment (DME) dmeNF Fan marker fan mkrNL Locator (specify identification) lNM VOR/DME vor/dmeNN TACAN tacanNO OMEGA omegaNT VORTAC vortacNV VOR vorNX Direction finding station (specify type and df frequency) THE NOTAM CODE DECODE SECOND AND THIRD LETTERS RAC Airspace Organization (A)Code Signification Uniform Abbreviated PhraseologyAA Minimum altitude (specify en route/crossing/safe) mnm altAC Class B, C, D, or E Surface Area ctrAD Air defense identification zone (ADIZ) adizAE Control area (CTA) ctaAF Flight information region (FIR) firAH Upper control area (UTA) utaAL Minimum usable flight level mnm usable flAN Area navigation route rnav routeAO Oceanic control area (OCA) ocaAP Reporting point (specify name or Coded rep designator)AR ATS route (specify) ats routeAT Class B Airspace tmaAU Upper flight information region (UIR) uirAV Upper advisory area (UDA) udaAX Intersection (INT) intAZ Aerodrome traffic zone (ATZ) atz 8
    • THE NOTAM CODE DECODE SECOND AND THIRD LETTERS RAC Air Traffic and VOLMET Services (S)Code Signification Uniform Abbreviated PhraseologySA Automatic terminal information service (ATIS) atisSB ATS reporting office aroSC Area control centre (ACC) accSE Flight information service (FIS) fisSF Aerodrome flight information service (AFIS) afisSL Flow control centre flow ctl centreSO Oceanic area control centre (OAC) oacSP Approach control service (APP) appSS Flight service station (FSS) fssST Aerodrome control tower (TWR) twrSU Upper area control centre (UAC) uacSV VOLMET broadcast volmetSY Upper advisory service (specify) advisory ser THE NOTAM CODE DECODE SECOND AND THIRD LETTERS RAC Air Traffic Procedures (P)Code Signification Uniform Abbreviated PhraseologyPA Standard instrument arrival (STAR) (specify route star designator)PD Standard instrument departure (SID) (specify route sid designator)PF Flow control procedure flow ctl procPH Holding procedure hldg procPI Instrument approach procedure (specify type and inst apch proc runway)PL Obstacle clearance limit (specify procedure) oclPM Aerodrome operating minima (specify procedure and opr minima amended minimum)PO Obstacle clearance altitude ocaPP Obstacle clearance height ochPR Radio failure procedure radio failure procPT Transition altitude transition altPU Missed approach procedure (specify runway) missed apch procPX Minimum holding altitude (specify fix) mnm hldg altPZ ADIZ procedure adiz proc 9
    • THE NOTAM CODE DECODE SECOND AND THIRD LETTERS Navigation Warnings: Airspace Restrictions (R)Code Signification Uniform Abbreviated PhraseologyRA Airspace reservation (specify) airspace reservationRD Danger area (specify national prefix and number) ..d..RO Overflying of ... (specify) overflyingRP Prohibited area (specify national prefix and ..p.. number)RR Restricted area (specify national prefix and ..r.. number)RT Temporary restricted area tempo restricted THE NOTAM CODE DECODE SECOND AND THIRD LETTERS Navigation Warnings: Warnings (W)Code Signification Uniform Abbreviated PhraseologyWA Air display air displayWB Aerobatics aerobaticsWC Captive balloon or kite captive balloon or kiteWD Demolition of explosives demolition of explosivesWE Exercises (specify) exerWF Air refueling air refuelingWG Glider flying glider flyingWJ Banner/target towing banner/target towingWL Ascent of free balloon ascent of free balloonWM Missile, gun or rocket firing frngWP Parachute jumping exercise (PJE) pjeWS Burning or blowing gas burning or blowing gasWT Mass movement of aircraft mass mov of acftWV Formation flight formation fltWZ model flying model flying THE NOTAM CODE DECODE SECOND AND THIRD LETTERS Other Information (O)Code Signification Uniform Abbreviated PhraseologyOA Aeronautical information service aisOB Obstacle (specify details) obstOE Aircraft entry requirements acft entry rqmntsOL Obstacle lights on ... (specify) obst lgtOR Rescue coordination centre rcc 10
    • THE NOTAM CODE DECODE FOURTH AND FIFTH LETTERS Availability (A)Code Signification Uniform Abbreviated PhraseologyAC Withdrawn for maintenance withdrawn maintAD Available for daylight operation avbl day opsAF Flight checked and found reliable fltck okayAG Operating but ground checked only, awaiting flight opr awaiting fltck checkAH Hours of service are now hr serAK Resumed normal operations okayAM Military operations only mil ops onlyAN Available for night operation avbl night opsAO Operational oprAP Available, prior permission required avbl pprAR Available on request avbl o/rAS Unserviceable u/sAU Not available (specify reason if appropriate) not avblAW Completely withdrawn withdrawnAX Previously promulgated shutdown has been promulgated shutdown cnl cancelled THE NOTAM CODE DECODE FOURTH AND FIFTH LETTERS Changes (C)Code Signification Uniform Abbreviated PhraseologyCA Activated actCC Completed cmplCD Deactivated deactivatedCE Erected erectedCF Operating frequency(ies) changed to freq changeCG Downgraded to downgraded toCH Changed changedCI Identification or radio call sign changed to ident changeCL Realigned realignedCM Displaced displacedCO Operating oprCP Operating on reduced power opr reduced pwrCR Temporarily replaced by tempo rplcd byCS Installed installedCT On test, do not use on test, do not use 11
    • THE NOTAM CODE DECODE FOURTH AND FIFTH LETTERS Hazard Conditions (H)Code Signification Uniform Abbreviated PhraseologyHA Braking action is ... ba is1)Poor2)Medium/Poor3)Medium4)Medium/Good5)GoodHB Braking coefficient is ... (specify measurement device brkg coefficient used) isHC Covered by compacted snow to depth of cov compacted snow depthHD Covered by dry snow to a depth of cov dry snow depthHE Covered by water to a depth of cov water depthHF Totally free of snow and ice free of snow and iceHG Grass cutting in progress grass cuttingHH Hazard due to (specify) hazard dueHI Covered by ice cov iceHJ Launch planned ... (specify balloon flight identification or launch plan project Code name, launch site, planned period of launch(es)_date/time, expected climb direction, estimate time to pass 18,000 m (60,000 ft), together with estimated location)HK Migration in progress migration inprHL Snow clearance completed snow clr cmplHM Marked by marked byHN Covered by wet snow or slush to a depth of cov wet snow depthHO Obscured by snow obscured by snowHP Snow clearance in progress snow clr inprHQ Operation cancelled ... (specify balloon flight opr cnl identification or project Code name)HR Standing water standing waterHS Sanding in progress sandingHT Approach according to signal area only apch according signal area onlyHU Launch in progress ... (specify balloon flight launch inpr identification or project Code name, launch site, date/time of launch(es), estimated time passing 18,000 m (60,000 ft), or reaching cruising level if at or below 18,000 m (60,000 ft), together with estimated location, estimated date/time of termination of the flight, and planned location of ground contact when applicable)HV Work completed work cmpl 12
    • HW Work in progress wip HX Concentration of birds bird concentration HY Snow banks exist (specify height) snow banks hgt HZ Covered by frozen ruts and ridges cov frozen ruts and ridges THE NOTAM CODE DECODE FOURTH AND FIFTH LETTERS Limitations (L) Code Signification Uniform Abbreviated Phraseology LA Operating on auxiliary power supply opr aux pwr LB Reserved for aircraft based therein reserved for acft based therein LC Closed clsd LD Unsafe unsafe LE Operating without auxiliary power supply opr without aux pwr LF Interference from interference from LG Operating without identification opr without ident LH Unserviceable for aircraft heavier than u/s acft heavier than LI Closed to IFR operations clsd ifr ops LK Operating as a fixed light opr as f lgt LL Usable for length of...and width of... usable length/width LN Closed to all night operations clsd night ops LP Prohibited to prohibited to LR Aircraft restricted to runways and taxiways acft restricted to rwy and twy LS Subject to interruption subj intrp LT Limited to limited to LV Closed to VFR operations clsd vfr ops LW Will take place will take place LX Operating but caution advised due to opr but caution due THE NOTAM CODE DECODE FOURTH AND FIFTH LETTERS Other (XX) Code Signification Uniform Abbreviated Phraseology XX Where 4th and 5th letter Code does not cover the situation, (plain language use XX and supplement by plain language following the NOTAM Code)Para mayores antecedentes:http://www.flyingineurope.be/notam_decode.htm 13
    • ALGUNOS EJEMPLOSEjemplo 1:A0682/06 NOTAMNQ)SCEZ/QMXLC/IV/M/A/000/999/3323S07047W005A)SCEL B)0606091958 C)0606242359E)TWY TANGO CLSD BTN TWY KILO AND ZULU PRKG ACFT)Se lee:A0682/06 NOTAMNA0682/06 = NOTAM número A0682 año 2006NOTAMN = Notam NUEVOQ)SCEZ/QMXLC/IV/M/A/000/999/3323S07047W005SCEZ = FIR SantiagoQMXLC = TAXIWAY CLOSED (Calle de Rodaje Cerrada)IV = IFR y VFRM = VariosA = Información de Aeródromos000/999 = Nivel de vuelo superior e inferior por defecto3323S07047W005 = Círculo de 5 mn de radio, cuyo centro seencuentra en los 33°23’ S y 70°47’WA)SCELSCEL = Aplica al Aeropuerto Internacional de Arturo Merino BenítezB)06060919580606091958 = válido desde el 9 de junio de 2006 a las 19:58 UTCC)06062423590606242359 = válido hasta el 24 de junio de 2006 a las 23:59 UTCE)TWY TANGO CLSD BTN TWY KILO AND ZULU PRKG ACFT)TWY TANGO CLSD BTN TWY KILO AND ZULU PRKG ACFT) = Calle derodaje TANGO cerrada entre la calle de rodaje KILO y ZULU paraestacionamiento de aeronaves 14
    • Ejemplo 2:A0161/06 NOTAMNQ)SCEZ/QPDAW/I/BO/A/000/999/3325S07047W040A)SCEL B)0602072359 C)PERME)SCEL SID 3 (ELBOS 3) COMPLETLY WITHDRAWN)Se lee:A0161/06 NOTAMNA0161/06 = NOTAM número A0161 año 2006NOTAMN = Notam NUEVOQ)SCEZ/QPDAW/I/BO/A/000/999/3325S07047W040SCEZ = FIR SantiagoQPDAW = STANDARD INSTRUMENT DEPARTURE (SID) COMPLETELYWITHDRAWN (Salida Instrumental Standar Completamente Cerrada)I = IFRBO = Asunto del boletín, importante para las operaciones IFRA = Información de Aeródromos000/999 = Nivel de vuelo superior e inferior por defecto3325S07047W040 = Círculo de 40 mn de radio, cuyo centro seencuentra en los 33°25’ S y 70°47’WA)SCELSCEL = Aplica al Aeropuerto Internacional de Arturo Merino BenítezB)06020723590602072359 = válido desde el 7 de febrero de 2006 a las 23:59 UTCC)PERMPERM = PermanenteE)SCEL SID 3 (ELBOS 3) COMPLETLY WITHDRAWN)Salida Instrumental Estandarizada, ELBOS 3, completamentecerrada. 15
    • EJEMPLOS DE PRÁCTICAEjemplo 3:B0617/05 NOTAMNQ)SCEZ/QIMAW/I/BO/A/000/999/3323S07047W025A)SCELB)0510142359C)PERME)ILS LMM EL FREQ 205KHZCOMPLETELY WITHDRAWN)Ejemplo 4:B0612/05 NOTAMNQ)SCEZ/QNMCS/IV/BO/AE/000/999/3323S07047W005A)SCELB)0509011553C)PERME)INSTL DVOR/DME PDH117.2 MHZ/CH 119X) Elaborado por: Claudio Vallejo Corregido por: Javier Larroulet ACC Virtual de Chile www.accvirtual.cl Santiago, Junio de 2006 16