GROUP PROJECT: PROPOSAL FOR THE FINISHED/ EXISTING BUILDING CONSTRUCTION (CASE STUDY: SHAMSUDIN RESEARCH CENTRE (MINT-SRC) FKEE UTHM)
FACULTY OF CIVIL AND ENVIROMENTAL ENGINEERING
BFC4083/ BFC40803 (SECTION-01)
PROPOSAL FOR THE FINISHED/ EXISTING BUILDING CONSTRUCTION
(MAKMAL NANO TEKNOLOGI UNTUK PUSAT KECEMERLANGAN
MICROELEKTRONIK DAN NANO TEKNOLOGI – SHAMSUDIN
RESEARCH CENTRE (MINT-SRC) FKEE)
PRESENTATION DATE: 15th May 2013 (Week 12nd)
: PN. NOR AZIZAH BT. ADNAN
MUHAMAD FIRDAURS BIN ABDULLAH
NUR HAMIZAH BT ISMAIL
MOHD FARIS BIN NASRUDIN
MOHD NASRUL NIZAM BIN MOHD YAHAYA (CF100126)
MOHD KHUSYAIRIE BIN ARSAD
TITLE OF PROJECT & BUILDING
CADANGAN MEMBINA DAN MENYIAPKAN MAKMAL
NANO TEKNOLOGI UNTUK PUSAT
KECEMERLANGAN MICROELEKTRONIK DAN NANO
TEKNOLOGI – SHAMSUDIN RESEARCH CENTRE
(MINT-SRC) FAKULTI KEJURUTERAAN ELEKTRIK
DAN ELEKTRONIK (FKEE) DI UNIVERSITI TUN
HUSSEIN ONN MALAYSIA.
Construction Period : 44 weeks
ROSHA DYNAMIC SDN BHD
Cost of construction :
Superintendent Officers :
Naib Canselor UTHM
This proposed building is constructed for Faculty of Electric and Electronic
Engineering (FKEE) which its function to provide various state-of-the-art research
facilities such Transmission Electron Microscope Lab, Field Emission Scanning
Electron Microscope & Electron Beam Litography Lab and etc. It also will provide
comfortable Researcher Room, head of laboratory room, room for printing, meeting,
preparation and briefing. It also consist of lobby area, restroom, prayer room and M&E
utilities room (refer to Appendix 4A - Ground Floor Plan). For Block A’s 1st Floor
Level, according to plan, it consists of Reactive Ion Etching Lab, Annealing Furnace,
Pulsed Laser Deposition System Lab, Preparation Room, Focused Ion Beam Lab,
Inductively Coupled Plasma Deposition Lab, Magneton Sputtering Lab and etc.
Technically, expansion of this kind of centre of excellence is to support the university for
Research, Development and Commercialization (RDC), University-University and UniversityIndustry Partnership as well as to lead research in microelectronics, semiconductors and
nanotechnology. It also is built for developing high prestige and excellence culture, develop a
'First Class Mindset' and ability to produce high quality R&D and encourage development
through networking and co-operation.
GENERAL INFO CONSIDERED BEFORE
PROJECT START - Received of Letter Award
Before a project can be started, an appointed contractor must receive an Award Letter
(also known as Letter of Acceptance) from client (UTHM)
Site possession is approved once the contractor received and signed Letter of
Acceptance from Pegawai Penguasa. In this project, the date of site possession is
stated begins from 7th of February 2011.
PROJECT FINISH – Granted with Certificate of Practical Completion
Once the work has been verified as completed, a Certificate of Practical Completion
(CPC) (see Appendix 1B) will be issued to the contractor. Since that, it marked the
start of liability period duration for the building
These included Preliminaries work that need to be done at early stage of construction
such as proper site layout planning, hoarding the area of works, site office, access
road, etc. It can be divided into three part, namely Initial Cost, Recurring Cost and
It also includes design stage that involved of appointment of Professional Engineer
(P.E) from contractor and preparing design/Shop Drawing. Although all the
construction drawing has been given during bidding process, but there will be some
changes need to be done once the construction need to be started.
This procurement will occur throughout the duration of project. Engineer, consultant,
architecture and contractor will deal about the product that need to be used.
Manufacturers of product will offer their product according to the architectural
specification for the building.
Surat Setuju Terima Tender
Sijil Perakuan Siap Kerja
Site clearance involves the
removal of walls, hedges,
ditches, and trees, other
vegetation and services from the
site. It can also involve the
clearance of fly-tipped materials
Site investigation is the most
important element in the
process of geotechnical design
for a building. If no site
investigation or inadequate site
design will be incomplete. It is
identified as the main factors
that cause failure and related
problems in construction.
Survey and record the existing ground level at each pile
location. Set out the pile location in accordance with the
Engineer’s working drawings using a theodolite with the
accuracy required in the specifications. All setting out
should refer to the reference points and the related
Contract Drawings. In order to monitor the position of the
steel casing, control pins will be established with two
orthogonal positions offset from the centre of the pile.
TESTING OF PILES
In order to assure the quality of concrete and steel that
will be used during pile construction a sequence of quality
control test shall be performed. There will be taken cube
specimens from concrete and will be reserved under the
appropriate curing ambiance. The 7 days compressive
strenght of the concrete for 2 specimen and 28 days for 1
specimen shall be checked periodically by unconfined
compression tests. Also tensile strenght tests shall be
applied to the reinforcement bars.
Planted pile capacity often set using Hiley
formula. Because it shaped the ability empirikel
then obtained must be confirmed with a test pile.
Type of test is often done for concrete pile load
test is upheld 'maintained load test'.
Function Test Pile (Load Test)
To determine the maximum liability of the
ability to realize
To ensure that the pile is acceptable from
the point of planting structure
To determine the relationship between the
deposition of 'settlement' pile with a load
A pile driver is a mechanical device used to drive piles
into soil to provide foundation support for buildings or
other structures. The term is also used in reference to
members of the construction crew that work with piledriving rigs.
Type Drive Pile
A hydraulic hammer is a modern type of piling hammer
used in place of diesel and air hammers for driving steel
pipe, precast concrete, and timber piles. Hydraulic
hammers are more environmentally acceptable than the
older, less efficient hammers as they generate less noise
and pollutants. However, in many cases the dominant
noise is caused by the impact of the hammer on the pile,
or the impacts between components of the hammer, so
that the resulting noise level can be very similar to diesel
The Pile Driving Analyzer (PDA) is
a powerful tool to assess pile
driving and High Strain Dynamic
Pile (HSDP) load testing which
may supplement or replace static
testing. The PDA is seeing
increasing usage in the testing of
the various types of cast-in-place
piles. In some parts of the world,
this type of testing is the most
common use for the PDA. This
solution is particularly attractive for
very large, high capacity piles
where the large capacity makes a
static test extremely costly
A pile cap is a thick concrete mat
that rests on concrete or timber
piles that have been driven into
soft or unstable ground to provide
a suitable stable foundation.
It usually forms part of the
foundation of a building, typically a
multi-storey building, structure or
support base for heavy equipment.
The cast concrete pile cap
distributes the load of the building
into the piles.
A similar structure to a pile cap is a
"raft", which is a concrete
foundation floor resting directly
onto soft soil which may be liable
Column Stump is a column that
considered as lower structure
because it is located in the
ground below the waterproof
layer at ground floor slab. The
position is vertical above the
foundation. The function of the
column stump is to transfer
load of building to the
foundation. Column stump will
receive load from ground beam,
column and then will transfer
the load to the foundation.The
columns can be made from
steel tube, pre cast concrete or
treated timber these need to be
designed by an engineer for
This type of ground beam is the
most used in building
It is the beam which both its
ends are tied up at the column
and lying between the two
The beam fixes and holds fitly
the columns in order to stabilize
it. In addition, it also acts to
bear all the loads come from
the wall which constructed
parallel with the beam
A ground beam normally should consist of following items;
The reinforcements can be placed at center of that beam.
The sizes of main reinforcement play important role in determine the
strength of a beam.
Ground beam usually does not have secondary beam, only has
primary beam. The ground beam construction will be started after a
column stump has finish. After the column stump has ingrained in
foundation and has corpulent on level as wanted.
INTRODUCTION TO SUPERSTRUCTURE WORKS
• A superstructure is an upward extension of an existing structure above
baseline. Part of areas that involved in superstructure include choice of
building fabrics :
• choice of floor structure
• block work and steel
• beam open plans area
• selection of insulation cost and efficiency analysis
• determination of cladding material to be used
• roof structure detailing .
The main objective of superstructure :
• To distribute the load to the foundation
• Stabilized the load from building
• To transfer the load from the roof to the
• A table is built pretty much the same
way as a beam formwork but the single
parts of this system are connected
together in a way that makes them
transportable. The most common
sheathing is plywood
• The joists are either made from timber,
wood I-beams, aluminium or steel.
• The stringers are sometimes made of
wood I-beams but usually from steel
channels. These are fastened together
(screwed, weld or bolted) to become a
"deck". These decks are usually
rectangular but can also be other
ANTI TERMITE TREATMENT
• The purpose of spreading anti
termite is to prevent the
termite from degrading the
surface of the structure
• Usually the anti termite are
spread to the reinforcement
an d the base formwork.
• The plastic layer is to prevent the
water seepage from rise toward the
slab and slowly reduce the
strength of concrete and
• Generally consists of a layer of sand
25 - 50 mm thick or 50 - 75 mm
thick layer of weak concrete
• Large in-situ ground slab of 150mm
thick is poured on top of the pile ca
BEAM AND COLUMN
• A suspended span are used
• .It is a simple beam supported by
the overhangs of two adjoining
spans with pinned construction
joints at points of zero moment.
• A reinforced concrete design.
INTERNAL AND EXTERNALL WALL
• a brick wall and dry wall partition are
used for the internal wall as for the
external wall, the brick wall is
selected as an external wall. Type of
bond that used in this construction is
typical Flemish bond of brick.
• Internal wall:used a dry wall partition
.It is lightweight.The drywall partition
lead for better acoustic insulation,
thermal insulation and resistance to
ﬁre and damp conditions.
steep roof is selected for this project.a steel truss
and bracing are installed for roof frame structure
advantages of steep roof are when it was raining,
the water can drain quickly,They can therefore be
covered with materials that are fabricated and
applied in small, overlapping units which can
categorized to shingles of wood or slate and tiles of
fired clay or concrete.
The shingles are inexpensive and easy to installed.
For the effects of thermal e on and contraction, and
of movements in the structure that supports the
roof, are minimized by the ability of the small units
to move with respect to one another. It is also easy
The selection of material for roof is 0.48 thickness
standing seam metal roofing deck cover with 50
mm thickness of rock wool aluminium sisilation
,chicken wire mesh based on material
WALL: Plastering Works/ Skim Coat
After brickwall has been constructed, plastering work will take place. Plastering work
refers to construction or ornamentation done with plaster, such as a layer of plaster on an
interior wall or plaster decorative moldings on ceilings or walls
Skim Coating is the process of applying a layer of muddy plaster compound to rough
walls to either smooth or repair them. It is done to fill deep scratches or holes or to
replace water-damaged portions of drywal
WALL: Tiling & Painting
This tiling work is carried out on the certain part of the building wall such as pantry and
toilet. It is carried out in the same period as the plastering works/ skim coat took place.
The purpose of painting the wall is to hide the grain and texture of the substrate by
applying an opaque coating. Paint is an opaque coating made from a mixture of solid
pigment and a liquid medium.
CEILING: Suspended Ceiling - MBF
The ceiling is installed just a week later after plastering work is begun. It can be said this
ceiling installation is performed at the same time as the plastering, tiling and wall
painting is in progress. Suspended ceilings are ceilings that fostered the suspension
system using wire or rod suspension buffer. The ceilings are not receiving support from
Mineral Fibre Board chosen must certified and approved by SIRIM QAS standard, comply with
BS476: Part 7: 1997. The thickness of the board is 15mm and it has density of 334kg/m3.
FLOOR: Cement Render & Floor Tiles
Cement rendering is the application of a premixed layer of sand and cement to brick,
cement, stone or mud brick. It is often textured, coloured or painted after application.
Depending on the 'look' required, rendering can be fine or coarse, textured or smooth,
natural or coloured, pigmented or painted.
Ceramic tile and stone flooring materials are solid and durable. In general, larger tiles
are used in larger rooms and small tiles used in smaller spaces. Ceramic floor tile is made
from various clays, is somewhat brittle, and takes a very sturdy sub-floor.
CEILING/ SOFFIT BEAM FINISHES
This Soffit, formed as a ceiling, to fix underneath, in architecture it is described as the
underside of any construction element. Examples of soffits include the underside of a
flight of stairs, the underside of a ceiling to fill the space above the stairways, at the
corner of the ceiling and wall.
WALL AND FLOOR FINISHES
Wall finishes are carried once the ceiling/ soffit beams finishes has been accomplished. It
is same process and using the same finishing material as the internal wall finishing
describe above such as plastering/ works, tiling works and wall painting.
After wall finishes are completed within duration of 6 days, floor finishes will take
place. The same process and material as described before for internal floor finishing, will
be applied to this staircase.
WALL: Plastering Works/ Skim Coat
This work is done together with internal wall finishes. It is started at the same week as
plastering works for internal wall, but it has been finished a month later than internal
wall finishes (plastering). There is not much different between plastering work for
internal and external wall. The thickness of plaster is 20mm on both sides.
WALL: Aluminium Louvre
Aluminium louvre that is being used is modern louvers that cannot be opened and
closed with a metal lever, pulleys, or through motorized operators. It is installed
permanently at building façade for reduce sun glare into internal space, prevent direct
heating of sunlight as well as aesthetic value. Below is the location of alumium louvre:
WALL: Aluminium Composite
Aluminium Composite Panels are the ideal cladding for interior and exterior surfaces.
The material is rigid, light and durable and can be easily transformed into curved and
multi planar surfaces. Composite Panels are available in various colours. But for this
building, it comes in grey-silvered colour to give an elegant, modern and corporate look
to the building facade:
This kind of finishing is applied throughout building external wall same as internal wall
painting process. It is denoted by ‘W1 - Plaster and Paint’ in construction plan as
shown in the previous table ‘WALL FINISHES’
CEILING: Aluminium Strip Ceiling
Aluminium Strip Ceilings are roll-formed from pre-coated aluminium coils. Strip
Ceilings are the modern way to panel for ceiling and wall fronts. It is widely use in
building external wall and ceiling to improve architectural look.
FLOOR: Cement Render
Cement render as described previously on internal floor finishes is mixture of lime,
cement, sharp sand and water. According to work planning schedule, the external floor finished
by this cement render is the last step among other kind of floor finishes of the building but once it’s
started, its progress flow simultaneously with other finishes and might end at the same time with
2.Surau and ablution area:
To accommodate 5 person with 1 nos.ablution tap
To provide cabinet and shoe rack
To provide benches
Provide new directional, operational, regulatory
and door signs
Provide new large illuminated external building
sign for the building
To provide hard and soft landscaping (trees, shrub and
close turf) for all areas not covered with footpaths, drains
and road pavement.
The parking area shall be planted with shade trees and a
mixture of feature planting along building frontage.
Features palms and shade trees shall be planted along
pedestrian path to serve as the linkage between parking
area to building.
For block A and B washroom partition system to be used for
W.C. Cubicles forming dividers, frontals, end panels and
doors. Assembly using customizeed aluminium extrusion and
fixing with manufacturer’s standard hardwares thickness :
18mm thick double faced autoclaved high density
Wall connection : Painted aluminium channels
Head rail : Painted aluminium head rail
Doors : 2000 x 600 x18 mm minimum solid core, moisture
resistant fibre board.
• The perimeter drain for blok A and B use 230 mm half round reinforce
concrete drain. This work progress takes about 70 days, from 22 September
2011 to 11 December 2011.
Water Supply and Reticulation
The water supply and reticulation work takes about 38 days,
from 30 September 2011 to 12 November 2011.These works
include the installation of piping,jointing and connection
works and the hydrant system.After finished these all
installation, testing works have been done for 7 days from 5
November 2011 to 12 November 2011.
The Infra works takes about 24 days from 17 October 2011
to 12 November 2011.The infra works include the road
works, road kerb and road marking.
This project use asphaltic concrete BC (ACB 28)
and (ACW 14) from Hanson Quarry SDN.BHD.
Road kerb and road marking work takes about 14 days from
28 October 2011 to 12 November 2011 to finished.
( 7/2/2011 – 22/11/2011 )
Piping work for colwater supply was start at
All pipe routing shall be as shown on
approved Shop drawings. All Pipe supports
and clamps shall be installed as per
manufacturer recommendations. installation
of all supports shall be in accordance with
approved supporting detail drawings
Installation of FRP water tank
FRP water tank was start from 7/2
The water tank that use in this building was
fiberglass reinforced plastic. The cylindrical
series with capacity up to 110,000 gallons
After the all the piping work and the installation
was finished at 15/11.
The test can be carryout. The test has be done in
( 5/7/2011 – 22/11/2011 )
Plumbing work carried out on 7/5 after
installation plan approved indoor toilet.
Construct 2 nos new manhole
The work start at 10/10 after the completion
of plumbing work.
Drainage system used is below ground
drainage. VCP pipe used is 100mm in size and
approved by sirim
Installation of septic tank
Septic tank installation started on 21/10.
Hole dug to accommodate septic tank and sandsized 1.3mx1.3mx1.3m included 10cm high.
The test have been done at 15/11 after the
Resident Representative witness the tests and
approve the pipe installation
PROJECT HAND OVER
( 8/11/2011 – 11/12/2011 )
Its held on 8/11
The transfer of ownership of the project from
contractor to client can have an effect on health
and safety, reliability, standards of operation,
maintenance and operational cost efficiencies to
the University. The transfer/handover period can
be a very stressful time for contractors’ staff, and
building owners and occupants alike as spaces
become occupied and operation of the facility
After going through all the chapters and phases conducted in order to construct this MiNTSRC research building, it can be concluded that this construction project is a conventional
procurement bidding project that involved small-scaled size construction worth about 4 million
Malaysian Ringgit. It supposed to be completed within 44 weeks (December 2011) but due to
uncertainty of weather, the progress has been delayed about 3 month later (March 2012).
However, the building construction was successfully completed and CPC had been issued.
From summary of tender for this project, total construction cost is RM 4,773,440.00. This
large amount is the breakdown costs for Preliminaries Works (RM249,300.00), Architectural and
Structure Works (RM 2,471,640.00), Cold Water Plumbing (RM48,000.00), Sewerage and
Sanitary Plumbing (RM 44,000.00), Water Reticulation System (RM30,000.00), External Works
(RM153,000.00), Provisional Sum (RM200,000.00) and lastly Prime Cost Sum
Lembaga Penyelidikan Undang-undang (2011). Undang-undang Kecil Bangunan Seragam 1984.[P.W. 5178/85].
Selangor Darul Ehsan: International Law Book Services.
Greno, R. (1995). Principles of Construction. 2nd ed. Harlow Essex, England: Longman Group UK Limited.
Austen, A. D. & Heale, R. H. (1997). Mengurus Projek Pembinaan: Panduan Bagi Proses dan Tatacara
(Norlida, A. H. & Dayang, S. A. R.). Kuala Lumpur: Dewan Bahasa dan Pustaka (DBP) (Original title was
published on 1984).
Architectural, Sivil and Quantity Surveyor Units of Pejabat Pembangunan dan Pengurusan Hartabina (PPH)
MiNT-SRC, UTHM (2009). Microelectronics and Nanotechnology - Shamsuddin Research Centre. Reached on
May 7, 2013, from http://fkee.uthm.edu.my/mint-src/
END OF PRESENTATION
THANK YOU FOR YOUR ATTENTION
Q & A session