THE DEVELOPMENT OF SMALL SCALE SUGARCANE PRODUCERS IN SWAZILAND USING PATNERSHIPS A case study of KDDPA Paper Presented at Regional Implementation Workshop for IFAD - Supported Projects and Programmes Prepared by: Humphrey Nxumalo & Kenneth TsabedzeVenue: Joaquim Chissano International Conference Centre (Maputo) Date: 15 November 2010
INTRODUCTIONo Most world’s poor people live in rural areaso Governments can play a constructive role in eradicating povertyo GoS’s poverty reduction strategy include increasing rural household income through: o harvesting water from the major River basins and o Commercial agricultural development downstreamo SWADE was Established to plan and implement the Komati Project and the Lower Usuthu Project, and any other Large Water Project that Government may assign”
PAPER OBJECTIVEo To present the partnership between public- private sectors in the development of rural community in Swaziland.o To present the impact of the KDDP on the land utilisation and livelihood of the community.
METHODOLOGYo Project reports o Project progress reports 2010 o SWADE Annual reports o Socio-economic survey report 2009 o SWADE Water quality monitoring reports
PARTNERSHIPS RSAInt. Funding FinancialOrganisations Institutions Treaty Project Bus. Dev. funding funding Sugar Traditional Industry GoS Authorities Markets Land SWADE availability Socio- econo. Dev. Rural Community
ROLESo GoS o Dam construction through partnering with RSA and international funding agents o SWADE formation for project implementation o Financing development from River to farm edge o Providing infrastructure, roads, bridges, electricity, potable water and sanitation o Legislation- Sugar Act, labour laws, policies o Sourcing funding for downstream development
ROLESo SWADE Project implementation through o mobilization and group formation, o capacity building, o mentoring, o extension service, o linking communities with stakeholders i.e stakeholder forum for project update.
Water Empowered PeopleTalent (HR) People with: and 25,000 KDDP - potable water Land - sanitation Finances - source of 20,000 LUSIP 1 income (job or Markets business) 10,000 LUSIP 2 SWADE Process & Values
ROLESo Financial institutions o Providing credit for business development o Loan management services o Partnering with SWADE on monitoring payment of service providers.o The Sugar Industry o Securing Market by SSA o Mill expansion for crushing sugarcane from Growers o Provide Extension services to farmers o Secures loan repayment through stop orders directing farmers’ payments to the bank
ROLESo SWAZILAND ENVIRONMENTAL AUTHORITY o Ensuring environmental compliance by farmers o Assessment of EIAs and CMPs. o Conducting Environmental Audits o Water quality monitoring
ROLESo TRADITIONAL AUTHORITIES o Identification of community groups/FAs o Authority to use land o Conflict managemento COMMUNTY MEMBERS o Work with SWADE to form and manage the businesses o Obtain loans from the Financial institutions o Ensure agreements with Sugar industry are adhered to.
LAND UTILISATIONo 4000ha under commercial agric production in 2009 (3700ha sugarcane and 300ha other crops) from less than 500ha in 2000.o 19 farmers associationso Sugarcane yields at 99tch at 14.87% compared to industry average of 99.4tch at 14.4% sucrose.o Revenue generated from sugarcane increased from SZL1M (US$143, 000)in 2000 to SZL100M (US$14, 300, 000) in 2009o Crop diversity increased from 10 in 2000 to 17 in 2009.
Livelihood SecurityImpact/Year 2000 2009Children aged lessthan 6 years whohave never beento school 21.15% 20.45% 2004Population 25000 29000Access to cleanwater 21.50% 25% 2004People earningmore thanSZL2000.00/month 0.90% 20%People earningless thanSZL100.00/month 32% 3.15%Infant motality 77/1000 63/1000
CHALLENGESo Informal partnerships leading to duplication of resourceso Cost of financing the projectso Slow realization of income because of long repayment periodo Low Literacy level of community leading to slow business acumen.
LESSONS LEARNEDo Provision of necessary structures for development i.e finance, market, conducive environment, capacity building.o The need to formalize the partnerships (MoUs) to avoid duplication of resources.o Stakeholder collaboration