Champagne, France

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Champagne, France

  1. 1. Champagne<br />
  2. 2. Chardonnay, Pinot Noir, Pinot Meunier are the main grapes<br />Famous for its sparkling wines, but does produce some other stuff as well!<br />There is a lot more to Champagne than Cristal and Dom P.!<br />Utilize your Rosé and Blanc de Blanc sections<br />Remember: Proper Champagne service is equally about safety and elegance! Take your time and do it correctly so nobody loses an eye!<br />Some of the Basics:<br />
  3. 3. Our current Champagne selections (11.24.09):<br />
  4. 4. Our current Champagne selections (11.24.09):<br />
  5. 5. Key Terms<br />
  6. 6. Assemblage<br />
  7. 7. The wine maker and/or cellar master assemble the cuvee of still wines prior to the first fermentation<br />Assemblage<br />
  8. 8. Remuage<br />
  9. 9. Working the lees and other forms of sediment down to the crown cap or temporary cork<br />Courtesy of Madame Cliquot<br />Also known as Riddling<br />Takes place after the second fermentation<br />Remuage<br />
  10. 10. Liqueur de Tirage<br />
  11. 11. Solution of sugar and yeast added to the final cuvee in order to jump start the second fermentation<br />Liqueur de Tirage<br />
  12. 12. Autolysis<br />
  13. 13. The wines age in the cellar for their designated time interacting with the lees and form a distinctive ‘autolytic’character<br />These characteristics are often described as nuttiness, toastiness, ‘yeasty’, and other desirable aromas and flavors<br />Autolysis<br />
  14. 14. Degorgement<br />
  15. 15. Disgorging is the act of removing the frozen plug of ice (containing spent yeast) from a bottle of Champagne or Sparkling Wine, after riddling <br />Degorgement <br />
  16. 16. Dosage <br />
  17. 17. The few ounces of wine, sometimes sweetened, which is added to each bottle of champagne after disgorging to make up for the liquid volume lost by disgorging<br />AKA Liqueur d’Expedition<br />Dosage<br />
  18. 18. NM: Négociant manipulant<br />
  19. 19. These companies (including the majority of the larger brands) buy grapes and make the wine <br />Moet & Chandon<br />VeuveCliquot<br />Krug<br />NM: Négociant manipulant<br />
  20. 20. RM: Récoltant manipulant<br />
  21. 21. (Also known as Grower Champagne) A grower that also makes wine from its own grapes (a maximum of 5% of purchased grapes is permitted). <br />There are currently over two thousand, which represents a third of all Champagne producers. <br />RM: Récoltant manipulant<br />
  22. 22. CM: Coopérative de manipulation<br />
  23. 23. Co-operatives that make wines from the growers who are members, with all the grapes pooled together <br />CM: Coopérative de manipulation<br />
  24. 24. SR: Société de récoltants<br />
  25. 25. An association of growers making a shared Champagne but who are not a co-operative <br />SR: Société de récoltants<br />
  26. 26. RC: Récoltant coopérateur<br />
  27. 27. A co-operative member selling Champagne produced by the co-operative under its own name and label <br />RC: Récoltant coopérateur<br />
  28. 28. MA: Marque auxiliaire or Marque d&apos;acheteur<br />
  29. 29. MA: Marque auxiliaire or Marque d&apos;acheteur<br />A brand name unrelated to the producer or grower; the name is owned by someone else, for example a supermarket, restaurant or wine shop<br />
  30. 30. ND: Négociant distributeur<br />
  31. 31. This consists of an individual person or a legal entity (wine merchant) who buys wines in finished bottles. He adds his own label in his workshop. <br />ND: Négociant distributeur<br />
  32. 32. Brut Natural or Brut Zéro (less than 3 grams of sugar per liter) <br />Extra Brut (less than 6 grams of sugar per liter) <br />Brut (less than 15 grams of sugar per liter) <br />Extra Sec or Extra Dry (12 to 20 grams of sugar per liter) <br />Sec (17 to 35 grams of sugar per liter) <br />Demi-Sec (33 to 50 grams of sugar per liter) <br />Doux (more than 50 grams of sugar per liter)<br />More Label Jargon<br />
  33. 33. Main Soil Component<br />
  34. 34. Chalk!<br />The chalky soil is ideal for Champagne wine. It absorbs water during winter and gives it back to the vine&apos;s roots during summer. The other way around, it absorbs heat during summer to give it back during winter. <br />Main Soil Component<br />
  35. 35. Climate<br />
  36. 36. Cool, continental climate influenced by the cool breezes and weather conditions from the Atlantic<br />Great risk of Frost<br />Climate<br />
  37. 37. Grand Cru’s<br />
  38. 38. Grand Cru villages<br />Montagne de Reims<br />
  39. 39. <ul><li>Ambonnay
  40. 40. Beaumont-sur-Vesle
  41. 41. Bouzy
  42. 42. Loaves
  43. 43. Mailly-Champagne
  44. 44. Puisieulx
  45. 45. Sillery
  46. 46. Verzenay
  47. 47. Verzy</li></ul>Montagne de Reims<br />
  48. 48. Grand Cru villages<br />Cote des Blancs<br />
  49. 49. Avize<br />Chouilly<br />Cramant<br />Le Mesnil-sur-Oger<br />Oger<br />Oiry<br />Cote des Blancs<br />
  50. 50. Grand Cru villages<br />Vallee de la Marne<br />
  51. 51. Ay<br />Tours-sur-Marne<br />Vallee de la Marne<br />
  52. 52. - Chardonnay provides freshness and elegance<br />- Pinot Meunier brings fruitiness and aromas<br />- Pinot Noir gives body and structure<br />Quick Facts<br />
  53. 53. - Montagne de Reims: south of Reims city, where the best Pinot Noir grow<br />- Cote des Blancs: south of Epernay city, where the best Chardonnay grow<br />- Vallée de la Marne: west of Epernay city, where the best Pinot Meunier grow<br />Quick Facts<br />
  54. 54. Advanced Q&A<br />
  55. 55. What is the VDL and Rose produced in Champagne?<br />
  56. 56. Ratafia (VDL)<br />Rose des Riceys (Rose)<br />What is the VDL and Rose produced in Champagne?<br />
  57. 57. Salon<br />Taittinger<br />VeuveCliquot<br />Name the Prestige Cuvees for<br />
  58. 58. Le Mesnil<br />Comtes de Champagne<br />La Grande Dame<br />Prestige Cuvees<br />
  59. 59. Pommery<br />Philiponnat<br />Charles Heidsieck<br />Name the Prestige Cuvees for<br />
  60. 60. Cuvee Louise<br />Clos de Goisses<br />Blanc des Millenaires<br />Prestige Cuvees<br />
  61. 61. How many grams of sugar per liter does Brut Champagne have?<br />
  62. 62. less than 15 grams of sugar per liter <br />How many grams of sugar per liter does Brut Champagne have?<br />
  63. 63. How many grams of sugar per liter does Demi-Sec Champagne have?<br />
  64. 64. 33 to 50 grams of sugar per liter <br />How many grams of sugar per liter does Demi-Sec Champagne have?<br />

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