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Champagne, France

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  • 1. Champagne
  • 2. Chardonnay, Pinot Noir, Pinot Meunier are the main grapes
    Famous for its sparkling wines, but does produce some other stuff as well!
    There is a lot more to Champagne than Cristal and Dom P.!
    Utilize your Rosé and Blanc de Blanc sections
    Remember: Proper Champagne service is equally about safety and elegance! Take your time and do it correctly so nobody loses an eye!
    Some of the Basics:
  • 3. Our current Champagne selections (11.24.09):
  • 4. Our current Champagne selections (11.24.09):
  • 5. Key Terms
  • 6. Assemblage
  • 7. The wine maker and/or cellar master assemble the cuvee of still wines prior to the first fermentation
    Assemblage
  • 8. Remuage
  • 9. Working the lees and other forms of sediment down to the crown cap or temporary cork
    Courtesy of Madame Cliquot
    Also known as Riddling
    Takes place after the second fermentation
    Remuage
  • 10. Liqueur de Tirage
  • 11. Solution of sugar and yeast added to the final cuvee in order to jump start the second fermentation
    Liqueur de Tirage
  • 12. Autolysis
  • 13. The wines age in the cellar for their designated time interacting with the lees and form a distinctive ‘autolytic’character
    These characteristics are often described as nuttiness, toastiness, ‘yeasty’, and other desirable aromas and flavors
    Autolysis
  • 14. Degorgement
  • 15. Disgorging is the act of removing the frozen plug of ice (containing spent yeast) from a bottle of Champagne or Sparkling Wine, after riddling
    Degorgement
  • 16. Dosage
  • 17. The few ounces of wine, sometimes sweetened, which is added to each bottle of champagne after disgorging to make up for the liquid volume lost by disgorging
    AKA Liqueur d’Expedition
    Dosage
  • 18. NM: Négociant manipulant
  • 19. These companies (including the majority of the larger brands) buy grapes and make the wine
    Moet & Chandon
    VeuveCliquot
    Krug
    NM: Négociant manipulant
  • 20. RM: Récoltant manipulant
  • 21. (Also known as Grower Champagne) A grower that also makes wine from its own grapes (a maximum of 5% of purchased grapes is permitted).
    There are currently over two thousand, which represents a third of all Champagne producers.
    RM: Récoltant manipulant
  • 22. CM: Coopérative de manipulation
  • 23. Co-operatives that make wines from the growers who are members, with all the grapes pooled together
    CM: Coopérative de manipulation
  • 24. SR: Société de récoltants
  • 25. An association of growers making a shared Champagne but who are not a co-operative
    SR: Société de récoltants
  • 26. RC: Récoltant coopérateur
  • 27. A co-operative member selling Champagne produced by the co-operative under its own name and label
    RC: Récoltant coopérateur
  • 28. MA: Marque auxiliaire or Marque d'acheteur
  • 29. MA: Marque auxiliaire or Marque d'acheteur
    A brand name unrelated to the producer or grower; the name is owned by someone else, for example a supermarket, restaurant or wine shop
  • 30. ND: Négociant distributeur
  • 31. This consists of an individual person or a legal entity (wine merchant) who buys wines in finished bottles. He adds his own label in his workshop.
    ND: Négociant distributeur
  • 32. Brut Natural or Brut Zéro (less than 3 grams of sugar per liter)
    Extra Brut (less than 6 grams of sugar per liter)
    Brut (less than 15 grams of sugar per liter)
    Extra Sec or Extra Dry (12 to 20 grams of sugar per liter)
    Sec (17 to 35 grams of sugar per liter)
    Demi-Sec (33 to 50 grams of sugar per liter)
    Doux (more than 50 grams of sugar per liter)
    More Label Jargon
  • 33. Main Soil Component
  • 34. Chalk!
    The chalky soil is ideal for Champagne wine. It absorbs water during winter and gives it back to the vine's roots during summer. The other way around, it absorbs heat during summer to give it back during winter.
    Main Soil Component
  • 35. Climate
  • 36. Cool, continental climate influenced by the cool breezes and weather conditions from the Atlantic
    Great risk of Frost
    Climate
  • 37. Grand Cru’s
  • 38. Grand Cru villages
    Montagne de Reims
  • 39. Montagne de Reims
  • 48. Grand Cru villages
    Cote des Blancs
  • 49. Avize
    Chouilly
    Cramant
    Le Mesnil-sur-Oger
    Oger
    Oiry
    Cote des Blancs
  • 50. Grand Cru villages
    Vallee de la Marne
  • 51. Ay
    Tours-sur-Marne
    Vallee de la Marne
  • 52. - Chardonnay provides freshness and elegance
    - Pinot Meunier brings fruitiness and aromas
    - Pinot Noir gives body and structure
    Quick Facts
  • 53. - Montagne de Reims: south of Reims city, where the best Pinot Noir grow
    - Cote des Blancs: south of Epernay city, where the best Chardonnay grow
    - Vallée de la Marne: west of Epernay city, where the best Pinot Meunier grow
    Quick Facts
  • 54. Advanced Q&A
  • 55. What is the VDL and Rose produced in Champagne?
  • 56. Ratafia (VDL)
    Rose des Riceys (Rose)
    What is the VDL and Rose produced in Champagne?
  • 57. Salon
    Taittinger
    VeuveCliquot
    Name the Prestige Cuvees for
  • 58. Le Mesnil
    Comtes de Champagne
    La Grande Dame
    Prestige Cuvees
  • 59. Pommery
    Philiponnat
    Charles Heidsieck
    Name the Prestige Cuvees for
  • 60. Cuvee Louise
    Clos de Goisses
    Blanc des Millenaires
    Prestige Cuvees
  • 61. How many grams of sugar per liter does Brut Champagne have?
  • 62. less than 15 grams of sugar per liter
    How many grams of sugar per liter does Brut Champagne have?
  • 63. How many grams of sugar per liter does Demi-Sec Champagne have?
  • 64. 33 to 50 grams of sugar per liter
    How many grams of sugar per liter does Demi-Sec Champagne have?