Your SlideShare is downloading. ×
FoodDrinkEurope _ Boletín económico 1Q 2013
FoodDrinkEurope _ Boletín económico 1Q 2013
FoodDrinkEurope _ Boletín económico 1Q 2013
FoodDrinkEurope _ Boletín económico 1Q 2013
FoodDrinkEurope _ Boletín económico 1Q 2013
FoodDrinkEurope _ Boletín económico 1Q 2013
FoodDrinkEurope _ Boletín económico 1Q 2013
FoodDrinkEurope _ Boletín económico 1Q 2013
FoodDrinkEurope _ Boletín económico 1Q 2013
FoodDrinkEurope _ Boletín económico 1Q 2013
FoodDrinkEurope _ Boletín económico 1Q 2013
FoodDrinkEurope _ Boletín económico 1Q 2013
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in...5
×

Thanks for flagging this SlideShare!

Oops! An error has occurred.

×
Saving this for later? Get the SlideShare app to save on your phone or tablet. Read anywhere, anytime – even offline.
Text the download link to your phone
Standard text messaging rates apply

FoodDrinkEurope _ Boletín económico 1Q 2013

817

Published on

FoodDrinkEurope _ Boletín económico 1Q 2013

FoodDrinkEurope _ Boletín económico 1Q 2013

Published in: Business, News & Politics
0 Comments
0 Likes
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

No Downloads
Views
Total Views
817
On Slideshare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
1
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
8
Comments
0
Likes
0
Embeds 0
No embeds

Report content
Flagged as inappropriate Flag as inappropriate
Flag as inappropriate

Select your reason for flagging this presentation as inappropriate.

Cancel
No notes for slide

Transcript

  • 1. 1/12 Economic Bulletin Q1 2013 At A Glance – Summary of Q1 highlights EU food and drink industry evolution during Q1 2013 against major economic trends in the EU EVOLUTION OF MAIN AGRICULTURAL RAW MATERIAL PRICES Note 1: Except for imports and exports data which represent evolution of the current quarter compared to the same quarter of the previous year, all other changes are represented with respect to the previous quarter of the same year. Note 2: Unless otherwise specified, EU refers to the EU 27 in the text. Economic trends in the EU A general overview of the EU economic environment is given by data and trends shown in the table below. This provides the background against which the analysis for the food and drink sector is carried out in the following sections of the economic bulletin. Table 1: Economic trends in the EU in recent periods * With respect to previous quarter/month ** With respect to the same period (either quarter or month) in the previous year Source: Eurostat, June 2013 2012q1 2012q2 2012q3 2012q4 2013q1 2013q1 Quarterly variations (% change)* Annual variations (% change)** Manufacturing sector (NACE Rev. 2) Industrial production index -0.8 -0.7 0.4 -2.0 0.0 -2.3 All sectors Private final consumption (volume) 0.0 -0.3 -0.1 -0.2 0.1 -0.6 2012m11 2012m12 2013m01 2013m02 2013m03 2013m03 Retail trade volumes Monthly variations (% change)* Annual variations (% change)** All sectors 0.3 -0.7 0.9 -0.1 -0.1 -1.4 Food, drinks and Tobacco -0.3 -0.4 0.1 -0.1 1.2 -0.3
  • 2. 2/12 The EU manufacturing industrial production index remained unchanged in Q1 of 2013. In the same period, private consumption (volumes) registered a slight increase compared to the previous quarter, i.e. 0.1%. The yearly comparison shows that the industrial production index decreased in Q1 of 2013 compared to the same quarter of the previous year, i.e. by -2.3%. Private consumption also decreased compared to the change registered in the same quarter of 2012, but to a far lesser extent, i.e. -0.6%. The volume of retail trade (all sectors) decreased by 0.1% in March 2013 (compared to February 2013), while retail trade in food, drinks and tobacco increased by 1.2%. Among the Member States for which data are available, total retail trade fell in nine, rose in eleven and remained stable in Austria. The largest decreases were registered in Portugal (-3.0%), Slovenia (-2.6%) and Ireland (-1.9%), and the highest increases in Estonia (+2.7%), Latvia (+2.1%) and Finland (+1.3%). 1 FOOD AND DRINK INDUSTRY INDICATORS IN Q1 OF 2013 1. Food and drink industry output index increased After experiencing a decrease in the past quarter, Food and drink industry output (production) in the EU started to increase again in Q1 of 2013 compared to the previous quarter, i.e. by 0.32%. This is a better performance than that of the manufacturing production index, which remained unchanged in the same period (see the above section: Economic trends in the EU). A large number of the countries that had experienced negative growth in the food and drink industry output in Q4 of 2012 registered positive growth in Q1 of 2013 (i.e. Bulgaria, Czech Republic, Denmark, Hungary, Italy, Latvia, Romania, Spain, the UK). At the same time, some countries experienced the opposite, i.e. moved from a positive to a negative output growth path, namely Austria (-5.42%), Belgium (-0.71%), Estonia (-0.36%), France (-2.31%), significantly Ireland (from +7.98% to -6.06%). Other countries maintained their negative trend also in Q1 of 2013 (i.e. Finland, Greece). Table 2: Industry production index, quarterly growth Member State 2012 Q4/2012 Q3 (% change) 2013 Q1/2012 Q4 (% change) EU27 -0,58 0,32 Austria 3.19 -5.42 Belgium 0,34 -0,71 Bulgaria -3,01 0,10 Czech Republic -1,46 4,09 Denmark -0,53 1,66 Estonia 1,26 -0,36 Finland -0,89 -0,21 France 0,66 -2,31 Germany 1,36 1,24 Greece -4,02 -0,11 Hungary -3,22 1,54 Ireland 7,98 -6,06 Italy -4,49 2,12 Latvia -1,74 3,55 Lithuania 0,10 1,83 Netherlands 0,11 1,72 Poland 0,82 0,80 Portugal 0,23 1,58 Romania -2,04 2,37 Spain -0,96 0,99 Sweden 0,66 0,99 United Kingdom -2,98 0,54 Source: Eurostat, Short-Term Business Statistics, NACE Rev. 2, June 2013 1 Eurostat news release, Euro indicators, STAT/13/72.
  • 3. 3/12 2. Evolution of main agricultural raw material prices The following shows a mixed picture for raw material prices: Oils and oil crops Grains Dairy Soybean Rape Cocoa Coffee Sugar Corn/ Maize Soft wheat WMP SMP Oil Bean Meal Seed Oil Palm oil Source: FoodDrinkEurope compilation Cocoa and coffee Quarterly developments: Continuing the fall in prices in Q4 of 2012, the average price of cocoa fell by 9.9% in Q1 of 2013. Coffee composite prices also experienced a negative trend and were 4% lower in Q1 of 2013 than Q4 of 2012. Year-on-year developments: The year-on-year comparison shows that, the New York cocoa market recorded a 5.6% decrease with respect to Q1 of 2012. However, coffee composite prices were significantly lower than their level in the same quarter of 2012, i.e. by 26.1%. Source: International Cocoa Organisation (ICCO) and International Coffee Organisation (ICO), June 2013 Sugar Quarterly developments: EU white sugar prices slightly increased (+1.5%) in Q1 of 2013. In the same quarter, U.S. market price continued to decrease, i.e. by 17.5% compared to Q4 of 2012. Year-on-year developments: On average, EU market price for white sugar was 4.6% higher in Q1 of 2013 than the same quarter of the previous year whereas the U.S. market price was 44.2% lower than the average in Q1 of 2012. In comparison, the world sugar price was 20.8% lower than the average of the same quarter of 2012. 0 1000 2000 3000 4000 5000 6000 Jan-07 Apr-07 Jul-07 Oct-07 Jan-08 Apr-08 Jul-08 Oct-08 Jan-09 Apr-09 Jul-09 Oct-09 Jan-10 Apr-10 Jul-10 Oct-10 Jan-11 Apr-11 Jul-11 Oct-11 Jan-12 Apr-12 Jul-12 Oct-12 Jan-13 Apr-13 Cocoa NY market price and coffee world price (monthly averages, current price, $/t) Cocoa price in $/t Coffee composite price in $/t
  • 4. 4/12 Source: European Commission – Circa (Regulations (EC) No 562/2005 Article 6(1) and 479/2010 Article 2), United States Department of Agriculture, June 2013 Grains Corn maize prices Quarterly developments: Following the trend of the previous quarter, EU maize prices slightly decreased in Q1 of 2013 (compared to Q4 of 2012), i.e. by 3.2%. U.S. maize prices also decreased in the same period, i.e. by 6.5%, thus continuing the negative growth trend of the previous quarter. Year-on-year developments: On average, EU maize prices were 18% higher in Q1 of 2013 than the same quarter of the previous year. Similarly but to a lesser extent, U.S. maize prices were 8.8% higher in Q1 of 2013 than in the same quarter of the previous year. Source: FAO and European Commission (DG Agri), June 2013 0 200 400 600 800 1000 1200 Jan'07 Mar May Jul Sep Nov Jan'08 Mar May Jul Sep Nov Jan'09 Mar May Jul Sep Nov Jan'10 Mar May Jul Sep Nov Jan'11 Mar May July Sep Nov Jan'12 Mar May Jul Sep Nov Jan'13 Mar White Sugar prices (monthly averages, current prices, €/t) World price US market price EU reference price EU average price 0 50 100 150 200 250 300 Jan-07 May-07 Sep-07 Jan-08 May-08 Sep-08 Jan-09 May-09 Sep-09 Jan-10 May-10 Sep-10 Jan-11 May-11 Sep-11 Jan-12 May-12 Sep-12 Jan-13 Corn/maize market prices (monthly averages, current prices, €/t DG Agri EU market price €/t FAO US market price €/t
  • 5. 5/12 Soft wheat prices Quarterly developments: Contrary to the previous quarter, EU soft wheat prices slightly decreased in Q1 of 2013 (compared to Q4 of 2012) i.e. by 1.2%. U.S. soft wheat prices decreased during the same period i.e. by 13%. Year-on-year developments: On average, EU soft wheat prices were 24.5% higher in Q1 of 2013 than the same quarter of the previous year. Similarly, but to a lesser extent, U.S. soft wheat prices were 15.5% higher in Q1 of 2013 than in the same quarter of the previous year. Source: FAO and European Commission (DG Agri), June 2013 Dairy Skimmed Milk Powder (SMP) Quarterly developments: EU SMP prices registered a slight decrease in Q1 of 2013 (compared to Q4 of 2012) i.e. by 0.64%. While in Q4 of 2012 average EU prices had exceeded world market prices for the first time since Q3 of 2009, this trend was reversed in Q1 of 2013. Year-on-year developments: The yearly comparison shows that, on average, EU SMP prices were 16.7% higher in Q1 of 2013 than the same period in 2013. 0 50 100 150 200 250 300 Jan-07 May-07 Sep-07 Jan-08 May-08 Sep-08 Jan-09 May-09 Sep-09 Jan-10 May-10 Sep-10 Jan-11 May-11 Sep-11 Jan-12 May-12 Sep-12 Jan-13 Soft wheat market prices (monthly averages, current prices, €/t) DG Agri EU market price €/t FAO US market price €/t
  • 6. 6/12 Source: FAO, CLAL consultancy (discontinued after January 2011 to the benefit of the European Commission source), European Commission – Circa (Regulations (EC) No 562/2005 Article 6(1) and 479/2010 Article 2), June 2013 Whole Milk Powder (WMP) Quarterly developments: Generally higher than world market prices since Q3 of 2010, EU WMP average prices continued to increase in Q1 of 2013, i.e. by 2.5% from the previous quarter. Year-on-year developments: The yearly comparison shows that, on average, EU WMP prices increased by 5.6% in Q1 of 2013 compared to the same quarter of 2012. Source: FAO, CLAL consultancy (discontinued after January 2011 to the benefit of the European Commission source), European Commission – Circa (Regulations (EC) No 562/2005 Article 6(1) and 479/2010 Article 2), June 2013 0 500 1000 1500 2000 2500 3000 3500 4000 4500 Jan'07 Mar May Jul Sep Nov Jan'08 Mar May Jul Sep Nov Jan'09 Mar May Jul Sep Nov Jan'10 Mar May Jul Sep Nov Jan'11 Mar May Jul Sep Nov Jan'12 Mar May Jul Sep Nov Jan'13 Mar SMP (monthly averages, current prices, €/t) FAO €/t World market price CLAL €/t EU market price CIRCA €/t EU market price R. 1234/07 €/t EU reference price 1000 1500 2000 2500 3000 3500 4000 Jan'08 Mar May Jul Sep Nov Jan'09 Mar May Jul Sep Nov Jan'10 Mar May Jul Sep Nov Jan'11 Mar May Jul Sep Nov Jan'12 Mar May Jul Sep Nov Jan'13 Mar WMP (monthly averages, current prices, €/t) World market price CLAL €/t EU market price CIRCA €/t EU market price
  • 7. 7/12 Oils and oil crops Quarterly developments: In Q1 of 2013 Soybean and Soybean meal prices declined by 6.3% and 9.5% respectively. Prices for Soybean oil (+0.2%), Palm oil (+5.3%), Rape oil (+0.2%) and Rapeseed (+1.3%) experienced a general increase. Moreover, after having significantly decreased during the previous quarter, prices of Palm oil (- 18.5%) increased most of all oils and oil crops in Q1 of 2013. Year-on-year developments: The yearly comparison shows that in Q1 of 2013 only Soybean meal, Soybean and Rapeseed prices were higher than in the same quarter of 2012: by 35.6%, 9.4% and 2.6% respectively. On the contrary Palm oil, Soybean oil and Rape oil were 23.0%, 7.4% and 6.3% lower in Q1 of 2013 than the same period of the previous year. Source: World Bank and FAO, June 2013 3. Price developments in the food supply chain Consumer prices (1.34%) and producer prices (0.44%) grew on average in Q1 of 2013, whereas inflation remained almost unchanged (-0.04%). 0 200 400 600 800 1000 1200 1400 1600 1800 Jan-07 May-07 Sep-07 Jan-08 May-08 Sep-08 Jan-09 May-09 Sep-09 Jan-10 May-10 Sep-10 Jan-11 May-11 Sep-11 Jan-12 May-12 Sep-12 Jan-13 Oils and oilcrop prices (monthly averages, current prices, $/t) Soybean oil $/t Soybeans $/t Soybean meal $/t Palm oil $/t Rape oil $/t Rapeseed $/t
  • 8. 8/12 Source: Eurostat (Food supply chain monitor), June 2013 4. Employment index of the EU food and drink industry grew for two consecutive quarters After having experienced a slight decrease in Q3 of 2012, the labour input index for the food and drink industry increased (+0.28%) in Q4 of last year and further improved (+0.02%) in Q1 of 2013. This is contrary to the performance shown by the (total) manufacturing sector whose employment index decreased for the past three quarters and by 0.30% in Q1 of 2013. When looking at the industry breakdown, the food sector employment index increased by 0.15%, whereas the beverages industry employment index decreased by 0.5% in comparison with the previous quarter. Source: Eurostat (SBS), Nace Rev. 2, seasonally adjusted data, June 2013. 95.0 100.0 105.0 110.0 115.0 120.0 125.0 130.0 135.0 140.0 145.0 2007M01 2007M04 2007M07 2007M10 2008M01 2008M04 2008M07 2008M10 2009M01 2009M04 2009M07 2009M10 2010M01 2010M04 2010M07 2010M10 2011M01 2011M04 2011M07 2011M10 2012M01 2012M04 2012M07 2012M10 2013M01 Agricultural Commodity Price Producer Price Consumer Price Overall inflation (All-items HICP) EU27: Price developments in the food supply chain (2005 = 100) 80 85 90 95 100 105 110 2010Q1 2010Q2 2010Q3 2010Q4 2011Q1 2011Q2 2011Q3 2011Q4 2012Q1 2012Q2 2012Q3 2012Q4 2013Q1 Labour input index (2010=100) : food and drink industry trends compared to total manufacturing Manufacturing Manufacture of food products Manufacture of beverages
  • 9. 9/12 5. Food and drink industry turnover continued to increase The food and drink industry’s turnover index increased by 1.38% in Q1 of 2013 compared to the previous quarter. Source: Eurostat (SBS), seasonally adjusted data, June 2013 6. Imported food prices continued to rise in Q1 of 2013 Continuing the trend which started in Q1 of 2010, imported food prices continued to increase in Q1 of 2013, up to 0.63% from the previous quarter. Source: Eurostat (SBS), June 2013 90.00 95.00 100.00 105.00 110.00 115.00 2007Q1 2007Q2 2007Q3 2007Q4 2008Q1 2008Q2 2008Q3 2008Q4 2009Q1 2009Q2 2009Q3 2009Q4 2010Q1 2010Q2 2010Q3 2010Q4 2011Q1 2011Q2 2011Q3 2011Q4 2012Q1 2012Q2 2012Q3 2012Q4 2013Q1 EU27: Turnover index (2010 = 100) Manufacture of food products and beverages 80.00 85.00 90.00 95.00 100.00 105.00 110.00 115.00 2007Q1 2007Q2 2007Q3 2007Q4 2008Q1 2008Q2 2008Q3 2008Q4 2009Q1 2009Q2 2009Q3 2009Q4 2010Q1 2010Q2 2010Q3 2010Q4 2011Q1 2011Q2 2011Q3 2011Q4 2012Q1 2012Q2 2012Q3 2012Q4 2013Q1 Euro area Food and drink import price index (2010 = 100)
  • 10. 10/12 Exchange rates In Q1 of 2013, the euro has appreciated against most major non-EU currencies in an environment of low volatility and strengthened investor sentiment towards the euro area 2 . In the past three months, the euro gained 1.84% against the US dollar, 5.41% against the pound sterling and also strongly appreciated against the Japanese Yen by 15.87%. The table below gives details for the euro appreciation against the currencies of major trading partners. Table 3: Evolution of quarterly average exchange rates 1 EUR = 2012 Q4 2013 Q1 Q1 2013/ Q4 2012 % Australian Dollar 1.25 1.27 1.84 Canadian Dollar 1.29 1.33 3.60 Brazilian Real 2.67 2.64 -1.14 Swiss Franc 1.21 1.23 1.69 Chinese Yuan Renminbi 8.10 8.22 1.45 Japanese Yen 105.12 121.80 15.87 New Zealand Dollar 1.58 1.58 0.46 United States Dollar 1.30 1.32 1.84 Pound Sterling 0.81 0.85 5.41 Source: ECB, bilateral exchange rates, June 2013 7. Trade: Exports increased in Q1 of 2013 year-on-year The EU trade balance in food and drink products continued to improve during the Q1 of 2013 compared to the same period of 2012. The export surplus amounted to nearly €5.3 billion, which marks an increase of €0.8 billion year-on- year. 2 European Central Bank, monthly bulletin, March 2013. Imports Q1 of 2013 Exports Q1 of 2013 Total food and drink imports amounted to €15.7 billion, i.e. 0.1% less compared to the previous year. However, a real reduction of imports in terms of quantity and value was observed for only a limited group of alcoholic beverages, dairy products, and fruits and vegetables. For oils and fat products, the import growth in terms of value was linked to the price factor, while the imported quantity was in fact significantly lower than a year ago. Finally, some products registered a real import reduction both in terms of volume and value, e.g. dairy (-26% in value and -23.9% in volume), fruit and vegetables (-8.6% in value and - 10.7% in volume), and less significantly, cider and malt beverages. Total food and drink exports amounted to €20.9 billion, i.e. 4.1% more compared to the same period of 2012. In fact, the total value of exports increased despite an almost unchanged total export volume (+0.1%). The year-on-year export growth registered for oils and fats, prepared animal feeds and bakery and farinaceous products was also very positive (+23.1%, 15.3%, 10.3% respectively) and matched with a similar trend in terms of exported quantities. Finally, grain mill and starch products, and wines contributed also to the growth in export value, despite witnessing a double- digit volume reduction. A single-digit volume reduction was registered for other food products.
  • 11. 11/12 Trade balance in € million Q1 2012 2013 Total of Food and Drink 4,424 5,251 Meat products 1,043 1,017 Fish and sea food products -2,910 -2,782 Processed fruit and vegetables -739 -504 Oils and fats -2,862 -2,639 Dairy products 2,031 2,074 Grain mill and starch products 325 301 Bakery & farinaceous products 618 681 Other food products 1,926 1,937 Prepared animal feed 477 529 Drinks 4,434 4,636 Trade partner profile – United States of America (USA) Launch of the Transatlantic Trade and Investment Partnership (TTIP) with the US At the G8 Summit on 17 June 2013, US President Barack Obama, President of the European Commission José Manuel Barroso, President of the European Council Herman Van Rompuy and UK Prime Minister David Cameron officially launched negotiations for TTIP. Beforehand, EU Member States agreed on the negotiating guidelines by consensus and hence decided to give the European Commission 'the green light' to start negotiations with the United States. The first round of negotiations is set to start on 8 July in Washington. The initiative of a transatlantic agreement is based on the recommendations of the EU-US High Level Working Group on Jobs and Growth that steered the deliberations on the future EU-US relations since late 2011. According to an independent study by the Centre for Economic Policy Research, London, an ambitious and comprehensive trans- Atlantic trade and investment partnership could bring the EU economic gains of €119 billion a year once the agreement is fully implemented. This would translate on average to an extra €545 in disposable income each year for a family of four in the EU. 3 EU-US food and drink trade The US represents the first export destination for European food and drink products (followed by Russia, Switzerland, Japan, China). It is also the third most important source of food imports for the EU, after Brazil and Argentina. European exports to the US amounted to nearly €13.6 billion in 2012, equivalent to 5% of the EU overall exports to the US, while imports were close to €4.4 billion. The EU contributes 22% to US food and drink imports, which gives it the leading position, before Canada (18%), Mexico (10%) and China (7%). 4 Exports from the EU to the US Imports from the US to the EU Rank US ranks 1 st among EU food and drink export destinations US ranks 3 rd among EU food and drink suppliers Value €13.6 billion €4.4 billion Share of non-annex 1 products 44% 22% Source: Eurostat COMEXT, own calculations The trade balance is largely positive for the EU as regards processed food products. The EU exports more than three times as much as it imports from the US. The EU positive trade balance also increased by 34% over the last decade, which is in line with export growth over the same period. 3 European Commission MEMO, Brussels, 18 June 2013 - The EU's free trade agreements – where are we? http://trade.ec.europa.eu/doclib/docs/2012/november/tradoc_150129.pdf 4 UN COMTRADE, 2012 data
  • 12. 12/12 Evolution of EU exports and imports from the US, 2002 – 2012, in € million Source: Eurostat COMEXT The following charts present the respective weight of different categories of food and drink in the total value of EU- US food and drink trade. EU food and drink exports to the US are dominated by beverages (57%) – mainly spirits, wine, beer, and soft drinks – followed by dairy, oils and chocolate. The two biggest categories of products imported from the US were beverages, fish products followed by animal feed and food preparations. Exports from the EU Imports to the EU Source: Eurostat COMEXT FoodDrinkEurope - represents the European food and drink industry - the leading industrial sector and major EU employer and exporter. FoodDrinkEurope’s role is to represent the food and drink industry’s interests, at the level of both European and international institutions. FoodDrinkEurope’s membership consists of 24 national federations and 3 observers, 25 European sector associations and 18 major food and drink companies. For further information, please contact: Lisa McCooey, Communications Director / Deputy Director General. Tel: + 32 2 508 10 24 - l.mccooey@fooddrinkeurope.eu 0 2 4 6 8 10 12 14 16 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 Exports Imports 57% 5% 5% 3% 3% 3% 2% 22% beverages dairy oils chocolate coffee pastries or biscuits food preparations other 31% 16% 13%9% 5% 4% 4% 18% beverages fish products animal feed/petfoods food preparations processed f&v oils meat products other

×