20121210 MODELO SOCIETARIO DE UNA KIC. EXPERIENCIA EN LA KIC DE ENERGÍA: Elena Bou

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20121210 MODELO SOCIETARIO DE UNA KIC. EXPERIENCIA EN LA KIC DE ENERGÍA: Elena Bou

20121210 MODELO SOCIETARIO DE UNA KIC. EXPERIENCIA EN LA KIC DE ENERGÍA: Elena Bou

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  • 1. Designing and Implementing a «KIC»:  Learnings from our ExperienceProf. Elena Bou 10 Dic. 2012 © Copyright 2012 ESADE
  • 2. Index1. Introduction- The EIT framework2. Putting the Concept into Practice3. Our experience: designing a KIC4. The result: KIC InnoEnergy5. Final Considerations © Copyright 2012 ESADE
  • 3. introduction © Copyright 2012 ESADE
  • 4. The EU creates the European Institute for Innovation and Technology to bridge the “innovation gap” in Europe
  • 5. introduction> Knowledge triangle (education‐ research‐innovation). Better coordination is  needed> EIT (European Institute of  Innovation and Technology). • “To be the catalyst for a step  change in the European  Community’s innovation  capacity and impact”
  • 6. The EU creates the European Institute for Innovation  and Technology to bridge the “innovation gap” in  Europe“To be the catalyst for a step change in the European Community’s innovation capacity and impact” Hitos de ESADE en el Proyecto 2007‐2009 Proyecto SUCCESS Dec, 2009 Winners of the call‐ KIC InnoEnergy 2010 Kick‐off. Start‐up Creation Dec, 2010 KIC InnoEnergy, SE‐ legally constituted 2011 Starts operations July, 2011 KIC InnoEnergy‐Iberia, SL. ‐ constituted © Copyright 2012 ESADE
  • 7. putting the concept  into practice © Copyright 2012 ESADE
  • 8. Putting the concept into “practice”> Study conducted: Literature, Questionnaire (62 collaborations in the Energy & climate  field) and 4 deep case study of best practices> From the practical field: Initial implementations of knowledge  triangle have been rather  unsuccessful: o Collaborations between INDUSTRY‐UNIVERSITY show little results (e.g. Chan et. al,  2008) o Unsuccessful results due to unclear roles of the three actors. Change of behaviors are  needed (e.g. Razak and Saad, 2007; Dodgson et al. 2008) o Barriers coming from insufficient commitment and internal preparedness by the  participating organizations (Saad, 2004) o Successful joint research but rare joint patent applications (e.g. Liua, 2008) o Importance of geographical proximity // face‐to‐face // trust (e.g. Mohannak, 2007;  Cantner & Graf, 2006; Batenburg & Rutten, 2003)) o Incentives should change in order to support SMEs  o Different results according to sectors (e.g. biotechnology vs. ICT organizations) and  countries © Copyright 2012 ESADE
  • 9. Putting the concept into “practice”(2):  at a micro level Preparation Implementation Outcomes & Sustainability Purpose  Governance  Operational  Knowledge Membership Results and Objectives Model Process Transfer Little time devote it to this phase   Incoherent design (no connection  New skills and processes  needed Crucial Phase with Preparation phase)  Broad span of results: identity   No model‐fits‐all (internal); effectiveness; impact (ext.) © Copyright 2012 ESADE
  • 10. Our challenge: how to design an  integrative and sustainable KIC in the  energy field? © Copyright 2012 ESADE
  • 11. our experience:key challenges in the  design phase  © Copyright 2012 ESADE
  • 12. Challenge 1: Integrative  Objectives © Copyright 2012 ESADE
  • 13. Challenge 1: Integrative Objectives innovation • Strategic objectives  Targets  BSC • Specific Outcomes: • Educational Programmeseducation research • Patents • Spin‐off companies • New products/services •KIC: business plan  roles & objectives + Motivation: institutions, people © Copyright 2012 ESADE
  • 14. Challenge 2: Partners commitment &  Preparation> Trust is needed …> It was built on existing collaborations> Complementarity: innovation chain actors // technical and social sciences (BS)> Pilot Test: working on a common project helped to create a community and to reduce distance> EiT rules: financial scheme & long term collaboration © Copyright 2012 ESADE
  • 15. Challenge 3: Governance “looking for AUTONOMY, EFFICIENCY and UNITY without killing DIVERSITY and CREATIVITY” © Copyright 2012 ESADE
  • 16. Modelo de Gobernanza: Aspectos a  considerar• Características de los socios (número, grado de diversidad,  tipología etc.)• Sistema de Financiación (público, privada, etc.)• Objetivos concretos / grado de integración / gestión del  conocimiento • Resultados / Éxito © Copyright 2012 ESADE
  • 17. Modelo de Gobernanza• Teniendo en cuenta que: • el número de participantes era alto y con gran  diversidad • el grado de confianza medio • el consenso en cuanto a objetivos moderado • y la necesidad de competencias de «red» era alto …. Se decidió por un modelo de gobernanza tipo  NAO  (Network Administrative Organization) … lo que implicaba: alto grado de orientación a resultados,  estabilidad y la necesidad de ganarse la legitimidad interna  y externamente…. © Copyright 2012 ESADE
  • 18. KIC STRUCTURE CONCEPT Steering Committee KIC Manager Executive Directors Region 1 Region 2 Region 3 Region 4 Research Centres Research Centres Research Centres Research CentresProject  UniversitiesManager 1 Universities Universities Universities Firms Firms Firms FirmsProject Manager 2Project Manager 3 © Copyright 2012 ESADE
  • 19. KIC STRUCTURE CONCEPT Steering Committee•Size•Broad Division labor &Implementation NAO KIC Manager integration•Geographical  Executive Directorsproximity Region 1 Region 2 Region 3 Region 4 Research Centres Research Centres Research Centres Research CentresProject  UniversitiesManager 1 Universities Universities Universities Firms Firms Firms FirmsProject Manager 2Project Manager 3 Flexibility // Cognitive proximity  © Copyright 2012 ESADE
  • 20. Challenge 4: Management Coming together is a beginning, Keeping together is progress, Working together is success (Henry Ford) © Copyright 2012 ESADE
  • 21. Challenge 4: Managing the KIC> Managing Diversity: • Collaborative Leader • Brokering Mechanisms • Units to support the KIC (learning and network competencies) © Copyright 2012 ESADE
  • 22. The result:KIC InnoEnergy © Copyright 2012 ESADE
  • 23. The leading engine forinnovation and entrepreneurship  in Sustainable Energy
  • 24. KIC InnoEnergy – A Strong ComplementaryPartnership of top European players with a proven track record • 11 empresas 10 centros de investigación 14 universidades • 31% socios industriales • >50% actores clave en energía en Europa • Cubriendo el mix energético • Potente impacto en el triángulo del conocimiento • Fuerte conexión con gobiernos nacionales y capital riesgo 3 © Copyright 2012 Kic Innoenergy
  • 25. KIC InnoEnergy mission and objectives: contributing to EU Energy challenge Objectives to be fulfilled by any KIC InnoEnergy activity 1. Decrease energy cost(€) [In all the value chain] 2. Increase Security [Autonomy, Operational] 3. Reduce green house gas emissions How: Three integrated workstreams in 6 thematic fields, delivering 3 type of “products” 1. Education => MSc, PhD & LLL specialized in thematic fields, entrepreneurship & management 2. Innovation Projects => Marketable technology product and services 3. Business Creation => Nurturing entrepreneurship (start-ups, …) to become businessOutput oriented Human capital is the corner stone © Copyright 2012 Kic Innoenergy 25
  • 26. KIC InnoEnergy – A Strong ComplementaryPartnership of top European players with a proven track record • 11 empresas 10 centros de investigación 14 universidades • 31% isocios industriales • >50% actores clave en energía en Europa • Cubriendo el mix energético • Potente impacto en el triángulo del conocimiento • Fuerte conexión con gobiernos nacionales y capital riesgo 3 © Copyright 2012 Kic Innoenergy
  • 27. KIC InnoEnergy will bring innovation to the whole  energy‐mix coherent with the SET Plan  4 © Copyright 2012 Kic Innoenergy
  • 28. Partnership, governance and operations Partnership Governance: © Copyright 2012 Kic Innoenergy 28
  • 29. Partnership, governance and operations (3/3) Only industry heavy involvement and leadership legitimizes us Presence in partnership (from 14 in 2010 to 55 in 2011 to 98 in 2012) 29 © Copyright 2012 Kic Innoenergy
  • 30. KIC Governance & operational structure © Copyright 2012 Kic Innoenergy
  • 31. EC/ DGEAC EIT (European Institute of Innovation & Technology) KIC INNOENERGY, S.E. (Knowledge and Innovation Community) Sociedad EuropeaGPA (General Partnership Agreement) - Addenda, GA (Grand Agreement )General AssemblyConsejo Administración, Consejo de Vigilancia (Supervisory Board)CEO: Diego PaviaFull Parner:• 1 acción (10.000 €)•100.000 €/año• 900.000 € en especies KIC INNOENERGY IBERIA SL - Cluster Iberia (CC Iberia) Sociedad Limitada (KIC 51% capital y votos)Shareholders AgreementConsejo Administración, Junta General, Consejo TécnicoCEO: Mikel LasaFormal partners: ESADE, UPC, Gas Natural, IREC, Instituto Superior TécnicoLisboa, Associate Partners: Tecnalia, Iberdrola EDP, CiematPartner:• 1 acción (600 €)• Consejo de Administración• Aprox. 4,5% como accionista © Copyright 2012 ESADE
  • 32. KIC Scoreboard: PROCESS- OUTPUT- IMPACT © Copyright 2012 Kic Innoenergy 32
  • 33. Partnership, governance and operations It is a company: Run by executives Processes © Copyright 2012 Kic Innoenergy 33
  • 34. food 4 thought… © Copyright 2012 ESADE
  • 35. • What  who  how?• Open to all but…. • Not for everybody, • And not for everything• Partner’s perspective:  • unexpected, demanding, able to cope with uncertainty, long term strategy… • New products, better products + new capacities• KIC perspective: • Gobernance is the key («no technological innovation») • Independent and proffessional executive team
  • 36. Prof. Elena Bou‐ Dpto. Operaciones e Innovaciónelena.bou@esade.edu