Sunset is an angel weeping I never knew what you all wantedHolding out a bloody sword So I gave you everythingNo matter how I squint I cannot All that I could pillageMake out what its pointing toward All the spells that I could singSometimes you feel like you live too long Its as if the thing were writtenDays drip slowly on the page In the constitution of the ageYou catch yourself Sooner or later youll wind upPacing the cage Pacing the Cage Pacing the cage Sometimes the best map will not guideIve proven who I am so many times youThe magnetic strips worn thin You cant see whats round the bendAnd each time I was someone else Sometimes the road leads throughAnd every one was taken in dark placesPowers chatter in high places Sometimes the darkness is your friendStir up eddies in the dust of rage Today these eyes scan bleached-outSet me to pacing the cage land For the coming of the outbound stage Pacing the cage
Stress and Wellness Management I saw a woman in the aisle of a grocery store pushing a cart, which held a screaming toddler. In a very calm, quiet voice she was saying, “Don’t scream, Jessica. Don’t yell Jessica. Be calm.” I had to admire the way she handled the stress of that moment. I went over to her and told her how wonderfully I thought she dealt with her baby. She replied, . …“I am Jessica.” -Rabbi Bernard Cohen
How would you define stress?• Your ideas• Share with your partner• Whip around• What do you notice about our class definitions?• Did anyone indicate that stress is a good thing?
Stress and Wellness Management• Stress: The mind and body’s response to a perceived threat or challenge or, any change that takes place to the autonomic nervous system. – Note that stress is not a thing rather it is a reaction to a perception of something (this is called a stressor)• Stressor: The event or perception that causes the mind/body to elicit a stress response.
1915 Harvard Scientist describes the stress response• Walter Cannon experimenting on rats notices some consistent behaviors of them when they are being injected.• Terms this the stress response aka: fight/fright/flight.• This was part of the G.A.S. or general adaptation syndrome (which is the body’s response to stress.)
Stress Response/Fast Response• When a threat is perceived the fight/flight response takes place.• Energy is instantly mobilized and several hormones released. Their common name is adrenaline.• Blood pressure, breathing rate and heart rate go up, digestion and other bodily functions are suppressed to allow all available energy to save your life.
Stress Response/Slow response• After the adrenaline is released a second hormone is manufactured in the body called cortisol.• Cortisol’s job is to release additional stores of energy that replace the energy used up to fight or run away.• Cortisol has several drawbacks if distress is chronic and constant (more on this later.)
Distress• Most people think of stress as something bad. Consider our class definition of stress.• Negative stress or distress can initiate the stress response sometimes called the “flight/fight response.• Mobilizes the body to fight for its life. It’s a self- preservation adaptation. This actually can be a good thing!
Not all Stress is Bad• It can save your life!• Stress can be motivational!• Eustress: From the word Euphoria• Pleasant and Curative Stress• Comes from elation and perceived events that are exciting• Can give us the “Rush”• Competitive edge
Age related stressors• Consider the things throughout a persons life that might be stressful• Today’s song considers just that.
What is stressing this guy out?• Age related stressors.• In your group brain storm as many age related stressors as you can and list them on the white board.• Groups: Birth to preschool, elementary school, middle school, (high school age,) young adult 19- 30, 30-45, middle age 46-early 60’s, retirement/elderly.• Include both distressors and eustressors.• Choose a person to present the list to the class.
Teen Stressors• Parents expectations• Driving and all that goes with it.• Peers relationships, friends, enemies.• Time management. Finding time for yourself.• School, homework, responsibilities, tests, projects, grades, relationships with teachers and classmates.• College application process!!!! • Sexuality, dating• Graduation• Big events, concerts, parties, prom, homecoming.• Identity, self awareness, spirituality, appearance, fitting in.• Peer influences including drugs/alcohol, smoking, eating healthy• Performances: Sports, music, drama, art.• Money, car, job interview and job requirements.• Sleep.
Most of today’s stressors are not life threatening, yet their cumulative effect can be.• Consider the typical things that “stress” you out today.• Examples?• Not all people perceive all of these as stressful.• How many of the stressors we listed are actually benefited by the stress response? – Many of these stressors are classified as chronic psychological stress.
General Adaptation Syndrome (stress response) broken down:• Fast Response outline:• Stress is perceived• Brain quickly signals sympathetic nervous system. to turn on and a nerve signals the adrenal glands (on the top of the kidneys) to release adrenaline. This happens in seconds.)• Adrenaline is composed of two major hormones, epinephrine (body) and norepinephrine (brain.)• These hormones are dumped into a major vein that leads directly back to the heart.
Fast Response continued:• Once adrenaline enters the blood stream a whole series of physiological effects take place.• Blood pressure, heart, and breathing rate go up, along with increased muscle tension.• Blood flow is redirected to major muscle groups.• We become hyper-vigilent• More red blood cells produced and clotting factors in blood .• We become physically ready “for anything!”
Slow response:• This takes several minutes (3-5)• Hypothalamus releases a hormone (CRF) to stimulate the pituitary gland to release the hormone ACTH.• ACTH travels to the adrenal glands and begins the production of cortisol.• Cortisol signals liver to release stores of fat and sugar to replenish cells that have used up their energy reserves.
Why don’t Zebras Get Ulcers?• Their stress is not chronic it is acute.• They don’t worry about their job responsibilities, blind dates, ozone depletion, global warming, taxes or living on a fixed income.• Their stress response does what it evolved to do.• Hormones cycle quickly and return to base level.
Stress response is great for Acute Stress(instantaneous life threatening stress or eustress events )• It is a primitive response that has evolved over millions of years.• This is a beautiful thing as it works to virtually save our lives and add spice to life.• Consider how often it happens in modern society/consider our age related stressors.
Chronic Societal Stress (Sustained, constant threats)• This is the dis-stress that can cause dis-ease.• War, grief, financial, workload, relationships, etc.• This is the stress associated with emotional outbursts, frustration, fatigue and illness. This stress can also lead people to self-medicate with drugs and alcohol.
Most of today’s stress we face is chronic rather than acute.• Chronic stress creates a host of problems including constantly elevated cortisol levels which result in:• Suppressed immune function• Suppressed digestion (ulcers)• Shuts down growth and repair of cells – Especially in the brain!• Over time can cause weight gain• Clinical anxiety and depression
Stress in the Classroom• Some stress is good.• Keeps you motivated, excited, and alert.• 3 conditions for optimal learning in a classroom:• Relaxed Alertness (low threat but high challenge.)• Active Processing (student involvement in the subject/concepts)• Orchestrated Immersion (students taking it to the next level)• http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=xgPG83Jjbhc
Who creates the conditions for the optimum classroom? Where is the responsibility?• Relaxed Alertness?• Active Processing?• Orchestrated Immersion?
Let’s try it.• Response cards to actively process the fast and slow response.• F will be for ?• S will be for ?• Flipping them back and forth will indicate ?
Downshifting:• A model to explain emotional and sometimes violent behavior associated with the stress response.• Consider the emotional outburst that take place in family and friend relationships. Almost all are associated with stress and fear of the situation.