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10 2012 anatomy & physiology baseball semester 2 review

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  • 1. 1Anatomy & PhysiologyAnatomy & PhysiologySemester 2 Final Exam ReviewSemester 2 Final Exam ReviewDr. F. Anthony FialaDr. F. Anthony Fiala
  • 2. 2The conducting passageways of therespiratory system include all of thefollowing structures exceptAlveoliLarynxNosePharynxTrachea
  • 3. 3Answer:alveoli
  • 4. 4The respiratory conducting passagewaysperform all of the following functions exceptExchange gasesHumidify airPurify airWarm incoming air
  • 5. 5Answer:exchange gases
  • 6. 6What is the role of mucus in the nasal cavity?
  • 7. 7Answer:trap incoming bacteria andother foreign debris
  • 8. 8Cilia of the trachea that beat continuallypropel contaminated mucusToward the throat to be swallowed or spat outToward the nose to be sneezed outToward the epiglottis to be coughed outToward the lungs to be encapsulatedToward the glottis to be hiccupped out
  • 9. 9Answer:Toward the throat to be swallowedor spat out
  • 10. 10Which one of the following is not part of therespiratory zone?Respiratory bronchiolesAlveolar ductsAlveolar sacsAlveoliPrimary bronchi
  • 11. 11Answer:Primary bronchi
  • 12. 12Name the type of tissue of which alveoli arecomposed.
  • 13. 13Answer:simple squamous epithelium
  • 14. 14The gas exchange that occurs between bloodand tissue cells at systemic capillaries iscalledPulmonary ventilationExpirationInternal respirationExternal respirationRespiratory gas transport
  • 15. 15Answer:Internal respiration
  • 16. 16The most important chemical stimuli leadingto increased rate and depth of breathing isDecreased oxygen level in the bloodIncreased blood pHIncreased carbon dioxide in the bloodIncreased hydrogen ion in the bloodDecreased carbon dioxide in the blood
  • 17. 17Answer:Increased carbon dioxide inthe blood
  • 18. 18Name the cahmber of the heart that receivesblood from the systemic veins.
  • 19. 19Answer:right atrium
  • 20. 20Name the structure that divides the left fromthe right ventricle.
  • 21. 21Answer:interventricular septum
  • 22. 22Which of the following represents the correctpath for the transmission of an impulse in theintrinsic conduction system of the heart?AV node  SA node  bundle of His  R & L bundle branches Purkinje fibersAV node  bundle of His  SA node  Purkinje fibers  R & L bundlebranchesSA node  AV node  bundle of His  R & L bundle branches Purkinje fibersSA node  AV node  R & L bundle branches  bundle of His Purkinje fibers
  • 23. 23Answer:SA node  AV node bundle of His  R & L bundlebranches  Purkinje fibers
  • 24. 24What causes the “Dup” sound whenauscultating the heart?
  • 25. 25Answer:closure of the semilunarvalves
  • 26. 26What effect does the vagus nerve have onheart activity and cardiac output?No change in heart rate and decreased cardiacoutput.Decreased heart rate and decreased cardiac output.Decreased heart rate and increased cardiac output.Increased heart rate and increased cardiac output.Increased heart rate and decreased cardiac output.Decreased heart rate and no change in cardiacoutput.
  • 27. 27Answer:Decreased heart rate anddecreased cardiac output.
  • 28. 28Identify the formed element that is mostabundant in blood.
  • 29. 29Answer:erythrocytes
  • 30. 30Identify the proper sequence of hemostasis.Platelet plug formation, coagulation, vascularspasm.Vascular spasm, coagulation, platelet plugformationVascular spasm, platelet plug formation,coagulationCoagulation, platelet plug formation,vascular spasm
  • 31. 31Answer:Vascular spasm, platelet plugformation, coagulation
  • 32. 32Name the organ largely responsible for thesynthesis of clotting factors.
  • 33. 33Answer:liver
  • 34. 34Fluid forced out of the capillary beds byhydrostatic and osmotic pressures and intothe tissue spaces is called
  • 35. 35Answer:lymph
  • 36. 36Identify the body’s first line of defenseagainst disease causing micro-organisms.
  • 37. 37Answer:skin and mucous membranes
  • 38. 38Which of the following is not one of thenonspecific body defenses.Intact skinThe inflammatory responseFeverNatural killer cellsAntibody production
  • 39. 39Answer:Antibody production
  • 40. 40Name the four common indicators of theinflammatory response.
  • 41. 41Answer:rubor (redness), heat (calor),swelling (tumor), & pain (dolor)
  • 42. 42Identify the correct order through which foodpasses in the alimentary canal.Mouth  espohagus  stomach  large intestine small intestineMouth  esophagus  pharynx  stomach  smallintestine  large intestinePharynx  esophagus  stomach  jejunum  colon duodenumMouth  esophagus  stomach  duodenum  ileum jejunumEsophagus  stomach  doudenum  jejunum  colon
  • 43. 43Answer:Esophagus  stomach doudenum  jejunum  colon
  • 44. 44Which of the following is not a layer of thealimentary canal.MucosaMuscularis mucosaMuscularis internaMuscularis externaSubmucosaSerosa
  • 45. 45Answer:Muscularis interna
  • 46. 46Identify the organ in which protein digestionbegins.
  • 47. 47Answer:stomach
  • 48. 48Identify the location into which thepancreatic and bile ducts empty theircontents.
  • 49. 49Answer:duodenum
  • 50. 50Identify the primary function of the smallintestine.
  • 51. 51Answer:absorption of nutrients
  • 52. 52Which of the following does not improveabsorption.Cytoplasmic extensionsCircular foldsMicovilliPlicae circularisPeyers patchesVilli
  • 53. 53Answer:Peyers patches
  • 54. 54Food becomes a bolus which becomeschyme. Name the organ responsible forremoving water content from the indigestiblefood remnants.
  • 55. 55Answer:large intestine (colon)
  • 56. 56Identify the accessory organ that is capableof breaking down lipids, carbohydrates,proteins, and nucleic acids.
  • 57. 57Answer:Pancreas
  • 58. 58How does segmentation differ fromperistalsis?
  • 59. 59Answer:Peristalsis is the propulsionof food from one organ to the nextand segmentation is moving foodback and forth within an organ.
  • 60. 60Name the monomer building blocks ofprotein, carbohydrate, lipid and nucleic acid.
  • 61. 61Answer:amino acid, monosaccharide,fatty acid/glycerol, nucleotide
  • 62. 62Identify the nutrient that is broken down bysalivary amylase.ProteinLipidStarchVitaminsMineralsNucleic acid
  • 63. 63Answer:Starch
  • 64. 64Which one of these is not a main function ofthe liver.To store glucoseTo add bile during digestionTo add water to the alimentary canalTo degrade hormonesTo detoxify drugs
  • 65. 65Answer:To add water to thealimentary canal
  • 66. 66Which one of these is not a main function ofthe kidney.Manufacture urineConvert vitamin D to its active formDispose of metabolic waste productsRegulate blood volumeRegulate blood pHAid in digestion
  • 67. 67Answer:Aid in digestion
  • 68. 68Identify the correct order of the nephron.Glomerulus  PCT  Loop of Henle DCT  collecting tubuleGlomerulus  PCT  DCT  Loop ofHenle  collecting tubuleGlomerulus  collecting tubule  PCT DCT  Loop of HenleGlomerulus  collecting tubule  PCT Loop of Henle  DCT
  • 69. 69Answer:Glomerulus  PCT  Loopof Henle  DCT  collectingtubule
  • 70. 70Identify the nonselective, passive processperformed by the glomerulus that formsblood plasma without blood proteins.
  • 71. 71Answer:filtration
  • 72. 72Name the tube that connects the renal hilusof the kidney to the urinary bladder.
  • 73. 73Answer:ureter
  • 74. 74What is the purpose of rugae in the urinarybladder?
  • 75. 75Answer:Rugae allows the bladder toexpand as urine accumulateswithin.
  • 76. 76Name the voluntarily controlled skeletalmuscle sphincter found in the urinarybladder.
  • 77. 77Answer:external urethralsphincter
  • 78. 78Carbon dioxide is transported in the blood as
  • 79. 79Answer:bicarbonate ion
  • 80. 80The most potent of all mechanisms andsubstances that the body uses to regulateblood pH areRespiratory system controlsThe kidneysHormonesThe buffer systemEnzymes
  • 81. 81Answer:the kidneys
  • 82. 82Identify the type of cartilage of which thetrachea is composed.
  • 83. 83Answer:hyaline
  • 84. 84Identify the four components of therespiratory zone.
  • 85. 85Answer:respiratory bronchioles(tertiary), alveolar ducts, alveolarsacs, and alveoli
  • 86. 86Concerning the concentration gradient, inwhich direction does solute diffuse?
  • 87. 87Answer:To areas of lowerconcentration
  • 88. 88To which type of valves are chordaetendineae attached?
  • 89. 89Answer:AV valves
  • 90. 90What composes the largest percentage ofblood plasma?
  • 91. 91Answer:water
  • 92. 92How do macrophages find bacteria in theinterstium?
  • 93. 93Answer:chemotaxis
  • 94. 94True or FalseLymph capillaries have blind ends but bloodcapillaries do not.
  • 95. 95Answer:True
  • 96. 96True or False.The innermost layer of the serosa in theabdomen is called visceral peritoneum.
  • 97. 97Answer:True
  • 98. 98True or False.Microvilli are projections of the mucosa andare found in all regions of the digestivesystem to improve absorption of nutrients.
  • 99. 99Answer:False
  • 100. 100True or False.The hilus of the kidney contains the renalartery, renal vein, and the renal nerve.
  • 101. 101Answer:False
  • 102. 102True or False.Filtration in the glomerulus removes thelarge particles from the filtrate.
  • 103. 103Answer:True
  • 104. 104Name the part of the cardiac cycle when thecoronary system is emptying of blood.
  • 105. 105Answer:ventricular systole
  • 106. 106Name the part of the cardiac cycle when thetricuspid and bicuspid valves are open.
  • 107. 107Answer:ventricular diastole
  • 108. 108Name the part of the cardiac cycle when bothof the semilunar valves are closed.
  • 109. 109Answer:ventricular diastole
  • 110. 110Name the type of blood vessel in whichdiffusion occurs.
  • 111. 111Answer:capillaries
  • 112. 112Identify the blood type that has no antigens.
  • 113. 113Answer:Blood Type O
  • 114. 114Name the blood type that contains “A”antigens.
  • 115. 115Answer:Blood type A
  • 116. 116The blood type that can receive blood typesB and O only.
  • 117. 117Answer:Blood type B
  • 118. 118The blood type that is the universal donor.
  • 119. 119Answer:Blood type O
  • 120. 120Name the category of nutrients in whichcalcium and potassium belong.
  • 121. 121Answer:Minerals
  • 122. 122Which of the following is the correct order inwhich urine flows?Collecting tubule  minor calyx  major calyx renal pelvis ureter  urinary bladder  urethraCollecting tubule  minor calyx  major calyx kidney  ureter  urinary bladder  urethraCollecting tubule  major calyx  minor calyx renal pelvis  ureter  urinary bladder  urethraCollecting tubule  minor calyx  major calyx urethra  urinary bladder  ureter
  • 123. 123Answer:Collecting tubule minor calyx  major calyx renal pelvis ureter  urinarybladder  urethra
  • 124. 124This Power Point exam simulationis completed. Make certain thatyou review all material that youwere unsure of during thispresentation.