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Module 3 honor assignment

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  • 1. Richard Hanson
  • 2.  This was the first agreement between the 13 states to become a joint nation.  It was constructed by congress in 1777 but ratified in 1781.  It served as a “constitution” until 1789 when the US Constitution was ratified.  Although the foundation for the nation, it had many flaws.
  • 3.  It made it so states gave up their land willingly to the nation.
  • 4.  No court or president  Congress could not regulate shipping.  Congress could not tax.
  • 5.  Daniel Shay lead this rebellion  He gathered a militia to show that this financial situation in the US was unbearable.  This proved the Article were weak because the US could not pay its federal troops to stop this rebellion.  It also showed that if the financial difficulties weren’t fixed, the US would be consumed with these revolts
  • 6.  This is the document that reformed the Article of Conferderation.  It established a president and a court system.  It also allowed congress to regulate shipping  It allowed congress to tax.
  • 7.  Seven States were need to hold a meeting  Decisions would be made by the majority. (States were given one vote each)  This committee would be secret from the public
  • 8.  New Jersey Plan  The Articles of Confederation should be amended.  In addition to the existing powers under the Articles of Confederation, Congress gained authority to raise funds via tariffs and other measures, and to regulate interstate commerce and commerce with other nations. Cases involving these powers would still be heard by state courts unless appealed to the federal judiciary.  Congress has the authority to collect taxes from states based on the number of free inhabitants and 3/5ths of slaves in that state. However, this power requires the consent of some proportion of the states.  Congress elects a federal executive, consisting of multiple people, who cannot be re-elected and can be recalled by Congress when requested by the majority of executives of the states.  The federal judiciary is represented by a Supreme Tribunal, appointed by the federal executive, which has authority in federal impeachment cases and as the appeal of last resort in cases dealing with national matters (such as treaties).  The Articles of Confederation and treaties are the supreme law of the land. The federal executive is authorized to use force to compel non-compliant states to observe the law.  A policy of admission of new states should be established.  A singular policy for naturalization should be established.  A citizen of one state can be prosecuted under the laws of another state in which the crime was committed  Virginia Plan  The Virginia Plan proposed a legislative branch consisting of two chambers  Each of the states would be represented in proportion to their “Quotas of contribution, or to the number of free inhabitants  States with a large population would thus have more representatives than smaller states
  • 9.  Made the House of Representatives and Senate  The House of Representatives would be based on population  Senate would be based on equal voting
  • 10.  This was made because the south wanted more representatives.  This stated that one slave was 3/5 of a person
  • 11.  This established the Electoral College  The electoral college would determine the president  The popular vote would influence the electors decision  The populous would elect the electors.
  • 12. Federalist  The supported the constitution  The liked the bill of rights and believe the federal government had the right amount of power Antifederalist  They opposed the constitution  They thought the federalist government had too much power  They believe the bill of rights did not recognized the needs of the people
  • 13. • Preamble • This defined what the United States would do. • It said that it would • United the states • Create a system of fair laws and court • Maintain peace • Have a ready military • Help the people live prosperous lives • Would guarantee • Seven Articles • Article I: Congress • Article II: President/Vice President • Article III: Courts • Article IV: Respect for the States legislation. Defined how to make a state • Article V: Defined how amendments can be made • Article VI: Said federal law trumps state law • Article VII: 9 states need to ratify before it would take effect. • 27 Amendments • Amendments are additions/ changes to the constitution. • The Bill of Rights added the first 10 • The rest have been added throughout the history of the United States
  • 14.  These are additions to the constitution
  • 15.  Religion  prohibits the US government from establishing an official religion  Speech  Citizens can say what they want punishment by the government.  Press  Government cannot censor films or printed material because of offensive ideas  Assembly  People can get together as a group so long as it is peaceful  Petition  Right to express your ideas to the government
  • 16.  Amendment XXVI: made the voting age 18  Amendment XXIII: Washington DC residents can vote for president and vice president.  Amendment XIII: Outlawed slavery and forced labor  Amendment XV: All men can vote regardless of race  Amendment XVII: voters vote for senators directly
  • 17.  NAACP formed to pursue freedoms for African Americans  Desegregation of the Arm Forces in 1945  Amendment XXIV made poll taxes are illegal in national and state elections  Martin Luther King Jr. used Peaceful protest to stop segregation  Civil Rights Act was made to prohibits discrimination in public facilities, employment, education, voter registration by race, color, gender, religion, national origin  Federal government begins affirmative action to encourage hiring/promoting minorities and women