Ian Mitchell-Innes Ranching in Sync with Nature

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Mob grazing principles from the South African expert Ian Mitchel-Innes

Mob grazing principles from the South African expert Ian Mitchel-Innes

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  • 1. Copyright © Community Dynamics, South AfricaRANCHINGin SYNC withNATUREBy Ian Mitchell-Innes
  • 2. WaterCycleMineralCycle• Tools• Testing Guidelines• Planning Procedures• MonitorHolisticGoalWhole Under ManagementEnergyFlowCommunityDynamics
  • 3. ● AnaerobicMicrobes● Hair● Saliva● Dung● Urine● Minerals● Aerobic Microbes● Anaerobic Microbes● Fungi● Earth worms● Soil life● Animal impact● Tall grass● Minerals● Carbon● Oxygen Ethylene cycle● Action of Grazing● Energy● Capping● Conventional rationbalancing● Free ChoiceEnterprises● pH● Minerals● Supplementation● GrazingTHE SOILTHE ANIMALTHE GRAZINGANIMAL PERFORMANCE
  • 4. FINANCIAL WEAK LINK
  • 5. Copyright © Community Dynamics, South Africa 14
  • 6. Soil FoodWeb Structurethrough SuccessionIncreasingProductivityF:B = .01F:B = 0.1F:B = 0.3 to 0.5F:B = 0.75F:B = 1.1F:B = 2.1 to 5.1F:B = 5.1 to 100.1F:B = 100.1to 1000.1BareParentMaterial100%BacterialCyanobacteriaTrueBacteriaProtozoaFungiNematodes“Weeds”- HighNitrates- LackofOxygenEarlyGrassesMid-GrassesVegetablesLateSuccessionalGrasses&RowCropsShrubs,Vines,Bushes,CottonDeciduousTreesConiferousTreesOld-GrowthForests
  • 7. BIOCHEMICAL SEQUENCE OFNUTRITION IN PLANTSPERIODICTABLE12345 678
  • 8. Plant Biochemical Sequences beginwith:1. Boron which activates2. Silicon, Which carry all other nutrients startingwith3. Calcium, which binds4. Nitrogen, to form amino acids, DNA and celldivisions
  • 9. Amino acids form Proteins such aschlorophyll and tag trace elements,especially5. Magnesium which transfers energy via6. Phosphorus to7. Carbon to form sugars which go where8. Potassium carries them. This is the basis ofplant growth
  • 10. COMMUNITY DYNAMICS (Succession)50SIMPLE COMMUNITYGREAT FLUCTUATIONBARESOILSOILSURFACECOMPLEX COMMUNITYSTABILITYDegree of variationin populationsSOIL SURFACE CONDITION IS KEYCOVEREDSOIL• PLANT VOLUME& HEIGHTINCREASES• MICRO-ORGANISMS BUILDSOIL STRUCTURE & DEPTH• AGE STRUCTURE ISMORE BALANCEDCopyright © Community Dynamics, South Africa
  • 11. Major DisturbancesDisturbance pushes systems“backwards,” but how far?Depends on intensity and frequency.• GEMS (Genetically Engineered)• AIR POLLUTANTS• CLEARCUTTING, THINNING• COMPACTION
  • 12. •FERTILIZERS•PESTICIDES, HERBICIDES•TEMPERATURE (Freeze / Thaw)•MOISTURE (Wet / Dry)•TILLAGE (Intensity, Repetition, Timing)•CROP (Monoculture, Intercropping)•ORGANIC MATTER(Timing, Type, Placement)
  • 13. © 2000 Copyright Agri-Dynamics. All rights reserved.
  • 14. © 2000 Copyright Agri-Dynamics. All rights reserved.
  • 15. © 2000 Copyright Agri-Dynamics. All rights reserved.
  • 16. © 2000 Copyright Agri-Dynamics. All rights reserved.
  • 17. © 2000 Copyright Agri-Dynamics. All rights reserved.
  • 18. © 2000 Copyright Agri-Dynamics. All rights reserved.
  • 19. © 2000 Copyright Agri-Dynamics. All rights reserved.
  • 20. © 2000 Copyright Agri-Dynamics. All rights reserved.
  • 21. © 2000 Copyright Agri-Dynamics. All rights reserved.
  • 22. ● AnaerobicMicrobes● Hair● Saliva● Dung● Urine● Minerals● Aerobic Microbes● Anaerobic Microbes● Fungi● Earth worms● Soil life● Animal impact● Tall grass● Minerals● Carbon● Oxygen Ethylene cycle● Action of Grazing● Energy● Capping● Conventional rationbalancing● Free ChoiceEnterprises● pH● Minerals● Supplementation● GrazingTHE SOILTHE ANIMALTHE GRAZINGANIMAL PERFORMANCE