Holistic Large Animal Veterinary Principles and Practices


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  • Holistic Large Animal Veterinary Principles and Practices

    1. 1. Rosewood, Ohio
    2. 2. A.J. Luft, DVM ajcowdoc@frontier.com 419-305-5502 cell  1996 Ohio State University DVM degree  Co-owner of Chickasaw Veterinary Center since 2003  Working with the organic industry since 2004 with about 20% organic clientele  Loosely affiliated with Organic Valley, OEFFA, & Crystal Creek; continually developing more contacts like NODPA & CFSA  Dealer for Crystal Creek, Dr. Paul’s, Lancaster Ag & more  Couple of public speaking engagements per year  Small 20 acre farm with 13 dual purpose cattle, a few chickens & hogs plus gardens & orchard  Lovely wife with son 17 (aspiring country singer) & daughter 12 (aspiring future veterinarian) who I dedicate my life's work too
    3. 3. Buckeye
    4. 4. Dottie
    5. 5. Conventional Dairy Production 1. Maximize production with high inputs    Ignores the down-stream or future costs Heavily subsidized through crop insurance Go broke successfully maximizing production 2. History of a steady increase in production  TMR, AI, housing, higher yielding crops, newer generation antibiotics, advanced biologicals, etc. 3. Profitability?   National average dairy cow profits $1 per day High maintenance costs/inputs: medicines, breeding, hoof, housing, herd health, Holsteins, surgeries, etc. 4. Size   Today a small farm if less than 300 cows Lost about 50 small herds over the past 15 years
    6. 6. Conventional Dairy Production 5. Sustainability?    6. Monoculture     7. Soil depletion &/or erosion Lost or leached nutrients (poorly mineralized) Lack of crop rotation & heavy pest burden Excessive use of synthetic inputs Concrete/confinement disease  8. How many Kcal of petroleum for each Kcal of corn? Water, organic matter (top soil), erosion, CO, global warming, etc. Technology: Robotic milkers, GPS, GMO, TMR, synch programs, ultrasound preg check, milk or blood preg check, heat detection programs, etc. Lameness, poor heat detection, injuries, free-stalls, etc. Approximately 50% of all dairy cows calving in the U.S. experience a metabolic condition or an infectious disease within the first 60 DIM: Dairy Herd Mgmt, March 2011 & Hoard’s Dairyman Jan. 10, 2014 (Healthy cows get pregnant)
    7. 7. Conventional Dairy Veterinary Medicine 1. Primarily concerned with record analysis, building/housing/ parlor design, vaccination schedules, surgeries, treatment of sick animals & repro synch programs (Healthy cows get pregnant) 2. EBM: Biased (follow the money), one or two variables, linear measurements, labor & energy intensive, expensive, etc. 3. FDA:       VCPR: OTC vs. Rx & VFD’s What is a drug? Anything given parenterally and most things given orally. Sterile water is a Rx drug. Over regulated: Prohibited or restricted extra-label use (Baytril & Excenel), withholding times (based on healthy animals) >15% of gross practice revenue from one antibiotic: Ceftiofur (Excede, Excenel and Spectramast LC & DC) ~6% of gross practice revenue from repro hormone sales & use Antibiotics never kill 100% of a population
    8. 8. Ceftiofur Antibiotic 15% of Gross Practice Revenue
    9. 9. Reproductive Hormones >6% of Gross Practice Revenue
    10. 10. Conventional Dairy Veterinary Medicine 4. Antibiotic resistance: MRSA, Salmonella, etc 5. Environmentally toxic? Years to break down (glyphosate, ivermectins & others?) 6. Can go broke successfully treating sick animals 7. Western conventional medicine does NOT have ALL the answers 8. Very powerful medicine especially beneficial in the per-acute, life-threatening situations 9. Palliative therapy: (relief of symptoms, but no cure), poor response to chronic, deep disease
    11. 11. Personal Holistic/Organic Professional Contacts  Paul Dettloff, DVM & Guy Jodarski, DVM with Organic Valley  Richard J. Holliday, DVM with Helfter Feeds  Hubert J. Karreman, VMD of Penn Dutch Cow Care  Richard Olree BS, DC of Olree Chiropractic Center  Dr. Arden B. Anderson  Gary F. Zimmer of Midwestern Bio Ag
    12. 12. Slaby & Jodarski
    13. 13. References for Alternative Treatment of Animals  Acres U.S.A., Publishers www.acresusa.com  Alternative Treatments for Ruminant Animals by Paul Dettloff, DVM: 10 years ago & outdated  Treating Dairy Cows Naturally by Hubert Karreman, VMD  The Barn Guide of Treating Dairy Cows Naturally by Hubert Karreman, VMD: very detailed  The Antibiotic Alternative by Cindy Jones, Ph.D.  Veterinary Herbal Medicine by Susan Wynn, DVM  Complementary and Alternative Medicine by Allen Schoen, DVM & Susan Wynn, DVM  PDR for Herbal Medicines Third Edition  Homeopathy for the Herd by C. Edgar Sheaffer, VMD  Soil Fertility & Animal Health by Dr. William A. Albrecht  Real Medicine Real Health by Dr. Arden Andersen  The Biological Farmer by Gary F. Zimmer
    14. 14. Alternative Product Manufacturers & Distributors • Crystal Creek, Spooner, WI 1-888-376-6777 www.crystalcreeknatural.com • Lancaster Agriculture Products, Lancaster, PA 1-717-687-9222 www.lancasterag.com • Dr. Paul’s Lab Arcadia, WI Distributed through Lancaster Ag or A.J. Luft, DVM • Agri Dynamics, Martins Creek, PA 1-610-250-9280 www.agri-dynamics.com • Others
    15. 15. Alternative Veterinary Medicine 1. Holistic (whole body) a. 11 systems of the body: musskel, nerv, digest, skin, endo, circ, resp, repro, urin, im m & lymph b. Endocrine is the master system c. First system to shutdown when nutritional deficiencies & stress is reproduction (Healthy cows get pregnant) d. Second system to shutdown when nutritional deficiencies & stress is immune e. Restore balance & equilibrium by using a multi-pronged approach to stimulate as many systems as possible
    16. 16. Alternative Veterinary Medicine 2. Modalities: Physical, energetic, nutritional, botanical, homeopathy & miscellaneous medicine 3. Non-toxic & biodegradable • All cells differ by only a few organelles (-cides)? 4. No resistance: • • • Natural compounds are too large & complicated for pathogens to develop resistance Multiple properties acting synergistically together Conventional drugs are usually simple compounds 5. Usually requires multiple treatments (time consuming) 6. Less expensive (do not have to pay for bogus FDA requirements = $250 million to get drug approved through FDA)
    17. 17. Health Enhancement through Holistic Management (R. J. Holliday) 1. Everything possible is done to raise the health & vitality to the highest level a. b. c. d. e. f. Water quality Superlative nutrition Housing/ventilation Properly maintaining equipment Hygiene Mold/mycotoxin free feeds
    18. 18. Health Enhancement 2. Any decrease or compromise to the above list will lead to stress, which always decreases animal health: a. Primary factor that can set the stage for disease vs. the pathogen causing disease b. Lowers immune system c. Cascade of inflammatory reactions
    19. 19. Health Enhancement 2. Stress d. Three categories I. Physical (environment): Faulty nutrition, bad water, poor hygiene, unsuitable habitat, poorly maintained equipment, etc. II. Physiological: Production/Reproduction  MONSANTO (Posilac) in the 1990’s  Peak Performance Workshop: ‘Higher production is not stessful’ III. Psychological: Weaning, grouping, shipping, surgery, handling, etc. e. f. All animals vary in their ability to accommodate stress: species, breed, sex, age, history, etc. Cumulative effect
    20. 20. Health Enhancement 3. Vitality (power of enduring) a. Never reach perfect health, but death is common b. Health enhancement is more profitable than either immunization or treatment c. Maximum resistance to disease when maximum vitality
    21. 21. Health Enhancement What is a healthy animal? 1. There are many levels of health just like many levels of disease • • Just because an animal does NOT display symptoms does not make it profitable Difficulty in predicting drug withdrawals times? 2. Clinical line vs. Profitable line 3. Must eliminate the stress that put animals below susceptibility level 4. Timing of intervention is critical for success 5. Unless we eliminate the stress then treatments are only band-aids
    22. 22. Health Enhancement Which one is healthy? 8 7  Did the germ cause the disease or did the 6 pathogen trigger a disease in an animal that 5 was already suffering from stress-induced, 4 low vitality? 3  Microorganisms vary in their ability to cause disease 2  Why vaccines fail? Vaccinations increase 1 resistance against a specific organism but 0 does little to elevate the animals vitality  The final stress that triggers symptoms is usually not the primary cause of the illness
    23. 23. Health Enhancement  Did the germ cause the disease or did the pathogen trigger a disease in an animal that was already suffering from stressinduced, low vitality? Microorganisms vary in their ability to cause disease  Why do vaccines fail? Vaccinations increase resistance against a disease but does little to elevate vitality  Why did this procedure/surgery fail?  The final stress that triggers symptoms is usually not the primary cause of the illness
    24. 24. Nutrition 1. Plants are basically made up of air & water (95%) a. b. c. d. CO2 (air) + H2O = CHO (sugar & starch) N (mostly air) = AA or proteins What is left is Ash (mineral) 5% = continually declining in all soils and some sort of mineral supplementation is critical to maintain healthy animals 13 required minerals to grow a crop 2. Regular monitoring of quality: a. b. c. RFQ testing for mineral uptake, balance & digestibility Use wet chemistry forage analysis not NIR especially for mineral content Four plant indicator minerals that tell a large part of the story of what is happening in the soil: Ca, B, P & Mg (G. Zimmer)
    25. 25. Nutrition 3. No two animals have the same needs: • • Who believes the every variable is constant 24/7? TMR’s negate the ability of the animal to select for individual needs 4. Modern dairy cows often eat dirt, chew on wood/bedding or drink urine. Is this normal? Warning signal that something is amiss 5. Can every disease or infection be traced back to a mineral deficiency?  (R. Olree selenium deficiency in the stop codon for the cancer fighting gene in the body)
    26. 26. Nutrition 6. Free-choice hay should always be available, because cows can balance their ration for fiber better than computers or nutritionists  Free-choice success is determined by accessibility both to the forage & to the water which drives appetite 7. Force-feed a balanced mineral/vitamin supplement then provide free choice mineral components: a. b. c. d. e. f. Ca source: Feeding lime, dolomite, aragonite, oyster shell P source: Soft rock phosphate Salt Kelp or Dyna-Min Buffer Humates 8. Use feedstuffs only inherently natural: avoid urea, animal fats, cottonseed, excess proteins, byproducts
    27. 27. Nutrition 9. All flesh is grass • • • Feed at least 70-80% of DMI as forage 75% of DMI in corn silage does not count as 70-80% forage; half grain Must earn the right to feed 100% forage (highly mineralized) 10. Gauge success by manure consistency and BCS, no more than 1% in BW in grains/concentrates 11. Grazing is the most economical: No molds, fresh vitamins, exercise, waste disposal program, reduced fuel consumption, etc.; MIG vs. Mob 12. Feed the rumen bacteria & they will feed the cow; can not reach optimal health on inadequate nutrition
    28. 28. Nutrition 13.William Albrecht: Soil Fertility & Animal Health  ‘Study books and observe nature, if nature and the books do NOT agree, throw away the books.’ 14.They/you are what they/you eat.
    29. 29. Any Questions?