Verbaltenses 130529144944-phpapp02
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  • 1. Present SimpleStructure (+) Subject + Verb + [-s](only for 3rd person)+ Complements. (-) Subject + Don’t/Doesn’t + Verb +Complements + ? (?) Do/Doesn’t + Subject + Verb + Compl Short anwsers:○ Yes, I/You/We/They Do He/She/It Does.○ No, I/You/ We/They Don’t He/She/it Doesn’t
  • 2. Times expressions Every day At the weekend Once a week On SundaysWe’ll use thistimes expressionsat the end of eachphrase.Examples: I go tothe gym every day.She can go to theswimming poolonce a week.Uses:• Common Actions• Acts• Permanents Actions• First conditional
  • 3. Adverbs of frecuency Always Usually Often Sometimes Rarely NeverWe’ll put it between the subject andthe verb and behind the verb to be.Examples: Wealways go to thecinema on Saturday.I’m sometimes at thesquare of the town.
  • 4. Present ContinuousStructure (+) Subject + am/is/are +Verb + Ing +Compl. (-) Subject + Am not/Aren’t/Isn’t + Verb +Ing + Compl. (?) Am/Is/Are + Subject + Verb + Ing +Complements + ? Short answers:○ Yes, I Am He/She/It is You/We/They Are○ No, I am not He/She/It isn’t You/We/TheyAren’t
  • 5. Time expressions Now Right Now At the momentWe’ll put this timeexpressions at theend of eachphraseExamples: She’s doing a pizza right now.We aren’t go to do that at the momentTip! We don’t usually use the presentcontinuous with stative verbs.Uses:• Something that happend at the moment• Future
  • 6. Spelling of Verb + INGFor many verbs we make the ING formby simply adding -ING to end of the verb.eat - eatingspeak - speakingVerbs ending with -e(exception of verbs ending in -ee and -ie)hope - hopingwrite - writingVerbs ending with -eeagree - agreeingsee - seeing
  • 7. Verbs ending with -ieChange the -ie to -y and add -INGtie - tyingVerbs ending with one vowel and oneconsonant (with the exception ofw, x, and y)For one syllable verbsdouble the consonant and add -INGsit - sittingFor two syllable verbsanswer - answeringoffer - offeringIf the 2nd syllable is stressed , doublethe consonant and add INGadmit - admittingbegin - begining
  • 8. PastTense
  • 9. Past simple (+) Subject + Verb + -ED/ SecondColumn + Complements (-) Subject + Didn’t + Verb +Complements (?) Did + Subject + Verb + Complemets+ ? Short answers:○ Yes, I/You/He/She/We/They did.○ No, I/You/He/She/We/They didn’t.Strucure
  • 10. Time expresions Last week Month ago Year ago A week ago YesterdayWe’ll put thetimesexpressions atthe end ofeach phrase.Examples: I came back to houseyesterday.They didn’t go to the party.Uses:• Finished actions
  • 11. Irregulars Verbs Listhttp://www.mansioningles.com/gram53.htm
  • 12. Past continuous (+) Subject + Was/Were + Verb(ing) +Complements (-) Subject + Wasn’t/Weren’t + Verb(ing)+ Complements (?) Was/Were + Subject + Verb(ing) +Complements + ? Short answers:○ Yes, I/He/She/It Was You/We/They Were○ No, I/He/She/It Wasn’t You/We/They Weren’tStructure
  • 13. Time Expresions At nine o’clock Ten minutes ago Last nightWe’ll put thetimesexpressions atthe end ofeach phrase.Examples: I was sleeping when my mumwoke me up.She was making dinner at nine o’clock.Uses:• long action that in the past was interrupted
  • 14. Past simple/Past continuousExamples: Juan was passing the factorywhen he saw something.They smelled something bad while theywere walking near school.Tip! We often use when with the Pastsimple. We often use while with the PastContinuous.
  • 15. Present Perfect (+) Subject + Have/Has + Verb(ED/ thirdcolumn) + Complements (-)Subject + Haven’t/Hasn’t + Verb(-ED/third column) + Complements (?)Have/Has + Subject + -Ed/ thirdcolumn + Complements + ? Short answers:○ Yes, I/You/We/They Have He/She/It Has○ No, I/You/We/They Haven’t He/She/It Hasn’tStructure
  • 16. Time expressions Ever Just Already Never Yet For SinceWe’ll put the timesexpressions betweenHave/Has and the verb.Except: Yet, For andSinceExamples: I have never gone toAustralia.She hasn’t gone to Australia yet.He hasn’t seen his best firendsince Chritsmats.Uses:• Action that began in the past and continues to thepresent
  • 17.  Since: We use this when is a specifieddate. Example: I’ve lived in Londonsince october. For: It’s used for a long and inconcreteExample: I’ve studied french for fiveyears.
  • 18. FutureTense
  • 19. Will (+) Subject + Will + Verb +Complements (-) Subject + Won’t + Verb +Complements (?) Will + Subject + Verb +Complements + ? Short answers:○ Yes, I/You/He/She/We/They will○ No, I/You/He/She/We/They won’tStructure
  • 20. Time Expressions Tomorrow One day In the future Later Soon Next weekUses:• Promises• Predictions(ilogical)• Instant decisions• OffersExamples: He promises he willcall when he arrives.It will be a great party.
  • 21. Be going to (+) Subject + Am/Is/Are + Going to +Verb + Complements (-)Subject + Am not/Isn’t/Aren’t Going to+ Verb + Complements (?) Am/Is/Are + Subject + Going to +Verb + Complements Short answer:○ Yes, I Am You/We/They Are He/She/It Is○ No, I Am not You/We/They Aren’t He/She/ItIsn’tStructure
  • 22. Times expressions(Same of will’s time expresions)Uses: Predictions(logical) PlansExamples: Were going to have a partytonight.Richard is going to take an English class.
  • 23. Presente continuousThis can be used like a future tense.Use: Something that is decided Near Future
  • 24. And… Thatwas allfolks!