Pre writing strategies


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Pre writing strategies

  1. 1. Use the right brain to generate ideas first!!!
  2. 2. Prewriting Techniques
  3. 3. Prewriting • first step in the traditional writing process • ANYTHING you do before writing your first draft
  4. 4. Prewriting • thinking about: your writing purpose (what you are trying to communicate and why it is important) your audience (to whom you are trying to communicate)
  5. 5. Pre Writing Techniques •Listing •Free writing •Clustering •Cubing
  6. 6. Listing • Jot down every idea you have about your topic. • Free-associate; don’t hold back anything. • Write everything down in a list form.
  7. 7. Listing • can be one word, a phrase, an entire sentence, or more • Do not worry about grammar and spelling at this point, just get your thoughts on paper
  8. 8. Free writing • Take out a blank sheet of paper or open a new word document • Begin writing for at least ten to fifteen minutes. • Write whatever comes to your mind about your subject.
  9. 9. • Do not worry about spelling, punctuation, or grammar • Do not change, correct, or delete anything Free writing
  10. 10. • If you cannot think of something to write about, just write “I can’t think of anything to write right now; I’m stumped.” Simply keep writing until a new thought comes into your mind. Free writing
  11. 11. Clustering • Place your general subject in a circle in the middle of a blank sheet of paper • Begin to draw other lines or circles that shoot out from the original topic • Cluster the ideas that seem to go together
  12. 12. Clustering MAIN IDEA
  13. 13. Cubing • looks at a topic from six different angles
  14. 14. 6 Angles of the cube •Describing •Comparing •Associating
  15. 15. 6 Angles of the cube •Analyzing • Applying •Arguing
  16. 16. a. Describe it • What does your subject look like? • What size, colors, texture does it have? • Any special features worth noting?
  17. 17. b. Compare or contrast it •What is your subject similar to? •What is your subject different from? In what ways?
  18. 18. c. Free-associate it • What does this subject remind you of? • What does it call to mind? • What memories does it conjure up?
  19. 19. d. Analyze it •How does it work? •How are the parts connected? •What is its significance?
  20. 20. e. Argue for or against it • What arguments can you make for or against your subject? • What advantages or disadvantages does it have? • What changes or improvements should be made?
  21. 21. f. Apply it • What are the uses of your subject? • What can you do with it?
  22. 22. Let’s Review 1. Differentiate Cyclical and Linear Writers. 2. What are the stages of Writing? 3. What are the prewriting techniques? 4. Choose one prewriting technique and explain it briefly. 5. Why is it important to do a prewriting activity?
  23. 23. References • Plata, Sterling M., Ph. D. (2006). Keys to Critical Reading and Writing 1. 2nd Ed. Biñan, Laguna: Trailblazer Publications. • Hacker, Diana and Nancy Sommers. A Writer’s Reference. 7th ed. Boston: Bedford/St. Martin’s, 2011. Print. • “Techniques for Creating (Prewriting).” Johnson Community College Writing Center. 2010. PDF file.