I got cold. Last winterwas mild. That book isnew. I exercised everyday. I learned how toraise body heat. Is this a paragraph?
Paragraph–a composition in miniature-a group of sentences concerned with developing or expressing a single topic-exhibits a structure and progression of ideas leading on the topic sentence-a sentence or group of sentences that support one main idea
Parts of a Paragraph1. Topic Sentence2. Support Sentences/Details3. Concluding Sentence
1. Topic Sentence–tells the reader what the main idea of the paragraph is-basic and important kernel of the paragraph-contains the thought that holds the paragraph together-leads to paragraph unity***A good topic sentence is specific and well focused, guiding the entire paragraph.
2. Support Sentences/Details–explain, clarify, and define the topic by using specific details-develops the main idea-consistent with the controlling idea
2. Support Sentences/DetailsCheck Supporting Sentences/ Details a. Sufficient b. Support the main point/ main idea c. details can be examples, statistics, or opinions d. key word
3. Concluding Sentence- to reiterate the main point developed by the body sentences-to signal the reader that this is the end of the paragraph
Passage AWe live in an era of great inventions. Television setsbring distant scenes into our living rooms. Atomic-powered submarines travel under the polar ice cap.Manned space ships orbit the earth, and rockets travelto the moon. These inventions, products of humaningenuity, have transformed the character of life in thepresent and will determine in large measure the shapeof the future.
Passage BWhen a camera flash is used in a low-light environment, thesubjects eyes may appear red in the finished photograph. What isknown as "red-eye" is the result of light from the flash reflecting offthe pupils of the eyes. The phenomenon of red-eye can be lessenedby using the red-eye reduction feature found on many SLRcameras. This feature activates a lamp which shines a small lightdirectly into the subjects eyes. When this happens, the diameter ofthe pupil is reduced, thus tightening the opening in the iris. Since asmaller pupil means a smaller host for the reflection, the chances ofred-eye occurring are greatly reduced.
Passage CPeople do it every day. They log on to their favorite website and browsefor hours, checking out bargains. They dump every possible wish intotheir shopping carts, knowing they can cast each one aside before theyfinalize their purchases. On the way, they may enter a sweepstakes inthe hopes of winning a trip to Cabot San Lucas, or maybe even a newSUV. And then, when they have decided on their purchases, they enterprivate information without giving it a thought. With a keystroke, theyrelease their personal data into what may or may not be a secure zone.Despite what much of the public believes, internet shopping is not safe.
A basic outline for a stand-alone paragraph looks like this:Topic sentence A. Supporting sentence Detail Detail B. Supporting sentence Detail Detail C. Supporting sentence Detail Detail(etc.)Concluding sentence and final thought
Characteristics of a good paragraph1. Complete2. Unified3. Organized4. Coherent
1. Complete -it carries out its purpose -supporting details -backs ups the general statement, give a broader and more complete picture of the topic
2. Unified –all the ideas contribute toward the development of a topic sentence -singleness of the subject
3. Organized –logical movement or sequence of sentences in the paragraph a. Chronological b. from one space to an adjoining space c. specific to general (inductive)/ general to specific (deductive) d. question to answer/ cause to effect or vice versa
4. Coherent –all sentences are closely interrelated and interdependent
Seatwork:On a ½ crosswise, develop one of the topics below. Do not forget to specify your intended reader and the goal of your paragraph.Topics: a. ‘Sipa’ (mobile application) b. ‘League of legends’ c. Web and mobile applications design
FormatTitle:Purpose: to persuade/ inform the reader...Intended Reader:Paragraph:
SELF EVALUATIONCriteria Yes No1. My paragraph has a clear topic sentence.2. The topic sentence is a complete sentence and isrelevant to the prompt.3. The major and minor supporting details all supportthe central idea.There are no misspelled words.4. There is sentence variety. (Simple, Compound,Complex, Compound-Complex)5. The paragraph is free from grammatical slips.
PEER EVALUATIONCriteria 4 3 2 1 V.G. Good Fair N.I.1. The paragraph has a clear topic sentence.Write the topic sentence:2. The topic sentence is a complete sentenceand is relevant to the prompt.3. The major and minor supporting details allsupport the central idea.Enumerate the supporting details:4. There is sentence variety. (Simple,Compound, Complex, Compound-Complex)5. The paragraph is free from grammaticalslips.
References:• Yu, Pamela and Sterling Miranda-Plata (2008). Keys to Confidence and Competence in English 1: Reading, Study Skills, and Grammar Workbook. Binan, Laguna: Trailblazer Publications.• Plata, Sterling M., Ph. D. et.al. (2006). Keys to Critical Reading and Writing 1. 2nd Ed. Biñan, Laguna: Trailblazer Publications.