ESSAY• “Exigere” (latin) : "to examine, test”• series of paragraph on a particular topic• to test or examine students’ ideas concerning a particular topic
Purpose of EssayThe purpose of an essay is toencourage students to developideas and concepts in theirwriting with a direction morethan their ownthoughts.
•I have to say something.•I have something to say.
Parts of an Essay•Introduction•Body•Conclusion
Introduction-paragraph that tells the reader where you want to go and how you want to go there.-attracts enough the reader for them to read further-communicates the central message-includes your thesis statement
Suggestions for an Interesting Introduction1. Tell an Interesting or Unusual Story2. Use a relevant or appropriate quotation3. Ask a though provoking question4. Give a startling Fact
Body-paragraphs that may describe, define, explain, or illustrate the thesis statement-expands the central idea of your thesis statement
Body-give the thesis the necessary support through exemplification, explanation, or clarification-each paragraph should discuss one major point that supports the thesis statement
Conclusion-paragraph that wraps up your final thoughts about the writing topic or thesis-put the final touches in your essay-reminds the reader the central idea of your essay
Conclusion-do not just repeat the thesis rather restate it with a sharper focus-closure to your essay
Introduction Attention getter Transition/ General Statement Thesis statement Third Major Point sub-point in support of the major point specific detail or examples First Major Pointsub-point in support of the major point specific detail or examples Conclusion Reiteration of the thesis Final thought about Second Major Point the topicsub-point in support of the major point specific detail or examples
Expository Essay• a genre of essay that requires the student to investigate an idea, evaluate evidence, expound on the idea, and set forth an argument concerning that idea in a clear and concise manner
Expository Essay• accomplished through comparison and contrast, definition, example, the analysis of cause and effect, etc
Descriptive Essay• describes an object, person, place, experience, emotion, situation, etc• encourages the student’s ability to create a written account of a particular experience• allows for a great deal of artisticfreedom
Narrative Essay• anecdotal, experiential, and personal— allowing the student to express herself in a creative and, quite often, moving way• include an introduction, plot, characters, setting, climax, and conclusion.
Argumentative Essay• requires the student to investigate a topic, collect, generate, and evaluate evidence, and establish a position on the topic in a concise manner
Review• How important is the introduction in an essay?• Why should the ‘body’ have at least three major supporting details?• What will happen if your essay does not have a conclusion?
References:• Plata, Sterling M., et.al. (2006). Keys to Critical Reading and Writing I. English Proficiency and Personal Leadership Workbook for College Success. (2nd ed.). Laguna: Trailblazer Publications.• http://owl.english.purdue.edu/owl/resource/ 685/1/