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Ch1 Ch1 Presentation Transcript

  • CHAPTER 1 Laws and Their Ethical Foundation
    • 1-3 Ethical Bases for Laws
      • A summary of the information in this section
  • 1-3 Ethical Bases for Laws
    • GOALS
      • Define ethics
      • Compare and contrast ethics based on consequences with ethics based on systems of rules
      • Discuss ways in which ethics are reflected in laws
  • ETHICS AND THE LAW
    • Basic forms of ethical reasoning
      • Rule-based ethical reasoning
      • Consequences-based ethical reasoning
    • Ethics reflected in laws
  • Rule-Based Ethical Reasoning
    • With Rule-Based Ethical Reasoning it does not matter what the reason for doing something is.
      • If it is against the law, breaks a rule or violates a written order it is wrong.
      • NO QUESTIONS or EXCUSES
      • To test if it is ethical:
        • Ask “Is this breaking a rule, rule or order? ”
  • Consequences-Based Ethical Reasoning
    • With Consequences-Based Ethical Reasoning one has to decide if the good outweighs the bad.
      • If the decision benefits more people or is for the greater good, it can be ethical even if it breaks a law, rule or order.
      • The good outweighs the bad for more people (not just an individual).
  • Ethical Example
    • The murder of Adolf Hitler
      • Rule-Based states this is ethically wrong.
        • It is against the law to commit murder, religious teachings say murder is wrong. It is always wrong under rule based ethical reasoning.
      • Consequences-Based states that this could be ethically correct.
        • The good for many would outweigh the murder of one.
        • Some would still not believe this is ethically OK-it is a personal decision one cannot make for another.
  • You find a cell phone left near one of the computers. What is the ethical thing to do? Why?
  • You are babysitting and the kids want pizza. You know there is $20 on the parents’ dresser. They have NOT given you permission to order pizza.
  • Under Rule Based Ethical Reasoning is it ethical to use the money? Under Consequence Based Ethical Reasoning is it ethical to use the money? Why?
  • Warm Up Assignment
    • Answer the questions on the slides before and email your answers to Mrs. Ferris. Be sure to be clear and explain your position for each of them!