Nations and empires Ricardo Camacho Juan Luis Felguera Irene Gallego Olga Fernández-Arroyo Álvaro Fernández
5-The great colonial empires Between 1870 and 1914, someempiresgrow up. Theenglishempirewasthebiggestfollowbythefrenchone.
Since 1830 the colonial idea wasrevived Englandconquistthe India and France startedtheconquist of Argelia In theconference of Berlin in 1885, theafricanterritorybelongintotheEuropeanStates. At thebegining of XX centurytheimperialistexpansionfinished. TheLatinAmericahavethepoliticindependencefromSpain and Portugal. 5.1 Theprocess of conquist
5.2The greatempires -Thebritanicempirewasthebiggestwhen Victoria I wastheEmpress. -Thefrenchempirewasthesecondpotence.Thispotencehadlands in thenorth of Afric and Asia.
-TheBelgicempiregrow up in Congo. -TheGermanempiregrow up in Africa. -Russiagrow up in Siberia -USA occuppedthewest 5.3The shock of imperialims The colonial raceincreasethetensionsbetweentheeuropeanpowers
6-The administration and thelife in thecolonies Theconsecuences of theimperialismwereimportant, and forthis, theadministration and theeconomychanged.
6.1 Theadministration of thecolonies The European states made 3 forms of govern in the colonizated territories: -The colonies: the potencies controled the colonies (Congo de Belga). -The protectorates: the potencies controled the exterior politic and the natives the interior politic (Spain). -The concessions: territories were conquisted by a country but the potencies have advantages (China).
Thenativesproducedaliments and mineralsfromsoil (suggar, tea, carbon, gold). Thenativepopulationhadlot of workers and theauthorities of thewestdidn´tpromotetheindustries. 6.2 The Economicexplotation
Black peopleweremarginated and sometimestherewereexterminationpolitic. Thewhitepeoplehadthemostimportantcharges and thenativepeopledidn`thaverights Thissituationscausedtherevolution of theblackpeople. 6.3 A racistsociety
1. a) Whenbegantheimperialistexpansion? b) Whathappened in thecolonies? Exercises
2)Choosethecorretanswer. a)Whowasthebiggestpower19 century? EnglandGermanyItalySpain b) In whatdirectiongrows up Russia? West North East South